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Finding Data: Data on Public Opinion - Europe

ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF PRINCETON UNIVERSITY.

  • Attitudes in Russia to Social and Political Aspects of Human Trafficking, 2007
    Collected representative data across Russian regions on attitudes to human trafficking. Since the collapse of the Soviet state, thousands of Russian citizens have been trafficked out of the country as exploited labour, sex slaves, domestic labour, and beggars. Explored beliefs concerning the origins, nature and extent of human trafficking, and attitudes on what the Russian government should do to address the problem. Captured attitudes on how the state should aid the trafficked and the perceived efficacy of different institutions in dealing with trafficking. It also sought responses on how families should help or not help the trafficked; beliefs on the place of a woman in society, and attitudes towards prostitution.

  • Attitudes of Spaniards towards Immigration (1991-2007)
    Includes 18 surveys with a national sample of about 1,200 persons 18 years and over, representative of the Spanish population, and with a questionnaire on Attitudes of Spaniards towards Immigrants that has hardly varied from one year to the next. Summary data is available in an easy to use format.

  • Candidate Countries Eurobarometer Survey (2001-2004)
    In October 2001, the European Commission launched a new series of surveys in the 13 countries that were applying for European Union membership under the heading Candidate Countries Eurobarometer (CCEB). Initially named Applicant Countries Eurobarometer (or AC-EB) the surveys were ordered and co-ordinated by the Directorate-General for Press and Communication (Public Opinion Analysis). The CCEB surveys were carried out in Bulgaria, Republic of Cyprus (with a separate northern Cyprus survey parallel to 2002.2), Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, and Turkey. After a 4 year gap the CCEB replaced the former Central and Eastern Eurobarometer.

  • Caucasus Barometer
    In order to increase the cross-comparison of regional social and economic dynamics, the Caucacus Research Resource Centers (CRRC) began a coordinated data collection effort in the fall of 2003 to obtain reliable, comparable data on household knowledge, attitudes and practices across the South Caucasus. The CRRC teams in Armenia, Azerbaijan and Georgia have been collecting data in the South Caucasus on an annual basis since 2004. Although the 2004 DI survey was initially carried out only in the 3 capital cities, the 2005 DI also included one region in each country. Since 2006, the survey has been carried out nationwide, in both urban and rural areas. Requires free registration.

  • CBOS Surveys
    Polish surveys for 1985-1990 relating to the transition from communism.

  • Center for Research on Social Reality [Spain] Survey (1990-1996)
    Used questionnaires comprising 3 sections. The first section collected information on respondents' attitudes regarding personal, national, and international issues. This section included questions on respondents' level of life satisfaction and frequency of visits with relatives, neighbors, and friends, and asked respondents to rank by importance various national and international objectives, such as protection of the environment, fighting narcotics trafficking, and guaranteeing civil liberties. The second section contained a topical module of questions that varied from survey to survey. Topics covered marriage formation and dissolution, health, religious beliefs and practices, attitudes towards immigrants, social ethics, and culture and leisure. Socioeconomic data were the focus of the third section, including respondent's sex, age, marital status, size of household, occupation, education, religion, religiosity, place of birth, and income. Spanish language questionnaires are included in the codebooks for these studies.

    Sample Size: Typically, 1,200 persons were interviewed for each survey, using a random stratified sampling design.

  • Central and Eastern Eurobarometer Survey Series (CEEB) (1990-1997)
    Began in 1990, when nationally representative surveys were undertaken on behalf of the European Commission in Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia, East Germany, Hungary, Poland, and the Soviet Union. Explored individuals' attitudes toward democratic and economic reform, were carried out in the autumn of each year through 1997 in up to 20 countries of the region. An extension of the Eurobarometer series conducted semi-annually in the member nations of the European Union (EU), the Central and Eastern Eurobarometers also focused on public support for the EU and on other issues facing Europe as a whole. After the 1st wave of research, the number of countries was variably expanded to reflect then-current political alignments and realities of access for survey researchers. In each of the countries surveyed, approximately 1,000 persons aged 15 and over were interviewed in their own homes.

