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Finding Data: Data on United Kingdom


  • 'Brain Drain' Debate in the United Kingdom, c.1950-1970
    Qualitative project. Sought to provide an analysis of the 'brain drain' debate of the 1950s and 1960s as a social phenomenon. The term 'brain drain' was adopted in the 1960s in the context of concerns the United Kingdom was losing skilled scientific and engineering personnel to other countries. Although the term is used in a variety of academic, policy and popular discussions about the international mobility of scientists, this project sought to rectify the absence of scholarly literature analyzing the original 'brain drain' debate. Comprised of 19 oral history interviews with scientists and engineers who emigrated to the United States or Canada in the 1950s or 1960s as well as British policymakers involved in any way in the 'brain drain' debate at this time. Also included is the transcript of a 'witness seminar' that brought officials and former emigres together to discuss their recollections. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • 10 Million International Dyadic Events
    News report events related to political retaliation, world news, economic change, and catastrophes from 1990-2004.

    10 Million International Dyadic Events (Electronic File)
    Principal investigator: Gary King and Will Lowe.

  • 1970 British Cohort Study (BSC70)
    Began in 1970 when data were collected about the births and families of babies born in the United Kingdom in one particular week in 1970. The first wave, called the British Births Survey, examined the social and biological characteristics of the mother in relation to neonatal morbidity and compared the results with those of the National Child Development Study (NCDS), which commenced in 1958. Participants from Northern Ireland, who had been included in the birth survey, were dropped from the study in all subsequent sweeps, which only included respondents from Great Britain. Since BCS70 began, there have been 8 full data collection exercises in order to monitor the cohort members' health, education, social and economic circumstances. These took place when respondents were aged 5, in 1975, aged 10, in 1980, aged 16, in 1986, aged 26, in 1996, aged 30, 1999-2000, aged 34, in 2004-2005, aged 38-39 in 2008-2009 and age 42 in 2012. The first two sweeps (at 5 and 10 years) were known as the Child Health and Education Study (CHES). The 16-year survey was named Youthscan. A supplementary survey of head teachers was also conducted at the time of the 16-year follow-up in 1986. With each successive attempt, the scope has broadened from a strictly medical focus at birth, to encompass physical and educational development at the age of 5, physical, educational and social development at the ages of 10 and 16, and physical, educational, social and economic development at 26 years and beyond. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDS.

    Sample Size: more than 17,000 people born in England, Scotland and Wales in a single week of 1970.

  • 2015 Northern Ireland general election survey: measuring political change in a power-sharing polity

  • Active People Survey (2005+)
    Survey of adult participation in sport and active recreation in England. Provides a measurement of participation in sport and recreational physical activity at a sub-regional and local level. Identifies how participation varies from place to place and between different groups in the population. Measures 2 key indicators: (1) the percentage of adults participating in at least 30 minutes of moderate intensity sport and active recreation (including recreational walking and cycling) on 3 or more days a week and (2) the percentage of the adult population volunteering in sport and active recreation for at least one hour a week. Also provides data on club membership, receipt of tuition, participation in organised/competitive sport, and satisfaction with local sports provision. The questionnaire was designed to enable analysis of the findings by a broad range of demographic information, such as gender, social class, ethnicity, household structure, age and disability. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Acute Trusts: Adult Inpatients Survey (2005+)
    Focuses on patients' experiences in Primary Care Trusts and in outpatient and accident and emergency departments in Acute Trusts. Topics covered included: admission to hospital; the emergency department; waiting lists and planned admissions; hospital and ward conditions; care received from doctors and nurses; operations and procedures; overall care and treatment; leaving hospital; demographic characteristics. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: Adults in England who had had at least one overnight stay in hospital and were not maternity or psychiatry patients.

  • Afghan Women's Resistance and Struggle in Afghanistan and Diasporic Communities, 2004-2005
    Aimed to develop a better understanding of Afghan women's resistance to war and violent conflicts; their engagement with multiple worlds as refugees or living in exile, their struggle for survival and/or their acquisition of new knowledge and power. Investigated the vast diversity (class, age, ethnicity, religion) of women's experiences in the process of historical changes (in times of war and conflict, in exile and in times of peace making) and the different ways they emerge as autonomous agents and construct their identities, in culturally specific circumstances. Assessed the gendered nature of social exclusion, and the importance of women's inclusion in the processes of reconstruction and peace making. Semi-structured interviews were used to study Afghan women (and some men) in Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, UK and USA. Respondents were chosen to represent a sample of diverse groups (students, teachers, non-Governmental Organisation workers, United Nations workers, journalists, women and men in refugee camps) according to their religiosity, ethnicity, age, marital status, fertility rate, class, citizenship status, employment status and political, social and cultural activities. Detailed demographic information about each respondent is recorded in the data listing. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Ambulance Service Survey, 2004
    Designed to provide actionable feedback to each participating trust on patients' views of the ambulance care they had received in England. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Apprenticeship Pay Survey, 2014
    The main aim of this survey was to provide an accurate and up-to-date picture of the pay of the apprentice population, both across Great Britain, and within England, Scotland and Wales, in order to assist with development and monitoring of Apprenticeship and National Minimum Wage policy. For example, evidence from the Apprenticeship Pay Survey contributes to the Low Pay Commission's recommendations to Government for the Apprenticeship minimum wage rate. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Arms Transfers to Developing Countries, 1945-1968
    Data on the transfer of arms to 52 developing nations. The Arms Transfers data (Part 1) provide information on donor and recipient, date and site of transfer, quantity, system classification (e.g., aircraft, helicopters, missiles, artilleries, small arms, or naval systems), and date production began and ended. The Weapons Systems data (Part 2) contain detailed coded information about each weapons system.

  • Arrestee Survey (2003-2006)
    First nationally representative survey of drugs and crime among the population of individuals representing arrest events in England and Wales. Aimed to provide information on a range of areas within the drugs and crime nexus, including the prevalence of problematic drug misuse among respondents representing arrest events; drug and/or alcohol consumption; availability of drugs; levels of demand (met and/or unmet) for drug and alcohol treatment services among respondents; levels of intravenous drug use among respondents; and gang membership. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Asia and Major Powers Dyadic Interactions, 1956-1968
    Provides information on the dyadic interactions between the Asian states and the major powers. Information is provided for the measure of cooperative and conflictual behavior between the major powers and the Asian states. Variables that focus on positive interaction include imports to the Asian states from the major powers countries and exports from Asian states to the major powers countries, Asian states' military personnel, civil technicians, and students trained in the major powers countries, major powers' military aid, military personnel, and economic aid to the Asian states, and state visits, formal defense treaties, and shared United Nations votes between the two sets of states. Variables that indicate conflictual interaction include minority and territorial disputes between the Asian states and the major powers, and the intensity of conflicts between them.

  • Asia Europe Survey (ASES): A Multinational Comparative Study in 18 Countries, 2001
    Purpose was to study, in 18 countries of Asia and Europe, how democracy (or quasi-democracy) functions in response to various domestic and international stimuli, with a focus on the rise of civil society and the deepening of globalization. Covers generally five topics: (1) identity, (2) trust, (3) satisfaction, (4) beliefs and actions, and (5) socio-economic attributes.

    Sample Size: Adults aged 18-79 living in Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Greece.

  • Asian State National Attributes, 1956-1968
    Provides information on the national attributes of 17 Asian nations. Data are provided for economic, political, and physical attributes of the various nations. Information is provided on the gross national product (GNP), cost of living index, index of agricultural production, military expenditures, population size, size and orientation of the Communist Party, size of the armed forces, political strikes, riots, anti-government demonstrations, organized armed attacks, armed attacks with external involvement, on-going insurgency supported by the Soviet Union, assassination of officials, political turmoil and strikes, riots, irregular power transfers, government censorship, economic aid from intergovernmental organizations, and United Nations vote on acceptance of Communist China.

  • Assessing Happiness and Competitiveness of World Major Metropolises, 2006
    Aimed to empirically examine happiness and community/city conditions assessed by residents living in 10 major cities of the world: Beijing, Berlin, London, Milan, New York City, Paris, Seoul, Stockholm, Tokyo, and Toronto. Respondents were asked questions about themselves and their city of residence. Questions focused on a range of topics including the economy, culture and education, welfare, safety, environment, living conditions, city administration, community life, health, and happiness. Demographic questions included city of residence, gender, age, education level, income level, occupation, marital status, and religion.

  • Attitudes to Pensions Survey (2006+)
    Survey of attitudes to financial planning for retirement and pensions in Great Britain. Explores people's attitudes towards pensions and their expectations for retirement, both financial and non-financial, as well as establishing their views on associated topics such as saving, risk and financial decision-making. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Audit of Political Engagement (2003+)
    Seeks to audit the nature and extent of the UK public's political engagement, and to provide a platform for further debate about what might be done to enhance engagement in politics and with the political process. Each survey looks at six core indicators, which have been chosen as key measures of political engagement. These repeated indicators enable responses to be tracked year on year and the direction and magnitude of change to be analysed. The core indicators are supplemented every 3 years by a further 10 indicators of political engagement. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children, 1990-2003: Social Science Sampler Datasets (ALSPAC)
    Also known as the 'Children of the 90s' study. Ongoing longitudinal study of a population of children born to mothers resident in one geographic area in England. The overall objectives are to understand the ways in which the physical and social environments interact over time with genetic inheritance to affect health, behavior and development in infancy, childhood and then into adulthood. Information has been collected at regular and frequent intervals from pregnancy and throughout childhood concerning the child's physical environments, parental characteristics (including economic and educational indicators), social circumstances, and family relationships. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Banking on Housing; Spending the Home, 2004-2007
    Documents the processes by which housing equity ebbs and flows between bricks & mortar and other goods & services. Options include debt consolidation & the purchase of safety net services, as well as investments to add value and/or to create living spaces. Equally the equity in homes may be used to buy education, lifestyles, time, or a range of other 'things'. Casts light on the use of housing wealth in consumption. Data comprised of discussions about housing wealth, mortgage debt, and mortgage equity withdrawal. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: 119 home buyers in England. These mortgage holders were quota sampled from 2 previous studies to secure a spread of levels of unmortgaged housing equity and a range of mortgage types.

  • Being a Doctor: a Sociological Analysis, 2005-2006
    Exploratory study which aimed to develop a sociological understanding of the views and experiences of doctors working within the National Health Service (NHS) in the North of England. The research questions that guided the study were: what do doctors who work day in and day out delivering patient care in hospitals, health centres and clinics make of changes to health care? Are they aware of these calls for changes to their practice and values? Do contemporary developments affect how they feel about themselves? To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Benefits and Costs of Knowledge and Technology Transfer: a Panel Data Analysis, 1985-2007 (Longitudinal Study of Engineering in the United Kingdom)
    Aimed to create a dataset that would enable researchers to document and analyze quantitatively the evolution of research output, knowledge and technology transfer measures in the UK. In particular the researchers planned to measure the dynamic impact of industry collaboration on individual academic research output. Addresses the concerns that received most public and scholarly attention: firstly the reduction in the number of publications, secondly the increase in applied research versus basic; and thirdly the delay of publications due to secrecy requirements for patents. Despite the extensive interest in knowledge and technology transfer, most of the claims in either direction still lack satisfying empirical evidence stemming from the analysis of a large and longitudinal dataset. Main Topics: The final longitudinal study comprises career path information for more than 7,000 academics employed at the engineering departments of 40 major UK universities between 1985 and 2007. The study includes 4 separate data files: Basic - contains personal and career information of the academic; Publications - contains publication information, one entry per publication and per researcher; Patents - contains patenting information, one entry per patent per researcher; EPSRC - contains EPSRC funding information, one entry per grant per researcher. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Beyond Nimbyism: a Multidisciplinary Investigation of Public Engagement with Renewable Energy Technologies, 2008
    Aimed to increase understanding of public responses to renewable energy technologies, and looked at the local experience of resistance and consent, and ways in which public engagement is constructed and practised in the UK. Includes a dataset with responses to a survey administrated in 7 case study areas which were all sites of renewable energy projects around the UK with varying technologies (tidal, marine, bioenergy, offshore and onshore wind). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Billion Prices Project
    Academic initiative that uses prices collected from hundreds of online retailers around the world on a daily basis to conduct economic research. Data is available for the following: (1) Online - Offline Price Comparison: Online and offline prices for individual goods sold by 56 large multi-channel retailers in 10 countries: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, Germany, Japan, South Africa, UK, and the US. 2014 to 2016 (2) Supermaket Data: Daily prices for all goods sold by 7 of the largest supermarkets in Latin America and the US: 2 in Argentina, 1 in Brazil, 1 in Chile, 1 in Colombia, 1 in Venezuela, and 1 in the US. Covers 2007 to 2011 and (3) Global Retailers Data: Daily prices for all goods sold by APPLE, IKEA, ZARA, and H&M from 2008 to 2013 in 85 countries. Coverage of countries varies by retailer and time (but includes 2008 to 2013).

  • Biomedical data in longitudinal studies
    Collection of social surveys containing biomedical data for the United Kingdom. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Branded Consumption and Social Identification: Young People and Alcohol Study, 2006-2007
    This qualitative dataset examines young people's relationship with alcohol and drinking practices in England. Investigated the meanings that young people associate with drinking and how contemporary forms of alcohol marketing operate to constitute alcohol brands as discursive resources that young people can draw on. Examined: (a) the role that branding and marketing practices play in shaping young adults identity practices around alcohol and the meanings that they associate with alcohol consumption; (b) how young people's drinking practices and the meanings they associated with alcohol consumption differed in 3 geographical contexts: a major metropolitan conurbation in the West Midlands, a smaller semi-rural market town and a seaside location in the West Country; how alcohol-related practices are organised around gender, class and/or ethnicity; (d) The role that drinking stories and other collective cultural practices (e.g. drinking games) play in the constitution of young adult's social and personal identities. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: 89 people in 16 focus groups; 8 semi-structured individual interviews

  • British Business and Public Policy: the Informational and Structural Determinants of Political Influence, 2007-2009
    Elaborates and applies a theoretical model to predict the circumstances in which interest groups can wield political influence through lobbying. Data were gathered on the political activities and positions of different interest groups and on the factors affecting the success or failure of their lobbying. For this, a dataset of 163 policy proposals made by United Kingdom (UK) governments between 2001 and 2007 has been compiled. An internet survey of lobbyists was used to collect data on each proposal's expected costs and benefits from the perspective of the different actors, the costs and effort expended on lobbying, and levels of credibility and trust characterising the relationship between interest groups and policymakers. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • British Crime Survey Series (1982+)
    Estimates how many of the public in England and Wales are victims of selected types of crime over a year, describing the circumstances under which people become victims, and the consequences of crime for victims. Other aims include providing background information on fear of crime among the public and on public contact with the police. 1982, 1984, 1988, 1992. For years after 1992, use the UK Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Now called the "Crime Survey for England and Wales".

  • British Gambling Prevalence Survey (1999, 2007, 2010)
    Large-scale nationally representative survey of participation in gambling and the prevalence of problem gambling in Great Britain. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • British General Election Studies (BGES)
    Constitutes the longest academic series of nationally representative probability sample surveys in the country. Explores the changing determinants of electoral behavior in contemporary Britain. The surveys have taken place immediately after every general election since 1964. There have also been 2 non-election year surveys (in 1963 and 1969), Scottish and Welsh booster studies at some elections, an ethnic minority booster sample in 1997, several campaign studies and a number of panel surveys. The link above is to the surveys from 1969 through 1997. ICPSR also holds the earlier surveys starting in 1963. Datasets for more recent surveys are available at The British Election Study at the University of Essex. Also, users may register at British Election Studies Information Site to gather data by individual variable, from the introduction of the variable through the 2010 study.

    Sample Size: Varies, ranging from a low of just over 700 in the 1960s to 3,500-4,000 since 1983.

  • British House of Commons Roll Call Data (1841-1847)
    Investigated the socioeconomic composition of the 1841-1847 British House of Commons and the political behavior of the men who sat in it. For each member of parliament, data were collected on personal background, constituency, political career, social position, and professional and business interests. The information on political behavior includes party affiliation, roll call responses in 186 individual parliamentary votes (called "divisions"), and the parliament members' ranking on 24 cumulative scales derived from voting data to allow generalizations about voting patterns.

