Finding Data: Data on Conflicts, Wars, Terrorism
ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF
- 10 Million International Dyadic Events
News report events related to political retaliation, world news, economic change, and catastrophes.
10 Million International Dyadic Events (Electronic File)
Principal investigator: Gary King and Will Lowe.
- Afghan Women's Resistance and Struggle in Afghanistan and Diasporic Communities, 2004-2005
Aimed to develop a better understanding of Afghan women's resistance to war and violent conflicts; their engagement with multiple worlds as refugees or living in exile, their struggle for survival and/or their acquisition of new knowledge and power. Investigated the vast diversity (class, age, ethnicity, religion) of women's experiences in the process of historical changes (in times of war and conflict, in exile and in times of peace making) and the different ways they emerge as autonomous agents and construct their identities, in culturally specific circumstances. Assessed the gendered nature of social exclusion, and the importance of women's inclusion in the processes of reconstruction and peace making. Semi-structured interviews were used to study Afghan women (and some men) in Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, UK and USA. Respondents were chosen to represent a sample of diverse groups (students, teachers, non-Governmental Organisation workers, United Nations workers, journalists, women and men in refugee camps) according to their religiosity, ethnicity, age, marital status, fertility rate, class, citizenship status, employment status and political, social and cultural activities. Detailed demographic information about each respondent is recorded in the data listing. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- African Foreign Relations and Internal Conflict Analysis (AFRICA) Project, 1964-1966
Data on 14,669 foreign policy acts of 32 sub-Saharan African nations in the period 1964-1966. Acts are defined as official verbal or physical behavior from an African nation toward any other (including non-African) nation, leader, international organization, or group of states. These are further categorized into conflictual or cooperative acts. For each act, information provided includes actor, date, target, setting, WEIS action category, and type of foreign policy instrument used.
- Argentina Domestic Violence and Economic Data, 1955-1972
Contains 2 data files providing measures of protest violence and economic indicators for Argentina in the period 1955-1972. Part 1, Monthly Protest Data, contains variables on the number of strikes in different parts of Argentina and in the country as a whole, type of strike, strike participants such as unions, workers' organizations, the middle class, and national union organizations, demonstrations by students, Peronists, the Radical party, leftists, centrists, rightists, blue and white collar workers, and other actors, guerilla actions by the People's Revolutionary Army, the Peronista organizations, and other organizations, and the duration, nature of violence, and total dead or seriously wounded in the protest events. Part 2, Economic Data, consists of economic indicators, such as government revenues and expenditures, wages and salaries, cost of wholesale Argentine products and imported products, inflation rates, exchange rates, balance of payments, and cost of living.
- Arms Transfers to Developing Countries, 1945-1968
Data on the transfer of arms to 52 developing nations. The Arms Transfers data (Part 1) provide information on donor and recipient, date and site of transfer, quantity, system classification (e.g., aircraft, helicopters, missiles, artilleries, small arms, or naval systems), and date production began and ended. The Weapons Systems data (Part 2) contain detailed coded information about each weapons system.
- Association of State and Terrorism Health Officials (ASTHO)
Conducts a number of surveys including the "Profile Survey" (longitudinal series about state/territorial health agency responsibilities, structure, planning and quality improvement activities, workforce, and more that provides core data for ongoing public health systems research and a source for tracking state public health performance and best practices); "Health Reform Survey" (conducted to describe the degree and type of state health official involvement in health reform, identify the topics covered by current state health reform efforts, and develop ways in which ASTHO can best support its members in their health reform efforts); "Budget Cuts Survey", and "Minority Health Survey" (surveyed state and territorial health agencies on the ways that state and territorial health agencies address racial and ethnic minority health and health disparities). Researchers must apply directly to the agency for access.
- Bank's Crossnational Time Series
Covers economic, social, and political indicators of nations and empires of the world, including countries and empires that no longer exist. Select data goes back to 1815, and the most recent data is for 2009. Not all indicators are available for all countries or in all years (even years in which the country existed).
- Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism (CPOST)
Addresses serious policy challenges related to the principal international security issues facing the United States and the world community. Advances its purpose through 3 main activities: 1) the collection, maintenance, and expansion of a searchable database of international suicide terrorist attacks from 1981 to the present; 2) the collection and translation of martyr videos from around the world; and 3) support and conduct research projects to help the public and the policy community solve fundamental international security problems.
- Correlates of War (1816+)
Quantitative data useful for studying international relations. Also includes war within political entities.
