Finding Data: Data on Conflicts, Wars, Terrorism - Africa
ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF
- 10 Million International Dyadic Events
News report events related to political retaliation, world news, economic change, and catastrophes from 1990-2004.
10 Million International Dyadic Events (Electronic File)
Principal investigator: Gary King and Will Lowe.
- African Foreign Relations and Internal Conflict Analysis (AFRICA) Project, 1964-1966
Data on 14,669 foreign policy acts of 32 sub-Saharan African nations in the period 1964-1966. Acts are defined as official verbal or physical behavior from an African nation toward any other (including non-African) nation, leader, international organization, or group of states. These are further categorized into conflictual or cooperative acts. For each act, information provided includes actor, date, target, setting, WEIS action category, and type of foreign policy instrument used.
- Arms Transfers to Developing Countries, 1945-1968
Data on the transfer of arms to 52 developing nations. The Arms Transfers data (Part 1) provide information on donor and recipient, date and site of transfer, quantity, system classification (e.g., aircraft, helicopters, missiles, artilleries, small arms, or naval systems), and date production began and ended. The Weapons Systems data (Part 2) contain detailed coded information about each weapons system.
- CASCON Project: Local Conflict Data, 1945-1969
Contains data on local conflicts for 52 nations in the period 1945-1969. Data are provided for approximately 500 factors affecting the course of each conflict, such as the situations, conditions, or relationships that tend to influence a conflict toward or away from violence. The factors are coded into three phases, the dispute, conflict, and hostilities phases. They are also grouped into several categories: previous or general relations between sides, great power involvement, general external relations, military and strategic, internal organizations, ethnic, economic, internal political pressures or situations, characteristics of one side, communication and information, and actions or controls in the disputed areas. For each conflict, the factor is further coded as either having no information available, not present, present but with no influence, with much, some, or little influence toward violence, or with much, some, or little influence away from violence.
- Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism (CPOST). Suicide Attack Database.
Searchable database on all suicide attacks from 1982 through December 2015. Includes information about the location of attacks, the target type, the weapon used, and systematic information on the demographic and general biographical characteristics of suicide attackers.
- Climate Change and African Political Stability
Analyzes how climate change, conflict, governance, and aid intersect to impact African and international security. Includes mapping tools, a climate vulnerability model, and the following datasets: Social Conflict Analysis Database (SCAD) (includes Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean). , Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset (ACLED) , Malawi Geocoded and Climate Aid Dataset, and the Sub-National African Education and Infrastructure Access Data.
- Committee to Protect Journalists
Provides data on journalists killed, imprisoned, exiled, or missing. Also includes attacks on the press.
- Correlates of War (1816+)
Quantitative data useful for studying international relations. Also includes war within political entities.
- Coups d'Etat 1946-2016
Event list includes successful, attempted, plotted, and alleged coup events reported in Keesings Record of World Events (Keesings Online) and other sources; successful coups are cross-referenced to the Polity IV data series to distinguish "adverse regime changes" from "autocratic coups"; also listed in the codebook are cases of leadership change that are not considered coups (e.g., assassinations, ouster by foreign forces, victory by rebel forces).
- Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive
Covers economic, social, and political indicators of nations and empires of the world, including countries and empires that no longer exist. Select data goes back to 1815. Not all indicators are available for all countries or in all years (even years in which the country existed). Often referred to as Bank's Cross National Time Series.
- Data Bank of Assassinations (1948-1967)
Data on 409 assassination events that occurred in 84 countries. Covers plotted, attempted, or actual assassinations of prominent public figures, such as top government officeholders and military figures, leaders of large trade unions or religious movements, and leaders of minority groups. For each event, information is provided on the country, date, and location of occurrence, the issue involved, the identity of the assassin and of the target, such as the type of group to which the assassin belonged and the political and social position of the target, and the outcome of the event.
- Forcibly Displaced Populations, 1964-2008
World Refugee Survey series, annual, cross-national, time-series data: numbers of "source" and "host" refugees and internally displaced persons,
- Foreign Conflict Behavior, 1950-1968
Contains data on over 13,000 foreign conflict acts of 113 nations in the period 1950-1968. Data are provided for actor and object, either of which may refer to nations, colonies, international organizations, or groups in rebellion against national authority and involved in international relations. Data are also provided for official and unofficial acts, which are categorized into violent and nonviolent acts. Violent acts are further categorized into planned and unplanned acts, as well as unclassified acts. These include warning or defensive acts related to a developing conflict situation, threat, war, clash, or negative behavior such as blockade, embargo, or diplomatic rebuff of one nation by another. Nonviolent acts include boycott and anti-foreign demonstrations.
