Finding Data: Data on Multinational/Crossnational
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- "Source Indexes to Statistics"
Indexes to sources of statistics from the United States government, states, Canada, intergovernmental and nongovernmental agencies, and private organizations and associations. Includes "Proquest Statistical Insight", "Tablebase", and "Canadian Research Index".
- Basic Sources of International Economic Statistics
Guide to international economic macrodata available at Princeton University.
- Child Mortality Estimates
Child mortality summary statistics over time.
- Country Memberships in Selected Intergovernmental Organizations and Accession to Selected Regional and Global Treaty Regimes: Global, Country-Year Format, 1955-2010
Listing of organizational memberships by country and year.
- Coups d'Etat 1946-2015
Event list includes successful, attempted, plotted, and alleged coup events reported in Keesings Record of World Events (Keesings Online) and other sources; successful coups are cross-referenced to the Polity IV data series to distinguish "adverse regime changes" from "autocratic coups"; also listed in the codebook are cases of leadership change that are not considered coups (e.g., assassinations, ouster by foreign forces, victory by rebel forces).
- Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive
Covers economic, social, and political indicators of nations and empires of the world, including countries and empires that no longer exist. Select data goes back to 1815. Not all indicators are available for all countries or in all years (even years in which the country existed). Often referred to as Bank's Cross National Time Series.
- Data-Planet Statistical Datasets
Provides easy access to a wide variety of economic, social, political, and marketing indicators.
- Database of Political Institutions
Users of the database should cite Thorsten Beck, George Clarke, Alberto Groff, Philip Keefer, and Patrick Walsh, 2001. "New tools in comparative political economy: The Database of Political Institutions." 15:1, 165-176 (September), World Bank Economic Review. Users of the variables Checks or Polarization should cite Philip Keefer and David Stasavage (2003). "The Limits of Delegation: Veto Players, Central Bank Independence and the Credibility of Monetary Policy." American Political Science Review (August).
- Education Statistics (World Bank)
Worldwide data on education from national statistical reports, statistical annexes of new publications, and other data sources. Includes public expenditure data.
- Ethnologue Global Dataset (19th ed.)
Raw linguistic data used to create the Ethnologue. Note that this dataset does not include commentary, but rather, data fields with simple values that can be submitted to statistical analysis. Consists of 3 files: (1) Language Data: ISO codes, language families, statuses, country counts, centroid points, and more for 7,457 languages. (2) Country Data: Language counts, literacy rates, populations, diversity indices, and more for 237 countries. (3)
Language-in-Country Data: 11,177 listings of data specific to a particular language within a particular country where it is used.
- Ethnologue: Languages of the World
An encyclopedic reference work cataloging all of the world's 6,909 known living languages. Searchable by country, language size, and language family. Also see Ethnologue Global Dataset (19th ed.).
- Finding and Using Financial Data at Princeton University
Guide to financial data sources available at Princeton University.
- Gender Info
Summary statistics by gender for a wide variety of topics.
- Gender, Institutions, and Development Database
The Social Institutions and Gender Index is an innovative measure of underlying discrimination against women for over 100 countries. While other indices measure gender inequalities in outcomes such as education and employment, the SIGI helps policy-makers and researchers understand what drives these outcomes. The SIGI captures and quantifies discriminatory social institutions - these include among others, early marriage, discriminatory inheritance practices, violence against women, son bias, restrictions on access to public space and restricted access to productive resources. Methodology can be found at the GenderIndex page. The 2009 data is separate.
- Global Health Observatory (GHO)
Formerly WHO Statistical Information System (WHOSIS). Some useful datasets available here include:
- Burden of Disease Project
- Maternal Mortality
- Country Estimates of Health Personnel
- Gridded Population of the World and the Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project
Gridded Population of the World, Version Three (GPWv3) is a gridded, or raster, data product that renders global population data at the scale and extent required to demonstrate the spatial relationship of human populations and the environment across the globe.The purpose is to provide a spatially disaggregated population layer that is compatible with data sets from social, economic, and Earth science fields.The gridded data set is constructed from national or subnational input units (usually administrative units) of varying resolutions. The native grid cell resolution is 2.5 arc-minutes, or ~5km at the equator, although aggregates at coarser resolutions are also provided. Separate grids are available for population count and density per grid cell. Population data estimates are provided for 1990, 1995, and 2000, and projected to 2005, 2010, and 2015. The projected grids were produced in collaboration with the United Nations Food and Agriculture Programme (FAO) as Population Count and Density Grid Future Estimates. There is also an extensive map collection that includes population density and sub-national administrative boundary maps (depicting the input units) at country, continental, and global levels. Summary information on the size and number of input unit and sources is available in an Excel spreadsheet.