- Coups d'Etat 1946-2011
Event list includes successful, attempted, plotted, and alleged coup events reported in Keesings Record of World Events (Keesings Online) and other sources; successful coups are cross-referenced to the Polity IV data series to distinguish "adverse regime changes" from "autocratic coups"; also listed in the codebook are cases of leadership change that are not considered coups (e.g., assassinations, ouster by foreign forces, victory by rebel forces).
- Crime in India: Riots, Murders, and Dacoity 1954-2006
Country, state, and district (beginning in 1971) figures on annual numbers of riots, murders, and dacoity events (also, cases of arson beginning in 1996); includes annual state numbers of civil and armed police and area and population figures.
- Data Bank of Assassinations (1948-1967)
Data on 409 assassination events that occurred in 84 countries. Covers plotted, attempted, or actual assassinations of prominent public figures, such as top government officeholders and military figures, leaders of large trade unions or religious movements, and leaders of minority groups. For each event, information is provided on the country, date, and location of occurrence, the issue involved, the identity of the assassin and of the target, such as the type of group to which the assassin belonged and the political and social position of the target, and the outcome of the event.
- Five Decades of Terrorism in Europe: The Tweed Dataset
Information on events related to internal terrorism in 18 Western European countries from 1950-2004.
- Foreign Conflict Behavior, 1950-1968
Contains data on over 13,000 foreign conflict acts of 113 nations in the period 1950-1968. Data are provided for actor and object, either of which may refer to nations, colonies, international organizations, or groups in rebellion against national authority and involved in international relations. Data are also provided for official and unofficial acts, which are categorized into violent and nonviolent acts. Violent acts are further categorized into planned and unplanned acts, as well as unclassified acts. These include warning or defensive acts related to a developing conflict situation, threat, war, clash, or negative behavior such as blockade, embargo, or diplomatic rebuff of one nation by another. Nonviolent acts include boycott and anti-foreign demonstrations.
- Ghanaian Public Opinion on the Middle East Conflict in Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories, 2006
- Ghanaian Public Opinion on the United States' War on Terrorism, Involvement in Afghanistan, and Foreign Policy in the Middle East, 2002
- Global Terrorism Database II, 1998-2004
Undertaken to address the fact that there is little robust empirical analysis of terrorism. The two primary reasons for this problem included insufficient temporal and spatial coverage of available data, and a lack of public availability of terrorism data. Due to this lack of available empirical data regarding terrorism, the researchers sought to code and verify a previously unavailable dataset composed of terrorist events recorded for the entire world from 1998 through 2004. The goal was to create a comprehensive and sound data set on global terrorism that can be used to derive methodologically robust insights into the phenomenon of terrorism and how to counter it. Not intended to be merged with the Global Terrorism Database, 1970-1997. The data being distributed in this data collection were collected using different methods and often different data definitions. Accordingly, the databases should not be used for direct comparison. Does not examine state terrorism.
- Global Terrorism Database, 1970-1997
Composed of terrorist events recorded for the entire world from 1970 and 1997. The data were originally collected by the Pinkerton Global Intelligence Service (PGIS). Throughout the data collection period PGIS employed a broad definition of terrorism: the threatened or actual use of illegal force and violence to attain a political, economic, religious, or social goal through fear, coercion, or intimidation. The data include "terrorist groups" identified as specific named groups as well as generic groupings like "rebels" or "student protestors."
- High Casualty Terrorist Bombings, 1991-2012
Case list of bomb attacks on non-combatant (civilian and political) targets by non-state actors resulting in 15 or more deaths.
- Impact of the Israeli measures on the well-being of the Palestinian children, women and the Palestinian household survey, 2001 : micro data.
Main objective is to measure the impact of Israeli measures on Palestinian children, women, and households. Data collection took place during the period 4/11/2001-5/15/2001. A random stratified cluster sample was selected to represent the target population. Sample included enumeration areas close to clashes, settlements, and Israeli checkpoints. Sample also covered areas exposed to direct aggression from the Israeli military (shelling, shooting, uprooting of trees, land drifting, etc.) in addition to other areas. Includes projections of demographic and social characteristics for all household members, housing condition indicators, living level indicators for household, and main and secondary sources of income.
Sample Size: Random stratified cluster sample
- India Sub-National Problem Set 1960-2004
Compiles events data drawn from representative news accounts of violent conflicts in India to identify and delineate spatial, temporal, and intensity parameters of societal conflict processes.
- International Crisis Behavior Project (December 22, 1917 - December 31, 2007)
Contains information on 445 international crises, 35 protracted conflicts, and 1000 crisis actors from the end of World War I through 2007.