  • British Household Panel Survey (1990-2009)
    Main objective is to further understanding of social and economic change at the individual and household level in Britain (the UK from Wave 11 onwards), to identify, model and forecast such changes, their causes and consequences in relation to a range of socio-economic variables. Provides information on household organisation, employment, accommodation, tenancy, income and wealth, housing, health, socio-economic values, residential mobility, marital and relationship history, social support, and individual and household demographics. Wave 9 saw the recruitment of two additional samples to the BHPS in Scotland and Wales to permit independent analysis of the two countries and to facilitate analysis compared to England in order to assess the impact of devolution. Wave 11 saw the formation of the Northern Ireland Household Panel Survey (NIHPS), to increase the representivity of the whole of the UK. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Continued by Understanding Society (2008)+.

    Sample Size: 5,500 households

  • British Migrants in Spain: the Extent and Nature of Social Integration, 2003-2005
    The objectives of this study were to: systematically explore the extent of social integration of European (especially British) migrants in Spain; explore in depth, using qualitative interviews, the nature of social integration; and gain an understanding, using case studies, of the role of town councils in aiding or impeding integration. Main topics include: social and economic integration; political integration; reasons for migration; language difficulties; schooling; work situation; health and fitness; official registration. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • British Social Attitudes Survey Series (1983+)
    Began in 1983, and has been conducted every year since, except in 1988 and 1992. Designed to produce annual measures of attitudinal shifts. For the latest, use the UKDA. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Also see British Social Attitudes Surveys, 1983-2012,

  • Census Hub (Eurostat)
    Summary statistics for EU member countries from the 2011, 2001, and 1990/1991 round of national censuses. 2011 and 2001 contain national and subnational statistics; 1990/1991 national level only.

  • Chambers of Commerce Historical Census and Benchmarking Data, 1790-2005
    The aim of the project was to understand the politics, economics and sociology of the membership and services of Chambers of Commerce. An important part of the analysis involved charting the financial structure of chambers, subscriptions, staff, committee structures, membership size, membership sector and corporate status, etc. Information has been constructed for 16 cross-sections, every 10-20 years, 1790-2005 for the United Kingdom and Ireland. The variables include the size of membership, membership by business sector and business type, finances of Chambers, staff numbers, major services provided, range of publications produced, committees, and codes for status in relation to government initiatives since the 1990s. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Chapel Hill Expert Survey (CHES)
    Estimates party positioning on European integration, ideology and policy issues for national parties in a variety of European countries. The 1st survey was conducted in 1999, with subsequent waves in 2002, 2006, 2010, and 2014. The number of countries increased from 14 Western European countries in 1999 to 24 current or prospective EU members in 2006 to 31 countries in 2014. In this time, the number of national parties grew from 143 to 268. The 2014 survey includes all EU member states, plus parties in Norway, Switzerland, and Turkey. Separate surveys were conducted in the Balkan candidate countries. Questions on parties' general position on European integration, several EU policies, general left/right, economic left/right, and social left/right are common to all surveys. More recent surveys also contain questions on non-EU policy issues, such as immigration, redistribution, decentralization, and environmental policy.

  • Characteristics of Asian States, 1956-1968
    Consists of information on the physical, geographical, and demographic characteristics of 17 Asian states. Data are provided for the geographical area of the states, the percentage of the states' populations that were Chinese, and the air distance between the Asian states' capitals and the United States, Communist China, Soviet Union, France, and Great Britain.

  • Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism (CPOST). Suicide Attack Database.
    Searchable database on all suicide attacks from 1982 through December 2015. Includes information about the location of attacks, the target type, the weapon used, and systematic information on the demographic and general biographical characteristics of suicide attackers.

  • Chief Executive Officer Careers, 1992-2006
    Assembled a comprehensive picture of the tenure of CEOs in large UK companies by examining all companies who appeared in the FTSE350 between 1992-2006 and examining the careers of the CEOs of those companies in all cases where a career terminated in one of those years. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Childcare and Early Years Provision (2004+)
    Consists of 2 series: (1) Parents and (2) Providers. The Parents' Survey provides data on parents' take-up, views and experiences of childcare. Families in England were randomly selected from the Child Benefit Records and all parents had children aged 0-14 years. They were asked about their use & experiences of childcare for all children in the family and to give more detailed information about childcare for a particular child (selected at random where there was more than 1 child in the family). The current Parents' Survey series replaces 2 previous surveys: the Survey of Parents of Three and Four Year Old Children and Their Use of Early Years Services (conducted between 1997 & 2002) and the Parents' Demand for Childcare (conducted in 1999 & 2001). The Providers' Survey monitors the characteristics & development of childcare & early years providers and the workforce in England. Information was collected on the number & characteristics of providers, the characteristics of the children enrolled, workforce composition, qualifications & training, recruitment and retention, and business operation. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Children and Young People's Inpatient and Day Case Survey, 2014
    First national children's survey conducted by Care Quality Commission. Represents the experiences of nearly 19,000 children and young people who received inpatient or day case care in 137 acute NHS trusts in 2014 in England. Covers admission; hospital wards; hospital staff; hospital food; facilities for parents and carers; pain management; operations and procedures; medicines; discharge and overall experience. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Children's Dental Health Survey (2003, 2013)
    The Children's Dental Health (CDH) Survey series is a set of national surveys of children's dental health that have been carried out every 10 years since 1973. Since its inception, the survey has provided important information to underpin the development and monitoring of dental health care for children. The 1973 survey established baseline information on the state of the dental health of children in England and Wales. The survey coverage was then extended in 1983 to include Scotland and Northern Ireland. The 2013 survey covers England, Wales and Northern Ireland. (The UK Data Archive currently does not hold the 1973, 1983 and 1993 surveys). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Citizenship Survey (2001+)
    Known in the field as the Communities Study. Covers England and Wales. Focuses principally on the issues of community cohesion, community engagement, race and faith, volunteering and civil renewal. Formerly known as the Home Office Citizenship Survey (HOCS). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Class and Ethnicity: Polish Migrant Workers in London, 1996-2006
    Examines recent Polish migrations to London and the socio-cultural consequences for Poland and the UK as well as individual narratives about ethnicity, class, migration and multicultural Britain. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Committee to Protect Journalists
    Provides data on journalists killed, imprisoned, exiled, or missing. Also includes attacks on the press.

  • Comparative Agendas Project
    Assembles and codes information on the policy processes of governments from around the world. Currently includes Australia, Belgium, Denmark, European Union, France, Hungary, Italy, Spain, Switzerland, the United States (along with Florida and Pennsylvania) and the United Kingdom. Forthcoming: Brazil, Canada, Croatia, Germany, Israel. Netherlands, New Zealand, Portugal, Russia, Turkey.

  • Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES)
    Collaborative program of cross-national research among election studies conducted in over fifty states. The CSES is composed of three tightly linked parts: First, a common module of public opinion survey questions is included in each participant country's post-election study. These "micro" level data include vote choice, candidate and party evaluations, current and retrospective economic evaluations, evaluation of the electoral system itself, in addition to standardized sociodemographic measures. Second, district level data are reported for each respondent, including electoral returns, turnout, and the number of candidates. Finally, system or "macro" level data report aggregate electoral returns, electoral rules and formulas, and regime characteristics.

    Covers the United States as well as a number of European democracies, some in Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia.

  • Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976
    Contains information gathered in 5 annual surveys that assessed the degree of freedom in 218 nations and dependencies. Was carried out under the auspices of Freedom House, New York City. The number of cases with data varies from year to year, due to annexation, amalgamation, or the addition of further territories to the roster. Data includes assessments of the political and civil rights of the general population (using a seven-point scale, i.e., 1, most freedom, to 7, least freedom), an overall freedom rating for the country (using a three-point scale, i.e, free, partly free, and not free), and the direction in which this rating appeared to be moving. Surveys after 1972 have added variables that indicate whether a change in the evaluation since the previous survey was due to internal events in the country or to new information about existing conditions. Before 1973, only the presence or absence of change is noted. Thereafter, an increase in the number of coding categories enables the direction of the change to be recorded. The 1976 data include 4 additional variables applicable to 142 cases and provide information about the system of government and the economy of most of the nations studied.

  • Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA)
    Repository of detailed results - including votes received by each candidate/party, total votes cast, number of eligible voters, and seat figures where available - at a constituency level for the lower house legislative elections that have been conducted around the world. The dataset and documentation currently include 1,591 elections from 136 countries. Future releases are being planned that will include more countries & additional elections. Data available in SAS, STATA, SPSS, and raw data formats.

  • Consumption, Lifestyle and Identity: Reading the New Men's Lifestyle Magazines, 1985-1997
    Aimed to explore the new generation of men's lifestyle magazines, which emerged since the mid-1980s (including titles such as Loaded, FHM, GQ, Arena). The researchers sought to examine specific forms of masculinity as they varied by place, class, ethnicity and generation, and also to assess the extent to which variations in the magazines' content and the way they are read by different groups of men can be explained according to competing sociological theories of masculinity and the media. In addition to 20 focus group interviews with various groups of men and some women, 5 individual interviews with editors of representative magazines were also conducted. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Continuous Household Survey (1983+)
    Aims to provide government departments with continuing information about population, housing, employment, education and health in Northern Ireland. As all the topics are covered in one survey, it is possible to examine not only each topic separately but also the interactions between them. Modelled on, and is similar in form and content to, the General Household Survey which is carried out in Great Britain. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: Approximately 1% of households in Northern Ireland each year.

  • Continuous Recording of Social Housing Lettings and Sales (2012+)
    Covers annual official statistics on new lettings of the stock owned by local authorities and private registered providers of social housing in England, as well as sales of the social stock owned by private registered providers. For each year, data is structured into 5 datasets, 4 based on type of letting (social rent general needs and supported needs, and affordable rent general needs and supported needs) and one based on sales by private registered providers. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Cornwall Census (1841, 1851)
    Contains complete transcripts of the Cornwall (England) returns of the census of 1841 and 1851. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Corporate Taxation and United Kingdom Firm Productivity, 1995-2008
    Purpose was to consider differences in the reaction of businesses to the same tax change, including the effect of financial constraints on firms, and the drivers of productivity growth for service sector firms. It combined United Kingdom data with that for other European countries. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Correlates of War (1816+)
    Quantitative data useful for studying international relations. Also includes war within political entities.

  • Cost of Living Survey Series
    Consists of 4 studies: "Cost of Living of Industrial Workers in the United States and Europe, 1888-1890", "Cost of Living in the United States, 1917-1919", "Study of Consumer Purchases in the United States, 1935-1936", and "Cost of Living Index for the American States, 1960-2003".

  • Country Memberships in Selected Intergovernmental Organizations and Accession to Selected Regional and Global Treaty Regimes: Global, Country-Year Format, 1955-2010
    Listing of organizational memberships by country and year.

  • Coups d'Etat 1946-2015
    Event list includes successful, attempted, plotted, and alleged coup events reported in Keesings Record of World Events (Keesings Online) and other sources; successful coups are cross-referenced to the Polity IV data series to distinguish "adverse regime changes" from "autocratic coups"; also listed in the codebook are cases of leadership change that are not considered coups (e.g., assassinations, ouster by foreign forces, victory by rebel forces).

  • Cross-National Comparison of Interagency Coordination Between Law Enforcement and Public Health
    Examined strategies for interagency coordination in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Ireland. Primary goal was to produce promising practices that will help law enforcement and public health agencies improve interagency coordination related to terrorist threats, as well as other public health emergencies. Phase I of this study used the Surveillance System Inventory (SSI). The SSI is a database that documents and describes public health and public safety surveillance systems in the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, and Ireland. The purpose of the SSI was to summarize the status of coordination between law enforcement and public health agencies across these systems, as well as to highlight potentially useful systems for coordination and dual-use integration.

  • Cross-National Equivalent File (CNEF), 1970-2013
    Contains equivalently defined variables for the British Household Panel Study (BHPS), the Household Income and Labour Dynamics in Australia (HILDA), the Korea Labor and Income Panel Study (KLIPS) (new this year), the Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID), the Russia Longitudinal Monitoring Survey (RLMS-HSE) (new this year), the Swiss Household Panel (SHP), the Canadian Survey of Labour and Income Dynamics (SLID), and the German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP). Each user must apply for access.

  • Cross-National Indicators of Liberal Democracy (1950-1990)
    Collection of crossnational measures of political democracy containing over 800 variables for most of the world's independent countries. Political, social, and economic measures are available in the data file, and topics include adult suffrage, civil liberties, political rights, the openness, fairness, and competitiveness of the electoral process, executive and legislative selection and effectiveness, political party legitimacy, political participation, limitations on the executive branch of the government, level of democratization, economic openness, constitutional development, government legitimacy, and the outlook for freedom. A series of variables focuses on freedom and barriers to freedom, including freedom of peaceful assembly and association, mail censorship, women's rights, freedom of information and technology, freedom of political opposition, and freedom of the press. Compulsory membership in state organizations and political parties and compulsory religion in schools are addressed as well.

  • Cross-National Statistics on the Causes of Death (1966-1974)
    Demographic statistics for the populations of 125 countries or areas throughout the world. Units of analysis are both country and data year. Includes statistics on approximately 50 types of causes of death for males, females, and total populations.

  • Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive
    Covers economic, social, and political indicators of nations and empires of the world, including countries and empires that no longer exist. Select data goes back to 1815. Not all indicators are available for all countries or in all years (even years in which the country existed). Often referred to as Bank's Cross National Time Series.

  • Cultural Capital and Social Exclusion: a Critical Investigation, 2003-2005
    This mixed method study uses focus groups, a national random survey, and follow-up household interviews to explore the relationships between cultural capital and a range of social position indicators relating to occupational class, gender, age, ethnicity, and location. Was also administered to an ethnic boost sample to allow exploration of these questions among the UK's 3 largest minority ethnic groups: the Indian, Pakistani and Afro-Caribbean. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: Qualitative - 44 interviews; 25 focus groups. Quantitative - 1,564 main sample; 265 ethnic boost sample.

  • Cultural Context of Youth Suicide: Identity, Gender and Sexuality, 2006
    Explores how young people think about suicide and self-harm. Considered how young people's understandings of how distress relating to gender identity or sexuality could lead to suicide. Also focused on struggles young people may experience around sexuality and gender identity and how these struggles may lead to suicidal behavior. Involved 11 focus groups and 13 interviews with participants aged 16-25 years. The fieldwork took place in the North West of England and South Wales. 3 focus groups were made up of young people who identify themselves as lesbian, gay, bisexual or transgender. 7 interviewees identified themselves lesbian, gay or bisexual. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Data Bank of Assassinations (1948-1967)
    Data on 409 assassination events that occurred in 84 countries. Covers plotted, attempted, or actual assassinations of prominent public figures, such as top government officeholders and military figures, leaders of large trade unions or religious movements, and leaders of minority groups. For each event, information is provided on the country, date, and location of occurrence, the issue involved, the identity of the assassin and of the target, such as the type of group to which the assassin belonged and the political and social position of the target, and the outcome of the event.

  • Database: women & men in decision making
    Monitors the numbers of men and women in key decision-making positions in order to provide reliable statistics that can be used to monitor the current situation and trends through time. Covers positions of power and influence in politics, public administration, the judiciary, and various other key areas of the economy. Figures are available for decision-makers at European, national and regional level (politics only) and currently cover 34 countries -- the 28 EU Member States, 4 candidate countries (Iceland, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey) and the remaining EEA countries (Liechtenstein and Norway).

  • Diabetes Survey, 2006
    Asked whether people in the United Kingdom with diabetes get the care, treatment and information they need to manage their diabetes well and to reduce the risk of complications. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Digest of Welsh Historical Statistics
    Historical statistics for Wales on a variety of topics including agriculture, consumer expenditures, crime, education, housing, labor, local government, minerals, Parliamentary elections, population, religion, social services, tourism, transport. Coverage varies with the earliest statistics covering 1570 and the latest 1976. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Digital Audiences: Engagement with Arts and Culture Online, 2010
    The research looked at whether it was possible to identify distinct groupings or segments of people in terms of their attitudes towards digital technology and towards arts and culture, and considers the implications of differing audience needs. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Directors, Boards and Corporate Governance Process, 2008
    The data detail FTSE 100 companies in 2008. The data are divided into 2 parts and detail information on the following areas: (1) Director data: name; company; executive/non-executive; position; birth year; gender; nationality; career length; company tenure; team tenure; international experience; education; professional qualifications; board committee membership; remuneration; interlocks; other roles and (2) Company Data: company name; headquarters location; business description; primary Standard Industry Classification (SIC); other SIC; market capitalisation; sales figures; asset figures; number of employees; performance indicators; ownership structure; annual number of board meetings; annual number of meetings with shareholders; reporting on relations with shareholders, board and committees effectiveness evaluation; company advisors, compliance with the Combined Code/reason for non-compliance. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Do Human Rights Treaties Help Asylum-Seekers: Findings from the U.K.
    Mixed-method empirical study of the impact of human rights treaties on asylum jurisprudence and practice in the United Kingdom from 1991 to 2012. Codes references to core human rights treaties in published decisions by U.K. courts and administrative tribunals according to whether the treaty helped or did not help the asylum applicant obtain protection from persecution. It also codes the responses of 51 U.K. refugee lawyers who were interviewed about the effectiveness of human rights treaties in U.K. asylum law.

