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Finding Data: Data on Migration
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'Brain Drain' Debate in the United Kingdom, c.1950-1970 Qualitative project. Sought to provide an analysis of the 'brain drain' debate of the 1950s and 1960s as a social phenomenon. The term 'brain drain' was adopted in the 1960s in the context of concerns the United Kingdom was losing skilled scientific and engineering personnel to other countries. Although the term is used in a variety of academic, policy and popular discussions about the international mobility of scientists, this project sought to rectify the absence of scholarly literature analyzing the original 'brain drain' debate. Comprised of 19 oral history interviews with scientists and engineers who emigrated to the United States or Canada in the 1950s or 1960s as well as British policymakers involved in any way in the 'brain drain' debate at this time. Also included is the transcript of a 'witness seminar' that brought officials and former emigres together to discuss their recollections. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
Afghan Women's Resistance and Struggle in Afghanistan and Diasporic Communities, 2004-2005 Aimed to develop a better understanding of Afghan women's resistance to war and violent conflicts; their engagement with multiple worlds as refugees or living in exile, their struggle for survival and/or their acquisition of new knowledge and power. Investigated the vast diversity (class, age, ethnicity, religion) of women's experiences in the process of historical changes (in times of war and conflict, in exile and in times of peace making) and the different ways they emerge as autonomous agents and construct their identities, in culturally specific circumstances. Assessed the gendered nature of social exclusion, and the importance of women's inclusion in the processes of reconstruction and peace making. Semi-structured interviews were used to study Afghan women (and some men) in Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, UK and USA. Respondents were chosen to represent a sample of diverse groups (students, teachers, non-Governmental Organisation workers, United Nations workers, journalists, women and men in refugee camps) according to their religiosity, ethnicity, age, marital status, fertility rate, class, citizenship status, employment status and political, social and cultural activities. Detailed demographic information about each respondent is recorded in the data listing. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
Attitudes in Russia to Social and Political Aspects of Human Trafficking, 2007 Collected representative data across Russian regions on attitudes to human trafficking. Since the collapse of the Soviet state, thousands of Russian citizens have been trafficked out of the country as exploited labour, sex slaves, domestic labour, and beggars. Explored beliefs concerning the origins, nature and extent of human trafficking, and attitudes on what the Russian government should do to address the problem. Captured attitudes on how the state should aid the trafficked and the perceived efficacy of different institutions in dealing with trafficking. It also sought responses on how families should help or not help the trafficked; beliefs on the place of a woman in society, and attitudes towards prostitution.
Attitudes of Spaniards towards Immigration (1991-2007) Includes 18 surveys with a national sample of about 1,200 persons 18 years and over, representative of the Spanish population, and with a questionnaire on Attitudes of Spaniards towards Immigrants that has hardly varied from one year to the next.
British Migrants in Spain: the Extent and Nature of Social Integration, 2003-2005 The objectives of this study were to: systematically explore the extent of social integration of European (especially British) migrants in Spain; explore in depth, using qualitative interviews, the nature of social integration; and gain an understanding, using case studies, of the role of town councils in aiding or impeding integration. Main topics include: social and economic integration; political integration; reasons for migration; language difficulties; schooling; work situation; health and fitness; official registration. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
Children of Immigrants Longitudinal Study (CILS) Designed to study the adaptation process of the immigrant second generation which is defined broadly as U.S.-born children with at least one foreign-born parent or children born abroad but brought at an early age to the United States.
Comparative Immigrant Entrepreneurship Project (CIEP) Survey of over 1,200 Colombian, Dominican, and Salvadoran family heads is the first to explicitly measure the extent of economic, political, and socio-cultural transnationalism among immigrants and to develop predictive models of these activities.
Comparative Immigrant Organization Project (CIOP) This survey of 89 Colombian, Dominican, and Mexican organization leaders and additional interviews with community activists and government officials is part of a larger study of the organizations constructed by Latin American immigrants in the United States and their impact on the political incorporation of these immigrants to American society. This specific dataset was designed to give us greater understanding of the forces creating and sustaining these organizations and to test several preliminary hypotheses about the effects of contexts of exit and modes of incorporation in receiving countries on the character of immigrant transnationalism. Accordingly, there are detailed measures of the extent of economic, political, and socio-cultural transnationalism and characteristics of both the organizations and their members.
County-to-County Migration Flows The American Community Survey (ACS) and the Puerto Rico Community Survey (PRCS) ask respondents age 1 year and over whether they lived in the same residence 1 year ago. For people who lived in a different residence, the location of their previous residence is collected.