- International Military Intervention (1946-2005)
Updates International Military Intervention (IMI), 1946-1988. This newer study documents 447 intervention events from 1989 to 2005. To ensure consistency across the full 1946-2005 time span, the original coding procedures were followed. The data collection thus "documents all cases of military intervention across international boundaries by regular armed forces of independent states" in the international system). "Military interventions are defined operationally in this collection as the movement of regular troops or forces of one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute". As with the original IMI (OIMI) collection, the 1989-2005 dataset includes information on actor and target states, as well as starting and ending dates. It also includes a categorical variable describing the direction of the intervention, i.e., whether it was launched in support of the target government, in opposition to the target government, or against some third party actor within the target state's borders. The intensity of the military intervention is captured in ordinal variables that document the scale of the actor's involvement, "ranging from minor engagement such as evacuation, to patrols, act of intimidation, and actual firing, shelling or bombing". Casualties that are a direct result of the military intervention are coded as well. A novel aspect of IMI is the inclusion of a series of variables designed to ascertain the motivations or issues that prompted the actor to intervene, including to take sides in a domestic dispute in the target state, to affect target state policy, to protect a socio-ethnic or minority group, to attack rebels in sanctuaries in the target state, to protect economic or resource interests, to intervene for strategic purposes, to lend humanitarian aid, to acquire territory or to dispute its ownership, and to protect its own military/diplomatic interests. The variable, civilian casualties, which complements IMI's information on the casualties suffered by actor and target military personnel has been added. OIMI variables on colonial history, previous intervention, alliance partners, alignment of the target, power size of the intervener, and power size of the target have been deleted.
- International terrorism: attributes of terrorist events, 1968-2012: ITERATE
Footnotes are through 2011. Data is currently through 2012.
- Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946-2008
Annual, cross-national, time-series data on interstate, societal, and communal warfare magnitude scores (independence, interstate, ethnic, and civil; violence and warfare); also, scores for neighboring countries and regional context
- Middle East Event/Interaction Data, 1949-1969
Contains data on approximately 10,000 events in the Arab-Israeli conflict that occurred between Israel and each of the bordering Arab nations, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq, in the period 1949-1969. Interactions are structured into events, and events are coded for actor, target, the 22 action categories of the World Event/Interaction Survey, arena, and reliability. Third parties acting as mediators are also included as targets.
- Middle East Military Event Data, 1949-1969
Provides detailed documentation of approximately 3,800 events: physical conflict interactions between Israel and each of the bordering Arab nations, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq, in the period 1949-1969. Data are provided for dates, participants, types of event, number of incidents reported, casualties, and the source of information. Data are aggregated to 10-day summaries for each Israel-bordering Arab nation dyad.
- Middle East Political Events Data, 1979-1995
Collection of machine-coded events using the coding scheme employed in Correlates of War to create a continuous time series of data on interstate interaction covering the Levant area (countries bordering on the eastern Mediterranean sea). Produced by a computer program, developed at the University of Kansas, which reads in Reuters News Service reports and parses the first sentence (the lead) into the three main components (subject, verb, and object). The Kansas Events Data System (KEDS) program then recodes these components according to the COW coding scheme. Each yearly dataset contains 4 variables: date, source (subject), target (object), and action (verb). Dictionary files that match the actual person, group, or event to the coded value are provided. In addition, the principal investigator has provided information on linking the datasets for longitudinal analysis.
- Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (1945+)
Tracks 283 politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world -- identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them. Focuses specifically on ethnopolitical groups, non-state communal groups that have "political significance" in the contemporary world because of their status and political actions. Political significance is determined by: (1) The group collectively suffers, or benefits from, systematic discriminatory treatment vis-a-vis other groups in a society and (2) The group is the basis for political mobilization and collective action in defense or promotion of its self-defined interests.