  • Drug consumption, collected online March 2011 to March 2012, English-speaking countries
    Online survey of respondents aged 18 and over from English-speaking countries concerning their personality attributes, demographic information, and their use of legal and illegal drugs. Twelve personality attributes were measured by questionnaires including the NEO-FFI-R (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness, and conscientiousness), BIS-11 (impulsivity), and ImpSS (sensation seeking). Participants were questioned regarding their use of 18 legal and illegal drugs (alcohol, amphetamines, amyl nitrite, benzodiazepine, cannabis, chocolate, cocaine, caffeine, crack, ecstasy, heroin, ketamine, legal highs, LSD, methadone, mushrooms, nicotine, and volatile substance abuse) and one fictitious drug (Semeron) which was used to identify over-claimers. Demographic variables include level of education, age, gender, country of residence, and ethnicity.

  • Education Statistics (World Bank)
    Worldwide data on education from national statistical reports, statistical annexes of new publications, and other data sources. Includes public expenditure data.

  • Effective Provision of Pre-School, Primary and Secondary Education, 1997-2013
    Explored the home, pre-school, primary and secondary school factors that influence, cognitive, educational and social development from birth to age 16 years in England. Data for this longitudinal study was collected over the period 1997 to 2013, covering children, families, pre-schools, primary and secondary schools. Data from qualitative case studies was also analysed. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Effects of Taxes and Benefits on Household Income (1977+)
    Examines how taxes and benefits redistribute income between various groups of households in the United Kingdom. It shows where different types of households and individuals are in the income distribution and looks at the changing levels of income inequality over time. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Elections in Western Europe since 1815 : electoral results by constituencies
    Data and Documentation that accompanies book of same title. (DR) JN94.A95 C372 2000

  • Elite Young Muslims in Britain: Generational Experience and Political Participation, 2007
    Explored the impact of global, national, local and personal events on the views and political activity of young British Muslims regarded as 'opinion formers' of the future. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • EM-DAT : the International Disaster Database
    Essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present.

  • Emergency Department Surveys (UKDA) (2003+)
    Designed to provide actionable feedback to each participating trust on patients' views of the care they had received in Accident & Emergency departments in England. Includes various titles including "Emergency Department Survey" and "Acute Trusts: Emergency Department Patient Surveys". To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Employment Practices of Multinational Companies in Organisational Context, 2005-2006
    Aimed to investigate employment practices in multinational companies' operations in the United Kingdom, and explored how these are influenced by organizational characteristics. Follow up study is Surveying Employment Practices of Multinationals in Comparative Context: Integrating and Differentiating National Systems, 2006-2010. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • English Church Census, 1989
    The main aim was to get details of church attendance in England by denomination, churchmanship, county and environment.

  • English Church Census, 2005
    The goal was to enumerate a complete census of Trinitarian Christian churches in England and their attendance, along with gathering data on a number of questions relating to age and racial makeup, evangelistic ministries, and mission-related activities.

  • English Housing Survey (2008+)
    Continuous national survey that collects information about people's housing circumstances and the condition and energy efficiency of housing in England. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (1998+)
    First study in the UK to connect the full range of topics necessary to understand the economic, social, psychological and health elements of the ageing process. Aims to study a sample of people over the age of 50 every two years in order to see how people's health, economic and social circumstances change over time. Modelled on a similar study in the US (the Health and Retirement Study) To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Equal Marriage Consultation Responses, 2012
    In March 2012, the British government launched a consultation which looked at how to enable same-sex couples to get married. The consultation ran for 13 weeks, closing on 14 June 2012. Just over 228,000 responses were sent, the largest response ever received to a Government consultation at the time. These datasets contain the responses to this consultation, one set contains the responses to the specific questions posed, and the other contains coding of more detailed responses provided. There are 2 datasets available from the consultation exercise: 1) Consultation question data: this contains socio-demographic data, where available, and consultation question responses from those individuals who answered at least one of the specific consultation questions in addition to question 1 - whether they agree or disagree with enabling same-sex couples to have a civil marriage ceremony. This includes: on-line consultation form responses; email, specific responses; hard-copy, specific responses; and organisation responses. 2) Open ended question data: this contains the information from the coding exercise completed in order to discern the more detailed points raised in open ended responses. This contains all responses to the consultation. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Eurobarometer Survey Series. 1970+
    Large set of surveys measuring public opinion in the countries of the European Union, on a wide variety of topics. Also see the Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File. Eurobarometer Question and Variable Search allows one to find if and when a topic was covered on the Eurobarometer surveys. Also includes a topical guide. Also see GESIS-ZACAT which includes a large number of EuroBarometer surveys and others and allows online analysis as well as access to microdatafiles (free registration is required).

  • European Company Survey (ECS)
    Large-scale representative survey among establishments in the European Union (EU). Carried out every 4 years. Examines a range of issues, such as working time, work-life balance, and the development of social dialogue in companies. Aims to map working time policies and practices at the level of the establishment in the EU, to survey the views of the different actors at establishment level on these policies and practices, and to provide policy makers with a picture of the main issues and developments in the field. The first company survey in the series was known as the Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance, 2004-2005. The 2nd (2009) and 3rd (2013) surveys are entitled the European Company Survey. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • European Election Database (1990+)
    Publishes regional election results according to the Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS), level 1 to 3. The data available make it possible to compare and contrast election results across countries and regions and conduct comparisons over time. As most of the data sets are aggregated to correspond with the Eus NUTS definition, it facilitates studies that incorporate additional statistical measures as demography, labor market, etc. Includes parliamentary and presidential elections as well as EU elections and EU-related referendums.

  • European Fertility Project
    The European Fertility Project had two objectives: (1) to create a quantitative record of the European fertility transition - the decline of 50% or more in the number of children the average woman bears. This profound demographic change, and the social changes associated with it, occurred within the past two centuries in almost all of the several hundred provinces of Europe, and (2) to determine the social and economic circumstances that prevailed when the modern decline in fertility began in the hope of elucidating the causal mechanisms of the fertility transition.

  • European Quality of Life Survey (2003+)
    Representative, questionnaire-based household survey series. Represents an ambitious attempt to explore quality of life in a wide range of European countries. It is a major source of information, highlighting the challenges the EU faces in the light of recent enlargement. Enables an accurate picture of the social situation in the enlarged EU to be drawn, a picture that includes both objective and subjective elements. At the same time, it should be noted that there are some limitations to the data. While the sample sizes of around 1,000 per country provide a general population profile, they are too small to allow for detailed analysis of sub-groups, such as immigrants or single-parent families. Furthermore, although the wide range of topics covered by the survey is on the one hand a clear advantage, it also means that none of the topics could be treated in great depth. Some of the dimensions are measured with a narrower set of indicators than one would use in highly specialised surveys. However, the strength of the survey is that it provides a synthesis of information on the main aspects of quality of life, both objective and subjective. Residents aged 18 and over in 27 EU countries (as of 2011) as well as Croatia (second and third round), Norway (second round), Iceland, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia (all third round) and Turkey (all 3 rounds). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) (1995+)
    Study of adolescent substance use in Europe from a comparative and longitudinal perspective. Collects comparable data on the use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs among students throughout European countries. Reports are in the form of summary statistics. Conduced every 4 years.

  • European Social Survey (ESS)
    Biennial multi-country survey covering over 30 nations. The1st round was fielded in 2002/2003, the 7th in 2014.

  • European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics

  • European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (2009, 2014)
    Asks those 'who know best' about safety and health in establishments about the way safety and health risks are managed at their workplace, with a particular focus on psychosocial risks, i.e. work-related stress, violence and harassment. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights Information Portal
    Provides access to relevant information and data in the fields of fundamental rights in context of the European Union and its Member States. At the moment the Infoportal holds a sizeable collection of writing on racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and related intolerances.

  • European Values Survey
    Explores the basic human values underlying European social and political institutions. 4 waves have been conducted (1st: 1981-1983; 2nd: 1989-1993; 3rd: 1999-2001; 4th: 2008-2010).
      Participants and waves included:
    • All: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Italy. Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Spain, Sweden
    • 1-2: Canada, USA
    • 1, 2, 4: Norway
    • 2-4: Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia-Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia
    • 3-4: Belarus, Croatia, Greece, Luxembourg, Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine
    • 4th: Albania,Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovinia, Cyprus, Georgia, Kosovo. Moldova, Montenegro, Northern Cyprus, Serbia, Switzerland

  • European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) (1991+)
    The aim is to provide an overview of the state of working conditions in the European Union, to identify major issues and changes affecting the workplace and to contribute to a better monitoring of the quality of work and employment in Europe. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Eurostat
    Wide variety of economic and social indicators, nationally and regionally, for the European Union and its member states from the Statistical Office of the European Communities. For older data use the Eurostat Statistics CDs.

  • Eurostat statistics CD
    Only instructions on how to use. Data is on CD and requires using Virtual Machine to emulate older Windows. Firestone Microforms Services (FilmB) COMPUTER FILE 228. Use the 2003 CD for data older than that found on the Eurostat site.

  • Fair Treatment at Work Pilot Survey, 2005-2006
    Measures the prevalence of unfair treatment of employees in Great Britain on the basis of their personal characteristics.To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Families and Children Study (FACS) (1999+)
    Formerly known as the Survey of Low Income Families (SOLIF), originally provided a new baseline survey of Britain's lone-parent families and low-income couples with dependent children. The survey was named SOLIF for Waves 1 and 2, and FACS from Wave 3 onwards. Became a 'true panel', whereby 1999 respondents have been re-interviewed in subsequent annual waves in from 2000 to 2004, and new families added in each of these years, to allow representative cross-section as well as longitudinal comparisons. Starting with Wave 3 (2001) the survey was extended to include higher-income families, thereby yielding a complete sample of all British families. From Wave 4 (2002) onwards, longitudinal comparisons can now be made. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. A related study is the DSS/PSI Programme of Research into Low-Income Families which ran from 1991-2001.

  • Family Resources Survey (FRS) (1979, 1993+)
    Aiims to support the monitoring of the social security programme; support the costing and modelling of changes to national insurance contributions and social security benefits; provide better information for the forecasting of benefit expenditure. From April 2002, extended to include Northern Ireland. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Farm Business Survey (1982+)
    Provides information on the financial position and physical and economic performance of farm businesses in England and Wales. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Five Decades of Terrorism in Europe: The Tweed Dataset
    Information on events related to internal terrorism in 18 Western European countries from 1950-2004.

  • Food and You Survey (2010+)
    Reported behavior, attitudes and knowledge towards food issues (such as food safety and healthy eating). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Forcibly Displaced Populations, 1964-2008
    World Refugee Survey series, annual, cross-national, time-series data: numbers of "source" and "host" refugees and internally displaced persons,

  • Foreign Conflict Behavior, 1950-1968
    Contains data on over 13,000 foreign conflict acts of 113 nations in the period 1950-1968. Data are provided for actor and object, either of which may refer to nations, colonies, international organizations, or groups in rebellion against national authority and involved in international relations. Data are also provided for official and unofficial acts, which are categorized into violent and nonviolent acts. Violent acts are further categorized into planned and unplanned acts, as well as unclassified acts. These include warning or defensive acts related to a developing conflict situation, threat, war, clash, or negative behavior such as blockade, embargo, or diplomatic rebuff of one nation by another. Nonviolent acts include boycott and anti-foreign demonstrations.

  • GDELT Project
    GDELT monitors print, broadcast, and web news media in over 100 languages from across every country in the world to keep continually updated on breaking developments anywhere on the planet. Its historical archives stretch back to January 1, 1979 and update daily (soon to be every 15 minutes). Through its ability to leverage the world's collective news media, GDELT moves beyond the focus of the Western media towards a far more global perspective on what's happening and how the world is feeling about it. "The GDELT Project is an initiative to construct a catalog of human societal-scale behavior and beliefs across all countries of the world, connecting every person, organization, location, count, theme, news source, and event across the planet into a single massive network that captures what's happening around the world, what its context is and who's involved, and how the world is feeling about it, every single day."

  • Gender and the Vote in Britain, 2007
    Includes political attitudes such as left/right position, socialist/laissez-faire position, liberal/authoritarianism, egalitarianism and partisanship. Also included are psychological measures of gendered attributes, which is very unusual for political science data, and permits an analysis that looks beyond biological sex and considers the social construction of gender. Also includes basic demographic measures, alongside measures of parenthood and caring responsibilities, which allow a detailed analysis of how the realities of people's lives impact upon their political attitudes and behavior. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • General Household Survey (1971+)
    Continuous national survey of people living in Great Britain in private households conducted on an annual basis. Collects data on a range of core topics, covering household, family and individual information. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Generations of Talent Study
    Sought to examine several dimensions of quality of employment as experienced by today's multigenerational workforces. The primary goal was to explore how country-related factors and age-related factors affect employees' perceptions of quality of employment. Information was gathered from employees working in 11 different countries including the United States, United Kingdom, China, India, Spain, Brazil, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, South Africa, and Botswana. The industry sectors included technology, pharmaceuticals, consulting, energy, and finance. Demographic variables included gender, birth year, race/ethnicity, education, marital status, number of children, hourly wage, salary, and household income.

  • Global Bilateral Migration Database
    Global matrices of bilateral migrant stocks spanning the period 1960-2000, disaggregated by gender and based primarily on the foreign-born concept are presented. Over one thousand census and population register records are combined to construct decennial matrices corresponding to the last 5 completed census rounds.

  • Global Digital Activism Data Set, February 2013
    Features coded cases of online digital activism from 151 countries and dependent territories. Several features from each case of digital activism were documented, including the year and month that online action commenced, the estimated age and country of origin of the initiator(s), the geographic scope of their campaign, and whether the action was online only, or also featured offline activities. Researchers were interested in the number and types of software applications that were used by digital activists. Specifically, information was collected on whether software applications were used to circumvent censorship or evade government surveillance, to transfer money or resources, to aid in co-creation by a collaborative group, or for purposes of networking, mobilization, information sharing, or technical violence (destructive/disruptive hacking). The collection illustrates the overall focus of each case of digital activism by defining the cause advanced or defended by the action, the initiator's diagnosis of the problem and its perceived origin, the identification of the targeted audience that the campaign sought to mobilize, as well as the target whose actions the initiators aimed to influence. Finally, each case of digital activism was evaluated in terms of its success or failure in achieving the initiator's objectives, and whether any other positive outcomes were apparent.

  • Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Adult Population Survey Data Set, 1998-2003
    Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries.

  • Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM): Expert Questionnaire Data, 1999-2003
    Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries. Seeks to measure the national attributes considered critical for new firm births and small firm growth.

    Sample Size: 4,685 experts from over 38 countries and 3 subnational regions: Hong Kong, Shenzhen (China), and Taiwan.

  • Global Financial Inclusion (Global Findex) Database (2011+)
    Measures how people around the world - including the poor, women, and rural residents - manage their day-to-day finances and plan for the future. Expected to be conducted every 3 years. First round included 140 countries.

  • Global Terrorism Database (1970+)
    Open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world. Unlike many other event databases, includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 150,000 cases.

  • Globalisation of the Executive Search Industry in Europe, 1980-2007
    Aimed to develop knowledge and understanding of the contemporary globalization of the headhunting industry in Europe and the United States and its implications for new forms and geographies of executive search and selection. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • GlobeScan/BBC World Service Views of Countries' Poll, 2005-2009
    Major survey exploring how people in 33 countries view various countries.

  • Growing Up in Scotland (2005+)
    Large-scale longitudinal social survey which follows the lives of groups of Scotland's children from infancy through to their teens, and aims to provide important new information on young children and their families in Scotland. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) Series (1995-1998, 2001-2002, 2005-2006, 2009-2010)
    Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference. ICPSR has data for the USA. Data for other countries are available by request through the Norwegian Social Science Data Archive. The survey involves 43 countries across North America and Europe.

  • Health Survey for England (1991+)
    Designed to monitor trends in England's health. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Hidden Young Carers: the Experiences, Needs and Resilience of Children Caring for Parents and Relatives with HIV/AIDS in Tanzania and the United Kingdom, 2006
    To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • High Casualty Terrorist Bombings, 1989-2016
    Case list of bomb attacks on non-combatant (civilian and political) targets by non-state actors resulting in 15 or more deaths.

