Finding Data: Data on Europe
ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF
- Selected Resources for: Albania
- Selected Resources for: Belgium
:: Bosnia & Herzegovina
- Selected Resources for: Cyprus
:: Czech Republic
- Selected Resources for: Finland
- Selected Resources for: Greece
- Selected Resources for: Italy
- Selected Resources for: Luxembourg
- Selected Resources for: Montenegro
- Selected Resources for: Portugal
- Selected Resources for: Slovakia
- Selected Resources for: Switzerland
:: United Kingdom
- 10 Million International Dyadic Events
News report events related to political retaliation, world news, economic change, and catastrophes from 1990-2004.
10 Million International Dyadic Events (Electronic File)
Principal investigator: Gary King and Will Lowe.
- Arms Transfers to Developing Countries, 1945-1968
Data on the transfer of arms to 52 developing nations. The Arms Transfers data (Part 1) provide information on donor and recipient, date and site of transfer, quantity, system classification (e.g., aircraft, helicopters, missiles, artilleries, small arms, or naval systems), and date production began and ended. The Weapons Systems data (Part 2) contain detailed coded information about each weapons system.
- Census Hub (Eurostat)
Summary statistics for EU member countries from the 2011, 2001, and 1990/1991 round of national censuses. 2011 and 2001 contain national and subnational statistics; 1990/1991 national level only.
- Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES)
Collaborative program of cross-national research among election studies conducted in over fifty states. The CSES is composed of three tightly linked parts: First, a common module of public opinion survey questions is included in each participant country's post-election study. These "micro" level data include vote choice, candidate and party evaluations, current and retrospective economic evaluations, evaluation of the electoral system itself, in addition to standardized sociodemographic measures. Second, district level data are reported for each respondent, including electoral returns, turnout, and the number of candidates. Finally, system or "macro" level data report aggregate electoral returns, electoral rules and formulas, and regime characteristics.
Covers the United States as well as a number of European democracies, some in Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia.
- Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976
Contains information gathered in 5 annual surveys that assessed the degree of freedom in 218 nations and dependencies. Was carried out under the auspices of Freedom House, New York City. The number of cases with data varies from year to year, due to annexation, amalgamation, or the addition of further territories to the roster. Data includes assessments of the political and civil rights of the general population (using a seven-point scale, i.e., 1, most freedom, to 7, least freedom), an overall freedom rating for the country (using a three-point scale, i.e, free, partly free, and not free), and the direction in which this rating appeared to be moving. Surveys after 1972 have added variables that indicate whether a change in the evaluation since the previous survey was due to internal events in the country or to new information about existing conditions. Before 1973, only the presence or absence of change is noted. Thereafter, an increase in the number of coding categories enables the direction of the change to be recorded. The 1976 data include 4 additional variables applicable to 142 cases and provide information about the system of government and the economy of most of the nations studied.
- Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA)
Repository of detailed results - including votes received by each candidate/party, total votes cast, number of eligible voters, and seat figures where available - at a constituency level for the lower house legislative elections that have been conducted around the world. The
dataset and documentation currently include 1,098 elections from 73 countries. Future releases are being planned that will include more countries & additional elections. Data available in SAS, STATA, SPSS, and raw data formats.
- Correlates of War (1816+)
Quantitative data useful for studying international relations. Also includes war within political entities.
- Cross-National Statistics on the Causes of Death (1966-1974)
Demographic statistics for the populations of 125 countries or areas throughout the world. Units of analysis are both country and data year. Includes statistics on approximately 50 types of causes of death for males, females, and total populations.
- Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive
Covers economic, social, and political indicators of nations and empires of the world, including countries and empires that no longer exist. Select data goes back to 1815. Not all indicators are available for all countries or in all years (even years in which the country existed). Often referred to as Bank's Cross National Time Series.
- Data on International Election Monitoring: Three Global Datasets on Election Quality, Election Events and International Election Observation
Focuses on elections and election monitoring throughout the world. Dataset 1, Data on International Election Monitoring (DIEM), codes the assessement and activities of international election monitoring organizations to national-level legislative and presidential elections in 108 countries from 1980-2004. Dataset 2, Quality of Elections Data (QED), codes the quality of national-level legislative and presidential elections in 172 countries from 1978 to 2004. Dataset 3, Supplementary Election Data, includes supplementary information on all direct presidential and legislative elections in 182 countries from 1975-2004.
- Database: women & men in decision making
Monitors the numbers of men and women in key decision-making positions in order to provide reliable statistics that can be used to monitor the current situation and trends through time. Covers positions of power and influence in politics, public administration, the judiciary, and various other key areas of the economy. Figures are available for decision-makers at European, national and regional level (politics only) and currently cover 34 countries -- the 28 EU Member States, 4 candidate countries (Iceland, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey) and the remaining EEA countries (Liechtenstein and Norway).