- Multi-Choice Policing Resources for Post-Conflict Situations: Rwanda and Liberia, 2006-2007
Examines all forms of policing in post-conflict Rwanda and Liberia, to establish the scale and nature of the various forms of policing and the manner in which they were adapting to the post-conflict environment. (Free registration is required through the UK Data Archive)
- Operation and Structure of Right-Wing Extremist Groups in the United States, 1980-2007
The purpose was to address some of the gaps in what is known about right-wing terrorism by (1) comparing right-wing extremist "advocates" with "implementers", and (2) identifying internal processes related to organizational planning and group roles by focusing on how right-wing extremist groups recruit new members. Using a wide variety of secondary sources, the principal investigator collected data beyond what was available in the American Terrorism Study, 1980-2002 and constructed an alternate database, the Right-Wing Terrorist Recruitment (RWTR) database, that related to terrorist recruitment and individual-level risk factors. The research team collected data on a total of 112 persons from 16 right-wing extremist (RWE) groups. In order to analyze the recruitment process, the principal investigator developed a new codebook that included a greater number of variables designed to measure different dimensions of the recruitment process. Some of the variables the investigator included were already in the American Terrorism Study dataset, however, the variable categories were revised. Other variables were included in light of prior terrorism studies and related scholarship such as research in the areas of social movements and new religious movements. The investigator also designed variables to measure the structural characteristics of the recruitment process. Includes a total of 82 terrorist recruitment and individual-level risk factor variables.
- Political Events Project, 1948-1965
Contains data on 6,754 political instability events in 84 selected nations in the period 1948-1965. These data, which permit measurement of political instability and the correlates of internal conflict behavior, are concerned with conflict directed by groups and individuals in the prevailing political system against other groups or persons, and with uncovering the determinants of stability within all national political systems. The variables in the dataset are divided into four basic types: variables that identify events, classify events, describe events, and evaluate events. The study provides a conflict intensity rating for each event. Political instability events are classified from low to high and include institutionally prescribed elections, the fall of cabinets, martial laws, assassinations of significant group leaders, mass arrests, coup d'etats, and civil wars.
- Political Instability Task Force (PITF) State Failure Problem Set 1955-2011
Annual data on cases of ethnic war, revolutionary war, adverse regime change, and genocide/politicide (also, consolidated cases of political instability), includes annual indicators of numbers of rebels, area affected, and numbers of deaths.
- Political Regimes and Regime Transitions in Africa, 1910-1994
Focuses on political regimes and regime transitions in 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The first part contains information on the characteristics of post-colonial political regimes from independence to December 31, 1989. Economic variables include GNP per capita, inflation, structural adjustment programs, overseas development assistance, and external debt, while social indicators concern ethnic & religious fragmentation. Political variables provide a listing of every national election in Africa from independence to 1989, for totals of presidential and parliamentary contests, the number of political parties, association groups, and media outlets in each country in 1975 and 1989, and type of political regime, including the duration of each regime in years and the total number and mode of previous regime transitions up to 1989. The second part covers the political dynamics of regime transitions from 1990-1994. Includes political protests, liberalization reforms, elections, and changes of government in each country. In addition, there is a complete set of standard election results for every multiparty contest in Africa from 1990-1994, along with information on whether observers ruled the vote as free and fair, whether incumbents were ousted, and whether losers accepted the results.
- Polity IV: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800-2011
Contains information on and access to the most recent update of the well-known and highly respected Polity data series, originally designed by Ted Robert Gurr. Polity IV contains coded annual information on regime and authority characteristics for all independent states (with greater than 500,000 total population) in the global state system and covers the years 1800-2011.
- RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents
Records terrorist incidents that occurred since 1968. Free registration is required.
- RAND Voices of Jihad Database
Compilation of speeches, interviews, statements, and publications of jihadist leaders, foot soldiers, and sympathizers. Nearly all content is in English translation, and has been collected from publicly-accessible websites. Original links are provided, along with excerpts and full-text content when available.
- Response to Terrorism by Local Prosecutors in 70 Large Jurisdictions in the United States, 2004
Survey that examined local prosecutors' involvement in homeland security and the ways in which their offices' organizational structure have changed to facilitate their involvement. Surveys were mailed or faxed to the 112 largest jurisdictions in the country. Covers: (1) Background Information on the Jurisdiction, (2) Experience With State Legislation, (3) Organizational Changes, (4) Challenges Facing Local Prosecutors, (5) Methods Used to Overcome Challenges, (6) Coordination With Other Agencies, and (7) Training Needs. The survey questions focused on the legal framework and organizational structure in which local prosecutors operate.
Sample Size: Prosecutorial Jurisdictions in the United States with a population greater than 500,000 in 2004.
- SIPRI's databases (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)
Includes databases including statistics on securty trends, multilateral peace operations, military expenditures, arms transfers, arms embargoes, and arms exports.
