Finding Data: Data on Community & Urban Studies
ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF
- Selected Resources for: Community & Urban Studies - Non USA
- (Washington) DC Metropolitan Area Drug Study (DC*MADS) (1991-1992)
Undertaken to assess the full extent of the drug problem in one metropolitan area. Comprised of 16 separate studies that focused on different sub-groups, many of which are typically not included or are underrepresented in household surveys. Iincludes 3 of these component studies:
Study of Household and Non-household Populations examines the prevalence of tobacco, alcohol, and drug use among members of household and non-household populations aged 12 and older. Also examines the characteristics of three drug-abusing sub-groups: crack-cocaine, heroin, and needle users. Data include demographics, needle use, needle sharing, and use of tobacco, alcohol, cocaine, crack, inhalants, marijuana, hallucinogens, heroin, sedatives, stimulants, and psychotherapeutics (non-medical use).
Homeless and Transient Population Study includes data on previous living arrangements, tobacco, drug, and alcohol use, consequences of use, treatment history, illegal behavior and arrest, physical and mental health, pregnancy, insurance, employment and finances, and demographics.
Drug Use Among Women Delivering Livebirths in D.C. Hospitals includes data on tobacco, alcohol, and drug use, patterns of use, respondent's general experiences with drug use, including perceptions of the risks and consequences of use, treatment experiences, pregnancy history, and maternal and infant characteristics and outcomes.
- American Community Survey (ACS) (1996+)
Nationwide survey designed to provide communities with a fresh look at how they are changing. Replaces the decennial long form. Tells us what the population looks like and how it lives. Includes occupancy status, homeownership data, and housing cost data. IPUMS also contains the data in an easier to use format. More recent data may be found directly on the Census website. For summary statistics, use Social Explorer.
- American Housing Survey (1973+)
Comprises 2 types of data collections: a national survey of housing units, and surveys of housing units in selected metropolitan areas. The interviews cover core questions that are repeated each year, and an additional set of questions on recurring or one-time supplemental topics. The national data were collected annually through 1981 and have been collected every 2 years since that time. The metropolitan-area data are collected on a continuous basis and are reported annually.
- American Perceptions of Artists Survey (2002)
Benchmark study of the general public's opinions about the lifestyles and work of artists in the United States. Consists of a national survey of adults in the continental United States and 9 local surveys conducted in the following metropolitan areas: Boston, Chicago, Cleveland, Houston, Los Angeles, New York, San Francisco, Seattle, and Washington, D.C.
- Chicago Community Adult Health Study, 2001-2003 (CCAHS)
Consists of 4 interrelated components that were conducted simultaneously: (1) a survey of adult health on a probability sample of 3,105 Chicago adults, including direct physical measurements of their blood pressure and heart rate and of height, weight, waist and hip circumference, and leg length; (2) a biomedical supplement which collected blood and/or saliva samples on a subset of 661 survey respondents; (3) a community survey in which individuals described aspects of the social environment of all survey respondents' neighborhoods; and (4) a systematic social observation (SSO) of the blocks in which potential survey respondents resided, including a lost letter drop as an unobtrusive measure of neighborhood social capital/sense of responsibility to help others. The latter two extend a community survey and SSO of neighborhoods carried out by the Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods in 1995. The adult health survey and the community survey were conducted jointly through face-to-face interviews with a stratified, multistage probability sample of 3,105 individuals aged 18 and over and living in the city of Chicago, with a response rate of 72 percent that is about the highest currently attainable in large urban areas. In addition, blood pressure, heart rate, and physical measurements (of height, weight, waist and hips, and leg length) were collected during the survey interview, and blood and saliva samples from 661 respondents or 60 percent of those doing the survey in the 80 "focal" neighborhood clusters (NC). SSOs were conducted on 1,663 of the 1,672 city blocks on which each respondent lived. Will advance the understanding of socioeconomic and racial/ethnic disparities in health. Data is restricted.
- Chicago Longitudinal Study, 1986-1989
Investigated the educational and social development of a same-age cohort of 1,539 low-income, minority children (93 percent African American) who grew up in high-poverty neighborhoods in central-city Chicago and attended government-funded kindergarten programs in the Chicago Public Schools in 1985-1986. Children were at risk of poor outcomes because they face social-environmental disadvantages including neighborhood poverty, family low-income status, and other economic and educational hardships. For an overview, see the Resource Guide.