- Demographic and Health Surveys
Used to evaluate population, health, and nutrition programs. Provides national and sub-national data on family planning, maternal and child health, child survival, HIV/AIDS/sexually transmitted infections (STIs), infectious diseases, reproductive health and nutrition. Microdata is available free of charge by request. First check characteristics and sample sizes. See the model questionnaires and the recode manuals. Data is available for:
DHS data are also available through the Minnesota Population Center's Integrated Demographic and Health Series. Registered DHS dataset users can create customized, pre-merged datasets. The current IDHS database includes a subset of variables related to women of childbearing age and incorporates data from 76 samples from 18 countries: Benin, Burkina Faso, Cote d"Ivorie, Egypt, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, India, Kenya, Malawi, Mali, Mozambique, Niger, Nigeria, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
- Afghanistan (2010)
- Albania (2008/09)
- Angola (2006/07, 2011)
- Armenia (2000, 2005, 2010)
- Azerbaijan (2006)
- Bangladesh (1993/94, 1996/97, 1999-2001, 2004, 2007, 2011. 2014)
- Benin (1996, 2001, 2006, 2011/12)
- Bolivia (1989, 1994, 1998, 2003, 2008)
- Botswana (1988) (restricted)
- Brazil (1986, 1991, 1996)
- Burkina Faso (1993, 1998/99. 2003, 2010)
- Burundi (1987, 2010, 2012)
- Cambodia (1998, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2014)
- Cameroon (1991, 1998, 2004, 2011)
- Cape Verde (2005)
- Central African Republic (1994/95)
- Chad (1996/97, 2004)
- Colombia (1986, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010)
- Comoros (1996, 2012)
- Congo (Brazzaville) (2005, 2009, 2011/12)
- Congo Democratic Republic (2007, 2013/14)
- Cote d'Ivoire (1994, 1998/99, 2005, 2011/12)
- Dominican Republic (1986, 1991, 1996, 1999, 2002, 2007, 2013)
- Ecuador (1987)
- Egypt (1988, 1992, 1995-1997, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2008, 2014)
- El Salvador (1985)
- Eritrea (1995, 2002) (restricted)
- Ethiopia (2000, 2005, 2011)
- Gabon (2000, 2012)
- Gambia (2013]
- Ghana (1988, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2007-2008, 2014)
- Guatemala (1987, 1995, 1998/99)
- Guinea (1999, 2005, 2012)
- Guyana (2005, 2009)
- Haiti (1994/95, 2000, 2005/06, 2012, 2013)
- Honduras (2005/06, 2011/12)
- India (19992/93, 1998/99, 2005/06)
- Indonesia (1987, 1991, 1994, 1997, 2002-2003, 2007, 2012)
- Jordan (1990, 1997, 2002, 2007, 2009, 2012)
- Kazakhstan (1995, 1999)
- Kenya (1989, 1993, 1998, 2003, 2008/09, 2014)
- Kyrgyz Republic (1997, 2012)
- Lesotho (2004, 2009)
- Liberia (1986, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2013)
- Madagascar (1992, 1997, 2003/04, 2008/09, 2011, 2013)
- Malawi (1992, 1996, 2000, 2004, 2010, 2012, 2013/14)
- Maldives (2009)
- Mali (1987, 1995/96, 2001, 2006, 2010, 2013)
- Mauritania (2000/01, 2003/04) (restricted)
- Mexico (1987)
- Moldova (2005)
- Morocco (1987, 1992, 1995, 2003/04)
- Mozambique (1997, 2003, 2009, 2011)
- Namibia (1992, 2000, 2006/07, 2013)
- Nepal (1987, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2011)
- Nicaragua (1998, 2001)
- Niger (1992, 1998, 2006)
- Nigeria (1990, 1999, 2003, 2008, 2010, 2013)
- Nigeria (Ondo State) (1986)
- Pakistan (1990/91, 2006/07, 2012/13)
- Paraguay (1990)
- Peru (1986, 1991/92, 1996, 2000, 2004-2009)
- Philippines (1993, 1998, 2003, 2008, 2013)
- Rwanda (1992, 2000, 2005, 2007/08, 2010, 2011, 2013)
- Sao Tome and Principe (2008/09)
- Senegal (1986, 1992/93, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2006, 2008/09, 2010/11, 2012/13, 2014)
- Sierra Leone (2008, 2013)
- South Africa (1998)
- Sri Lanka (1987)
- Sudan (1989/90)
- Swaziland (2006/07)
- Tajikstan (2012)
- Tanzania (1991/92, 1994, 1996, 1999, 2003-2005, 2007/08, 2010-2012)
- Thailand (1987)
- Timor Leste (2009)
- Togo (1988, 1998, 2013/2014)
- Trinidad and Tobago (1987)
- Tunisia (1988)
- Turkey (1993, 1998, 2003)
- Turkmenistan (2000)
- Uganda (1988/89, 1995/96, 2000/01, 2004/05 (restricted), 2006, 2009, 2011)
- Ukraine (2007)
- Uzbekistan (1996, 2002)
- Vietnam (1997, 2002, 2005)
- Yemen (1991/92, 1997(restricted), 2013)
- Zambia (1992, 1996, 2001/02, 2007, 2013/14)
- Zimbabwe (1988, 1994, 1999, 2005/06, 2010/11)
- Determinants of Aid in the Post-Cold War Era
Estimates the responsiveness of aid to recipient countries' economic and physical needs, civil/political rights, and government effectiveness. Looks exclusively at the post-Cold War era and use fixed effects to control for the political, strategic, and other considerations of donors. Finds that aid and per capita income have been negatively related, while aid has been positively related to infant mortality, rights, and government effectiveness.
- Education Statistics (World Bank)
Worldwide data on education from national statistical reports, statistical annexes of new publications, and other data sources. Includes public expenditure data.
- EM-DAT : the International Disaster Database
Essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present.