- Southern African Subsystem Events Data, 1973-1976
Event/interaction data characterizing over 13,000 events related to affairs in Southern Africa. An event/interaction is defined as an activity undertaken by an international or transnational actor wherein it may be inferred that the actor has undertaken the activity in order to affect the behavior of the target of the event. The actor or target is defined as one of nine core states (Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Rhodesia, Malawi, South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, and Swaziland), 17 liberation movements within those states (e.g., the ANC, MPLA, and FNLA), seven Bantu homelands (Bophutha Tswana, Ciskei, Ganzankulu, Kwazulu, Lebowa, Transkei, and Vhavenda), five peripheral African powers (Zaire, Tanzania, Zambia, Malagasy Republic, and Mauritius), 11 non-African powers "intrusive" in the region (United States, Brazil, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Portugal, West Germany, Soviet Union, China, Japan, and Cuba), and eight international organizations (e.g., NATO, EEC, and OAU). Two versions of the data were created: Part 1, which contains numeric data only, and Part 2, which includes text that briefly describes each event/interaction. Contents of the files include types of action (including both conflictual and cooperative verbal evaluation or perceptions, verbal desire, verbal intent, and physical deeds), issue areas over which the actors interact (coded in five main values categories: security, territory, status, human resources, and nonhuman resources), dyad descriptions, change-continue scale, multilateral-unilateral scale, isolationist-internationalist scale, event source, and year, month, day, and page of source.
- Tajikistan - Survey of Conflict Prevention and Cooperation 2004
The project uses public opinion polling to gather and then analyze a sample that represents the entire population of each of 4 different countries of Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
- Terrorism and Preparedness Data Resource Center
Includes data collected by government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and researchers about the nature of domestic and international terrorism incidents, organizations, perpetrators, and victims; governmental and nongovernmental responses to terror, including primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions; and citizens' attitudes towards terrorism, terror incidents, and the response to terror. It also organizes and streamlines access to extant research and administrative data from across the world that are relevant to the study of terrorism and the response to terrorism for descriptive and scientific analysis by academics and researchers.
- Transnational Social Movement Organization Dataset, 1953-2003
Brings new data to the investigation of relationships between globalization, social movements, and political change. Aims to enhance understanding of the organizational foundations for transnational activism, namely the population of transnational social movement organizations. Contains 301 variables. The variables were either taken directly from the Yearbook of International Organizations, or created from information in the Yearbook.
- UK Data Archive. Conflict, Security, and Peace Data.
Various conflict, security, and peace data sets from the United Kingdom Data Archive. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA. Not all data is available outside the United Kingdom but most is.
- Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP) (1946+)
Includes both internal and external armed conflicts.
- Uzbekistan - Survey of Conflict Prevention and Cooperation 2004
The project uses public opinion polling to gather and then analyze a sample that represents the entire population of each of 4 different countries of Central Asia: Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan.
- Varshney-Wilkinson Dataset on Hindu-Muslim Violence in India, 1950-1995, Version 2
Comprehensive data on all Hindu-Muslim riots reported in the major Indian newspaper of record (The Times of India, Bombay edition), from January 1950 through December 1995. The dataset includes information on location (town, village, state, district, country), casualties, duration, reported causes, official involvement, policing arrangements, and other characteristics.
- What Makes a Terrorist? (data)
Underlying data for Alan Krueger's book "What Makes a Terrorist?".
- World Event/Interaction Survey (WEIS) Project, 1966-1978
Record of the flow of action and response between countries (as well as non-governmental actors, e.g., NATO) reflected in public events reported daily in the New York Times from January 1966 through December 1978. The unit of analysis in the dataset is the event/interaction, referring to words and deeds communicated between nations, such as threats of military force. Each event/interaction is a daily report of an international event. Coded for each event are the actor, target, date, action category, and arena. Also provided are brief textual descriptions for each event.
Sample Size: 98,043 events
- World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series (1961-1993)
Worldwide and regional annual totals of military spending.
- Youth, Emotional Energy, and Political Violence: The Cases of Egypt and Saudi Arabia Survey, 2005
Purpose was to explore and understand the values, the general opinions, and the sociopolitical and cultural attitudes of youths in Egypt & Saudi Arabia. The researchers conducted face-to-face interviews of youths in 6 selected cities, 3 in Egypt and 3 in Saudi Arabia. The researchers explained to the youths what they were studying and followed by asking them a variety of different social issue questions dealing with religion, marriage, political systems, employment, freedom, and economic development. Also gathered demographic data such as age, education, race, religion, and socio-economic status from those interviewed. Contains a total of 224 variables pertaining to the general opinion of youths in regards to a variety of social issues. Also included are demographic variables.
This page last updated: October 21, 2009