  • Chapel Hill Expert Survey (CHES)
    Estimates party positioning on European integration, ideology and policy issues for national parties in a variety of European countries. The 1st survey was conducted in 1999, with subsequent waves in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014. The number of countries increased from 14 Western European countries in 1999 to 24 current or prospective EU members in 2006 to 31 countries in 2014. In this time, the number of national parties grew from 143 to 268. The 2014 survey includes all EU member states, plus parties in Norway, Switzerland, and Turkey. Separate surveys were conducted in the Balkan candidate countries. Questions on parties' general position on European integration, several EU policies, general left/right, economic left/right, and social left/right are common to all surveys. More recent surveys also contain questions on non-EU policy issues, such as immigration, redistribution, decentralization, and environmental policy.

  • Dutch Prejudice Survey 1998
    Telephone survey of a random sample of Dutch citizens aged 16 or older. Focused on attitudes toward various outgroups in Dutch society, including Turks, Moroccans, Surinamese, and refugees in general. There were also questions about Moslems, Jews, and the Dutch themselves. Since the survey was carried out with a computer-assisted interviewing system (Blaise), it could include many randomized experiments. Such experiments were used to assess the relative degree of prejudice toward, or tolerance of, the various groups. The relationship between prejudice and politics was also a focus of the study.

  • Elite Young Muslims in Britain: Generational Experience and Political Participation, 2007
    Explored the impact of global, national, local and personal events on the views and political activity of young British Muslims regarded as 'opinion formers' of the future. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • End of History Illusion
    Measured the personalities, values, and preferences of more than 19,000 people who ranged in age from 18 to 68, and asked them to report how much they had changed in the past decade and/or to predict how much they would change in the next decade. Young people, middle-aged people, and older people all believed they had changed a lot in the past but would change relatively little in the future. Includes Belgium, France, Switzerland, and the United States.

  • Eurobarometer Survey Series. 1970+
    Large set of surveys measuring public opinion in the countries of the European Union, on a wide variety of topics. Also see the Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File. Eurobarometer Question and Variable Search allows one to find if and when a topic was covered on the Eurobarometer surveys. Also includes a topical guide. Also see GESIS-ZACAT which includes a large number of EuroBarometer surveys and others and allows online analysis as well as access to microdatafiles (free registration is required).

  • European Quality of Life Survey (2003+)
    Representative, questionnaire-based household survey series. Represents an ambitious attempt to explore quality of life in a wide range of European countries. It is a major source of information, highlighting the challenges the EU faces in the light of recent enlargement. Enables an accurate picture of the social situation in the enlarged EU to be drawn, a picture that includes both objective and subjective elements. At the same time, it should be noted that there are some limitations to the data. While the sample sizes of around 1,000 per country provide a general population profile, they are too small to allow for detailed analysis of sub-groups, such as immigrants or single-parent families. Furthermore, although the wide range of topics covered by the survey is on the one hand a clear advantage, it also means that none of the topics could be treated in great depth. Some of the dimensions are measured with a narrower set of indicators than one would use in highly specialised surveys. However, the strength of the survey is that it provides a synthesis of information on the main aspects of quality of life, both objective and subjective. Residents aged 18 and over in 27 EU countries (as of 2011) as well as Croatia (second and third round), Norway (second round), Iceland, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia (all third round) and Turkey (all 3 rounds). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • European Social Survey (ESS)
    Biennial multi-country survey covering over 30 nations. The1st round was fielded in 2002/2003, the 7th in 2014.