Global Rural-Urban Mapping Project, Version One (GRUMPv1) builds on GPW to construct a common geo-referenced framework of urban and rural areas by combining census data with satellite data. GRUMPv1 comprises 3 data products. First, GRUMPv1 provides a higher resolution gridded population data product at 30 arc-seconds, or ~1km at the equator, for 1990, 1995, and 2000. Second, GRUMPv1's urban extents data set delineates urban areas based on NOAA's night-time lights data set and buffered settlement centroids (where night lights are not sufficiently bright). Third, GRUMPv1 provides a points data set of all urban areas with populations of greater than 1,000 persons, which may be downloaded in Excel, CSV, and shapefile formats. As with GPW, there is an extensive map collection depicting the data sets at country, continental, and global levels.
- High Casualty Terrorist Bombings, 1989-2016
Case list of bomb attacks on non-combatant (civilian and political) targets by non-state actors resulting in 15 or more deaths.
- International Adult Literacy Survey 1994-1998, 2012 (IALS)
7-country initiative first conducted in the fall of 1994. Its goal: to create comparable literacy profiles across national, linguistic and cultural boundaries. Also offers the world's only
source of comparative data on participation in adult education and training. Since then, a 2nd and a 3rd round of data collection were conducted in an additional 16 countries in 1996 and in 1998. In total, includes literacy data pertaining to 23 countries or regions around the world. For 2012 data is available for Canada only. Also known as the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies - PIAAC.
- International Comparative Study on the Management, Productivity, and Effectiveness of Research Teams and Institutions (ICSOPRU), 1971-1989
Aimed to improve the management of research teams and institutions and increase awareness of their responsibility concerning proper application of research results. Concrete objectives were twofold: (1) on the international level, to make widely available comparable facts and experiences concerning the management of research teams and to promote multilateral as well as bilateral cooperation in this field, and (2) on the national level to provide all those concerned (science policy-makers, research managers, scientists, engineers) with substantive information on the state of their national research potential and to encourage them, on the basis of this information compared eventually with similar information from other countries, to take self-corrective actions as needed to improve the level of effectiveness and productivity of the research teams and institutions. 17 countries from Africa, the Arab States, Asia, Europe and Latin America took part. There were 4 stages or rounds of data collection: 6 countries (Austria, Belgium, Finland, Hungary, Poland, Sweden) in Round 1 (February-September 1974), 6 countries (Argentina, Egypt, India, Republic of Korea [South], Poland, Ukrainian S.S.R.) in Round 2 (June 1978-September 1981), 5 countries (Brazil, India, Nigeria, Spain, Ukrainian S.S.R.) in Round 3 (October 1981-November 1985), and 4 countries (China, Ghana, Hungary, Mexico) in Round 4 (May 1985- June 1987). Each round of questionnaires had different items (except for Rounds 2 and 3 which were the same). Round 1 items included general administrative information relevant to the research units answered by the administrator of the unit, scientific information on the research unit and information relevant to the unit's head answered by the head of the unit, individual information answered by scientists and engineers of the unit, individual information answered by technicians of the unit, and external evaluation of the research units from various scientific and administrative perspectives answered by external evaluators. Rounds 2 and 3 included general information about the research unit answered by the head of the unit, information on the respondent and his or her evaluation of the research unit's management, items on productivity and effectiveness answered by head of the unit along with scientists, engineers, and technicians of the unit, EV-rating of the research unit's effectiveness on a series of dimensions dealing with scientific or social criteria and administrative criteria answered by external evaluators. The 4th round of questionnaires included information on the institutional environment of the research unit answered by the head of the institution, general information on the research unit answered by the head of the unit, information on the respondent and his or her evaluation of the research unit's management, items on productivity and effectiveness answered by the head of the unit, scientists, engineers, and technicians.