ACS uses a series of monthly samples to produce estimates. Estimates for geographies of population 65,000 or greater are published annually using these monthly samples. Three years of monthly samples are needed to publish estimates for geographies of 20,000 or greater and 5 years for smaller geographies. The 5-year dataset is used for the county-to-county migration flows since many counties have a population less than 20,000. The first 5-year ACS dataset covers the years 2005-2009. In addition to the county-to-county flow files, there are similar files that substitute minor civil divisions (mcd), in place of counties, for states where they serve as general-purpose local governments. These states are Connecticut, Maine, Massachusetts, Michigan, Minnesota, New Hampshire, New Jersey, New York, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, Vermont, and Wisconsin.
Cuban and Mexican Immigrants in the U.S. The aim of this longitudinal study, based on data on Cuban and Mexican immigrants to the USA collected in 1973-74, was to map the process of immigrant adaptation and incorporation into the labor market.
Current Population Survey (CPS) (1962+) Monthly survey of about 50,000 households conducted by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. A detailed demographic supplement is conducted annually in March, and supplements on other topics, including computer use and school enrollment, are also conducted regularly.
Listings documenting the occurrence of current population survey supplements by topic and month are available. Questionnaires and codebooks are available at the
Census Bureau site. For comparisons of CPS, Survey of Income and Program Participation, and the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, see the
comparison chart. See the Current Population Reports series for summary reports and methodological papers. While geography is at the state, county, or metropolitan statistical area level, one should use with caution for detailed geography due to the sample size.
Displaced New Orleans Residents Pilot Study (DNORPS) Designed to examine the current location, well-being, and plans of people who lived in the city of New Orleans when Hurricane Katrina struck on August 29, 2005. Based on a representative sample of pre-Katrina dwellings in New Orleans. Fieldwork focused on tracking respondents wherever they currently resided, including back to New Orleans. The pilot study was fielded in the fall of 2006. The goal was to assess the feasibility of the study design and thereby to lay the groundwork for launching a major longitudinal study of displaced New Orleans residents. The follow up is The Displaced New Orleans Residents Survey (DNORS).
Dynamics of Household Land Use and Economic Welfare on the Amazon Frontier, 1996-2005, Rondonia, Brazil Examines household land use and economic welfare in the Amazon basin, through the collection of a third round of panel data with improved spatial referencing and a new system for tracking households and individuals. The study area is typical of the arc of deforestation across the southern Brazilian Amazon. Data from this study were used to model the relationship between deforestation and household well-being, thereby gaining insight on welfare outcomes that also have implications for conservation policies. Face-to-face interviews were conducted with the residents of the Ouro Preto do Oeste region of the Brazilian state of Rondonia. Demographic questions focused on: education, age, household size, migration and place of birth of the residents. Other questions focused on the ownership of the lots, years of residency on the lots, household income sources, household wealth and assets, as well as household cost of living.
Egypt Integrated Household Survey, 1997-1999 The 1997 questionnaire was administered to 2,500 households from 20 governorates using a two-stage, stratified selection process from March through May, 1997. Topics include household information, housing characteristics, access to facilities, migration, subsidized food expenses, all food expenses, non-food expenses, health, anthropometrics, maternity history, childcare, wage employment, farming, livestock ownership, non-farm enterprises, credit and savings, remittances and transfers, and other income. In addition to the household level data, data were collected on the overall characteristics of the community/villages containing the surveyed households. The EIHS 1999 survey was conducted on a sub-sample (348 households) of the EIHS 1997. The EIHS 1999 household questionnaire consists of the following sections or topics: household Information, housing characteristics, Income Sources, food expenses, non-food expenses, farming, livestock ownership, non-farm enterprises, non-farming assets, and other income sources, and subsidized food expenses.
Ethiopian Rural Household Survey Dataset, 1989-2009 (ERHS) Longitudinal household data set covering households in a number of villages in rural Ethiopia. Data collection started in 1989, when a team visited 6 farming villages in Central and Southern Ethiopia. In 1989, IFPRI conducted a survey in 7 Peasant Associations located in the regions Amhara, Oromiya and the Southern Ethiopian People's Association (SNNPR). Civil conflict prevented survey work from being undertaken in Tigray. Under extremely difficult field conditions, household data were collected in order to study the response of households to food crises. The study collected consumption, asset and income data on about 450 households. In 1994, the survey was expanded to cover 15 villages across the country. An additional round was conducted in late 1994, with further rounds in 1995, 1997, 1999, 2004, and 2009. In addition, 9 new villages were selected giving a sample of 1477 households. The 9 additional communities were selected to account for the diversity in the farming systems in the country, including the grain-plough areas of the Northern and Central highlands, the enset-growing areas and the sorghum-hoe areas. Topics addressed in the survey include household characteristics, agriculture and livestock information, food consumption, health, women's activities, as well as community level data on electricity and water, sewage and toilet facilities, health services, education, NGO activity, migration, wages, and production and marketing.