  • House of Lords: Voting, Peers' Attitudes and Perceptions of Legitimacy, 2000-2007
    Investigated changes in behavior and attitudes following the reform in 1999 which removed the majority of hereditary peers from the House of Lords. The central research question was whether the (still unelected) 2nd chamber would grow in confidence and strength as a result of its least defensible element being removed, and the resultant change in party balance which saw it become a "no overall control" chamber. Through study of peers' voting records, and particularly of government defeats in the chamber, the project assessed the impact of the 2nd chamber on policy. Also investigated changing behavior within the party and Crossbench groups. The project also provided some questions to be included in a 2005 survey of Members of Parliament (MPs), Devolution, Elected Representatives and Constituency Representation in Scotland and Wales, 2000-2005. The main peers' survey data explores peers' working patterns, general political attitudes, attitudes to the chamber's powers, to their own and other party groups in the House, and to future reform. The data from peers, MPs and the public addresses the question of the 'legitimacy' of the House of Lords, and the appropriateness of its intervention in the policy process. The public opinion poll data covers political party allegiance, voting intention, House of Lords legitimacy, blocking of manifesto/non-manifesto bills in the Upper House, and demographic information. Other files include details of voting records on whipped and unwhipped divisions with additional information on government defeats, from 2000-2006 and publicly-available demographic information on peers. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Households Below Average Income, 1994/95+ (HBAI)
    Uses household disposable incomes, after adjusting for the household size and composition, as a proxy for material living standards. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. A similar study, Institute for Fiscal Studies Households Below Average Income Dataset, 1961-1991 can be used to examine the earlier years.

  • Human Mortality Database
    Detailed mortality and population data. Earliest data for some countries is 1751. Free registration is required.

  • ICTWSS: Database on Institutional Characteristics of Trade Unions, Wage Setting, State Intervention and Social Pacts in 34 countries between 1960 and 2012
    Covers 4 key elements of modern political economies in advanced capitalist societies: trade unionism, wage setting, state intervention and social pacts. Contains annual data for Australia; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Canada; Cyprus; the Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Germany; Greece; Finland; France; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; the Netherlands; New Zealand; Malta; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Spain; Slovenia; Slovakia; Sweden; Switzerland; the United Kingdom; the United States.

  • Identities in Transition: a Longitudinal Study of Immigrant Children, 2004-2006
    Longitudinal study that investigates how the immigration process impacts on young children's identities, and the consequence for their well-being and social acceptance. The study specifically focused on British Asian and White English children aged 6-8 and 9-11 years, who were 1st generation immigrants (N=40), 2nd generation immigrants (N =178 ) and white English (N =180 ). This research aimed to further our understanding of social developmental processes involved in the acculturation of young immigrant children and consisted of a 12 month longitudinal study, with 3 testing points at 6 month intervals. This allowed us to track identity and acculturation changes developmentally. It also allowed us to examine causal relationships between variables. Both qualitative and quantitative interview techniques were used. Children completed quantitative measures of ethnic and English identification, acculturation strategy, perceived acculturation strategy of the ethnic out-group and experience of racist discrimination. The relationship between these variables and reported ethnic in- and out-group friends, in-group bias, peer acceptance and self-esteem were also examined using quantitative techniques. Two qualitative studies were also conducted, the first examining Social Capital (N=32) and the second examining Social Capital and acculturation in refugee children (N=8). This research informs our theoretical understanding of children's social development, and their attachment to their ethnic groups, and also social policy concerned with improving the integration of immigrant children into schools.

  • Immigration Policy: 1783-2010 [Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, France, Germany, Hong Kong, Japan, Kuwait, the Netherlands, New Zealand, Saudi Arabia, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Switzerland, Taiwan, United Kingdom, United States]
    Measures the restrictiveness of immigration policy for low-skill immigration in the 19 listed countries from the 19th century through to today. The measure is comparable across countries and across time. In addition, the sub-measures used to create the immigration policy variables are included as well.

  • Inpatient Survey, 2004
    Designed to provide actionable feedback in England to each participating NHS trust on patients'views of the care they had received as in-patients. Topics covered included: admissions to hospital (routine & emergency); organization of care & treatment; waiting time; courtesy of & confidence in medical & nursing staff; privacy; noise; cleanliness of bathrooms & lavatories; medical consultations; medicines & treatment prescribed and whether enough information & guidance were provided; choice & decision-making with regard to admission & treatment; clinical tests performed; information received by families & persons close to respondent, and respondents' demographic characteristics. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Integrated Census Microdata (I-CeM)
    Standardized, integrated dataset of most of the censuses of Great Britain for the period 1851 to 1911: England and Wales for 1851-1861, 1881-1911; Scotland for 1851-1901, making available to academic researchers the detailed information on parish-level about everyone resident in this country collected at each decennial census from 1851 to 1911.

  • International Adult Literacy Survey 1994-1998, 2012 (IALS)
    7-country initiative first conducted in the fall of 1994. Its goal: to create comparable literacy profiles across national, linguistic and cultural boundaries. Also offers the world's only source of comparative data on participation in adult education and training. Since then, a 2nd and a 3rd round of data collection were conducted in an additional 16 countries in 1996 and in 1998. In total, includes literacy data pertaining to 23 countries or regions around the world. For 2012 data is available for Canada only. Also known as the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies - PIAAC.

  • International Colonialism Study: National Integration in the British Isles, 1851-1966
    Contains census, election, and vital statistics data for 118 British and Irish counties for the period 1851 to 1966. The information was collected for use in a study of regional integration and development in Great Britain in the 19th and 20th centuries. Included are population indicators for each of the counties recorded at 11 points in time during the 115-year span (i.e., 1851, 1861, 1871, 1881, 1891, 1901, 1911, 1921, 1931, 1951, and 1961). Specific information includes indicators of population density and change, ethnic composition, proportion of election votes for Labour, Conservative, Liberal, and various nationalist parties, and proportion of population employed in areas such as agriculture, manufacturing, civil service, and (female) domestic work. Other data include number of Celtic speakers, literacy, religiosity, nativity (i.e., English-, Welsh-, Scottish-, Irish-, and French-born), sex ratio (female to male), birth rates, infant mortality rates, marriage rates, per capita income, and proportion of middle class.

  • International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS) Series
    Most far-reaching program of standardized sample surveys to look at a householders' experience with crime, policing, crime prevention, and feelings of insecurity in a large number of nations. It also allows for analysis of how risks of crime vary among different groups of populations across social and demographic lines. Also see the ICVS site which also includes the latest rounds.
  • Wave 1 - 1989 - 14 countries
    Wave 2 - 1992 - 12 countries
    Wave 3 - 1996/1997 - 13 countries
    Wave 4 - 2000/2001 - 16 countries
    Wave 5 - 2004/2005 - 30 countries

Sample Size: Generally, 1,000 - 2,000 households from each participating country.

  • International Crisis Behavior Project (1918-2013)
    Consists of 470 crises and 1,036 crisis actors.

  • International Migration Flows to and from Selected Countries
    Time series data on the flows of international migrants in select countries. Earliest data is 1970. Users should be aware of the problems of comparability underlying existing statistics. DSS has stored the 2005, 2008, and 2015 revisions. For the 2011, 2012, and 2013 revision see the UN site.

  • International Military Intervention (1946-2005)
    Updates International Military Intervention (IMI), 1946-1988. This newer study documents 447 intervention events from 1989 to 2005. To ensure consistency across the full 1946-2005 time span, the original coding procedures were followed. The data collection thus "documents all cases of military intervention across international boundaries by regular armed forces of independent states" in the international system). "Military interventions are defined operationally in this collection as the movement of regular troops or forces of one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute". As with the original IMI (OIMI) collection, the 1989-2005 dataset includes information on actor and target states, as well as starting and ending dates. It also includes a categorical variable describing the direction of the intervention, i.e., whether it was launched in support of the target government, in opposition to the target government, or against some third party actor within the target state's borders. The intensity of the military intervention is captured in ordinal variables that document the scale of the actor's involvement, "ranging from minor engagement such as evacuation, to patrols, act of intimidation, and actual firing, shelling or bombing". Casualties that are a direct result of the military intervention are coded as well. A novel aspect of IMI is the inclusion of a series of variables designed to ascertain the motivations or issues that prompted the actor to intervene, including to take sides in a domestic dispute in the target state, to affect target state policy, to protect a socio-ethnic or minority group, to attack rebels in sanctuaries in the target state, to protect economic or resource interests, to intervene for strategic purposes, to lend humanitarian aid, to acquire territory or to dispute its ownership, and to protect its own military/diplomatic interests. The variable, civilian casualties, which complements IMI's information on the casualties suffered by actor and target military personnel has been added. OIMI variables on colonial history, previous intervention, alliance partners, alignment of the target, power size of the intervener, and power size of the target have been deleted.

  • International Passenger Survey (1993+)
    Aims to collect data on both credits and debits for the travel account of the Balance of Payments, provide detailed visit information on overseas visitors to the United Kingdom (UK) for tourism policy, and collect data on international migration. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • International Religious Freedom Data (2001, 2003, 2005, 2008)
    Contains aggregate measures from U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Reports. This coding produced data on 196 different countries and territories but excluded the United States. Also includes 3 indexes calculated from these data: Government Regulation of Religion index, Social Regulation of Religion index, Government Favoritism of Religion index. Part of the Association of Religion Data Archives. 2008 is found separately.

  • International Social Justice Project, 1991 and 1996
    The International Social Justice Project is a collaborative effort among 12 countries to conduct a comparative study of popular perceptions of economic and social justice in advanced industrialized nations. The countries participating in the study include Bulgaria, Czech Republic (Czechoslovakia for 1991), Germany (West Germany, and East Germany during its transition toward a democracy), Estonia, Great Britain, Hungary, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, and the United States. Focused on normative social justice concepts such as entitlement, equality of economic opportunity, and reward distribution. Provides analysis of normative justice at a micro level, involving respondents' evaluation of justice or rewards received by individuals and small groups, and at a macro level, through the evaluation of fairness of reward distribution at the aggregate or societal level. Variables in the dataset include demographic characteristics of the respondent, such as age, sex, marital status, education, and occupation, actual and desired income, what factors respondents believe determine level of pay and their fairness, dependence on pension or social welfare programs, satisfaction with the sociopolitical system, perceived and/or preferred role of the government in job allocation, and standard of living.

  • International Social Survey Program (ISSP) (1985+)
    For the latest see the site's web page. A listing of modules performed through 2016 as well as plans for 2017 2018 is available (including questionnaires for not-yet-released years). Ongoing program of crossnational collaboration. Develops topical modules dealing with important areas of social science as supplements to regular national surveys. Every survey includes questions about general attitudes toward various social issues such as the legal system, sex, and the economy. Special topics have included the environment, the role of government, social inequality, social support, family and gender issues, work orientation, the impact of religious background, behavior, and beliefs on social and political preferences, and national identity. Participating countries vary for each topical module. Registration is required. 1998-2007 is also available in an easy to use comparative program.

  • IntUne Mass Survey Wave 1, 2007
    Integrated project on the theme of European citizenship financed by the European Union. In 2007, the 1st wave of the mass survey was conducted in 16 European Union Member States and 2 non-European Union Member States. European Union Member States included Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia Republic, Slovenia, Spain, and the United Kingdom; non-European Union Member States included Serbia and Turkey. IntUne aims to study changes in the scope, nature, and characteristics of citizenship that result from the process of the deepening and enlargement of the European Union. IntUne focuses on how integration and disintegration processes, at both the national and European level, affect three major dimensions of citizenship: identity, representation, and scope of good governance. Respondents were polled on their level of interest and involvement in politics, their assessment of the general economic situation in their country, and whether they are satisfied with the democratic processes in their country. Survey participants were also asked to rate their degree of trust in government at the regional, national and European Union level. Opinions were gathered concerning the advantages of European Union membership, whether citizens currently living in the European Union would benefit from the accession of Serbia and Turkey, and whether Serbia and Turkey would benefit from becoming European Union Member States. Demographic information includes age, sex, country of birth, education level, employment status, marital status, socioeconomic status, religious affiliation and political party affiliation.

  • IntUne Mass Survey Wave 2, 2009
    Integrated project on the theme of European citizenship financed by the European Union. Conducted in 2009 in 16 European Union Member States; Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia Republic, Slovenia, Spain, and the United Kingdom, as well as 1 non-European Union Member State, Serbia. It aims at studying the changes in the scope, nature, and characteristics of citizenship that result from the process of the deepening and enlargement of the European Union. This survey focuses on how integration and disintegration processes, at both the national and European level, affect three major dimensions of citizenship: identity, representation, and scope of good governance. Respondents were polled on their interest in politics, their opinion of the general economic situation, and how satisfied they are with the way democracy works in their respective countries. Societal questions addressed whether or not respondents believe most people can be trusted, and how much influence one person has on politics. Opinions were gathered concerning the benefits of being a member of the European Union, the addition of Serbia to the European Union, and whether or not Serbia would benefit from European Union membership. Demographic variables include age, sex, education, current employment status, marital status, and religious affiliation.

  • IPUMS-International Census Data
    Project dedicated to collecting and distributing census data from around the world. Samples are currently available for Argentina (1970, 1980, 1991, 2001, 2010), Armenia (2001, 2011), Austria (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Bangladesh (1991, 2001, 2011), Belarus (1999), Bolivia (1976, 1992, 2001), Brazil (1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010), Burkina Faso (1985, 1996, 2006), Cambodia (1998, 2008), Cameroon (1976, 1987, 2005), Canada (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001), Chile (1960, 1970, 1982, 1992, 2002), China (1982, 1990), Colombia (1964, 1973, 1985, 1993, 2005), Costa Rica (1963, 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011), Cuba (2002), Dominican Republic (1960, 1970, 1981, 2002, 2010), Ecuador (1962, 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001, 2010), Egypt (1996, 2006), El Salvador (1992, 2007), Ethiopia [1984, 1994, 2007], Fiji (1966, 1976, 1986, 1996, 2007), France (1962, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2011), West Germany (1970, 1987), East Germany (1971, 1981) Ghana (1984, 2000, 2010), Greece (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001), Guinea (1983, 1996), Haiti (1971, 1982, 2003), Hungary (1970, 1980, 1990, 2001, India (1983, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2004 -- all employment surveys), Indonesia (1971, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), Iran (2006), Iraq (1997), Ireland (1971, 1979, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2002, 2006, 2011), Israel (1972, 1983, 1995), Italy (2001), Jamaica (1982, 1991, 2001), Jordan (2004), Kenya (1969, 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009), Kyrgyz Republic (1999, 2009), Liberia (1974, 2008), Malawi (1987, 1998, 2008), Malaysia (1970, 1980, 1991, 2000), Mali (1987, 1998, 2009), Mexico (1960, 1970, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010), (Mongolia 1989, 2000), Morocco (1982, 1994, 2004), Mozambique [1997, 2007], Nepal (2001), Netherlands (1960, 1971, 2001), Nicaragua (1971, 1995, 2005), Nigeria (2006-2010), Pakistan (1973, 1981, 1998), Palestine (1997, 2007), Panama (1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010), Paraguay [1962, 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002], Peru (1993, 2007), Philippines (1990, 1995, 2000), Portugal (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Puerto Rico (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), Romania (1977, 1992, 2002), Rwanda (1991, 2002), Saint Lucia (1980, 1991), Senegal (1988, 2002), Sierra Leone (2004), Slovenia (2002), South Africa (1996, 2001, 2007, 2011), Spain (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), South Sudan (2008), Sudan (2008), Switzerland (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000), Tanzania (1988, 2002), Thailand (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000), Turkey (1985, 1990, 2000), Uganda (1991, 2001), Ukraine (2001), United Kingdom (1991, 2001), United States (1850+), Uruguay (1963, 1975, 1985, 1996, 2006, 2011), Venezuela (1971, 1981, 1990, 2001), Vietnam (1989, 1999, 2009), Zambia (1990, 2000, 2010). Registration is required.

  • Kent's Directories of Businesses in London, 1759-1828
    Published annually from 1732 until 1828, Kent's Directories provide the names, descriptions, and addresses of businesses in London. This collection is a transcription of the directories beginning with the 1759 edition. In addition to the name, type of business, and street address for each entry, the datasets contain the year of the listing, a "mobility code" indicating presence in the previous year's directory, and a set of geographical grid coordinates accurate to 100 meters.