- Enterprise Surveys
Company-level data on 130,000+ firms in 135 countries (emerging markets and developing economies). Data are used to create indicators that benchmark the quality of the business and investment climate across countries. Also known as "Micro-Enterprise Survey", "Financial Crisis Survey", "Investment Survey", "Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey", and "Informal Survey". Registration is required.
- Eurobarometer Survey Series. 1970+
Large set of surveys measuring public opinion in the countries of the European Union, on a wide variety of topics. Also see the Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File.
Eurobarometer Question and Variable Search allows one to find if and when a topic was covered on the Eurobarometer surveys. Also includes a topical guide. Also see GESIS-ZACAT which includes a large number of EuroBarometer surveys and others and allows online analysis as well as access to microdatafiles (free registration is required).
- European Company Survey (ECS)
Large-scale representative survey among establishments in the European Union (EU). Carried out every 4 years. Examines a range of issues, such as working time, work-life balance, and the development of social dialogue in companies. Aims to map working time policies and practices at the level of the establishment in the EU, to survey the views of the different actors at establishment level on these policies and practices, and to provide policy makers with a picture of the main issues and developments in the field. The first company survey in the series was known as the Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance, 2004-2005. The 2nd (2009) and 3rd (2013) surveys are entitled the European Company Survey. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- European Election Database (1990+)
Publishes regional election results according to the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), level 1 to 3. The data available make it possible to compare and contrast election results across countries and regions and conduct comparisons over time. As most of the data sets are aggregated to correspond with the Eus NUTS definition, it facilitates studies that incorporate additional statistical measures as demography, labor market, etc. Includes parliamentary and presidential elections as well as EU elections and EU-related referendums.
- European Fertility Project
The European Fertility Project had two objectives: (1) to create a quantitative record of the European fertility transition - the decline of 50% or more in the number of children the average woman bears. This profound demographic change, and the social changes associated with it, occurred within the past two centuries in almost all of the several hundred provinces of Europe, and (2) to determine the social and economic circumstances that prevailed when the modern decline in fertility began in the hope of elucidating the causal mechanisms of the fertility transition.
- European Quality of Life Survey (2003+)
Representative, questionnaire-based household survey series. Represents an ambitious attempt to explore quality of life in a wide range of European countries. It is a major source of information, highlighting the challenges the EU faces in the light of recent enlargement. Enables an accurate picture of the social situation in the enlarged EU to be drawn, a picture that includes both objective and subjective elements. At the same time, it should be noted that there are some limitations to the data. While the sample sizes of around 1,000 per country provide a general population profile, they are too small to allow for detailed analysis of sub-groups, such as immigrants or single-parent families. Furthermore, although the wide range of topics covered by the survey is on the one hand a clear advantage, it also means that none of the topics could be treated in great depth. Some of the dimensions are measured with a narrower set of indicators than one would use in highly specialised surveys. However, the strength of the survey is that it provides a synthesis of information on the main aspects of quality of life, both objective and subjective. Residents aged 18 and over in 27 EU countries (as of 2011) as well as Croatia (second and third round), Norway (second round), Iceland, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia (all third round) and Turkey (all 3 rounds). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) (1995+)
Study of adolescent substance use in Europe from a comparative and longitudinal perspective. Collects comparable data on the use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs among students throughout European countries. Reports are in the form of summary statistics. Conduced every 4 years.
- European Social Survey (ESS)
Biennial multi-country survey covering over 30 nations. The1st round was fielded in 2002/2003, the 7th in 2014.
- European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics
- European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights Information Portal
Provides access to relevant information and data in the fields of fundamental rights in context of the European Union and its Member States. At the moment the Infoportal holds a sizeable collection of writing on racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and related intolerances.
- European Values Survey
Explores the basic human values underlying European social and political institutions. 4 waves have been conducted (1st: 1981-1983; 2nd: 1989-1993; 3rd: 1999-2001; 4th: 2008-2010).
Participants and waves included:
- All: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Italy. Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Spain, Sweden
- 1-2: Canada, USA
- 1, 2, 4: Norway
- 2-4: Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia-Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia
- 3-4: Belarus, Croatia, Greece, Luxembourg, Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine
- 4th: Albania,Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovinia, Cyprus, Georgia, Kosovo. Moldova, Montenegro, Northern Cyprus, Serbia, Switzerland
- European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) (1991+)
The aim is to provide an overview of the state of working conditions in the European Union, to identify major issues and changes affecting the workplace and to contribute to a better monitoring of the quality of work and employment in Europe.
To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
Wide variety of economic and social indicators, nationally and regionally, for the European Union and its member states from the Statistical Office of the European Communities.
- Eurostat International Migration and Asylum Database
- Fertility and Family Surveys (FFS)
Conducted in the 1990s in selected Member States of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). Also includes Canada and New Zealand. Includes tabular data for member nations. For microdata, must apply directly to the program.
- Foreign Conflict Behavior, 1950-1968
Contains data on over 13,000 foreign conflict acts of 113 nations in the period 1950-1968. Data are provided for actor and object, either of which may refer to nations, colonies, international organizations, or groups in rebellion against national authority and involved in international relations. Data are also provided for official and unofficial acts, which are categorized into violent and nonviolent acts. Violent acts are further categorized into planned and unplanned acts, as well as unclassified acts. These include warning or defensive acts related to a developing conflict situation, threat, war, clash, or negative behavior such as blockade, embargo, or diplomatic rebuff of one nation by another. Nonviolent acts include boycott and anti-foreign demonstrations.
- Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Adult Population Survey Data Set, 1998-2003
Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries.