  • European Values Survey
    Explores the basic human values underlying European social and political institutions. 4 waves have been conducted (1st: 1981-1983; 2nd: 1989-1993; 3rd: 1999-2001; 4th: 2008-2010).
      Participants and waves included:
    • All: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Italy. Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Spain, Sweden
    • 1-2: Canada, USA
    • 1, 2, 4: Norway
    • 2-4: Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia-Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia
    • 3-4: Belarus, Croatia, Greece, Luxembourg, Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine
    • 4th: Albania,Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovinia, Cyprus, Georgia, Kosovo. Moldova, Montenegro, Northern Cyprus, Serbia, Switzerland

  • FOM: Public Opinion Foundation (Russia)

  • Gallup Analytics
    Analyze, visualize, and export data from Gallup's U.S. Daily tracking and World Poll surveys. U.S. tracks economic, wellbeing, and political data collected daily since 2008. It can be analyzed daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, and annually as well as by state and Metropolitan Statistical Area (MSA). World Poll data covers more than 80 metrics from 160+ countries collected since 2005. Does not include access to microdata.

  • Gender and the Vote in Britain, 2007
    Includes political attitudes such as left/right position, socialist/laissez-faire position, liberal/authoritarianism, egalitarianism and partisanship. Also included are psychological measures of gendered attributes, which is very unusual for political science data, and permits an analysis that looks beyond biological sex and considers the social construction of gender. Also includes basic demographic measures, alongside measures of parenthood and caring responsibilities, which allow a detailed analysis of how the realities of people's lives impact upon their political attitudes and behavior. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • General Social Survey of the Russian Federation and Central Asia, October-December 1992
    Conducted approximately one year after the coup against Gorbachev and the breakup of the Soviet Union. The purpose of the study, which queried respondents in the Russian Federation, Kyrgyzstan, Kazakhstan, and Uzbekistan, was to gather data on all aspects of social structure, social stratification, and distributive justice. Respondents provided information on their attitudes toward the news media, material status, work status and work history, social and political views, and participation in political activities. In addition, respondents were asked to comment on the role of women as well as on the role of government in daily life. Other variables addressed smoking and drinking, ownership of foreign and domestic products, use of mass media, confidence in institutions, and interest in politics. Demographic information gathered includes education, gender, ethnicity, age, and work history of the respondent and the respondent's family.

  • Global Snap Poll on Tsunami in Japan and Impact on Views About Nuclear Energy, 2011
    Carried out by WIN-Gallup International from March 21 to April 10, 2011, in 47 countries across the globe. Aimed to measure public views about the tragic earthquake in Japan and its impact on opinions about nuclear energy. Respondents were asked whether they were in favor of or opposed to the use of nuclear energy as one of the ways to provide electricity to the world, whether they have heard or read about the earthquake and tsunami that hit parts of Japan, and whether they have heard or read about the leakage of radiation from nuclear reactors in Japan as a result of the earthquake. Respondents were also queried on what their views were about nuclear energy before the earthquake in Japan, what their major source of information about the tsunami and earthquake in Japan was, their view on how Japan's economy would recover, whether they were concerned about the possibility of a nuclear incident in their own country, and whether they thought that nuclear power plants in their country were properly secured against accidents. Demographic variables include sex, age, marital status, race, income, education level, employment status, religious preference, and type of residential area (e.g., urban or rural).

  • GlobeScan/BBC World Service Views of Countries' Poll, 2005-2009
    Major survey exploring how people in 33 countries view various countries.

  • Iceland Survey Round 1 (2010)

  • Iceland Survey Round 2 (2011)

  • International Social Justice Project, 1991 and 1996
    The International Social Justice Project is a collaborative effort among 12 countries to conduct a comparative study of popular perceptions of economic and social justice in advanced industrialized nations. The countries participating in the study include Bulgaria, Czech Republic (Czechoslovakia for 1991), Germany (West Germany, and East Germany during its transition toward a democracy), Estonia, Great Britain, Hungary, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, and the United States. Focused on normative social justice concepts such as entitlement, equality of economic opportunity, and reward distribution. Provides analysis of normative justice at a micro level, involving respondents' evaluation of justice or rewards received by individuals and small groups, and at a macro level, through the evaluation of fairness of reward distribution at the aggregate or societal level. Variables in the dataset include demographic characteristics of the respondent, such as age, sex, marital status, education, and occupation, actual and desired income, what factors respondents believe determine level of pay and their fairness, dependence on pension or social welfare programs, satisfaction with the sociopolitical system, perceived and/or preferred role of the government in job allocation, and standard of living.