- Community Arts Survey (1998)
Data on the leisure and arts-related activities of local residents in Philadelphia and Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania.
- Community Indicators Survey (1999-2002)
Undertaken by the Knight Foundation to document the social health of the 26 communities in which the Knight brothers published newspapers. Local area surveys were conducted in each of the 26 communities in both 1999 and 2002. In 2002, a number of the local area surveys were supplemented with regional surveys or surveys of a neighboring city. National surveys were also conducted in order to provide comparative benchmark measures. Measured citizens' civic engagement and attitudes concerning 7 topic areas: education, arts and culture, children and social welfare, community development, homelessness, literacy, and citizenship. Succeeded by the Soul of the Community project.
- Consortium on Chicago School Research at the University of Chicago
Conducts research on Chicago's public schools, the problems they face, and the mechanisms for improvement. Conducts surveys of students, teachers, and principals, and compiles test scores, grade files and administrative histories. Also houses additional data including census data for Chicago, crime statistics, administrative history, data on students, and detailed information on 363 Chicago neighborhoods.
Possesses the nation's largest collection of data on a city's public school system and students. Registration is required.
- Crime in Boomburb Cities: 1970-2004
Focused on the effect of economic resources and racial/ethnic composition on the change in crime rates from 1970-2004 in United States cities in metropolitan areas that experienced a large growth in population after World War II. A total of 352 cities in the following United States metropolitan areas were selected for this study: Atlanta, Dallas, Denver, Houston, Las Vegas, Miami, Orange County, Orlando, Phoenix, Riverside, San Bernardino, San Diego, Silicon Valley (Santa Clara), and Tampa/St. Petersburg. Selection was based on the fact that these areas developed during a similar time period and followed comparable development trajectories. In particular, these 14 areas, known as the "boomburbs" for their dramatic, post-World War II population growth, all faced issues relating to the rapid growth of tract-style housing and the subsequent development of low density, urban sprawls. Combined place-level data obtained from the United States Census with crime data from the Uniform Crime Reports for five categories of Type I crimes: aggravated assaults, robberies, murders, burglaries, and motor vehicle thefts. Contains a total of 247 variables pertaining to crime, economic resources, and race/ethnic composition.
- Detroit Area Studies
Initiated in 1951. Has been carried out nearly every year till the present. Provides reliable data on the Greater Detroit community. Each survey probes a different aspect of personal and public life, economic and political behavior, political attitudes, professional and family life, and living experiences in the Detroit metropolitan area. Includes The Detroit Arab American Study (DAAS) (2003).
- Displaced New Orleans Residents Pilot Study (DNORPS)
Designed to examine the current location, well-being, and plans of people who lived in the city of New Orleans when Hurricane Katrina struck on August 29, 2005. Based on a representative sample of pre-Katrina dwellings in New Orleans. Fieldwork focused on tracking respondents wherever they currently resided, including back to New Orleans. The pilot study was fielded in the fall of 2006. The goal was to assess the feasibility of the study design and thereby to lay the groundwork for launching a major longitudinal study of displaced New Orleans residents. The follow up is The Displaced New Orleans Residents Survey (DNORS).
- Great Plains Population and Environment Data (1870-2000)
Collected information about approximately 500 counties in 12 states of the Great Plains of the United States, and then to analyze those data in order to understand the relationships between population and environment that existed between 1870-2000. The data distributed here are all data about counties. They fall into 4 broad categories: about the counties, about agriculture, about demographic and social conditions, and about the environment. The information about counties (name, area, identification code, and whether we classified the county as part of the Great Plains in a given year) are embedded in each of the other data files, so that there will be 3 series of data (agriculture, demographic and social conditions, and environment), with individual data files for each year for which data are available.