- Global Financial Inclusion (Global Findex) Database (2011+)
Measures how people around the world - including the poor, women, and rural residents - manage their day-to-day finances and plan for the future. Expected to be conducted every 3 years. First round included 140 countries.
- Global Terrorism Database II, 1998-2004
Undertaken to address the fact that there is little robust empirical analysis of terrorism. The two primary reasons for this problem included insufficient temporal and spatial coverage of available data, and a lack of public availability of terrorism data. Due to this lack of available empirical data regarding terrorism, the researchers sought to code and verify a previously unavailable dataset composed of terrorist events recorded for the entire world from 1998 through 2004. The goal was to create a comprehensive and sound data set on global terrorism that can be used to derive methodologically robust insights into the phenomenon of terrorism and how to counter it. Not intended to be merged with the Global Terrorism Database, 1970-1997. The data being distributed in this data collection were collected using different methods and often different data definitions. Accordingly, the databases should not be used for direct comparison. Does not examine state terrorism. For more recent see the direct website.
- Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) Series (1995-1998, 2001-2002, 2005-2006, 2009-2010)
Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference. ICPSR has data for the USA. Data for other countries are available by request through the Norwegian Social Science Data Archive. The survey involves 43 countries across North America and Europe.
- Human Fertility Database (HFD)
Based on one and the same type of initial data - officially registered birth counts by calendar year, mother's age (and/or cohort) and (whenever possible) biological birth order. These data, together with total female population exposure from the Human Mortality Database and parity-specific female population exposure from selected population censuses, population registers, or large-scale surveys are further processed using a uniform set of methods. Major output includes detailed data on births, unconditional and conditional fertility rates, cohort and period fertility tables as well as selected aggregate indicators such as total fertility rates, mean ages at childbearing, and parity progression ratios.
- Human Mortality Database
Detailed mortality and population data. Earliest data for some countries is 1751. Free registration is required.
- ICT Diffusion and Distribution Dataset, 1990-2007
Contains 2 types of indicators for the global distribution of information, communication and technology (ICT) resources. Includes gini coefficients for the distribution of Internet access within countries, and a technology diffusion index that weights the distribution of broadband subscribers, personal computers, mobile phones, Internet users, and international Internet bandwidth by economic output.
- Index of Electoral Malpractice, 1995-2006
Aim was to investigate electoral malpractice in new and semi-democracies. Studied the mechanics of electoral malpractice and the frequency of different forms of abuse with reference to the strategic constraints under which political actors operate in different contexts. Also explored the causes and consequences of electoral malpractice. Employed a variety of data, including existing datasets and a new dataset created specifically for this research: the Index of Electoral Malpractice, 1995-2006, constructed on the basis of 136 election observation reports produced between 1995 and 2006 by international election observation missions in 57 states in 3 regions of the world, Latin America, Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union and Sub-Saharan Africa.
(Free registration is required through the UK Data Archive]
- Institutional Influences on Turnout in Mixed Member Electoral Systems 1990-2010
What institutional factors influence turnout among mixed member electoral systems? This dataset includes institutional factors within mixed systems as well as co-existing electoral structures for mixed legislative elections from 1990-2010 labeled "Free" or "Partially Free" by Freedom House. In addition, this dataset includes 2 separate measures of turnout: registered and voting age population. Includes: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Lesotho, Lithuania, Macedonia, Mexico,
Nepal, New Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Seychelles, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Ukraine, and Venezuela.
- International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS) Series
Most far-reaching program of standardized sample surveys to look at a householders' experience with crime, policing, crime prevention, and feelings of insecurity in a large number of nations. It also allows for analysis of how risks of crime vary among different groups of populations across social and demographic lines. Also see the International Crime Victimizations Survey (1989-2005) and the ICVS site which also includes the latest round.
- Wave 1 - 1989 - 14 countries
- Wave 2 - 1992 - 12 countries
- Wave 3 - 1996/1997 - 13 countries
- Wave 4 - 2000/2001 - 16 countries
- Wave 5 - 2004/2005 - 30 countries
Sample Size: Generally, 1,000 - 2,000 households from each participating country.
- International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) Datasets
In collaboration with institutions throughout the world, IFPRI is often involved in the collection of primary data and the compilation and processing of secondary data. The resulting datasets provide a wealth of information at the local (household and community), national, and global levels. Includes geospatial data, household and community-level surveys, institution-level surveys, regional data, and social accounting matrices. Datasets must be requested from IFPRI.
- International Migration Flows to and from Selected Countries
Time series data on the flows of international migrants in select countries. Earliest data is 1970. Users should be aware of the problems of comparability underlying existing statistics. DSS has stored the 2005, 2008, and 2015 revisions. For the 2011, 2012, and 2013 revision see the UN site.