  • Kids' Life and Times Survey (2008+)
    Survey of Primary 7 children in Northern Ireland. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Labour Force Survey Five-Quarter Longitudinal Dataset (December 1992+)
    This survey of the United Kingdom has been conducted on a quarterly basis since 1992, with each sample household retained for 5 consecutive quarters, and a 5th of the sample replaced each quarter. The main survey was designed to produce cross-sectional data, but the data on each individual have now been linked together to provide longitudinal information. The longitudinal data consist of 2 types of linked datasets, created using the weighting method to adjust for non-response bias. The 2-quarter datasets link data from 2 consecutive waves, while the 5-quarter datasets link across a whole year (for example January 1999 to March 2000 inclusive) and contain data from all 5 waves. Linking together records to create a longitudinal dimension can, for example, provide information on gross flows over time between different labour force categories (employed, unemployed and economically inactive). This will provide detail about people who have moved between the categories. Also, longitudinal information is useful in monitoring the effects of government policies and can be used to follow the subsequent activities and circumstances of people affected by specific policy initiatives, and to compare them with other groups in the population. There are however methodological problems which could distort the data resulting from this longitudinal linking. The Office for National Statistics is continuing to research these problems and advises that the presentation of results should be carefully considered, and warnings should be included with outputs where necessary. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Law, Finance and Development Indices, 1970-2005
    Examined the links between legal systems and economic development, focusing on the relationship between law and finance. New datasets were created, charting legal change over time in the areas of shareholder protection, creditor protection and labour regulation. Indices with up to 60 indicators were used to code for the law of five significant countries (France, Germany, India, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) for 36 years (1970-2005), and reduced-form indices of 10-12 indicators to code for a wider sample (25 countries) for the period 1995-2005. Main topics covered include: law and finance, corporate governance, economic development, legal origin, comparative law, varieties of capitalism, shareholder protection, creditor protection, labour regulation, stock market development and labour market flexibility. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Legislative Policy Agendas in the United Kingdom, 1910-2010
    This research project has mapped the policies the UK government concentrated on over the last hundred years by coding data on Speeches from the Throne and Acts of UK Parliament since 1911, budgetary expenditure since 1910, public opinion since 1960, the front page of The Times newspaper since 1960, and Prime Minister's Questions since 1997. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Life Opportunities Survey (2009-2010+)
    Longitudinal survey of disability in Great Britain. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Lijphart Elections Archive
    Static research collection of district level election results for approximately 350 national legislative elections in 26 countries that was maintained through 2003.

  • Living Costs and Food Survey (2008+)
    A household expenditure survey has been conducted each year in the United Kingdom. Continues the Expenditure and Food Survey (2001-2007) which continued the National Food Survey (1974-2000) and the Family Expenditure Survey (1961-2001). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Living in Wales: Household Survey (2004-2008) (LIW)
    Was the main general source of statistical information about households and the condition of homes in Wales. Also referred to as the Welsh Household and Dwelling Survey and replaced the former Welsh House Condition Survey (WHCS), which was last conducted in 1997 and 1998, when a Household Survey was completed in 1997 and a Property Survey in 1998. The LIW survey had 2 separate but linked components: the Household Survey and the Property Survey. The Household Survey was completed annually from 2004 and was conducted as a face-to-face interview with the household reference person (HRP) or another appropriate adult. It aimed to provide additional information to complement the Property Survey, but also to provide information about the community, the use of the Welsh language, the health of the members of the household, the values and opinions of the respondent as well as demographic characteristics. The Property Survey was conducted in 2004 and 2008 and comprised an internal and external assessment of the property which was completed by a qualified surveyor. The Living in Wales survey closed in 2008. From 2009/2010 onwards, it has been replaced by the National Survey for Wales. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Local Health Services Surveys (2004+)
    Survey for England on local health services. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Longitudinal Dental Treatment, 1990-2006
    Traces the National Health Service (NHS) primary care dental treatments for a c.5% cohort of patients treated in England and Wales. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Longitudinal Study of Young People in England (2004+)
    Also known as Next Steps. Major innovative panel study of young people which brings together data from a number of different sources, including both annual interviews with young people and their parents and administrative sources. The main role of the study is to identify, and enable analysis and understanding of, the key factors affecting young people's progress in transition from the later years of compulsory education, through any subsequent education or training, to entry into the labour market or other outcomes. Data from the study will be used, among other things, to monitor the progress of the cohort group, evaluate the success or otherwise of policy aimed at this group and provide an evidence base for further policy development. Sample boosts took place for deprivation factors and for ethnicity. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Longitudinal Three-Nation Study on Relations between Ethnic Minorities and Host Societies among School Students, 2004-2005
    Looked at the views of adolescent school students in England, Germany and Belgium. Using the same questionnaire in 3 languages, members of ethnic minority groups and members of the host societies were targeted. Based on social psychological research on intergroup relations, acculturation, prejudice and relative deprivation the study was designed to investigate perceptions of and attitudes between both groups. Data collection took place in waves of measurement with an average time interval of 6 months in between. Some individuals were completed the survey in both waves providing a longitudinal element. Background variables include ethnicity, native language, years of residence in the country, parental occupation and education. Variables capturing intergroup perceptions include in-group identification, relative deprivation, acculturation preferences and goals, group permeability, economic competition and others. Intergroup attitudes were assessed both explicitly (liking, desire for social distance, emotions toward the other group) and implicitly (infrahumanisation). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Luxembourg Income Studies (LIS)
    Household income surveys involving 43 countries. Also available are the Luxembourg Employment Study, a database containing data on labor force characteristics for 16 countries (ceased in 2000 and incorporated into LIS), and the Luxembourg Wealth Study, a database containing data on household wealth in 12 countries. Users must register to gain access, but registration is free for academic use. For variables in the LIS and LWS over time see their web sites.

  • Manifesto Project Database
    Deals with different aspects of political party performance as well as the structure and development of party systems. Based on quantitative content analyses of parties' election programs from more than 50 countries covering all free, democratic elections since 1945.

  • Manpower Employment Outlook Survey (1st Quarter 2007+)
    Indicator of hiring activity for the next quarter. The forecast includes responses from over 65,000 employers in 42 countries and covers the world's major labor markets.

  • Market for Migrant Domestic and Sex Workers, 2002-2006
    Explored attitudes towards, and experience of, the markets for migrant domestic and sex workers in the Czech Republic, Hong Hong, Spain, Thailand, and the UK through a combination of interview and survey research. Interviews were structured around a standard set of topics, and examined respondents' attitudes towards gender, race/ethnicity, age, and domestic work/commercial sex. It aimed to examine continuities and discontinuities between domestic work and sex work, paying particular attention to the role of the social/cultural imagination in constructing a market for migrant workers and questions about how this demand relates to broader socially tolerated attitudes towards race, gender, age and sexuality, and to make a contribution to current theorizing on gender, nationality, global interdependence, age, racial/ethnic identities and the complex intersections among these systems. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Maternity and Paternity Rights Survey, 2009-2010
    Gathered information on the provision of family-friendly working practices (including maternity and parental leave), and respondents' views, awareness and take-up of such measures in Great Britain. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Also see the Mother's Follow Up Survey (1993) and Maternity and Paternity Rights in Britain, 2002: Survey of Parents

  • Maternity Survey (2007, 2010, 2013)
    Topics covered included: baby birth dates & weights; antenatal care & check-ups; tests & scans; choices of care; medical problems & pregnancy care; antenatal classes; labor & delivery, including medical care; midwives & other healthcare staff; home births; hospital care after birth; infant feeding; special care & neonatal units; home care after birth; and respondents' demographic characteristics. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Also see the Maternity Services Survey, 2010.

  • Measurement of Cross-cutting Cleavages and Other Multidimensional Cleavage Structures
    Contains 69 new indices for race, ethnicity, language, religion, income, and geography.

  • Measuring Brain Drain by Gender 1990-2000
    Emigration stocks and rates are provided by level of schooling and gender for 195 source countries in 1990 and 2000.

  • Meeting Basic Needs? Exploring the Survival Strategies of Forced Migrants, 2004
    This data collection consists of two related sets of transcribed semi-structured qualitative interviews. The first set comprises interviews with 11 key respondents involved in the provision of welfare services to forced migrants in the United Kingdom. The 2nd set includes interviews with 23 forced migrants, including 5 refugees, 7 asylum seekers, 6 people with humanitarian protection status (leave to remain), 5 failed asylum seekers/'overstayers', and one migrant classified as 'other'. Users should note that some of the interviews are combined, and one is a focus group interview. Thirteen of the forced migrants were male and 10 female. Ages ranged between 21 and 57 years. Nine countries of origin were identified: Afghanistan, Democratic Republic of Congo, Iran, Iraq, Iraqi Kurdistan, Kosovo, Pakistan, Somalia and Zimbabwe. The countries of origin of individual respondents are not included in the interview transcripts, for confidentiality reasons. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Mental Health Surveys (United Kingdom Data Archive) (2004+)
    Various mental health surveys for the United Kingdom. Titles include "Mental Health Surveys", "Mental Health Trusts: Community Mental Health Service User Survey", and "Mental Health Acute Inpatient Services User Survey". To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Middle-Class Parents' and Teenagers' Conceptions of Diet, Weight and Health, 2007-2008
    Aimed to examine the dietary practices and health and weight conceptualizations of BMI-defined obese/overweight and non-obese/overweight young teenagers (aged 13-15 years) from middle-class families. These observations were situated within the 'habitus' of the family by exploring the aforementioned issues from the perspectives of teenagers' parents. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: 36 young people aged 13-15 years and 35 of their parents, classified as being 'middle-class' and resident in Central and Eastern Scotland during 2007-2008.

  • Migration and Remittances Factbook

  • Migration, Nutrition and Ageing Across the Lifecourse in Bangladeshi Families: a Transnational Perspective, 2009-2012
    Older Bangladeshi women play a lead role in caretaking for multiple generations in large families, facing many challenges in coping with ageing, their own health challenges, and issues such as poverty, racism, and social exclusion. Very little is currently known about how eating patterns and migration affect the health, nutritional status and experiences of ageing among Bangladeshi women. This information is needed to inform the development of culturally sensitive and effective programs to improve the health of this socially disadvantaged group. The aim of this study is to closely examine migration, nutrition, and ageing across 2 generations of Bangladeshi women living in Cardiff, UK and in Bangladesh. Mixed methods will be used to assess body weight, bone density, general health status, and women's perceptions of nutrition, eating patterns, and ageing. Results will inform the development of community-based, participant-driven resources for promoting nutrition and healthy ageing. The overarching goal is to develop rich multimedia resources that enable presentation of the findings to the general public, academia, and Bangladeshi community members, and to assist health practitioners working with Bangladeshi communities. Engagement with policy makers is also planned to inform policy development to improve the health status of ageing Bangladeshi adults. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Millennium Cohort Study (2001+)
    Follows the lives of a sample of nearly 19,000 babies born between 9/1/2000-8/31/2001 in England and Wales, and between 11/22/2000 and 1/11/2002 in Scotland and Northern Ireland. Information has been collected from parents when the children were aged 9 months and at around 3 years of age. The sample design allowed for disproportionate representation of families living in areas of child poverty, in the smaller countries of the UK and in areas with high ethnic minority populations in England. The first survey recorded the circumstances of pregnancy and birth, as well as those of the all-important early months of life, and the social and economic background of the family into which the children have been born. The main objectives of the second survey were to chart continuity and change in the child's family and parenting environment, to assess key aspects of the child's physical, cognitive, social and emotional development and to maximise longitudinal potential for predicting and explaining future development. The study's broad objective is to create a new multi-purpose longitudinal dataset, describing the diversity of backgrounds from which children born in the new century are setting out on life. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (1945+)
    Tracks 282 politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world -- identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them. Focuses specifically on ethnopolitical groups, non-state communal groups that have "political significance" in the contemporary world because of their status and political actions. Political significance is determined by: (1) The group collectively suffers, or benefits from, systematic discriminatory treatment compared to other groups in a society and (2) The group is the basis for political mobilization and collective action in defense or promotion of its self-defined interests.

  • Money Management in Lesbian and Gay Couples, 2004-2006
    Investigates how same-sex couples in the United Kingdom manage their finances; potential links between money management practices and relationship beliefs; how money management in same-sex couples compares with heterosexual couples; and views on civil partnership legislation. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: 386 cases who had a current partner; 132 cases who were single.

  • MORI Scottish electorate surveys, 1983, 1984, 1986
    Codebook at (DSS) JN1290 .M674 1986.

  • MORI/GMF Poll: 2002 European World Views Survey
    This study of 6 European countries is the European counterpart to the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations American Public Opinion and US Foreign Policy, 2002 survey. Includes the US role in the world, looking at foreign policy goals, economic aid, spending, vital interests, the use of US troops, attitudes toward specific countries, NATO, foreign aid, trade, economic sanctions, globalization, and terrorism.

  • Multinational Time Use Study (MTUS)
    Database of national time-diary samples (Netherlands, Spain, United Kingdom, United States) collected over 6 decades, includes harmonised background, activity, location, mode of transport and who else was present variables.

  • National Cancer Patient Experience Survey (2010+)
    Designed to monitor national progress on cancer care in England. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • National Child Development Study (1958+)
    Continuing longitudinal study that seeks to follow the lives of all those living in Great Britain who were born in one particular week in 1958. The aim of the study is to improve understanding of the factors affecting human development over the whole lifespan. To date there have been seven attempts to trace all members of the birth cohort in order to monitor their physical, educational and social development. The first 3 sweeps were carried out in 1965, 1969 and 1974. In 1985 the NCDS moved to the Social Statistics Research Unit (SSRU) - now known as the Centre for Longitudinal Studies (CLS) - and the fifth sweep was carried out in 1991. The 6th sweep was conducted in 1999-2000, the 7th in 2004, the 8th in 2008-2009, and the 9th in 2013. Has gathered data from respondents on child development from birth to early adolescence, child care, medical care, health, physical statistics, school readiness, home environment, educational progress, parental involvement, cognitive and social growth, family relationships, economic activity, income, training and housing. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • National Child Measurement Programme (2006+)
    Measures the height & weight of children in England in Reception & Year 6 within state maintained schools. Some independent and special schools also choose to participate. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • National Health Service National Staff Survey (2003+)
    Staff views about working in their local National Health Service trust in England. Topics include: work-life balance; appraisal; training, learning and development; team working; health and safety; errors and incidents witnessed; job characteristics and arrangements; management and supervision; perceptions of organization worked for; harassment, bullying and violence; and respondents' demographic characteristics. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: Staff at the 572 NHS trusts in England.

  • National Survey for Wales (2009+)
    The National Survey for Wales (NSW) is one of the main ways in which the Welsh Assembly Government knows what issues are important to the people of Wales. The household questionnaire covers housing, financial inclusion, children's deprivation, internet access, and pet ownership. The individual questionnaire covers: neighborhood, communications, disability, environmental behavior, computer and internet, street cleaning, dental practices, volunteering, employment, and finance. The self-completion questionnaire covers: health, local public services, satisfaction with aspects of life, local area, safety and crime, and harassment and discrimination. Replaced Living in Wales. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • National Survey of Sexual Attitudes and Lifestyles (1990, 2000-2001, 2010-2012)
    Aimed to provide up-to-date information on key sexual behaviours and risk factors in the United Kingdom, as well as to look at trends over time by including comparable measures to those used in the previous surveys, and to include new questions and an extended age range to take account of current information needs in the field of sexual health. The face-to-face interview included sections on: general health; alcohol consumption; smoking; body mass index; family history; learning about sex; first sexual experiences; contraception; periods and menopause; household classification; previous live-in partnerships; household composition; employment; qualifications; parents occupation; ethnicity; sexual identity; religion and internet access. The self-completion questionnaire included sections on: heterosexual behaviour; same-sex behaviour; heterosexual partnerships; same-sex partnerships; overlapping partnerships; online partnerships; total partnerships; detailed partnerships; travel and sex abroad; non-consensual sex; paying for sex; pregnancy history; unplanned pregnancy; family formation; fertility intentions and infertility; sexually transmitted infections; HIV testing; sexual function; drug use; mood and wellbeing and circumcision. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • National Survey of Volunteering and Charitable Giving, 2006-2007
    Follow-up to the Citizenship Survey, 2005 (Note: Citizenship Survey has been conducted biennially since 2001). The aim was to explore how and why people give unpaid help to organizations, and what they think of their experiences; what stops people from volunteering or giving money to charity; and how and why people give money to charity. It builds upon the National Survey of Volunteering (1991. 1997) and provides some insights into how things have changed since then. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: just over 2,700 adults in households in England

  • National Travel Survey (1972+)
    Series of household surveys designed to provide regular data on personal travel and monitor changes in travel behavior over time in Great Britian. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • North Atlantic Population Project (NAPP)
    Database of the complete censuses of Canada (1881), Denmark (1787, 1801), Great Britain (1881, 1911), Norway (1801, 1865, 1900, 1910), Sweden (1880, 1890, 1900), the United States (1880) and Iceland (1703, 1729, 1801, 1901, 1910). Samples of census data are also available for Canada (1852, 1871, 1891, 1901, 1911), Great Britain (1851), the German state of Mecklenburg-Schwerin (1819), Norway (1875), and the United States (1850, 1860, 1870, 1900, 1910), which support cross-temporal analyses. Has enabled linking of individuals between census years for longitudinal analysis. NAPP includes samples of the United States that link 1880 to seven other census years, samples for Norway that link males and couples between the 1865, 1875, and 1900 censuses, and samples for Great Britain that link males, females and couples between 1851 and 1881.