  • International Social Survey Program (ISSP) (1985+)
    For the latest see the site's web page. A listing of modules performed as well as plans through 2020 is available (including questionnaires for not-yet-released years). Ongoing program of crossnational collaboration. Develops topical modules dealing with important areas of social science as supplements to regular national surveys. Every survey includes questions about general attitudes toward various social issues such as the legal system, sex, and the economy. Special topics have included the environment, the role of government, social inequality, social support, family and gender issues, work orientation, the impact of religious background, behavior, and beliefs on social and political preferences, and national identity. Participating countries vary for each topical module. Registration is required. 1998-2007 is also available in an easy to use comparative program.

  • IntUne Mass Survey Wave 1, 2007
    Integrated project on the theme of European citizenship financed by the European Union. In 2007, the 1st wave of the mass survey was conducted in 16 European Union Member States and 2 non-European Union Member States. European Union Member States included Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia Republic, Slovenia, Spain, and the United Kingdom; non-European Union Member States included Serbia and Turkey. IntUne aims to study changes in the scope, nature, and characteristics of citizenship that result from the process of the deepening and enlargement of the European Union. IntUne focuses on how integration and disintegration processes, at both the national and European level, affect three major dimensions of citizenship: identity, representation, and scope of good governance. Respondents were polled on their level of interest and involvement in politics, their assessment of the general economic situation in their country, and whether they are satisfied with the democratic processes in their country. Survey participants were also asked to rate their degree of trust in government at the regional, national and European Union level. Opinions were gathered concerning the advantages of European Union membership, whether citizens currently living in the European Union would benefit from the accession of Serbia and Turkey, and whether Serbia and Turkey would benefit from becoming European Union Member States. Demographic information includes age, sex, country of birth, education level, employment status, marital status, socioeconomic status, religious affiliation and political party affiliation.

  • IntUne Mass Survey Wave 2, 2009
    Integrated project on the theme of European citizenship financed by the European Union. Conducted in 2009 in 16 European Union Member States; Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia Republic, Slovenia, Spain, and the United Kingdom, as well as 1 non-European Union Member State, Serbia. It aims at studying the changes in the scope, nature, and characteristics of citizenship that result from the process of the deepening and enlargement of the European Union. This survey focuses on how integration and disintegration processes, at both the national and European level, affect three major dimensions of citizenship: identity, representation, and scope of good governance. Respondents were polled on their interest in politics, their opinion of the general economic situation, and how satisfied they are with the way democracy works in their respective countries. Societal questions addressed whether or not respondents believe most people can be trusted, and how much influence one person has on politics. Opinions were gathered concerning the benefits of being a member of the European Union, the addition of Serbia to the European Union, and whether or not Serbia would benefit from European Union membership. Demographic variables include age, sex, education, current employment status, marital status, and religious affiliation.

  • ipoll databank (Roper)
    Archive of public opinion and survey research.

  • Irish Social and Political Attitudes Survey (ISPAS) (2001)
    Conducted in Autumn 2001. Must be requested from the Irish Social Science Data Archive.

  • Italian Prejudice Survey 1994
    The 1994 Survey on Regional and Ethnic Prejudice in Italy was designed to assess the attitudes of Italians toward recent immigrants from Africa and Eastern Europe, and to measure the current state of relations between Northern and Southern Italians. It also included many items on politics and society. The target population for the survey was defined as all Italian adults aged 18-69, residing in households with telephones. The percentage of households in Italy that have a telephone was estimated to be about 90 percent at that time. (N=2001)

  • LAPOP - Latin American Public Opinion Project
    Surveys analyzing citizen views on system support, political tolerance, citizen participation, local government, corruption, and views on authoritarianism for Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela as well as for Albania, Israel, and Madagascar.