- International Military Intervention (1946-2005)
Updates International Military Intervention (IMI), 1946-1988. This newer study documents 447 intervention events from 1989 to 2005. To ensure consistency across the full 1946-2005 time span, the original coding procedures were followed. The data collection thus "documents all cases of military intervention across international boundaries by regular armed forces of independent states" in the international system). "Military interventions are defined operationally in this collection as the movement of regular troops or forces of one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute". As with the original IMI (OIMI) collection, the 1989-2005 dataset includes information on actor and target states, as well as starting and ending dates. It also includes a categorical variable describing the direction of the intervention, i.e., whether it was launched in support of the target government, in opposition to the target government, or against some third party actor within the target state's borders. The intensity of the military intervention is captured in ordinal variables that document the scale of the actor's involvement, "ranging from minor engagement such as evacuation, to patrols, act of intimidation, and actual firing, shelling or bombing". Casualties that are a direct result of the military intervention are coded as well. A novel aspect of IMI is the inclusion of a series of variables designed to ascertain the motivations or issues that prompted the actor to intervene, including to take sides in a domestic dispute in the target state, to affect target state policy, to protect a socio-ethnic or minority group, to attack rebels in sanctuaries in the target state, to protect economic or resource interests, to intervene for strategic purposes, to lend humanitarian aid, to acquire territory or to dispute its ownership, and to protect its own military/diplomatic interests. The variable, civilian casualties, which complements IMI's information on the casualties suffered by actor and target military personnel has been added. OIMI variables on colonial history, previous intervention, alliance partners, alignment of the target, power size of the intervener, and power size of the target have been deleted.
- International Religious Freedom Data (2001, 2003, 2005, 2008)
Contains aggregate measures from U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Reports. This coding produced data on 196 different countries and territories but excluded the United States. Also includes 3 indexes calculated from these data: Government Regulation of Religion index, Social Regulation of Religion index, Government Favoritism of Religion index. Part of the Association of Religion Data Archives. 2008 is found separately.
- International Social Survey Program (ISSP) (1985+)
For the latest see the site's web page. A listing of modules performed through 2016 as well as plans for 2017 2018 is available (including questionnaires for
not-yet-released years). Ongoing program of crossnational collaboration. Develops topical modules dealing with important areas of social science as supplements to regular national surveys. Every survey includes questions about general attitudes toward various social issues such as the legal system, sex, and the economy. Special topics have included the environment, the role of government, social inequality, social support, family and gender issues, work orientation, the impact of religious background, behavior, and beliefs on social and political preferences, and national identity. Participating countries vary for each topical module. Registration is required. 1998-2007 is also available in an easy to use comparative program.
- Lijphart Elections Archive
Static research collection of district level election results for approximately 350 national legislative elections in 26 countries that was maintained through 2003.
- Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) household surveys
Established by the World Bank in 1980 to explore ways of improving the type and quality of household data collected by government statistical offices in developing countries. Objectives were to develop new methods for monitoring progress in raising levels of living, to identify the consequences for households of current and proposed government policies, and to improve communications between survey statisticians, analysts, and policymakers. Surveys have been conducted in more than two dozen countries. See the LSMS Data Set Finder for topics by country.
Data is available for download from the web site for:
- Albania 1996 (requires permission), 2002-2005, 2008, 2012
- Azerbaijan 1995
- Bosnia and Herzegovina 2001-2004
- Brazil 1996-1997
- Bulgaria 1995, 1997, 2001, 2003, 2007
- China 1995, 1997
- Cote d'Ivoire 1985-1988
- Ethiopia 2011-2012, 2013-2014
- Guatemala 2000
- India 1997-1998
- Iraq 2006-2007, 2012-2013
- Yugoslavia- Kosovo 2000
- Kyrgyz Republic 1993, 1996-1998
- Malawi 2004-2005 (restricted), 2010-2011, 2013 (unrestricted)
- Nicaragua 1993, 1998-1999, 2001, 2005
- Niger 2011
- Nigeria 2010-2011, 2012-2013
- Panama 1997, 2003, 2008
- Papua New Guinea 1996
- Peru 1985, 1990-1991, 1994
- Serbia 2002, 2003, 2007
- South Africa 1993
- Tajikistan 1999, 2003, 2007, 2009
- Tanzania 1991-1994, 2004, 2008-2011
- Timor Leste 2001, 2007
- Uganda 2010-2012
Surveys have been done in other countries but procedures for obtaining the data vary.
- Armenia 1996
- Ecuador 1994,1995,1998
- Ghana 1987-1989, 1991-1992, 1998-1999, 2005-2006
- Guyana 1992-1993
- Jamaica 1988-2000
- Kazakhstan 1996
- Morocco 1991
- Nepal 1996, 2003-2004, 2010-2011
- Pakistan 1991
- Romania 1994-1995
- Viet Nam 1992-1993, 1997-1998, 2002-2004
- Manifesto Project Database
Deals with different aspects of political party performance as well as the structure and development of party systems. Based on quantitative content analyses of parties' election programs from more than 50 countries covering all free, democratic elections since 1945.
- Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File, 1970-2002
Combined the most important trend questions of the Eurobarometer surveys conducted between 1970 and 2002. Consists of 105 trend questions asked at least 5 times in standard Eurobarometer surveys. A total of 1,134,384 respondents from 15 European Union member nations (initially, 6 European Community nations) plus Norway in some years were interviewed in these surveys. The cumulative trend questions concentrated on the respondents' knowledge and opinions of the European Community (EC)/European Union (EU). Respondents were asked for their opinion regarding European unification and whether or not they were satisfied with the speed of regional integration. Respondents were also asked to describe their sentiments with respect to citizenship and whether they identified themselves more as a citizen of their home country or as a citizen of Europe. Also asked questions regarding EC/EU institutions such as the European Parliament (EP), the European Commission, the European Court of Justice, and the European Central Bank, among others. Respondents were asked whether they had heard about EC/EU institutions, the importance of these institutions, and whether or not they believed these institutions to be trustworthy. Addressed several other issues of economy, society, and polity including the overall state of the economy in the EU and its individual member states, the respondents' overall satisfaction with their lives, whether certain policy decisions should be made at the EU or national level, the importance of European Parliamentary elections, recent voting behavior, voter intentions, party preferences, whether respondents discussed political matters, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, and how they viewed the need for societal change. Respondents were asked how closely they followed various news and by which media they received the news, how much they supported different types of political and social movements, and what they believed was the probability of strikes and world war in the next 10 years. Demographic and other background information collected included the respondents' age, gender, and marital status, the number of people residing in the household, the number of children under 15 in the household, respondent's age at completion of education, left-right political self-placement, occupation, religion, subjective social class, political party affiliation, trade union membership, household income, region of residence, and subjective size of community.