- Harlem Longitudinal Study of Urban Black Youth, 1968-1994
Involved the collection of a broad array of data concerning physical, psychological, and social aspects of health among a representative community sample of urban African-American adolescents. More specifically, the study aimed to determine the extent and direction of change in health status among African-American adolescents and youth; to identify the health problems most subject to change; to examine the initiation process and prevalence of drug use among African-American adolescents; to assess the impact of possible mediating variables such as family background characteristics, role attainment, social influences and psychosocial attitudes on drug use; and to examine the ways in which drug use affects the expected sequence of health, growth, and development.
- Houston Area Survey (1982+)
Longitudinal study that began in May 1982 after Houston recovered from recession of the mid-1980s. Measures the public responses to the new economic, educational, and environmental challenges. Measured perspectives on the local and national economy, on poverty programs, inter-ethnic relationships. Also captured were respondents' beliefs about discrimination and affirmative action, education, crime, health care, taxation, and community service, as well as their assessments of downtown development, mobility and transit, land-use controls, and environmental concerns, and their attitudes toward abortion, homosexuality, and other aspects of the social agenda. Also recorded were religious and political orientations, as well as an array of demographic and immigration characteristics, socioeconomic indicators, and family structures. May be more up to date on ARDA.
- Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory Group Study
Aims to inform policy-makers of the impact of Hurricane Katrina on survivors' physical and mental health and barriers to treatment, as well as assist in future natural disaster planning efforts. This will be achieved by monitoring, over time, a group of people who represent those affected by Katrina. The Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory Group consists of a broad cross-section of people affected by Katrina, including separate samples of people who resided in the New Orleans metropolitan area at the time of the hurricane and those who resided in the counties or parishes of Alabama, Louisiana, and Mississippi that were in the path of the hurricane. Follow-up interviews conducted with the Advisory Group members to monitor the pace of recovery, as well as reports prepared for policy-makers, press releases, and digitally recorded oral histories are being posted on the Hurricane Katrina Community Advisory Group Web site as they become available. Demographic variables include gender, age, race, ethnicity, pre-hurricane residence (place), pre-hurricane type of housing (detached home, mobile home, apartment, etc.), pre-hurricane employment, family income, marital status, education, home ownership (owned with mortgage, owned without mortgage, rented, etc.), where the respondent lived at time of interview, religious preference, and religiosity.
- Immigration and Intergenerational Mobility in Metropolitan Los Angeles (IIMMLA), 2004
Focused on young adult children of immigrants (1.5- and second-generation) in greater Los Angeles. Investigated mobility among young adult (ages 20-39) children of immigrants in metropolitan Los Angeles and, in the case of the Mexican-origin population there, among young adult members of the 3rd- or later generations. The 5-county Los Angeles metropolitan area (Los Angeles, Orange, Ventura, Riverside and San Bernardino counties) contains the largest concentrations of Mexicans, Salvadorans, Guatemalans, Filipinos, Chinese, Vietnamese, Koreans, and other nationalities in the United States. Compared 6 foreign-born (1.5-generation) and foreign-parentage (second-generation) groups (Mexicans, Vietnamese, Filipinos, Koreans, Chinese, and Central Americans from Guatemala and El Salvador) with 3 native-born and native-parentage comparison groups (3rd- or later-generation Mexican Americans, and non-Hispanic Whites and Blacks). The targeted groups represent both the diversity of modes of incorporation in the United States and the range of occupational backgrounds and immigration status among contemporary immigrants (from professionals and entrepreneurs to laborers, refugees, and unauthorized migrants). Provides basic demographic information as well as extensive data about socio-cultural orientation and mobility (e.g., language use, ethnic identity, religion, remittances, intermarriage, experiences of discrimination), economic mobility (e.g., parents' background, respondents' education, first and current job, wealth and income, encounters with the law), geographic mobility (childhood and present neighborhood of residence), and civic engagement and politics (political attitudes, voting behavior, as well as naturalization and transnational ties).