  • Latinobarometro (1995+)
    Summary level public opinion data for Latin America and Spain. Microdata is also available through 2015 in Stata format. Note: A survey was not conducted in 1999 or 2014.

  • Living in Wales: Household Survey (2004-2008) (LIW)
    Was the main general source of statistical information about households and the condition of homes in Wales. Also referred to as the Welsh Household and Dwelling Survey and replaced the former Welsh House Condition Survey (WHCS), which was last conducted in 1997 and 1998, when a Household Survey was completed in 1997 and a Property Survey in 1998. The LIW survey had 2 separate but linked components: the Household Survey and the Property Survey. The Household Survey was completed annually from 2004 and was conducted as a face-to-face interview with the household reference person (HRP) or another appropriate adult. It aimed to provide additional information to complement the Property Survey, but also to provide information about the community, the use of the Welsh language, the health of the members of the household, the values and opinions of the respondent as well as demographic characteristics. The Property Survey was conducted in 2004 and 2008 and comprised an internal and external assessment of the property which was completed by a qualified surveyor. The Living in Wales survey closed in 2008. From 2009/2010 onwards, it has been replaced by the National Survey for Wales. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File, 1970-2002
    Combined the most important trend questions of the Eurobarometer surveys conducted between 1970 and 2002. Consists of 105 trend questions asked at least 5 times in standard Eurobarometer surveys. A total of 1,134,384 respondents from 15 European Union member nations (initially, 6 European Community nations) plus Norway in some years were interviewed in these surveys. The cumulative trend questions concentrated on the respondents' knowledge and opinions of the European Community (EC)/European Union (EU). Respondents were asked for their opinion regarding European unification and whether or not they were satisfied with the speed of regional integration. Respondents were also asked to describe their sentiments with respect to citizenship and whether they identified themselves more as a citizen of their home country or as a citizen of Europe. Also asked questions regarding EC/EU institutions such as the European Parliament (EP), the European Commission, the European Court of Justice, and the European Central Bank, among others. Respondents were asked whether they had heard about EC/EU institutions, the importance of these institutions, and whether or not they believed these institutions to be trustworthy. Addressed several other issues of economy, society, and polity including the overall state of the economy in the EU and its individual member states, the respondents' overall satisfaction with their lives, whether certain policy decisions should be made at the EU or national level, the importance of European Parliamentary elections, recent voting behavior, voter intentions, party preferences, whether respondents discussed political matters, whether they attempted to persuade others close to them to share their views on subjects they held strong opinions about, and how they viewed the need for societal change. Respondents were asked how closely they followed various news and by which media they received the news, how much they supported different types of political and social movements, and what they believed was the probability of strikes and world war in the next 10 years. Demographic and other background information collected included the respondents' age, gender, and marital status, the number of people residing in the household, the number of children under 15 in the household, respondent's age at completion of education, left-right political self-placement, occupation, religion, subjective social class, political party affiliation, trade union membership, household income, region of residence, and subjective size of community.

  • Meningsmalingsarkivet (Poll Archive - Norway)
    Archive of public opinion polls for Norway. Includes more than 40,000 questions from 1964 to today. Data are supplied by the polling agencies TNS Gallup, Response Analysis, ACNielsen Norway, Opinion and Synovate.

  • MORI/GMF Poll: 2002 European World Views Survey
    This study of 6 European countries is the European counterpart to the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations American Public Opinion and US Foreign Policy, 2002 survey. Includes the US role in the world, looking at foreign policy goals, economic aid, spending, vital interests, the use of US troops, attitudes toward specific countries, NATO, foreign aid, trade, economic sanctions, globalization, and terrorism.