- Manpower Employment Outlook Survey (1st Quarter 2007+)
Indicator of hiring activity for the next quarter. The forecast includes responses from over 65,000 employers in 42 countries and covers the world's major labor markets.
- Measurement of Cross-cutting Cleavages and Other Multidimensional Cleavage Structures
Contains 69 new indices for race, ethnicity, language, religion, income, and geography.
- Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (1945+)
Tracks 282 politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world -- identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them. Focuses specifically on ethnopolitical groups, non-state communal groups that have "political significance" in the contemporary world because of their status and political actions. Political significance is determined by: (1) The group collectively suffers, or benefits from, systematic discriminatory treatment compared to other groups in a society and (2) The group is the basis for political mobilization and collective action in defense or promotion of its self-defined interests.
- Occupational Wages around the World (OWW) Database
Contains occupational wage data for 161 occupations in 171 countries from 1983 to 2008.
- Pew Global Attitudes Project
Worldwide public opinion surveys that encompasses a broad array of subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. Topics have included views of Asian nations of each other, Muslims in Europe, images of the United States, the Iraq War, and foreign policy. Surveys include different nations and topics by year.
- Politics Research Guide. Election data below the constituency level.
Research guide to election statistics at low levels of geography for Australia, Austria, Belgium, Denmark, Europe, Finland, France, Germany, Netherlands, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United States.
- Polling the Nations
Compilation of public opinion surveys conducted in the United States and more than 100 other countries. Each record includes the question asked and the responses given, the polling organization responsible for the work, the date the information was released, the sample size, and the groups or areas included in the interview.
- Population Exposure Estimates in Proximity to Nuclear Power Plants, Locations
Provides a global data set of point locations and attributes describing nuclear power plants and reactors.
- Public Understanding of Science in Europe 1989-2005 - A Eurobarometer Trend File
The cumulative dataset harmonizes and integrates selected long trends on public understanding of science derived from 5 Eurobarometer surveys: Eurobarometer 31, March-April 1989; Eurobarometer 38.1, November 1992; Eurobarometer 55.2, May-June 2001; Candidate Countries EB 2002.3, October-November 2002; and Eurobarometer 63.1, January-February 2005. The study includes 97 variables, including trends on knowledge about, engagement with and attitudes towards science and technology plus relevant demographics. The cumultive file can be ordered through GESIS.
- South-Eastern European Monetary and Economic Statistics from the Nineteenth Century to World War II
A complete dataset is presented for each country, covering 6 broad groups of indicators: (1) monetary variables, (2) interest rates, (3) exchange rates, (4) government finances, (5) prices, production and labor, and (6) national accounts and population. Covers Albania, Austria-Hungary, Bulgaria, Greece, Romania, Serbia/Yugoslavia, and Turkey.
- Statistical Abstracts of the World (ProQuest)
For a select list of countries, contains recent yearbooks. Tables are available in Excel format and have been converted to English.
- Statistics of Trade Union Membership (1980-2009)
Includes data for 49 countries. Dates vary by country but range from 1980-2009. For post 2009, use ILOSTAT. Once in click on "Browse by subject" then "Yearly indicators" then Trade unions and collective bargaining. For the time being, for most countries, statistics available for these topics only up to 2010. Statistics referring to 2011-2013 are currently under verification and will soon be included in ILOSTAT.
Statistics of Trade Union Membership (1980-2009) (Electronic File)
Producer: International Labor Office
- Survey of Soviet Values, 1990
Contains survey information from parts of the former Soviet Union located in Europe: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belorussia, Ukraine, Moldavia, Georgia, Armenia, and Russia west of the Ural Mountains. Designed to assess respondents' commitment to democratic values and rates of political participation of the Soviet mass public. Major topics covered include conventional and unconventional political participation, political tolerance, support for democratic elections, support for pluralistic media, rights consciousness, anti-Semitism, and support for market institutions.
- Surveys of Members of the European Parliament, 2000 and 2006
The most significant change in the institutional structure of European governance over the past 2 decades has been the increased power of the European Parliament (EP). Given the Parliament's growing influence and the dramatic EU enlargement in 2004, it has become increasingly important to monitor the attitudes and behavior of Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from different member states. The European Parliament Research Group (EPRG) conducted two surveys of MEPs in 2000 and 2006. The 2000 survey was conducted in October-December 2000 and surveyed MEPs of the 5th European Parliament (1999-2004). The 2006 survey was conducted in March-June 2006 and surveyed MEPs of the 6th European Parliament (2004-09). Includes the following categories of questions: personal details (member state, date first elected to EP, previous political experience), electoral systems and candidate selection, campaigning aims and activities
attitudes/behavior relating to representation, behavior in committees and voting in the Parliament, general political attitudes, attitudes towards specific EU policies, and attitudes towards EU institutional reform. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Transatlantic Trends Survey Series (2003+)
Aim is to identify the attitudes of the public in the United States and in 12 European countries towards foreign policy issues and transatlantic issues. Each year, participants have been asked their views on each other and on global threats, foreign policy objectives, world leadership, and multilateral institutions. This study is a follow-on to Worldviews 2002: American and European Public Opinion on Foreign Policy. Periodically asks about views on immigration.