- Intergenerational Study of Parents and Children (1962-1985) [Detroit]
Provides information on family formation & dissolution among young adults. Families who had given birth to their first, second, or fourth child in 1961 comprised the group of Detroit-area Caucasian couples who were interviewed and surveyed over the period 1962-1985. The resulting longitudinal study encompasses six waves of data collected from mothers across the entire span of their offspring's childhood. Included are demographic, social, and economic information about the parental family; information about the attitudes, values, and behavior of both the mother and the father; and information about the mother's desires and expectations for her child's education, career attainments, and marriage. The collection also offers two waves of interview data collected from the children at ages 18 through 23. These data describe the young adults' attitudes and values; their expectations for school, work, marriage, and childbearing; and their perceptions of their parents' willingness to be of assistance to them. A 1985 Life History Calendar file details the young adults' periods of cohabitation, marriage, separation, divorce, childbearing, living arrangements, education, paid employment, and military service.
- Little Village Survey
Little Village, a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, is the largest Mexican community in the Midwestern United States. The Little Village Survey consists of business and household surveys. The business surveys reveal how ethnicity influences the creation and development of businesses through multiple social and economic domains.
Sample Size: Business - 244 enterprises; Household - 325 respondents.
- Long Beach Longitudinal Study
Created in 1978 to obtain normative data for the Schaie-Thurston Adult Mental Abilities Test (STAMAT). From 1994 to 2003 it was extended under the guiding principle that cognitive aging is a largely contextual phenomenon. Individual differences in abilities and change in those abilities over adulthood are associated not only with cognitive mechanisms, but with sociodemographic phenomena such as birth cohort, or gender, and within-individual characteristics, including health, affect, self-efficacy, personality, and other variables that impact health. This principle is reflected in the testing measures added to the original panel. Besides the original ability measures used by Schaie, the Life Complexity Inventory, has been included in all testing. Because these measures were included in the later generations of testing, independent and direct comparisons can be made with Seattle Longitudinal Study to replicate findings and to generalize longitudinal samples.
- Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (LAFANS)
Longitudinal study of families in Los Angeles County, California, and of the neighborhoods in which they live. Designed to answer key research and policy questions in 3 areas:
Also available through ICPSR.
- Neighborhood, family, and peer effects on children's development
- Effects of welfare reform at the neighborhood level
- Residential mobility and neighborhood change
Sample Size: Includes 65 neighborhoods with approximately 40-50 households in each neighborhood. Wave 1 includes approximately 3200 children and teens ages 0 to 17.
- Making Connections
One component of a 10-year neighborhood-based initiative sponsored by the Annie E. Casey Foundation. Examines mobility, social capital and networks, neighborhood processes, civic engagement, economic hardship, the availability and utilization of services, and child and adolescent well-being. Data were collected in a set of 10 disadvantaged urban communities across the United States that are diverse in terms of race, ethnicity, immigrant populations, and physical and economic characteristics. The communities are located in Denver, Des Moines, Indianapolis, San Antonio, Seattle (White Center), Hartford, Milwaukee, Oakland, Providence, and Louisville. Include a longitudinal sample of households interviewed at up to 3 points in time between 2002 and 2011, as well as representative point-in-time samples of neighborhood and county residents. The
baseline survey was fielded in each of the 10 Making Connections neighborhoods, and in each county that contained the Making Connections neighborhood. The
Wave 2 and Wave 3 survey was fielded in the neighborhoods only. Baseline data were gathered between 2002 and 2004. Wave 2 was completed between 2005 and 2007
in the same 10 sites. The Wave 3 cycle was conducted between 2008 and 2011 in 7 of the 10 sites. Data is restricted and must be used at the NORC Data Enclave. See website for access.
- MDRC (formerly known as Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation)
Includes public use data on welfare programs ( Urban Change Client Survey Data from Four Counties; Urban Change Cleveland Client Survey Data; Vermont's Welfare Restructuring Project Analysis Data; Connecticut's Jobs First Program Analysis Data; Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP) Analysis Data; Florida's Family Transition Program (FTP) Analysis Data; California's GAIN Program: Three-Year Impacts Data from Six Counties; Four Welfare Employment Studies from the 1980s) and youth programs (Youth Programs Ohio's Learning, Earning, and Parenting (LEAP) Analysis Data; New Chance Analysis Data). Each dataset must be requested from MDRC.