Finnish Social Science Data Archive Contains microdata on many topics regarding Finland including children and families, elections, immigration, foreigners, racism, religion, social capital, sports, the media, the internet, and youth. Also includes select data on Russia. Researchers must request the data through the archive.
Global Bilateral Migration Database Global matrices of bilateral migrant stocks spanning the period 1960-2000, disaggregated by gender and based primarily on the foreign-born concept are presented. Over one thousand census and population register records are combined to construct decennial matrices corresponding to the last 5 completed census rounds.
Immigrants Admitted to the United States (1972-2000) Developed by the United States Department of Justice, Immigration and Naturalization Service. Annual data are furnished on 2 types of immigrants who were granted legal permanent residence in the United States: new arrivals and adjustments. Variables include port of entry, month and year of admission, class of admission, and state and area to which the immigrants were admitted. Demographic information such as age, sex, marital status, occupation, country of birth, country of last permanent residence, and nationality is also provided.
Immigration and Intergenerational Mobility in Metropolitan Los Angeles (IIMMLA), 2004 Focused on young adult children of immigrants (1.5- and second-generation) in greater Los Angeles. Investigated mobility among young adult (ages 20-39) children of immigrants in metropolitan Los Angeles and, in the case of the Mexican-origin population there, among young adult members of the 3rd- or later generations. The 5-county Los Angeles metropolitan area (Los Angeles, Orange, Ventura, Riverside and San Bernardino counties) contains the largest concentrations of Mexicans, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, Filipinos, Chinese, Vietnamese, Koreans, and other nationalities in the United States. Compared 6 foreign-born (1.5-generation) and foreign-parentage (second-generation) groups (Mexicans, Vietnamese, Filipinos, Koreans, Chinese, and Central Americans from Guatemala and El Salvador) with 3 native-born and native-parentage comparison groups (3rd- or later-generation Mexican Americans, and non-Hispanic Whites and Blacks). The targeted groups represent both the diversity of modes of incorporation in the United States and the range of occupational backgrounds and immigration status among contemporary immigrants (from professionals and entrepreneurs to laborers, refugees, and unauthorized migrants). Provides basic demographic information as well as extensive data about socio-cultural orientation and mobility (e.g., language use, ethnic identity, religion, remittances, intermarriage, experiences of discrimination), economic mobility (e.g., parents' background, respondents' education, first and current job, wealth and income, encounters with the law), geographic mobility (childhood and present neighborhood of residence), and civic engagement and politics (political attitudes, voting behavior, as well as naturalization and transnational ties).
Info JEM Contains summary statistics on youth employment and workforce migration in Honduras.
International Migration Flows to and from Selected Countries: The 2005 Revision Time series data on the flows of international migrants as recorded by Australia, Belgium, Canada, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Italy, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Norway, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom and the United States. Each file has a complete set of the data available for a given country in Excel format. The period for which data are presented varies from country to country. In a majority of cases, an effort has been made to cover the period 1960-2004. However, some countries lack data for the early 1960s and the most recent data available for some countries is 2003. For countries that were not major receiving countries in the 1960s (Denmark, Finland, Italy, Norway and Spain), their time series start in 1980. Countries gathering and publishing statistics on the flows of international migrants do not use the same criteria to identify migrants nor do they classify them in similar ways in terms of origin. Each file in the contains several worksheets. The first worksheet contains data on immigration, the second worksheet contains data on emigration when available, and the third worksheet shows data on net migration, the difference between immigration and emigration when both series are available. Users should be aware of the problems of comparability underlying existing statistics.
Labor Migration from Armenia and Returnees Survey Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) funded surveys on labor migration from Armenia and returnees. Includes data, documentation, and select reports for Sociological Survey on Labor Migration, Labor Migration from Armenia in 2005-2007, and Returnee Survey 2008.
Mali: Zone Lacustre Household Dataset, 1997-1998 This case study took place in Niafunke in northern Mali where the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD) has an agricultural development project, the "Projet du Developpement de la Zone Lacustre". The site was selected in order to represent food security issues in West African semi-arid and arid environments as well as to represent a francophone country. 4 round survey of 275 households in 10 villages within the Zone Lacustre, collected in 1997 and 1998. In each survey round, men and women were interviewed separately. Each survey covered the household composition, migration, possessions, agricultural production, nonagricultural income, objective and subjective food consumption measures, and nonfood expenditures. Additional questions on poverty perception and nutritional knowledge, practices, and attitudes were asked in the 2nd, 3rd, and 4th round.