  • National Survey for Wales (2009+)
    The National Survey for Wales (NSW) is one of the main ways in which the Welsh Assembly Government knows what issues are important to the people of Wales. The household questionnaire covers housing, financial inclusion, children's deprivation, internet access, and pet ownership. The individual questionnaire covers: neighborhood, communications, disability, environmental behavior, computer and internet, street cleaning, dental practices, volunteering, employment, and finance. The self-completion questionnaire covers: health, local public services, satisfaction with aspects of life, local area, safety and crime, and harassment and discrimination. Replaced Living in Wales. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • New Baltic Barometer (1993+)
    Each survey uses a questionnaire with innovative indicators specially relevant in transition societies: support for democracy and undemocratic alternatives; corruption; attitudes to enlarging Europe; coping with a multiplicity of economies, monetized and non-monetized; relative affluence and destitution; and demographics: age, education, gender, urban/rural residence, etc. Includes Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. For more information, see the CSPP pages.

  • New Europe Barometer (1991+)
    Each survey uses a questionnaire with innovative indicators specially relevant in transition societies: support for democracy and undemocratic alternatives; corruption; attitudes to enlarging Europe; coping with a multiplicity of economies, monetized and non-monetized; relative affluence and destitution; and demographics: age, education, gender, urban/rural residence, etc. Includes Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Poland, Slovenia, Bulgaria, and Romania. For more information, see the CSPP pages.

  • New Russia Barometer (1992+)
    Each survey uses a questionnaire with innovative indicators specially relevant in transition societies: support for democracy and undemocratic alternatives; corruption; attitudes to enlarging Europe; coping with a multiplicity of economies, monetized and non-monetized; relative affluence and destitution; and demographics: age, education, gender, urban/rural residence, etc. Includes Russia, Belarus, Moldova, and Ukraine. For more information, see the CSPP pages.

  • New Soviet Citizen Survey, 1990: Problems of Peace and Security
    Over 1,800 adult citizens were interviewed in 3 Soviet republics: Lithuania, the Ukraine, and the portion of Russia west of the Ural Mountains. Questions focused on several topics facing the new republics, including pressing domestic problems, relations among republics and Moscow, feelings about the past and future directions of the economy, feelings toward various organized groups in the former Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR), and attitudes regarding disarmament and military service. Also included are demographic variables for respondents, such as age, occupation, and income.

  • New Soviet Citizen Survey, 1991: Monitoring Institutional Change
    Over 3,000 adult citizens were interviewed in 3 former Soviet republics: 1,400 in Russia, 1,000 in the Ukraine, and 600 in Lithuania. Respondents were asked to comment on various topics, including support or opposition to institutional change and democratic reform, as well as other political concerns, feelings toward Gorbachev and other former Soviet political officials, criminal punishment, community-labor relations, and other aspects of Soviet society. Demographic information was obtained on items such as age, gender, nationality, religion, marital status, employment status, income, occupation, and Communist Party membership status.

  • New Soviet Citizen Survey, 1992: Monitoring Political Change
    Consists of interviews conducted in Russia, Lithuania, and Ukraine with approximately 3,000 citizens -- both in the general population and opinion leaders or elites. Respondents in the general population (Part 1) were queried concerning issues they faced on a daily basis, including their satisfaction with their lives, their economic status, and their interest in politics. Information was gathered on their attitudes toward Communism, the police, the media, and residents of Russia, Lithuania, and Ukraine. In addition, respondents provided opinions concerning which organizations should deal with the environment, school, employment, and defense, and commented on the views of Mikhail Gorbachev, Boris Yeltsin, and Ruslan Khasbulatov with respect to guaranteed work. Other issues addressed included the role of women, crime, legislation and decision-making, and goals of the country. The elite respondents (Part 2) were asked to comment on various aspects of politics and society, including problems and challenges their state was facing (such as public health and welfare, crime, and economic stability), what qualities characterize a good legislator or administrator, and the status of political authority and levels of power for political figures. Opinion leaders also provided information on their feelings toward the media, the Communist Party, religious organizations including the Catholic Church, the ministers of government, and the United States. In addition, these respondents commented on income limitations, political party competition, minority rights, and the role of women. Demographic variables common to both sets of data include age, education, gender, native and other languages, religion, and occupation.