  • Northern Ireland Elections (ARK)

  • Northern Ireland House Condition Survey, 2009
    To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey (NILT) (1998+)
    Successor to the previous Northern Ireland Social Attitudes series (1989-1996). Monitors public attitudes towards social policy and political issues in Northern Ireland. Originally had a companion series, the Young Life and Times Survey. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Northern Ireland Multiple Deprivation Measure (2001, 2005, 2010)
    Shows the spatial distribution of deprivation across Northern Ireland at the small area level. Information is provided for a number of different types or 'domains' of deprivation; income, employment, health, education, proximity to services, crime, living environment, and an overall measure encompassing all of the deprivation domains. Small areas are measured relative to each other from rank 1 (most deprived) to least deprived . A number of summary measures at higher geographies and population estimates for the small area geographies are also provided. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Northern Ireland Road Traffic Collision Data (1998+)
    Road traffic collision statistics in Northern Ireland. The data are divided into 3 files: (1) Collision: the circumstances of the collisions - details include the collision severity, number of vehicles and casualties involved, time and location, weather and road conditions, and carriageway hazards; (2) Vehicle: Vehicles involved in each collision - details include vehicle type, maneuver at time of collision, and data about the driver (age, sex); (3) Casualty: Casualties resulting from a collision - details include age, sex, injury severity and whether a driver, passenger, pedestrian or cyclist. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Occupational Wages around the World (OWW) Database
    Contains occupational wage data for 161 occupations in 171 countries from 1983 to 2008.

  • OECD Health Data
    Examines national health systems from 1960 forward for OECD member countries and select non-OECD countries in a general, demographic, economic, and social context.

  • Offshoring and Outsourcing Innovation? The New Challenge for Multinationals, 2007-2010
    Western multinationals are now increasingly locating their research and development (R&D) activities in the emerging economies of China and India. This offshoring of innovation raises the following questions for policy makers and multinational firms: 1) What is the extent and nature of outsourcing and offshoring innovation, especially to emerging economies like India and China? 2) What are the main drivers of the globalisation of innovation? Answering these questions involved collecting secondary data on the R&D locations of the world's largest multinationals. The sample covers a wide range of industries, including pharmaceuticals, chemicals, electronics, engineering, and equipment manufacturing. Data were collected in 4 steps. First, an in-depth search of corporate and subsidiary websites across individual countries was used to objectively identify the location and number of R&D facilities across nations. Second, these data were cross-checked and complemented with searches of the Factiva and Corporate Affiliations databases. Factiva provides news reports from global media, and includes reports of R&D activities. Corporate Affiliations is a repository of information of corporations' affiliates, subsidiaries, and divisions worldwide. Third, a subset of these data were further cross-checked by matching the locations of R&D centres with the addresses of inventors of patents assigned in the last 3 years to these firms; the Delphion database and the US Patent and Trade Office website were used for these searches. Fourth, managers of individual firms were contacted to clarify contradictions. Includes Fortune 500 companies listed in 2008 (excluding financial services firms) in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, UK & USA.These data are under embargo at the request of the depositor until 1 January 2012. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • One-Minute Resolution Domestic Electricity Use Data, 2008-2009
    Includes electricity data measured at one-minute resolution. Each dwelling was fitted with a single meter covering electricity use of the whole dwelling, however, the one-minute resolution allows the switching of individual domestic appliances to be observed. Also includes the results of a dwelling characteristics survey which was completed for each dwelling detailing its characteristics and the types of appliances & lighting installed. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: 22 Private dwellings in the East Midlands of England.

  • ONS Opinions Survey (1990+)
    Regular, multi-purpose survey for the United Kingdom. Each month's questionnaire consists of 2 elements: core questions, covering demographic information, are asked each month together with non-core questions that vary from month to month. Topical modules have included topics such as changes in family circumstances, contraception use, flexible working and leave arrangements, internet use, attendance and participation in the arts, smoking, social capital needs, and time use. Formerly known as the ONS Omnibus Survey. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Outpatient Surveys (UKDA) (2003+)
    Various surveys of patients' views of the care they received in Outpatient departments in England. Titles include "Acute Trusts: Outpatient Surveys", "Outpatient Survey", and "Outpatients Department Survey". To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Panel Data on International Migration 1975-2000
    This dataset, a product of the Trade Team - Development Research Group, is part of a larger effort in the group to measure the extent of the brain drain as part of the International Migration and Development Program. It measures international skilled migration for the years 1975-2000. The authors use data from 6 key receiving countries in the OECD: Australia, Canada, France, Germany, the UK and the US.

  • Patient Surveys (UKDA) (2003+)
    Focused on people's experiences of primary care services in the United Kingdom, such as general practitioner (GP) practices and dentistry. Titles include "Primary Care Patient Surveys" and "Primary Care Trusts: Patient Survey". Also includes various mental health surveys. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Pew Global Attitudes Project
    Worldwide public opinion surveys that encompasses a broad array of subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. Topics have included views of Asian nations of each other, Muslims in Europe, images of the United States, the Iraq War, and foreign policy. Surveys include different nations and topics by year.

  • Polish and Lithuanian Workers: Opportunities and Challenges for Trade Unions, 2004-2006
    Surveyed Polish and Lithuanian nationals working in the UK who had requested Trades Union Congress leaflets on employment rights and the role of trades unions. Explored the kinds of difficulties experienced by Polish and Lithuanian workers in the UK labor market, and their potential for joining trades unions. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Polish Migrants in London: Social Networks, Transience and Settlement, 2004-2006
    Qualitative study. Examines Polish migration to London in the context of Poland joining the European Union. Consists of semi-structured interviews with key informants from the Polish community in London, Polish centres and church groups. There are also 3 focus groups conducted with recent Polish migrants to London. Recent Polish migration has been seen as transient, involving short periods of migration and frequent returns to the home country. Explores Polish migrants' attitudes to living in London, their expected duration of stay and their plans to return home. Analyzes how Poland's accession to the EU impacts on migrants' attitudes to settling in the UK. Also examines the social networks used by Polish migrants and how these networks provide information, practical support (e.g. jobs), as well as friendship, asking if these networks aid settlement or reinforce transience. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Political Events Project, 1948-1965
    Contains data on 6,754 political instability events in 84 selected nations in the period 1948-1965. These data, which permit measurement of political instability and the correlates of internal conflict behavior, are concerned with conflict directed by groups and individuals in the prevailing political system against other groups or persons, and with uncovering the determinants of stability within all national political systems. The variables in the dataset are divided into four basic types: variables that identify events, classify events, describe events, and evaluate events. The study provides a conflict intensity rating for each event. Political instability events are classified from low to high and include institutionally prescribed elections, the fall of cabinets, martial laws, assassinations of significant group leaders, mass arrests, coup d'etats, and civil wars.

  • Polity IV: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800-2015
    Contains information on and access to the most recent update of the well-known and highly respected Polity data series, originally designed by Ted Robert Gurr. Polity IV contains coded annual information on regime and authority characteristics for all independent states (with greater than 500,000 total population) in the global state system.

  • Polling the Nations
    Compilation of public opinion surveys conducted in the United States and more than 100 other countries. Each record includes the question asked and the responses given, the polling organization responsible for the work, the date the information was released, the sample size, and the groups or areas included in the interview.

  • Population Exposure Estimates in Proximity to Nuclear Power Plants, Locations
    Provides a global data set of point locations and attributes describing nuclear power plants and reactors.

  • Primary Care-Led Commissioning in England and Wales: the Changing Complexity of Governance for Quality, 1991-2005
    Explored primary care-led commissioning (PCLC) in the National Health Service in England and in Wales, and aimed to set these in the context of NHS changes since 1991. PCLC is understood here to mean the process of arranging the whole range of health care services (acute, community, primary), either by providing services directly or by commissioning them from other providers. Topics include: commissioning; changes in the NHS and performance targets; administrative structures of Primary Care Trusts and Local Health Boards; effects of commissioning on the roles of general practitioners and other health care professionals; the role of Patient and Public Involvement in health care commissioning. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Prime Ministerial Power in 22 Countries, 1980-2000
    Offers a measure of prime ministerial power to set government policy in 22 countries with established parliamentary democracies. Comprises variables relating to the power of prime ministers including an index of prime ministerial power, which consists of a quantitative score of the power of individually named prime ministers in their different terms based on an expert survey conducted in 2001-2003. The expert survey included questions in regard to the prime minister's degree of freedom in selecting cabinet ministers, moving or removing the cabinet ministers, and calling an election when desired. In addition, respondents were queried about the prime minister's ability to influence the cabinet agenda and the policy output of the current government, and the degree of government control over the parliament agenda. Additional variables in the data examined the political and institutional resources available to the prime ministers, of which the following topics were explored: the composition of the cabinet and prime minister's party, rate of government survival, strength of prime minister's party in the parliament, impact of the opposition party on policy, score of leadership influence, policy diversity in government, and government's ideological complexion.

  • Psychiatric Morbidity Surveys
    Various psychiatric surveys for the United Kingdom. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Qualitative Study of Democracy and Participation in Britain, 1925-2003
    The main aim was to undertake a new empirical study of voluntary activists in Britain. More specifically, the objectives were to undertake a qualitative study to (1) generate a deeper understanding of the processes by which people become activists, (2) describe citizens' experiences of activism and (3) understand their evaluations of participation and democracy. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents
    Records terrorist incidents that occurred from 1968-2009. Free registration is required.

  • Renaissance Data Collection Hub Results (2002-2003, 2005+)
    Renaissance was the Museums, Libraries and Archives Council's (MLA) programme to transform England's regional museums. Funds are allocated across 9 regional museum hubs. Regional museum hubs are a cluster of 4 to 5 museums which receive government investment in order to develop as centres of excellence and as leaders of their regional museum communities. The Renaissance Data Collection is a quarterly return of data from each site participating in the Renaissance in the Regions Programme. The data returns contain information on numbers of: visits; priority group visits; child visits; website visits; school visits; Higher Education visits; adult and child on-site participation; and outreach activity. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Research on Early Life and Aging Trends and Effects (RELATE): A Cross-National Study (1996--2008)
    Compiles cross-national data that contain information that can be used to examine the effects of early life conditions on older adult health conditions, including heart disease, diabetes, obesity, functionality, mortality, and self-reported health. The complete cross sectional/longitudinal dataset (n=147,278) was compiled from major studies of older adults or households across the world that in most instances are representative of the older adult population either nationally, in major urban centers, or in provinces. It includes over 180 variables with information on demographic and geographic variables along with information about early life conditions and life course events for older adults in low, middle and high income countries. Selected variables were harmonized to facilitate cross national comparisons.

  • Results of Elections Held in Northern Ireland Since 1968 (CAIN)

  • Road Accident Data (1985+)
    Road accident statistics for the United Kingdom are collected from information about personal injury road accidents and their consequent casualties, to a common national standard. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Roll Call Votes in the European Parliament (1979-2009)
    Record of how each member of the European Parliament voted.

  • Schools' Census: All Schools, 1975-2001.
    Includes data on the staffing and classes taught at public and private primary, middle, and secondary schools in the United Kingdom. From 1975-1994 schools were classed by type and coverage is primarily for England.

  • Scientific Career Transitions: from Public to Private Sector Science, 2004-2007
    Focused on research scientists who had moved between public and private sector contexts. In particular, the following groups were examined: university scientists who were engaged in setting up spin out companies; scientists who had moved from the public sector to young, entrepreneurial companies; and those who had moved to large established companies. (Free registration is required through the UK Data Archive)

  • Scottish Church Census (1984, 1994, 2002)

  • Scottish Crime Survey/Scottish Crime and Victimisation Survey (1982, 1986, 1993, 1996, 2000+)
    Repeat cross-sectional survey measuring the incidence and prevalence of victimisation among the Scottish population. Aims to provide an alternative measure of crime to the police recorded crime statistics, examine trends in the level and nature of crime over time, assess varying crime risks and collect information on a range of other crime-related issues, e.g. concern about crime; attitudes to the police; drug misuse and domestic violence. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Scottish Demography: Scottish Migration to, and Return from, South East England, 2005-2006
    Examined Scots living in England. Scots are one of the largest non-English born immigrant groups in the UK. While the attraction of Scotland to the English-born population is documented, less attention is given to why Scots continue to migrate to England (albeit in lower numbers) and how the employment and progression opportunities, especially in the South Eastern England labor market compare with opportunities in Scotland. This is important in the context of concern about Scotland's demographic regime and the significant reduction in numbers projected over the next 3 decades. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Scottish election study, 1979
    Codebook at (DSS) JN1290 .S367 1980.

  • Scottish Health Survey (1995+)
    Designed to provide health data at a national level about the population living in private households in Scotland. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Scottish Household Survey (1999+)
    Continuous survey based on a sample of the general population in private residences in Scotland. Provides representative information about the composition, characteristics and behaviours of Scottish households, both nationally and at a more local level. Covers a wide range of topics to allow links to be made between different policy areas, with a particular focus on information to aid policy decisions on transport and social inclusion. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Scottish Index of Multiple Deprivation (2004+)
    Identifies small area concentrations of multiple deprivation across Scotland. Small areas, called datazones, are ranked from 1 (most deprived) to least deprived. The ranking is based on information covering a number of different types or "domains" of deprivation; income, employment, health, education, access to services, housing and crime (not 2004). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Sustance Abuse Survey (SALSUS) (2002+)
    Monitors substance use among secondary school pupils in Scotland, including the collection of data on health, lifestyle and social factors, at both national and local level. Continues the biennial Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use Among Young People surveys of secondary school children, conducted between 1982 and 2000 in England and Scotland. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Scottish Social Attitudes Survey (1999+)
    Based on annual rounds of interviews with around 1,500 people drawn using random probability sampling, its aims are to facilitate the study of public opinion and inform the development of public policy in Scotland. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Seki-Williams Government and Ministers Data
    Government composition data from 1945 to 2014.

  • Serious Habitual Offenders, 1860-1940
    Variables include gender, age at first conviction, reason for onset, persistence and desistance from offending, nature of sentence given at court and the outcome of such sentencing. Covers Birkenhead and Crewe (United Kingdom). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Sexuality, Citizenship and Migration: the Irish Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual and Transgender Diaspora in London, 2008
    Examined the experiences of Irish lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgendered (LGBT) people living in London. There is a long history of Irish migration to the UK, particularly London. This study will explore Irish queer migrants' reasons for moving to London and experiences there. The research questions will focus on notions of home, identity, belonging, familial relationships and subjectivity. By exploring the relationship between sexuality, ethnicity and diaspora, the study intended to uncover the ways in which contemporary sexual citizenship, migration and queer imaginaries of the metropolis are mutually implicated in complex ways. A qualitative dataset is produced containing interviews with 38 Irish LGBT participants who have been living in London for at least five years. In addition to generating new theoretical work on sexuality and migration, the research findings will be used to inform policy and debate regarding processes of social exclusion. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDS.

  • SIPRI's databases (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)
    Includes databases including statistics on securty trends, multilateral peace operations, military expenditures, arms transfers, arms embargoes, and arms exports.