- International Crisis Behavior Project (1918-2013)
Consists of 470 crises and 1,036 crisis actors.
- International Migration Flows to and from Selected Countries
Time series data on the flows of international migrants in select countries. Earliest data is 1970. Users should be aware of the problems of comparability underlying existing statistics. DSS has stored the 2005, 2008, and 2015 revisions. For the 2011, 2012, and 2013 revision see the UN site.
- International Migration Statistics
Migration into and out of OECD nations.
- International Religious Freedom Data (2001, 2003, 2005, 2008)
Contains aggregate measures from U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Reports. This coding produced data on 196 different countries and territories but excluded the United States. Also includes 3 indexes calculated from these data: Government Regulation of Religion index, Social Regulation of Religion index, Government Favoritism of Religion index. Part of the Association of Religion Data Archives. 2008 is found separately.
- Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946-2015
Annual, cross-national, time-series data on interstate, societal, and communal warfare magnitude scores (independence, interstate, ethnic, and civil; violence and warfare); also, scores for neighboring countries and regional context
- Memberships in Conventional Intergovernmental Organizations (CIO) 1952-1997
Country data coded every 5th year, 1952-1997, denotes individual country membership in a) federations of intergovernment organizations; b) universal membership organizations; c) inter-continental membership organizations; and d) regionally-defined membership organizations
- Millennium Development Goals Indicators
Official data, definitions, methodologies and sources for the 48 indicators to measure progress towards the Millennium Development Goals.
- Panel Data on International Migration 1975-2000
This dataset, a product of the Trade Team - Development Research Group, is part of a larger effort in the group to measure the extent of the brain drain as part of the International Migration and Development Program. It measures international skilled migration for the years 1975-2000. The authors use data from 6 key receiving countries in the OECD: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the UK and the US.
- Political Instability Task Force (PITF) State Failure Problem Set 1955-2015
Annual data on cases of ethnic war, revolutionary war, adverse regime change, and genocide/politicide (also, consolidated cases of political instability), includes annual indicators of numbers of rebels, area affected, and numbers of deaths.
- Polity IV: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800-2015
Contains information on and access to the most recent update of the well-known and highly respected Polity data series, originally designed by Ted Robert Gurr. Polity IV contains coded annual information on regime and authority characteristics for all independent states (with greater than 500,000 total population) in the global state system.
- Population Exposure Estimates in Proximity to Nuclear Power Plants, Locations
Provides a global data set of point locations and attributes describing nuclear power plants and reactors.
- Transnational Social Movement Organization Dataset, 1953-2003
Brings new data to the investigation of relationships between globalization, social movements, and political change. Aims to enhance understanding of the organizational foundations for transnational activism, namely the population of transnational social movement organizations. Contains 301 variables. The variables were either taken directly from the Yearbook of International Organizations, or created from information in the Yearbook.
- Trends in international migrant stock: Migrants by Age and Sex
Contains time-series of estimates and projections of the number of international migrants
by sex, age, and origin for the years 1990, 2000, 2010, and 2013. The 2010 version is stored on the DSS server.
- UNICEF Global Database on Breastfeeding Indicators
- United Nations International Study on Firearm Regulation
Country-level survey dealing with:
- Firearm regulation, including issues of ownership, possession and use;
- Manufacturing and trade;
- Smuggling and other illegal dealings;
- Demographic, accident and crime statistics;
- Policy and public education initiatives;
The survey instrument was distributed to Member States in 1996. The data is in a MS Access database. Data may also be used to compare social attitudes toward guns and gun control among countries.
Sample Size: 78 countries.
- United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal
Collects data on the incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information globally. Results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The surveys were started in 1977, covering 5-year intervals from 1970-1994. Starting in 1995 surveys cover 2 or 3 year intervals. Data may also be accessed through ICPSR.
- Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) (1946+)
Includes both internal and external armed conflicts.
- Urban and Rural Population by Age and Sex 1950-2005
Estimates for 175 countries that had more than 300,000 inhabitants in 2005. Estimates are reported every 5 years for 1950-2005, by sex and by 5-year age groups.
- V-DEM - Varieties of Democracy (1900-2016)
Multidimensional and disaggregated dataset that reflects the complexity of the concept of democracy as a system of rule that goes beyond the simple presence of elections. Distinguishes between 7 high-level principles of democracy: electoral, liberal, participatory, deliberative, egalitarian, majoritarian and consensual, and collects data to measure these principles.