- Neighborhood Effects on the Long-Term Well-Being of Low-Income Adults From All Five Sites of the Moving to Opportunity Experiment, 2008-2010
Nearly 9 million Americans live in extreme-poverty neighborhoods, places that also tend to be racially segregated and dangerous. Yet, the effects on the well-being of residents of moving out of such communities into less distressed areas remain uncertain. Moving to Opportunity (MTO) is a randomized housing experiment administered by the United States Department of Housing and Urban Development that gave low-income families living in high-poverty areas in 5 cities the chance to move to lower-poverty areas. Families were randomly assigned to one of three groups: 1. The low-poverty voucher (LPV) group (also called the experimental group) received Section 8 rental assistance certificates or vouchers that they could use only in census tracts with 1990 poverty rates below 10 percent. The families received mobility counseling and help in leasing a new unit. One year after relocating, families could use their voucher to move again if they wished, without any special constraints on location. 2. The traditional voucher (TRV) group (also called the Section 8 group) received regular Section 8 certificates or vouchers that they could use anywhere; these families received no special mobility counseling. 3. The control group received no certificates or vouchers through MTO, but continued to be eligible for project-based housing assistance and whatever other social programs and services to which they would otherwise be entitled. Families were tracked from baseline (1994-1998) through the long-term evaluation survey fielding period (2008-2010) with the purpose of determining the effects of "neighborhood" on participating families.
- New York City Community Health Survey Series (CHS) (2002+)
Telephone survey conducted annually by the New York City Department of Health & Mental Hygiene (DOHMH). Provides robust data on the health of New Yorkers, including neighborhood, borough, and citywide estimates on a broad range of chronic diseases and behavioral risk factors. Based upon the United States national Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS), the CHS is a cross-sectional survey that samples approximately 10,000 adults aged 18 & older from all 5 boroughs of New York City. All data collected are self-reported. Data are available on 33 different neighborhoods, defined by ZIP code.
- New York City Housing and Vacancy Survey, 1991+
Conducted approximately every 3 years to comply with New York state and New York City's rent regulation laws. The Census Bureau has conducted the survey for the city since 1965.
The rental vacancy rate is the primary focus of the survey, because that value is crucial to the current rent control and rent stabilization laws. Other important survey data include rent regulation status, number of stories, number of units in building, number of rooms in unit, type of heating fuel, monthly rent, estimated value and building condition. Also includes information concerning housing and neighborhood quality. Although the main purpose of the survey is to collect housing data, information on the demographic status of the population and households of the city is also collected. Information collected includes age, sex, race, ethnicity, household composition, labor force status, income, employment, and education level. 1991, 1993, and 1996 are available at the DSS site. For 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008, and 2011 see the Census Bureau.
Sample Size: Approximately 18,000 housing units representing the 5 boroughs of the city.
- New York City. Department of Homeless Services. Statistics and Reports.
- No Shame in My Game: The Working Poor in the Inner City, 1993-2002
Explored the lives of the working poor in the inner city. 300 male and female participants were drawn from central and west Harlem, New York City; 200 worked at one of four fast food restaurants in Harlem, and 100 had applied to one of those restaurants but were not hired. Participants were African American, Dominican and Puerto Rican of varied ages, most between 15 and 40 years of age. Educational status also varied, with the majority of participants' highest level of education being a high school degree.
- Philadelphia Social History Project Series
Was a pioneering effort by an interdisciplinary group of scholars and students to study the historic social, economic, and demographic dynamics of Philadelphia. Begun as a comparative study of social mobility in a 19th-century city, the PSHP grew into a broad example of "New Urban History." Compiled a machine-readable data base unprecedented at the time, including block-by-block description of the 2.5 million persons living in Philadelphia in the years 1850, 1860, 1870, and 1880 and hundreds of thousands of individual persons and families as well as the city's housing, businesses, manufacturing firms, and transportation facilities. Additionally, the PSHP reconstructed the careers of thousands of ordinary persons to permit longitudinal analysis on the individual level.
- Project on Human Development in Chicago Neighborhoods. 1994+
Large-scale, interdisciplinary study of how families, schools, and neighborhoods affect child and adolescent development. It was designed to advance the understanding of the developmental pathways of both positive and negative human social behaviors. In particular, the project examined the causes and pathways of juvenile delinquency, adult crime, substance abuse, and violence. Also provides a detailed look at the environments in which these social behaviors take place by collecting substantial amounts of data about urban Chicago, including its people, institutions, and resources.