Market for Migrant Domestic and Sex Workers, 2002-2006 Explored attitudes towards, and experience of, the markets for migrant domestic and sex workers in the Czech Republic, Hong Hong, Spain, Thailand, and the UK through a combination of interview and survey research. Interviews were structured around a standard set of topics, and examined respondents' attitudes towards gender, race/ethnicity, age, and domestic work/commercial sex. It aimed to examine continuities and discontinuities between domestic work and sex work, paying particular attention to the role of the social/cultural imagination in constructing a market for migrant workers and questions about how this demand relates to broader socially tolerated attitudes towards race, gender, age and sexuality, and to make a contribution to current theorizing on gender, nationality, global interdependence, age, racial/ethnic identities and the complex intersections among these systems. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
Mexican American People: A Generation Later In an original study conducted in 1965, Leo Grebler, Joan Moore, and Ralph Guzman surveyed Mexican Americans in San Antonio, Texas, and Los Angeles, California. The 1st survey provided a rich cross-sectional view of this population's demographics and attitudes, Ortiz and Telles' 35 year follow-up now allows for a longitudinal view of the behavior and ethnic identification of 1st- through 4th-generation Mexican Americans in these areas. The new survey was used to test hypotheses related to Mexican Americans' social mobility, their ethnic identity and behavior, their experiences with discrimination, and the relationship between socioeconomic status and ethnic identity. Data includes birth dates, citizenship information, education, income, housing, language, medical, religious affiliations, immediate and extended family demographic information, and self perception in regards to ethnicity.
Mexican Migration Project. 1982+ Data are available for 128 communities in 22 states in Mexico. Contains demographic and migratory information for each member of a surveyed household along with detailed labor histories for each head of household and each spouse.
Migration Policy Institute. Immigration Data Hub. Access to the latest immigration statistics, maps, and numbers for the United States and other countries including where ethnic groups live, remittances, and the top global destinations for immigrants. Showcases the most current national and state-level demographic, social, and economic facts about immigrants to the US; as well as stock, flow, citizenship, net migration, and historical data for countries in Europe, North America, and Oceania. Track historical immigration trends, see which global cities have the the largest immigrant populations, and learn more about refugee and asylum patterns.
Sample Size: Nationally representative samples of Latino respondents ages 18 and older.
New Immigrant Survey (NIS) Nationally representative multi-cohort longitudinal study of new legal immigrants and their children to the United States based on nationally representative samples of the administrative records, compiled by the U.S. Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS), pertaining to immigrants newly admitted to permanent residence.
OECD International Migration Statistics Includes immigration data by citizenship and age, detailed occupation, duration of stay, field of study, labor force status, occupation, sector, sex and age for flows into and out of OECD countries.
Panel Data on International Migration 1975-2000 This dataset, a product of the Trade Team - Development Research Group, is part of a larger effort in the group to measure the extent of the brain drain as part of the International Migration and Development Program. It measures international skilled migration for the years 1975-2000. The authors use data from 6 key receiving countries in the OECD: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the UK and the US.
Polish Migrants in London: Social Networks, Transience and Settlement, 2004-2006 Qualitative study. Examines Polish migration to London in the context of Poland joining the European Union. Consists of semi-structured interviews with key informants from the Polish community in London, Polish centres and church groups. There are also 3 focus groups conducted with recent Polish migrants to London. Recent Polish migration has been seen as transient, involving short periods of migration and frequent returns to the home country. Explores Polish migrants' attitudes to living in London, their expected duration of stay and their plans to return home. Analyzes how Poland's accession to the EU impacts on migrants' attitudes to settling in the UK. Also examines the social networks used by Polish migrants and how these networks provide information, practical support (e.g. jobs), as well as friendship, asking if these networks aid settlement or reinforce transience. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
Politics and the Migrant Poor in Mexico City, 1970-1972 Comparative study of male migrants and their city-born neighbors living in 6 relatively small, predominately low-income communities on the periphery of Mexico City. Dealt with a relatively small group of people in a limited number of localities at a particular point in time. The research addressed several broad theoretical and empirical problems such as the most important incentives and disincentives for political involvement, the effect a large group of people entering the political arena has on the functioning of the political system, how the individual citizen -- and especially the disadvantaged citizen -- can manipulate the political system to satisfy their needs, the process by which individuals form images of politics and the political system, the process by which individuals assume a role of participation or non-participation in political activity, what occurs at the "grass roots" of a nation's political system, and how political activity at that level affects system outputs. Attempted to place the low-income migrant in a social and political context, and focused on the nature and frequency of interactions between the research communities and external actors, especially political and government officials. Demographic variables include age, race, socio-economic status, marital status, dwelling unit type, and religious preference.