  • Pew Global Attitudes Project
    Worldwide public opinion surveys that encompasses a broad array of subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. Topics have included views of Asian nations of each other, Muslims in Europe, images of the United States, the Iraq War, and foreign policy. Surveys include different nations and topics by year.

  • Polish Public Opinion (1997+)
    Series of public opinion reports with statistics in PDF form.

  • Polling the Nations
    Compilation of public opinion surveys conducted in the United States and more than 100 other countries. Each record includes the question asked and the responses given, the polling organization responsible for the work, the date the information was released, the sample size, and the groups or areas included in the interview.

  • Public Opinion of Spaniards
    Monthly survey with a representative sample of the Spanish population.The contents of the questionnaire are distributed in 4 main sections : economic attitudes and behavior, political attitudes and behavior, mass media consumption and current events, in addition to an important number of socio-demographical variables. More than half of the questionnaire consists of questions that are repeated every month.

  • Scottish Social Attitudes Survey (1999+)
    Based on annual rounds of interviews with around 1,500 people drawn using random probability sampling, its aims are to facilitate the study of public opinion and inform the development of public policy in Scotland. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Survey of Soviet Values, 1990
    Contains survey information from parts of the former Soviet Union located in Europe: Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Belorussia, Ukraine, Moldavia, Georgia, Armenia, and Russia west of the Ural Mountains. Designed to assess respondents' commitment to democratic values and rates of political participation of the Soviet mass public. Major topics covered include conventional and unconventional political participation, political tolerance, support for democratic elections, support for pluralistic media, rights consciousness, anti-Semitism, and support for market institutions.

  • Swedish Election Test-Data Series: Swedish Election Study (1956-1982)
    Systematically selected subsample of persons who were interviewed for the Swedish Election Study, a survey which queried Swedes about their political attitudes, preferences and behavior.

  • Transatlantic Trends Survey Series (2003+)
    Aim is to identify the attitudes of the public in the United States and in 12 European countries towards foreign policy issues and transatlantic issues. Each year, participants have been asked their views on each other and on global threats, foreign policy objectives, world leadership, and multilateral institutions. This study is a follow-on to Worldviews 2002: American and European Public Opinion on Foreign Policy. Periodically asks about views on immigration.

  • UBS Index of Investor Optimism, 1996+
    Survey of investor outlook in the United States and Europe. Introduced in 1996 as a quarterly survey, which became monthly in 1999, the Index profiles individual investors to ensure that their attitudes, perceptions and concerns are represented in the national dialogue.

  • UK Data Archive. Political Behaviour and Attitudes Data.
    Various political behavior and attitude data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Regular Opinion Polls Data.
    Various public opinion data sets (typically not political) from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • Voice of the People Series (2005+)
    Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference.

  • World Public Opinion.org
    Program on International Policy Attitudes site providing public opinion from around the world.