  • Skills and Employment Surveys Series Dataset, 1986, 1992, 1997, 2001, 2006 and 2012
    Aims to investigate the employed workforce in Great Britain (and United Kingdom from 2006). Builds on 2 previous studies of the workforce, Social Change and Economic Life Initiative Surveys, 1986-1987 and Employment in Britain, 1992. The first Skills Survey was conducted in 1997 and represented a new approach to assessing the extent to which those at work in Britain had skills matching the requirements of their jobs. The 2001 survey was aimed at assessing how much had changed between the two surveys. The 3rd survey in 2006 enhanced this time series data further but had the overarching aim of providing a resource for analysing skill and job requirements in the British economy in the middle part of the current decade. The Skills and Employment Survey, 2012 (SES2012) was the 4th in the series, and aimed to again add to the time series data and, coinciding as it did with a period of economic recession, aimed to provide insight into whether the British workforce felt under additional pressure/demand from employers as a result of redundancies and cut backs. Although these surveys were not originally planned as part of a series and had different funding sources and objectives, continuity in questionnaire design has meant the surveys now provide a unique, nationall representative picture of change in British workplaces as reported by individual job holders. The Skills and Employment Surveys Series Dataset, 1986, 1992, 1997, 2001, 2006 and 2012 combines data from all 6 surveys in the series, where common survey questions were asked. For each survey, weights are computed to take into account the differential probabilities of sample selection, the over-sampling of certain areas and some small response rate variations between groups (defined by sex, age and occupation). All surveys cover Great Britain except the Skills Survey, 2006 which covers the United Kingdom. The six surveys are all available separately from the UK Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Small Firms and their Employees, 2003-2006
    Study of the management of employees in small firms in 3 industrial sectors (food manufacture, creative & media, and information & communication technology). The firms selected were based in the East and West Midlands. Addressed employer policy through semi-structured interviews with managers, and employee responses through structured postal questionnaires in a subset of the firms. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprise Finance Monitor, 2011-2015
    Explores demand for external funding amongst SMEs and the response to requests for funding made to banks in the last 12 months. Also asks for future finance needs and assesses business confidence, growth, and barriers to growth for the future, as well as the impact of a lending experience on the overall banking relationship. As well as identifying the proportion of SMEs that have approached a lender for external finance, the survey identified those who would have liked to apply, but haven't, the barriers to such an application, and the impact of the decision not to seek funding on business performance. A wide range of business demographics are collected to allow for sub-group analysis by criertia such as age of business, external risk rating, type of facility requested, and the 'formality' of the business (planning, HR policies, importing, exporting etc). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Smoking Attitudes in 11-18 Year-Olds, 1999-2005
    Provides data on adolescents' views of smoking initiation and smoking behavior in a sample of young people in the Leeds area of the United Kingdom surveyed from age 11/12 years through to 17/18 years of age. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: 2,452 cases.

  • Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use among Young People (1988+)
    Began in 1982, under the name Smoking among Secondary Schoolchildren. The series initially aimed to provide national estimates of the proportion of secondary schoolchildren aged 11-15 who smoked, and to describe their smoking behavior. Similar surveys were carried out every 2 years until 1998 to monitor trends in the prevalence of cigarette smoking. The survey then moved to an annual cycle, and questions on alcohol consumption and drug use were included. The name of the series was changed to Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use among Young Teenagers to reflect this widened focus. Since 1998, surveys have been carried out annually, with a core section of questions included on smoking status and number of cigarettes smoked in the last week; drinking status and amount of alcohol drunk in the last week; and awareness and use of drugs. For the 2000 survey, the series title again changed, to Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use among Young People. The Department of Health commissioned the National Centre for Social Research (NatCen) and the National Foundation for Educational Research (NFER) to conduct the 2000 survey in England, and an equivalent survey was also conducted in Scotland. In alternate survey years, beyond the core questions, the remainder of the questionnaire focuses on either smoking and drinking or on drug taking. The 2001 and 2003 surveys focused mainly on drugs, and the 2000, 2002, 2004, 2005 and 2006 surveys focused mainly on smoking and drinking. It should be noted that the UK Data Archive (UKDA) only holds the survey from 1988 onwards. In some years, the surveys have been carried out in Scotland and Wales, as well as England, to provide separate national estimates for these countries. In 2002, a separate Scottish series, the Scottish Schools Adolescent Lifestyle and Substance Use Survey was established to replace the Smoking, Drinking and Drug Use among Young People series there, and to provide information in support of Scotland's new drugs strategy. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Socio-Economic Position and Political Support of Black and Ethnic Minority Groups in the United Kingdom, 1972-2005
    Examines the labor market position of the minority ethnic groups in the United Kingdom; compares the inter- and intra-generational experience of the minority ethnic groups in the British labor market both amongst themselves and between these groups and the white British population; assesses the extent and the nature of 'ethnic penalty', particularly as experienced by 'second generation' minority ethnic citizens; and provides evidence for the debate between human capital and social capital theories on ethnic disadvantages and for policy-making. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • State Fragility Index and Matrix, Time-Series Data, 1995-2014
    Provides annual state fragility, effectiveness, and legitimacy indices and the 8 component indicators for the world's 167 countries with populations greater than 500,000 in 2014.

  • Statistical Abstracts of the World (ProQuest)
    For a select list of countries, contains recent yearbooks. Tables are available in Excel format and have been converted to English.

  • Statistics of Trade Union Membership (1980-2009)
    Includes data for 49 countries. Dates vary by country but range from 1980-2009. For post 2009, use ILOSTAT. Once in click on "Browse by subject" then "Yearly indicators" then Trade unions and collective bargaining. For the time being, for most countries, statistics available for these topics only up to 2010. Statistics referring to 2011-2013 are currently under verification and will soon be included in ILOSTAT.

    Statistics of Trade Union Membership (1980-2009) (Electronic File)
    Producer: International Labor Office

  • Student Income and Expenditure Survey, 2007-2008
    Designed to collect detailed information on income and expenditure of Higher Education students and investigated issues such as student debt or hardship. Covered both full-time & part-time students at higher education institutions (HEI) and further education colleges (FEC), including the Open University (OU), participating in undergraduate courses during the 2007-2008 academic year. Undergraduate courses included first degree and Higher National Diplomas/Certificates (HNDs/HNCs), or in university-based postgraduate initial teacher training courses (PGCEs). Covered 69 institutions in England and ten institutions in Wales, plus the OU. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC)
    Assesses the proficiency of adults from age 16 onwards in literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology rich environments. The data collection took place from August 1, 2011 to March, 31 2012 in most participating countries. Around 166 000 adults, representing 724 million adults aged 16 to 65, were surveyed in 24 countries and sub-national regions in the official language/s of the countries.

  • Survey of Carers in Households, 2009-2010
    Carers were defined as those people who identified themselves as having extra responsibilities of looking after someone who has a long-term physical or mental ill health or disability, or problems related to old age. People providing care in a professional capacity were excluded. The main questionnaire then identified carers who also fitted the General Household Survey (GHS) definition of 'Carers', which excludes those caring as volunteers for a charity or organization, those caring for someone in an institution, those providing financial support only and those caring for someone with a temporary illness or disability, and asked a further range of questions. The prevalence questionnaire covered household demographics and structure and aimed to identify carers eligible for the survey. The main questionnaire covered household information, whether respondent met the GHS definition of 'carer', support given to main person(s) cared for, support for carer, access to specific services for carers, impact of care-giving on carer, impact of care-giving on employment prospects and demographic details. Population was carers resident in households in England, during 2009-2010. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Survey of English Housing (1993+)
    Provides key housing data on tenure, owner occupation and the social rented sector, and regular information about the private rented sector. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Survey of New Refugees, 2005-2009
    Longitudinal study of refugee integration in the UK. The overall aim of the survey was to collect information on the characteristics of new refugees at the time of their asylum decision and to provide data on the integration of new refugees in the UK over time. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Survey of Personal Incomes (1985-1986, 1995+)
    Based on information held by HM Revenue & Customs (formed on 18 April 2005, following the merger of Inland Revenue and HM Customs and Excise Departments) tax offices on individuals who could be liable to UK tax. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Survey Study of 43 Supreme Court Common Law Judges on the Use of Foreign Law in Constitutional Rights Cases
    Survey study of 43 judges from the British House of Lords, the Caribbean Court of Justice, the High Court of Australia, and the Supreme Courts of Ireland, India, Israel, South Africa, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States on the use of foreign law in constitutional rights cases. As the focus of attempts to both explain and justify the use of foreign law in constitutional discourse, the attitudes of apex judges are clearly at issue. Aims to shed light on how common law judges view foreign law as a source of argument in constitutional rights matters, and how they "see" transnational sources.

  • Surveys of Members of the European Parliament, 2000 and 2006
    The most significant change in the institutional structure of European governance over the past 2 decades has been the increased power of the European Parliament (EP). Given the Parliament's growing influence and the dramatic EU enlargement in 2004, it has become increasingly important to monitor the attitudes and behavior of Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from different member states. The European Parliament Research Group (EPRG) conducted two surveys of MEPs in 2000 and 2006. The 2000 survey was conducted in October-December 2000 and surveyed MEPs of the 5th European Parliament (1999-2004). The 2006 survey was conducted in March-June 2006 and surveyed MEPs of the 6th European Parliament (2004-09). Includes the following categories of questions: personal details (member state, date first elected to EP, previous political experience), electoral systems and candidate selection, campaigning aims and activities attitudes/behavior relating to representation, behavior in committees and voting in the Parliament, general political attitudes, attitudes towards specific EU policies, and attitudes towards EU institutional reform. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Taking Part: the National Survey of Culture, Leisure and Sport (2005+)
    Continuous national survey of those living in a representative cross-section of private households in England. Launched in mid-July 2005 and during the first year 28,117 interviews were conducted with adults (those aged 16 or over). Quality-assured data on participation, attendance, attitudes and related factors across the many sectors covered by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport, for example, arts, sports, museums, broadcasting, gambling and volunteering. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Terra Populus: Integrated Data on Population and Environment
    Integrates the world's population and environmental data, including population censuses and surveys; land cover information from remote sensing; climate records from weather stations; and land use records from statistical agencies. Currently includes over 80 countries.

  • Third International Mathematics and Science Study: International Curriculum Analysis, 1992-1995 (TIMSS)
    Provided curricular and textbook information from each country participating. Comparative study of education in mathematics and the sciences conducted in over 40 countries on 5 continents. The goal was to measure student achievement in mathematics and science in participating countries and to assess some of the curricular and classroom factors that are related to student learning in these subjects.

  • Trade unions in Western Europe since 1945
    Click on index.htm to get started. Supplement to the handbook in (DSS). HD6659 .E335 2000. Provides data & documentation on the developoment of trade unions in major West European countries and at the European Level. 3 main aspects are covered: organizational history, membership and density. Tabular data are provided in MS-EXCEL. In addition, much more comprehensive databases are available in MS-ACCESS. For updates, see Trade Union Member and Union Density in OECD Countries.

  • Transatlantic Trends Survey Series (2003+)
    Aim is to identify the attitudes of the public in the United States and in 12 European countries towards foreign policy issues and transatlantic issues. Each year, participants have been asked their views on each other and on global threats, foreign policy objectives, world leadership, and multilateral institutions. This study is a follow-on to Worldviews 2002: American and European Public Opinion on Foreign Policy. Periodically asks about views on immigration.

  • Transnational Social Movement Organization Dataset, 1953-2003
    Brings new data to the investigation of relationships between globalization, social movements, and political change. Aims to enhance understanding of the organizational foundations for transnational activism, namely the population of transnational social movement organizations. Contains 301 variables. The variables were either taken directly from the Yearbook of International Organizations, or created from information in the Yearbook.

  • Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) (1995+)
    Provides reliable and timely data on the mathematics and science achievement of U.S. 4th- and 8th-grade students compared to that of students in other countries. Collected in 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, and 2011. Next round of collection will be in 2015. Also see the NCES Bibliography for literature that has used this data.

  • UK Data Archive
    The UK Data Archive's Economic and Social Data Service (ESDS) is a national data service providing access and support for an extensive range of key economic and social data, both quantitative and qualitative, spanning many disciplines and themes. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Census data.
    Various census data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom.

  • UK Data Archive. Child development and child rearing/Family life and marriage Data.
    Various datasets on children and families from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Conflict, Security, and Peace Data.
    Various conflict, security, and peace data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Consumer Behaviour.
    Various consumer behavior data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Crime and Social Control Data.
    Various legal and crime data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Education Data.
    Various educational data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive.To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Election and Campaign Studies Data.
    Various election and campaign data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Ethnic Minorities; Equality and Inequality Data.
    Various datasets on ethnic minorities and equality and inequality from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Gender Roles.
    Various datasets on gender roles from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Government and Political Systems Data.
    Various government structure and political data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Health and Health Behaviour.
    Various health data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Labour Market.
    Various labor and employment data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive.To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom.

  • UK Data Archive. Leisure, Tourism, and Sports Data.
    Various leisure, cultural, tourism, and sports datasets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Political Behaviour and Attitudes Data.
    Various political behavior and attitude data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Population and Vital Statistics Data.
    Various population data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom.

  • UK Data Archive. Race Relations.
    Various datasets on race relations from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Regular Opinion Polls Data.
    Various public opinion data sets (typically not political) from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Religion and Values Data.
    Various religion and values data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Science and Technology Data.
    Various science and technology data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Travel and Transport Data.
    Various transportation datasets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • UK Data Archive. Youth Data.
    Various datasets on youth from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.

  • Understanding Society: (2009+) (United Kingdom Household Longitudinal Study; UKHLS)
    Multi-topic longitudinal household survey whose purpose is to understand social & economic change in Britain at the household & individual levels. Has 4 sample components: the General Population component, the Innovation Panel, a boost sample of ethnic minority group members, and participants in the former British Household Panel Survey (BHPS). The household questionnaire includes a composition listing of all household members and collects information about gender, date of birth, marital and employment status, and relationship to the household respondent. Questions about housing, mortgage or rent payments, material deprivation, and consumer durables & cars are also included. The individual interview is asked of every person in the household aged 16 or over, and covers: demographics, baseline information, family background, ethnicity and language use; migration, partnership and fertility histories; health, disability and caring; current employment and earnings; employment status (for persons interviewed January-June); parenting and childcare arrangements; family networks; benefit payments; political party identification; household finances; environmental behaviors; consents to administrative data linkage. A proxy module, a much shortened version of the individual questionnaire, collects demographic, health, and employment information, as well as a summary income measure. The adult self-completion questionnaire includes subjective questions, particularly those which are potentially sensitive or require more privacy. It covers feelings of depression and well-being, sleep behavior, environmental attitudes and beliefs, neighborhood participation and belonging, life satisfaction, activities with partner and relationship quality. The youth self-completion questionnaire, given to children aged 10-15 years in the household, covers computer and technology use, family support, sibling relationships, feelings about areas of life, Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire, health behaviors, smoking and drinking, and aspirations. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: 100,000 individuals in 40,000 Briiths households.

  • Undocumented migrants and ethnic enclave employers
    Collected qualitative interview data from 55 undocumented migrants and 24 ethnic enclave employers from Bangladeshi, Chinese, Turkish (including Kurds from Turkey and Northern Cypriots) communities who were living in London. To obtain a free account please register.

  • Union Centralization among Advanced Industrial Societies: An Empirical Study
    Data Repository for the Golden-Wallerstein-Lange Project on Unions, Employers, Collective Bargaining and Industrial Relations for 16 OECD Countries, 1950-2000.

  • United Kingdom Individual Licensed Samples of Anonymised Record (2001)
    Restricted 3% sample of the 2001 United Kingdom Census. Each user must get permission. Contact For specifications, see

  • United Kingdom Survey of Small- and Medium-Sized Enterprises' Finances (2004+)
    Survey of SMEs to offer a close analysis of businesses with fewer than 250 employees, their main owners and their access to external finance. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems
    Collects data on the incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information globally. Results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The surveys were started in 1977, covering 5-year intervals from 1970-1994. Starting in 1995 surveys cover 2 or 3 year intervals. Data may also be accessed through ICPSR.

  • Urban Population Database, 1801-1911
    Uses census returns to construct a consistent time series of population for urban centres in England and Wales 1801-1911. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Voice of the People Series (2005+)
    Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference.