Rural-Urban Migration in China and Indonesia project (2008+) Established to investigate the impacts of internal migration within China and Indonesia. In particular, the investigation is focused on the collection of data through five year longitudinal surveys in China and Indonesia and the use of these data to answer questions with relation to migration's impact on income mobility, poverty alleviation, education, health and nutrition of migrant children, and the assimilation of migrant workers into the city. A similar survey is being launched for Vietnam. Researchers must apply directly to the hosting centers.
Scottish Demography: Scottish Migration to, and Return from, South East England, 2005-2006 Examined Scots living in England. Scots are one of the largest non-English born immigrant groups in the UK. While the attraction of Scotland to the English-born population is documented, less attention is given to why Scots continue to migrate to England (albeit in lower numbers) and how the employment and progression opportunities, especially in the South Eastern England labor market compare with opportunities in Scotland. This is important in the context of concern about Scotland's demographic regime and the significant reduction in numbers projected over the next 3 decades. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
Number of returns (which approximates the number of households)
Number of personal exemptions (which approximates the population)
Total "adjusted gross income" (starting with Filing Year 1996)
Total money income (fstarting with Filing Year 1993)
Stratification and Mobility in a Latin American City: Buenos Aires, Argentina, 1960 Surveyed 2 separate samples of Buenos Aires residents in 1960. Respondents in Sample A (Part 1), drawn from household members, were asked to provide details about their employment and information about their foreign background and arrival in Argentina if they were immigrants. The respondents' native language, their familiarity with it, and their feelings toward their native country were also assessed. Family heads, included in Sample B (Part 2), along with the questions asked of Sample A respondents, also answered questions about their leisure activities, their outlook on life, and attitudes toward people. Several variables traced the respondents' occupational patterns beginning at age 21 and continuing through the time of the interview. The respondents' fathers' and grandfathers' occupations were also ascertained. Derived measures evaluate the respondents' own occupational mobility as well as occupational change from one generation of their family to the next. Demographic information covers the respondents' age, gender, marital status, level of education, and income.
Suburban Immigrant Koreans in Bergen County, New Jersey, 2004 Compares Korean households at varying degrees of spatial dispersion (i.e., concentrated, dispersed, and highly dispersed) and their corresponding job, consumption, religious, and social linkages to ethnic enclaves both in the suburbs and the central city. To do so, the study focused on the current ethnic linkages of dispersed Korean suburban immigrant households in Bergen County, New Jersey. In addition, Bergen County, NJ is the largest and fastest growing suburban settlement of Korean immigrants in the New York metropolitan area.
Survey of Mexican Migrants The Pew Hispanic Center conducted an unprecedented survey of Mexican migrants in the United States, including thousands who say they have no U.S.-issued identity documents. Provides detailed information on the demographic characteristics, living arrangements, work experiences and attitudes toward immigration of 4,836 Mexican adults who completed a 12-page questionnaire as they were applying for a matricula consular, an identity document issued by Mexican diplomatic missions. Fieldwork was conducted in Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, Atlanta, Dallas, Raleigh, NC, and Fresno, CA, from July 12, 2004, to Jan. 28, 2005.
Survey of New Refugees, 2005-2009 Longitudinal study of refugee integration in the UK. The overall aim of the survey was to collect information on the characteristics of new refugees at the time of their asylum decision and to provide data on the integration of new refugees in the UK over time. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
Voice of immigrants (2000-2004) Includes 4 surveys conducted between 2000 and 2004 (except for 2003), with a sample of about 770 persons per year, and a geographical scope of 5 spanish Autonomous Communities with the bigest number of immigrants (Madrid, Catalonia, Andalusia, Valencia and Canaries), and also Murcia in some of the studies.
Wellbeing in Developing Countries (2003-2006) Series of studies which aim to develop a conceptual and methodological approach to understanding the social and cultural construction of wellbeing in developing countries (26 community profiles in Bangladesh; Ethiopia; Peru; Thailand). Include details on (1)
physical description of the community; historical background and key events; people (population and demographics); languages, religion, social settlement; material resources (occupation, market, infrastructure, provision of government and non government services);
natural resources and land use (water, livestock, forest, wildlife, crops); human resources and processes (education, migration, health); socio-political resources (social and political groups, local institutions, social stratification); cultural resources (traditions and beliefs, religious and non religious events); values and satisfaction; incomes (self-employment, wage income, and in kind); expenditures (production costs, food and non-food items); and
credit and saving behavior.
(Free registration is required)