  • World Values Survey (WVS)
    Designed to enable a crossnational comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe. A variety of questions on religion and morality were included. Coverage includes: Albania - 1998, 2002; Algeria - 2002, 2014; Andorra - 2005; Argentina - 1991, 1995, 1999, 2006, 2013; Armenia - 1997, 2011; Australia - 1995, 2005, 2012; Austria - 1990, 1999; Azerbaijan - 1997, 2011-2012; Bahrain (2014); Bangladesh - 1996, 2002; Belarus - 1996, 2000, 2011; Belgium - 1981, 1990, 1999; Bosnia and Herzegovinia - 1998, 2001; Brazil - 1990, 1997, 2006, 2014; Bulgaria - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2006; Burkina Faso - 2007; Canada - 1982, 1990, 2000, 2006; Chile - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2006; China - 1990, 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Colombia - 1998, 2005, 2012; Croatia - 1996, 1999; Cyprus - 2006, 2011; Czech Republic - 1991, 1998, 1999; Denmark - 1981, 1990, 1999; Dominican Republic - 1998; Ecuador - 2013; Egypt - 2000, 2008, 2012; El Salvador - 1999; Estonia - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2011; Ethiopia - 2007; Finland - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2005; France - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006; Georgia - 1996, 2008, 2014; Germany - 2006, 2013; Germany East - 1990, 1997; Germany West - 1981, 1990, 1997; Ghana - 2007, 2011; Great Britain - 1981, 1990, 1998, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Greece - 1999; Hong Kong - 2005, 2013; Hungary - 1991, 1998, 1999; Iceland - 1984, 1990, 1999; India - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2014; Indonesia - 2001, 2006; Iran - 2003, 2005; Iraq - 2006, 2013; Ireland - 1981, 1990, 1999; Israel - 2001; Italy - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2005; Japan - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010; Jordan - 2007, 2014; Kazakhstan - 2011; Kuwait - 2013; Kyrgyzstan - 2003, 2011; Lativa - 1990, 1996, 1999; Lebanon - 2013; Libya - 2013; Lithuania - 1990, 1997, 1999; Luxembourg - 1999; Macedonia - 1998, 2001; Malaysia - 2006, 2011; Mali - 2007; Malta - 1983, 1991, 1999; Mexico - 1995, 1996, 2000, 2005, 2012; Moldova - 1996, 2006; Montenegro - 1996, 2001; Morocco - 2001, 2007, 2011; Netherlands - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2012; New Zealand - 1998, 2004, 2011; Nigeria - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2011; Northern Ireland - 1981, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Norway - 1990, 1996, 2007; Pakistan - 1997, 2001, 2012; Palestine - 2013; Peru - 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Philippines - 1996, 2001, 2012; Poland - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2012; Portugal - 1990, 1999; Puerto Rico - 1995, 2001; Qatar- 2010; Romania - 1993, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2012; Russia - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Rwanda - 2007, 2012; Saudi Arabia - 2003; Serbia - 1996, 2001, 2006; Singapore - 2002, 2012; Slovakia - 1991, 1998, 1999; Slovenia - 1992, 1995, 1999, 2005, 2011; South Africa - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2013; South Korea - 1980, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2010; Spain - 1981, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2011; Sweden - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Switzerland - 1989, 1996, 2007; Taiwan - 1995, 2006, 2012; Tanzania - 2001; Thailand - 2007, 2013; Trinidad and Tobago - 2006, 2010; Turkey - 1990, 1997, 2001, 2007, 2011; Uganda - 2001; Ukraine - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; United Kingdom - 2006 (also see Great Britain and Northern Ireland); United States - 1982, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2006, 2011; Uruguay - 1996, 2006, 2011; Uzbekistan - 2011; Venezuela - 1996, 2000; Vietnam - 2001, 2006; Yemen - 2013; Zambia - 2007; and Zimbabwe - 2001, 2011.

  • World Values Survey in Armenia (September 2011 to January 2012)
    CRRC-Armenia has completed its data collection in connection with the World Values Survey (WVS) in September-October, 2011. These survey results will give researchers, social scientists and public policy makers insight into the values, beliefs and motivations of Armenians and how these factors have both changed over time and how they compare with other societies throughout the world. This standardized questionnaire, given to a representational national sample of 1,100 Armenian residents, measured the values of Armenians with respect to a number of issues. With over 250 questions covering a variety of aspects of a respondent's economic, political and social life, the WVS-Armenia project hopes to not only stimulate debate about the changes seen since the last time WVS was given in Armenia (1997), but to also give researchers and social scientists data that can be compared with other countries from around the world. The WVS has carried out representational national surveys in 97 societies containing almost 90% of the world's population.

This page last updated: October 21, 2009