  • Wales Life and Times Studies (Welsh Election Studies), 2001+

  • Warwickshire Census Returns, 1891
    Contains a complete transcript of the Warwickshire (England) returns of the census of 1891 To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Wealth and Assets Survey, Waves 1-3, 2006-2012
    Longitudinal survey, which aims to address gaps identified in data about the economic well-being of households by gathering information on level of assets, savings and debt; saving for retirement; how wealth is distributed among households or individuals; and factors that affect financial planning. Commenced in July 2006, with a 1st wave of interviews carried out over 2 years, to June 2008. Interviews were achieved with 30,595 households at Wave 1. Those households were approached again for a Wave 2 interview between July 2008 and June 2010, and 20,170 households took part. The third wave covers July 2010 - June 2012; currently, only data from Waves 1 and 2 are available from the UK Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Welfare Regimes under the Irish Poor Law, 1850-1921
    This data was collected as a part of a project that set out to investigate the history of statutory poor relief in Ireland from the end of the Great Famine in 1850 to the establishment of an independent Irish state in 1922. Using qualitative and quantitative data, it explored the character, organisation and operation of the poor law in Ireland. Combined macro and micro analysis to compile a picture of poor relief that moved from the national perspective, through the regional, to the local. Annual published returns of poor law statistics were used to identify national, regional and local trends in the provision and utilisation of relief, revealing the existence of what appear to be distinct welfare regimes with both regional and ideological characteristics. Case studies of 12 poor law unions throughout the country were then undertaken utilising the administrative records of the poor law boards in order to explore the influence of factors such as religion, politics and regional economics on the scope and character of relief practices. By analysing both general trends in relief policy and practice, and the micro-politics of relief, the project has produced new insights into the understanding and experience of poverty in post-Famine Ireland and the evolution of welfare systems. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Welsh Health Survey (1998, 2003+)
    Information about the health of people living in Wales, the way they use health services, and the factors that can affect their health. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Welsh Life and Times Study (Welsh Assembly Election Study) (1999+)
    Grew out of a program of work in response to the constitutional changes brought about by devolution. Contains the replies of respondents in Wales to questions on newspaper readership and internet, party identification, public services, Welsh National Assembly voting, Welsh election, and national and class identity. Classificatory information was also collected on health, housing tenure, Welsh speaking, religion, ethnicity, education, economic activity, job details, and income. There was also a self-completion questionnaire which included questions on public services, voting and proportional representation. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • What's Fair for Whom at Work? Studying the Choice of Justice Norms in Different Work Relationships, 2008-2010
    The central research question of this study was: which norms do people choose to judge the different aspects of fairness at work, and how is this influenced by the different types of work relationships people find themselves in? Covers China and the United Kingdom. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • WHO Mortality Database
    World Health Organization compilation of mortality data by age, sex and cause of death, as reported annually by member states from their civil registration systems.

  • Wiltshire Census Returns, 1841
    Contains a complete transcript of the Wiltshire (England) returns of the census of 1841. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Women in Development Series (1979-1980, 1983)
    Series of studies on women in development in 1970 with data drawn primarily from national censuses, surveys, statistical abstracts, and international statistical compendia. References are also made in some cases to evaluative studies conducted by individual researchers, research teams, and the staff of the International Demographic Data Center of the Bureau. These data constitute the most recently available information at the time of collection. The aim of this data series was to provide a reliable, up-to-date, accessible database on women in development which can illuminate the discrepancies in the roles and status of women against those of men throughout the world in order to serve as a basis for the promotion of both intranational and international parity between the sexes. The studies that comprise the Women in Development series consist of national-level data concerning female/male differentials over a range of demographic and socio-economic variables. Wherever possible, the data are broken down by age and urban/rural residence to facilitate further analysis. The series is cumulative and the data are presented in basic tabular format. Initially, the data tables were compiled for 69 developing nations from Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the Near East that were recipients of the United States Agency for International Development aid. The first collection, Women in Development, 1979-1980 (ICPSR 8053), included all the aid-recipient nations regardless of population size. Subsequently, data were compiled for all remaining nations of the world with a population of five million or more, and statistics for the original nations were updated to reflect more recent information. The second collection in the series, Women in Development IV, 1983 (ICPSR 8155), covered approximately 120 nations from Asia, the Pacific, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Near East, North America, Europe, and the Soviet Union.

  • Women in National Parliaments (1997+)
    World and regional averages of the percentage of women in national parliaments.

  • Women in Parliament, 1945-2003: Cross-National Dataset
    Information on women's inclusion in parliamentary bodies in over 150 countries from 1945 to 2003. Allows for extensive, large-scale, cross-national investigation of the factors that explain women's attainment of political power over time and provides educators with comprehensive international and historical information on women in a variety of political positions. Information is provided on female suffrage, the first female member of parliament, yearly percentages of women in parliaments, when women reached important representational milestones, such as 10 %, 20 %, and 30 % of a legislature, and when women achieved highly-visible political positions, such as prime minister, president, or head of parliament.

  • Women's Movements and Women's Policy Offices in Western Postindustrial Democracies, 1970-2001
    Contains 130 policy debates/observations from 13 countries coded on 28 concepts and over 110 variables. Provides information on women's movements, women's policy offices, policy making processes, and policy debates.

  • Work Life Balance Study (2000+) (Great Britain)
    To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Workplace Employee Relations Survey, 1980, 1984, 1990, 1998, 2004, 2011 (UK)
    National survey of people at work in the United Kingdom. The series was originally known as the Workplace Industrial Relations Survey. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Workplace Ethnography (WE) Project, 1944-2002
    Provided deep descriptions on a wide range of topics, such as worker behavior, management behavior, coworker relations, labor process, conflict and resistance, citizenship behavior, emotional labor, and sexual harassment. Coding of these characteristics yielded variables based on descriptions of worklife in specific organizational settings. The study data was collected in mainly two periods: the early 1990s and the early 2000s. The study generated 204 ethnographic cases. These cases were derived from 156 separate books since the observations reported in some books allowed the coding of multiple cases. The general scope of questions included organizational factors such as occupation, workplace organization, pay scheme, employment size, the situation of the company, the nature of company ownership, staff turnover, layoff frequency, how well the organization operated in terms of communications, recruitment and retention of personnel, and maintenance of equipment, as well as substantive facts concerning labor market opportunity, and labor force composition. On the topic of management, questions addressed leadership, organization of production, sexual harassment, and control strategies. Community factors were assessed through questions regarding unemployment and if the area was rural or urban. A series of questions addressed job satisfaction, pay, benefit package, job security, effort bargain, conflict with management/supervisors, training, worker strategies, conditions of consent/compliance, and nature of consent/compliance. The nature of work was queried through questions regarding autonomy, creativity, meaningful work, freedom of movement, comfort of work, injuries, employment status, and frequency of conflict with customers. Additional questions included size and nature of the focal group, group dynamics, conflict between the focal group and management, basis of alternative social groups at work, and if work friendships carried over to the outside. Questions about methodology covered ethnographer's theoretical orientation, focus of ethnography, ethnographer's gender, data collection method, supplemental data used, main type of supplemental data used, and position of key informant. Additional items gathered basic information about book title, author's last name, modal occupation, industry, country/region, and observer's role.

  • World Bank Microdata Library
    Portal for all surveys and datasets held in catalogs maintained by the World Bank and a number of contributing external catalogs.

  • World Contraceptive Use (2010, 2012, 2016)
    Includes trends on contraceptive prevalence and unmet needs for family planning. 2012 and 2016 can also be found on the UN Site..

  • World Database of Happiness: States of Nations
    Includes summary information from social surveys indicating levels of happiness in about 95 countries around the world, along with data on possible causal factors. Includes state level measures for the USA.

  • World Development Indicators
    Development indicators from the World Bank. Covers population, education, health, aid, poverty and environmental indicators for 217 countries.

  • World Fertility Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
    Presents data on age-specific fertility rates, total fertility and mean age at childbearing for 201 countries or areas of the world. Covers the time period from 1950 to the present. Data for the time period before 1950 have been included as well, if readily available, but no systematic attempt was made to collect data prior to 1950 for all countries. 2015 is also found on the UN site.

  • World Handbook of Aging and Social Security Indicators (1950-1980)
    Contains 184 variables prepared by the authors in connection with their comparative study of government support of the aged. The data is focused on indicators relevant to social security (social welfare) programs and to the health and welfare of the aged. Some variables have data on up to 131 nations, although most variables have data on fewer nations, as only a limited number of nations have social security data available.

  • World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. Data.
    Collection of databases for Europe and Israel containing indicators on health, mortality, hospital morbidity, infectious diseases, alcohol control, nutrition policy, prison health, and tobacco control.

  • World Health Survey (WHS) (2002-2004)
    Monitors critical health outcomes and health systems through the fielding of a valid, reliable, and comparable household survey instrument. The WHS was implemented between 2002 and 2004 in countries selected to represent all regions of the world. Study samples were nationally representative and probabilistically selected. Sampling weights were generated and adjusted for the population distribution with final post-stratification corrections for non-response. The total sample size, using nationally representative samples, includes over 300,000 individuals aged 18+ years. For China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa, WHS also serves as SAGE Wave 0. Household data includes a household roster, health insurance coverage, health expenditures, and indicators of permanent income or wealth. Individual level data include sociodemographic information, health state descriptions, health state valuation, risk factors, chronic conditions, mortality, health care utilization, health systems responsiveness and social capital. Registration is required. Each nation was surveyed once during this period. ICPSR has Waves 0 and 1 only. Countries covered: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain. Bangladesh, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo Republic, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyz Republic. Lao PDR, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

  • World Income Inequality Database
    The UNU/WIDER World Income Inequality Database (WIID) collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries.

  • World Marriage Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
    Provides comparable data on the marital status of the population by age and sex for 231 countries or areas of the world. Contains data on marital status of men and women, currently married men and women, ever married men and women and singulate mean age at marriage (SMAM). Data are presented from around 1970 to the most recent data available. 2015 is also found on the UN site.

  • World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series (1961-1993)
    Worldwide and regional annual totals of military spending.

  • World Mortality Report (2011)
    Includes death rates, infant mortality, under age 5 mortality, life expectancy, and probability of dying between ages 15 and 60. Some data goes back to 1950 with projections to 2015.

  • World Population Prospects
    Comprehensive set of demographic indicators for 1950-2100. Includes measures of fertility, life expectancy, migration, and measures of the impact of HIV/AIDS. Older versions are on the DSS server.

  • World Public
    Program on International Policy Attitudes site providing public opinion from around the world.

  • World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database (2015 ed.)
    Contains time series data for 1960, 1965, 1970 and annually from 1975-2014 for around 180 different telecommunication and ICT statistics covering the telecommunication network and ICT uptake, mobile services, quality of service, traffic, staff, tariffs, revenue and investment. Data for over 200 economies are available. For select series more recent data may be available on the ITU website. Also see ITU Historical Statistics with select data from 1849-1967.

  • World Values Survey (WVS)
    Designed to enable a crossnational comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe. A variety of questions on religion and morality were included. Coverage includes: Albania - 1998, 2002; Algeria - 2002, 2014; Andorra - 2005; Argentina - 1991, 1995, 1999, 2006, 2013; Armenia - 1997, 2011; Australia - 1995, 2005, 2012; Austria - 1990, 1999; Azerbaijan - 1997, 2011-2012; Bahrain (2014); Bangladesh - 1996, 2002; Belarus - 1996, 2000, 2011; Belgium - 1981, 1990, 1999; Bosnia and Herzegovinia - 1998, 2001; Brazil - 1990, 1997, 2006, 2014; Bulgaria - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2006; Burkina Faso - 2007; Canada - 1982, 1990, 2000, 2006; Chile - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2006; China - 1990, 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Colombia - 1998, 2005, 2012; Croatia - 1996, 1999; Cyprus - 2006, 2011; Czech Republic - 1991, 1998, 1999; Denmark - 1981, 1990, 1999; Dominican Republic - 1998; Ecuador - 2013; Egypt - 2000, 2008, 2012; El Salvador - 1999; Estonia - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2011; Ethiopia - 2007; Finland - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2005; France - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006; Georgia - 1996, 2008, 2014; Germany - 2006, 2013; Germany East - 1990, 1997; Germany West - 1981, 1990, 1997; Ghana - 2007, 2011; Great Britain - 1981, 1990, 1998, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Greece - 1999; Hong Kong - 2005, 2013; Hungary - 1991, 1998, 1999; Iceland - 1984, 1990, 1999; India - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2014; Indonesia - 2001, 2006; Iran - 2003, 2005; Iraq - 2006, 2013; Ireland - 1981, 1990, 1999; Israel - 2001; Italy - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2005; Japan - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010; Jordan - 2007, 2014; Kazakhstan - 2011; Kuwait - 2013; Kyrgyzstan - 2003, 2011; Lativa - 1990, 1996, 1999; Lebanon - 2013; Libya - 2013; Lithuania - 1990, 1997, 1999; Luxembourg - 1999; Macedonia - 1998, 2001; Malaysia - 2006, 2011; Mali - 2007; Malta - 1983, 1991, 1999; Mexico - 1995, 1996, 2000, 2005, 2012; Moldova - 1996, 2006; Montenegro - 1996, 2001; Morocco - 2001, 2007, 2011; Netherlands - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2012; New Zealand - 1998, 2004, 2011; Nigeria - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2011; Northern Ireland - 1981, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Norway - 1990, 1996, 2007; Pakistan - 1997, 2001, 2012; Palestine - 2013; Peru - 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Philippines - 1996, 2001, 2012; Poland - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2012; Portugal - 1990, 1999; Puerto Rico - 1995, 2001; Qatar- 2010; Romania - 1993, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2012; Russia - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Rwanda - 2007, 2012; Saudi Arabia - 2003; Serbia - 1996, 2001, 2006; Singapore - 2002, 2012; Slovakia - 1991, 1998, 1999; Slovenia - 1992, 1995, 1999, 2005, 2011; South Africa - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2013; South Korea - 1980, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2010; Spain - 1981, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2011; Sweden - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Switzerland - 1989, 1996, 2007; Taiwan - 1995, 2006, 2012; Tanzania - 2001; Thailand - 2007, 2013; Trinidad and Tobago - 2006, 2010; Turkey - 1990, 1997, 2001, 2007, 2011; Uganda - 2001; Ukraine - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; United Kingdom - 2006 (also see Great Britain and Northern Ireland); United States - 1982, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2006, 2011; Uruguay - 1996, 2006, 2011; Uzbekistan - 2011; Venezuela - 1996, 2000; Vietnam - 2001, 2006; Yemen - 2013; Zambia - 2007; and Zimbabwe - 2001, 2011.

  • World Wealth and Income Database
    Provides distribution of top incomes and wealth for many nations.

  • Young Life and Times Survey (YLT) (1998+)
    Originally began as a companion survey to the Northern Ireland Life and Times Survey (NILT) series. It surveyed young people aged 12-17 living in the households of adults interviewed for NILT, and YLT ran alongside it from 1998-2000. However, YLT underwent evaluation in 2001, and the YLT series began again in 2003 using a completely different methodology, and independent of the adult NILT. This new survey uses Child Benefit records as a sampling frame, and contacts all 16-year-olds who celebrated their 16th birthday in February of the survey year. Although a few questions are asked that are also included in NILT, the rest of the survey now covers quite different topics. Monitors public attitudes towards social policy and political issues in Northern Ireland. Similar surveys of young people in Great Britain, the Young People's Social Attitudes surveys were conducted alongside their parent British Social Attitudes Surveys. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Young Patient Survey, 2004
    Topics covered included: whether in-patient or day case; hospital admissions (emergency and routine); waiting time; choice of admission date & whether cancelled; food; noise; cleanliness of ward, toilets & bathrooms; ward safety & security; toys, entertainment, play, educational, visitors facilities on ward; courtesy & helpfulness of doctors & nursing staff; information given to patient & relatives regarding treatment & drug prescriptions; parent/guardian participation in treatment & decision-making; pain; operations; pain control; reassurance given by staff; discharge from hospital; overall medical care received; respondents' demographic characteristics. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    Sample Size: Children in England aged 0 to 17 years who had been treated as inpatients or day cases in any part of the trust including adult wards and were not maternity or psychiatry patients, surveyed in 2004.

  • Young People's Behaviour and Attitudes Survey (YPBAS) (2000+)
    School-based survey carried out among 11-16 year olds and covers a wide range of topics relevant to the lives of young people today such as school, nutrition, sports, smoking, alcohol, solvents, drugs, policing, personal safety, sexual experience and knowledge, relationships, the environment and travelling to school. Conducted every 3 years. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Young People's Social Attitudes (YPSA) (1994, 1998, 2003)
    Offshoot of the British Social Attitudes Survey (BSA) . Designed to explore the attitudes and values of children and young people and make comparisons with those held by adults. All young people aged 12-19 living in the households of BSA respondents were approached for interview. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Youth Cohort Study of England and Wales (1985+)
    Longitudinal research designed to monitor the behavior and decisions of representative samples of young people aged 16+ as they make the transition from compulsory education to further or higher education, or to the labor market. It tries to identify and explain the factors which influence post-16 transitions, for example, educational attainment, training opportunities, experiences at school. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

    This page last updated: October 21, 2009