- United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal
Collects data on the incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information globally. Results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The surveys were started in 1977, covering 5-year intervals from 1970-1994. Starting in 1995 surveys cover 2 or 3 year intervals. Data may also be accessed through ICPSR.
- Universal Database of Statistics
Statistical publications from Russia and the Commonwealth of Independent States. 1900+.
- University of Texas Inequality Project
Project concerned with measuring and explaining movements of inequality in wages and earnings and patterns of industrial change around the world. National and regional inequality data for Argentina, Brazil, China, Cuba, Europe, India, Russia, and the United States. National and industrial inequality data for Taiwan.
- Voice of the People Series (2005+)
Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference.
- WHO Mortality Database
World Health Organization compilation of mortality data by age, sex and cause of death, as reported annually by member states from their civil registration systems.
- Women in Development Series (1979-1980, 1983)
Series of studies on women in development in 1970 with data drawn primarily from national censuses, surveys, statistical abstracts, and international statistical compendia. References are also made in some cases to evaluative studies conducted by individual researchers, research teams, and the staff of the International Demographic Data Center of the Bureau. These data constitute the most recently available information at the time of collection. The aim of this data series was to provide a reliable, up-to-date, accessible database on women in development which can illuminate the discrepancies in the roles and status of women against those of men throughout the world in order to serve as a basis for the promotion of both intranational and international parity between the sexes. The studies that comprise the Women in Development series consist of national-level data concerning female/male differentials over a range of demographic and socio-economic variables. Wherever possible, the data are broken down by age and urban/rural residence to facilitate further analysis. The series is cumulative and the data are presented in basic tabular format. Initially, the data tables were compiled for 69 developing nations from Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the Near East that were recipients of the United States Agency for International Development aid. The first collection, Women in Development, 1979-1980 (ICPSR 8053), included all the aid-recipient nations regardless of population size. Subsequently, data were compiled for all remaining nations of the world with a population of five million or more, and statistics for the original nations were updated to reflect more recent information. The second collection in the series, Women in Development IV, 1983 (ICPSR 8155), covered approximately 120 nations from Asia, the Pacific, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Near East, North America, Europe, and the Soviet Union.
- Women in National Parliaments (1997+)
World and regional averages of the percentage of women in national parliaments.
- World Bank Group Country Opinion Survey Program (COS)
Interested in gauging the views of clients and partners who are either involved in development in the given country or who observe activities related to social and economic development. Meant to give the World Bank's team that works in the given country, more in-depth insight into how the Bank's work is perceived.
- World Bank Microdata Library
Portal for all surveys and datasets held in catalogs maintained by the World Bank and a number of contributing external catalogs.
- World Contraceptive Use (2010)
Includes trends on contraceptive prevalence and unmet needs for family planning. 2012 is found on the UN Site.
- World Database of Happiness: States of Nations
Includes summary information from social surveys indicating levels of happiness in about 95 countries around the world, along with data on possible causal factors. Includes state level measures for the USA.
- World Development Indicators
Development indicators from the World Bank. Covers population, education, health, aid, poverty and environmental indicators for 208 countries.
- World Event/Interaction Survey (WEIS) Project, 1966-1978
Record of the flow of action and response between countries (as well as non-governmental actors, e.g., NATO) reflected in public events reported daily in the New York Times from January 1966 through December 1978. The unit of analysis in the dataset is the event/interaction, referring to words and deeds communicated between nations, such as threats of military force. Each event/interaction is a daily report of an international event. Coded for each event are the actor, target, date, action category, and arena. Also provided are brief textual descriptions for each event.
Sample Size: 98,043 events
- World Fertility Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
Presents data on age-specific fertility rates, total fertility and mean age at childbearing for 201 countries or areas of the world. Covers the time period from 1950 to the present. Data for the time period before 1950 have been included as well, if readily available, but no systematic attempt was made to collect data prior to 1950 for all countries. 2015 is also found on the UN site.
- World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. Data.
Collection of databases for Europe and Israel containing indicators on health, mortality, hospital morbidity, infectious diseases, alcohol control, nutrition policy, prison health, and tobacco control.
- World Health Survey (WHS) (2002-2004)
Monitors critical health outcomes and health systems through the fielding of a valid, reliable, and comparable household survey instrument. The WHS was implemented between 2002 and 2004 in countries selected to represent all regions of the world. Study samples were nationally representative and probabilistically selected. Sampling weights were generated and adjusted for the population distribution with final post-stratification corrections for non-response. The total sample size, using nationally representative samples, includes over 300,000 individuals aged 18+ years. For China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa, WHS also serves as SAGE Wave 0. Household data includes a household roster, health insurance coverage, health expenditures, and indicators of permanent income or wealth. Individual level data include sociodemographic information, health state descriptions, health state valuation, risk factors, chronic conditions, mortality, health care utilization, health systems responsiveness and social capital. Registration is required. Each nation was surveyed once during this period. ICPSR has Waves 0 and 1 only. Countries covered: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain. Bangladesh, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil,
Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo Republic, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyz Republic. Lao PDR, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia,
Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Singapore, Slovak Republic,
Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland,
Syria, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates,
United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
- World Income Inequality Database
The UNU/WIDER World Income Inequality Database (WIID) collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries.