- Resident Relocation Survey
Survey of public housing leaseholders in Phase II and III of the Chicago Housing Authority's Housing Transformation initiative.
- Sacramento Area Latino Study on Aging (SALSA Study), 1996-2008
Tracked the incidence of physical and cognitive impairment as well as dementia and cardiovascular diseases in elderly Latinos in the Sacramento, California, region. Aimed to assess cognitive, physical and social functions, which include the ability to follow instructions, to perform certain movements, and to interact with others. Explored the effects that cultural, nutritional, social and cardiovascular risk factors have on overall health and dementia, and examined the association between diabetes and functional status. Demographic information includes age given at follow-up visits, country of birth, language, religion, marital status, educational level, occupation, household income, and size of household. Includes neuroclinical exam data, neurophysical exam data, and semi-annual phone call data.
- Seattle Longitudinal Study (Midlife Study)
Studies various aspects of psychological development during the adult years. Originally, in 1956, five hundred GHC members were randomly selected. They ranged in age from their early 20s to late 60s. The study has continued in seven-year intervals since 1956: 1963, 1970, 1977, 1984, 1991, 1998, and 2005. At each interval, all persons who had previously participated in the study were asked to participate again. In addition at each seven-year interval, a new group of people randomly selected from the Group Health membership have been asked to participate. Approximately 6000 people have now participated at some time in this study. Of the original participants, 26 people remain who have now been in the study for 50 years.
- Simmons Longitudinal Study: Adaptation and Development Across the Lifespan (1977-1998)
Community-based study that prospectively traced the life course of a single-aged cohort from childhood to adulthood. Data were collected from multiple informants at seven major time points: age 5 (1977), age 6 (1978), age 9 (1980-1981), age 15 (1987), age 18 (1990), age 21 (1993-1994), and age 26 (1998). Traced the development and course of academic difficulties, behavior problems, and psychopathology; and identified factors that promoted health functioning from early childhood (age 5) to adulthood (age 26). The original study group was comprised of every child who entered kindergarten in the fall of 1977 in one public school district in a northeastern town in the United States. For Wave 7, respondents were 26 years old in 1998. In addition to diagnostic information, participants reported on their current employment, functioning, and family relationships.
- Soul of the Community (2008-2010)
Surveys conducted by Gallup in the 26 John S. and James L. Knight Foundation communities in the United States. Community attachment and its impact on economic growth and well-being are the main focus of the study. Compared residents' attachment level to the GDP growth in the 26 communities over the past 5 years. The findings showed a significant correlation between community attachment and economic growth. Preceded by the Community Indicators Survey [1999-2002].
- Strengthening Washington DC Families (SWFP) Project, 1998 - 2004
Examined the effectiveness of an evidence-based prevention program implemented on a sample of 715 families across mulitple settings in an urban area. The study area also included suburban Maryland. Was set up as a true experimental design with families being randomly placed into 1 of 4 treatment conditions: child skills training only, parent skills training only, parent and child skills training plus family skills training, or minimal treatment controls. Entire families were assigned to 1 of the 4 treatment conditions. Data were collected from all family members who participated in the program. Thus the individual data files contain more than 715 records. The parent file contains 796 cases and the child file contains 961 cases. The Strengthening Families Program is based on cognitive-behavioral social learning theory and family systems theory targeting elementary school-aged children. In this program parents receive training in parenting skills, children receive training primarily in social skills, and families receive family skills training. The aim of the program is to effectively reduce parent, child, and family risk factors for substance use and delinquency.
- Survey of Chicago African Americans (1997)
Telephone survey of African Americans aged 18 years or older, residing in certain areas of the city of Chicago.
Sample Size: 756 completed interviews
- Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study (1999+)
Intensive study in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio to assess the well-being of low-income children and families in the post-welfare reform era. Investigates the strategies families have used to respond to reform, in terms of employment, schooling or other forms of training, residential mobility, and fertility. Central to this project is a focus on how these strategies affect children's lives, with an emphasis on their health and development as well as their need for, and use of, social services.
This page last updated: October 21, 2009