- World Development Indicators
Development indicators from the World Bank. Covers population, education, health, aid, poverty and environmental indicators for 217 countries.
- World Fertility Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
Presents data on age-specific fertility rates, total fertility and mean age at childbearing for 201 countries or areas of the world. Covers the time period from 1950 to the present. Data for the time period before 1950 have been included as well, if readily available, but no systematic attempt was made to collect data prior to 1950 for all countries. 2015 is also found on the UN site.
- World Income Inequality Database
The UNU/WIDER World Income Inequality Database (WIID) collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries.
- World Marriage Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
Provides comparable data on the marital status of the population by age and sex for 231 countries or areas of the world. Contains data on marital status of men and women, currently married men and women, ever married men and women and singulate mean age at marriage (SMAM). Data are presented from around 1970 to the most recent data available. 2015 is also found on the UN site.
- World Mortality Report (2011)
Includes death rates, infant mortality, under age 5 mortality, life expectancy, and probability of dying between ages 15 and 60. Some data goes back to 1950 with projections to 2015.
- World Population Prospects
Comprehensive set of demographic indicators for 1950-2100. Includes measures of fertility, life expectancy, migration, and measures of the impact of HIV/AIDS. Older versions are on the DSS server.
- World Public Opinion.org
Program on International Policy Attitudes site providing public opinion from around the world.
- World Religion Dataset: Global Religion Dataset
Aims to provide detailed information about religious adherence worldwide since 1945. It contains data about the number of adherents by religion in each of the states in the international system. These numbers are given for every half-decade period (1945, 1950, etc., through 2010). Percentages of the states' populations that practice a given religion are also provided. (Note: These percentages are expressed as decimals, ranging from 0 to 1, where 0 indicates that 0 percent of the population practices a given religion and 1 indicates that 100 percent of the population practices that religion.) Some of the religions (as detailed below) are divided into religious families. To the extent data are available, the breakdown of adherents within a given religion into religious families is also provided. The Global Religion Dataset: This dataset uses a religion-by-five-year unit. It aggregates the number of adherents of a given religion and religious group globally by five-year periods.
- World Religion Dataset: National Religion Dataset
Aims to provide detailed information about religious adherence worldwide since 1945. It contains data about the number of adherents by religion in each of the states in the international system. These numbers are given for every half-decade period (1945, 1950, etc., through 2010). Percentages of the states' populations that practice a given religion are also provided. (Note: These percentages are expressed as decimals, ranging from 0 to 1, where 0 indicates that 0 percent of the population practices a given religion and 1 indicates that 100 percent of the population practices that religion.) Some of the religions are divided into religious families. To the extent data are available, the breakdown of adherents within a given religion into religious families is also provided. The National Religion Dataset: The observation in this dataset is a state-five-year unit. This dataset provides information regarding the number of adherents by religions, as well as the percentage of the state's population practicing a given religion.
- World Religion Dataset: Regional Religion Dataset
Aims to provide detailed information about religious adherence worldwide since 1945. It contains data about the number of adherents by religion in each of the states in the international system. These numbers are given for every half-decade period (1945, 1950, etc., through 2010). Percentages of the states' populations that practice a given religion are also provided. (Note: These percentages are expressed as decimals, ranging from 0 to 1, where 0 indicates that 0 percent of the population practices a given religion and 1 indicates that 100 percent of the population practices that religion.) Some of the religions (as detailed below) are divided into religious families. To the extent data are available, the breakdown of adherents within a given religion into religious families is also provided. The Regional Religion Dataset: The unit of analysis is the region, measured at five-year intervals. The Correlates of War regional breakdown is used with one modification: the Oceania category is added for Correlates of War nation numbers 900 and above.
- World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database (2016 ed.)
Contains time series data for 1960, 1965, 1970 and annually from 1975-2015 for around 180 different telecommunication and ICT statistics covering the telecommunication network and ICT uptake, mobile services, quality of service, traffic, staff, tariffs, revenue and investment. Data for over 200 economies are available. For select series more recent data may be available on the ITU website. Also see ITU Historical Statistics with select data from 1849-1967.
This page last updated: October 21, 2009