- World Marriage Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
Provides comparable data on the marital status of the population by age and sex for 231 countries or areas of the world. Contains data on marital status of men and women, currently married men and women, ever married men and women and singulate mean age at marriage (SMAM). Data are presented from around 1970 to the most recent data available. 2015 is also found on the UN site.
- World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series (1961-1993)
Worldwide and regional annual totals of military spending.
- World Mortality Report (2011)
Includes death rates, infant mortality, under age 5 mortality, life expectancy, and probability of dying between ages 15 and 60. Some data goes back to 1950 with projections to 2015.
- World Population Prospects
Comprehensive set of demographic indicators for 1950-2100. Includes measures of fertility, life expectancy, migration, and measures of the impact of HIV/AIDS. Older versions are on the DSS server.
- World Public Opinion.org
Program on International Policy Attitudes site providing public opinion from around the world.
- World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database (16th. Ed. - 2012)
Contains time series data for 1960, 1965, 1970 and annually from 1975-2011 for around 140 different telecommunication and ICT statistics covering the telecommunication network and ICT uptake, mobile services, quality of service, traffic, staff, tariffs, revenue and investment. Data for over 200 economies are available. For select series more recent data may be available on the ITU website. Also see ITU Historical Statistics.
- World Values Survey (WVS)
Designed to enable a crossnational comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe. A variety of questions on religion and morality were included. Coverage includes: Albania - 1998, 2002; Algeria - 2002, 2014; Andorra - 2005;
Argentina - 1991, 1995, 1999, 2006, 2013; Armenia - 1997, 2011; Australia - 1995, 2005, 2012; Austria - 1990, 1999; Azerbaijan - 1997, 2011-2012; Bahrain (2014); Bangladesh - 1996, 2002; Belarus - 1996, 2000, 2011; Belgium - 1981, 1990, 1999; Bosnia and Herzegovinia - 1998, 2001; Brazil - 1990, 1997, 2006, 2014; Bulgaria - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2006; Burkina Faso - 2007; Canada - 1982, 1990, 2000, 2006; Chile - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2006; China - 1990, 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Colombia - 1998, 2005, 2012; Croatia - 1996, 1999; Cyprus - 2006, 2011; Czech Republic - 1991, 1998, 1999; Denmark - 1981, 1990, 1999; Dominican Republic - 1998; Ecuador - 2013; Egypt - 2000, 2008, 2012; El Salvador - 1999; Estonia - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2011; Ethiopia - 2007; Finland - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2005; France - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006; Georgia - 1996, 2008, 2014; Germany - 2006, 2013; Germany East - 1990, 1997; Germany West - 1981, 1990, 1997; Ghana - 2007, 2011; Great Britain - 1981, 1990, 1998, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Greece - 1999; Hong Kong - 2005, 2013; Hungary - 1991, 1998, 1999; Iceland - 1984, 1990, 1999; India - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2014; Indonesia - 2001, 2006; Iran - 2003, 2005; Iraq - 2006, 2013; Ireland - 1981, 1990, 1999; Israel - 2001; Italy - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2005; Japan - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010; Jordan - 2007, 2014; Kazakhstan - 2011; Kuwait - 2013; Kyrgyzstan - 2003, 2011; Lativa - 1990, 1996, 1999; Lebanon - 2013; Libya - 2013; Lithuania - 1990, 1997, 1999; Luxembourg - 1999; Macedonia - 1998, 2001; Malaysia - 2006, 2011; Mali - 2007; Malta - 1983, 1991, 1999; Mexico - 1995, 1996, 2000, 2005, 2012; Moldova - 1996, 2006; Montenegro - 1996, 2001; Morocco - 2001, 2007, 2011; Netherlands - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2012; New Zealand - 1998, 2004, 2011; Nigeria - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2011; Northern Ireland - 1981, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Norway - 1990, 1996, 2007; Pakistan - 1997, 2001, 2012; Palestine - 2013; Peru - 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Philippines - 1996, 2001, 2012; Poland - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2012; Portugal - 1990, 1999; Puerto Rico - 1995, 2001; Qatar- 2010; Romania - 1993, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2012; Russia - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Rwanda - 2007, 2012; Saudi Arabia - 2003; Serbia - 1996, 2001, 2006;
Singapore - 2002, 2012; Slovakia - 1991, 1998, 1999; Slovenia - 1992, 1995, 1999, 2005, 2011; South Africa - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2013; South Korea - 1980, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2010; Spain - 1981, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2011; Sweden - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Switzerland - 1989, 1996, 2007; Taiwan - 1995, 2006, 2012; Tanzania - 2001; Thailand - 2007, 2013; Trinidad and Tobago - 2006, 2010; Turkey - 1990, 1997, 2001, 2007, 2011; Uganda - 2001; Ukraine - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; United Kingdom - 2006 (also see Great Britain and Northern Ireland); United States - 1982, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2006, 2011; Uruguay - 1996, 2006, 2011; Uzbekistan - 2011; Venezuela - 1996, 2000; Vietnam - 2001, 2006; Yemen - 2013; Zambia - 2007; and Zimbabwe - 2001, 2011.
This page last updated: October 21, 2009