- GDELT Project
GDELT monitors print, broadcast, and web news media in over 100 languages from across every country in the world to keep continually updated on breaking developments anywhere on the planet. Its historical archives stretch back to January 1, 1979 and update daily (soon to be every 15 minutes). Through its ability to leverage the world's collective news media, GDELT moves beyond the focus of the Western media towards a far more global perspective on what's happening and how the world is feeling about it. "The GDELT Project is an initiative to construct a catalog of human societal-scale behavior and beliefs across all countries of the world, connecting every person, organization, location, count, theme, news source, and event across the planet into a single massive network that captures what's happening around the world, what its context is and who's involved, and how the world is feeling about it, every single day."
- Ghanaian Public Opinion on the Middle East Conflict in Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories, 2006
- Ghanaian Public Opinion on the United States' War on Terrorism, Involvement in Afghanistan, and Foreign Policy in the Middle East, 2002
- Global Terrorism Database (1970+)
Open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world. Unlike many other event databases, includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 150,000 cases.
- High Casualty Terrorist Bombings, 1989-2017
Case list of bomb attacks on non-combatant (civilian and political) targets by non-state actors resulting in 15 or more deaths.
- International Crisis Behavior Project (1918-2013)
Consists of 470 crises and 1,036 crisis actors.
- International Military Intervention (1946-2005)
Updates International Military Intervention (IMI), 1946-1988. This newer study documents 447 intervention events from 1989 to 2005. To ensure consistency across the full 1946-2005 time span, the original coding procedures were followed. The data collection thus "documents all cases of military intervention across international boundaries by regular armed forces of independent states" in the international system). "Military interventions are defined operationally in this collection as the movement of regular troops or forces of one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute". As with the original IMI (OIMI) collection, the 1989-2005 dataset includes information on actor and target states, as well as starting and ending dates. It also includes a categorical variable describing the direction of the intervention, i.e., whether it was launched in support of the target government, in opposition to the target government, or against some third party actor within the target state's borders. The intensity of the military intervention is captured in ordinal variables that document the scale of the actor's involvement, "ranging from minor engagement such as evacuation, to patrols, act of intimidation, and actual firing, shelling or bombing". Casualties that are a direct result of the military intervention are coded as well. A novel aspect of IMI is the inclusion of a series of variables designed to ascertain the motivations or issues that prompted the actor to intervene, including to take sides in a domestic dispute in the target state, to affect target state policy, to protect a socio-ethnic or minority group, to attack rebels in sanctuaries in the target state, to protect economic or resource interests, to intervene for strategic purposes, to lend humanitarian aid, to acquire territory or to dispute its ownership, and to protect its own military/diplomatic interests. The variable, civilian casualties, which complements IMI's information on the casualties suffered by actor and target military personnel has been added. OIMI variables on colonial history, previous intervention, alliance partners, alignment of the target, power size of the intervener, and power size of the target have been deleted.
- International terrorism: attributes of terrorist events, 1968-2016: ITERATE
Footnotes are through 2011 (for footnotes through 2015 see "Terrorism, 2008-2012 : a worldwide chronology" and "Terrorism, 2003-2015 : a worldwide chronology" (Trustees Reading Room HV6431 .M4995 2014; HV6431 .M4996 2016).
- Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946-2016
Annual, cross-national, time-series data on interstate, societal, and communal warfare magnitude scores (independence, interstate, ethnic, and civil; violence and warfare); also, scores for neighboring countries and regional context
- Middle East Military Event Data, 1949-1969
Provides detailed documentation of approximately 3,800 events: physical conflict interactions between Israel and each of the bordering Arab nations, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq, in the period 1949-1969. Data are provided for dates, participants, types of event, number of incidents reported, casualties, and the source of information. Data are aggregated to 10-day summaries for each Israel-bordering Arab nation dyad.
- Middle East Political Events Data, 1979-1995
Collection of machine-coded events using the coding scheme employed in Correlates of War to create a continuous time series of data on interstate interaction covering the Levant area (countries bordering on the eastern Mediterranean sea). Produced by a computer program, developed at the University of Kansas, which reads in Reuters News Service reports and parses the first sentence (the lead) into the three main components (subject, verb, and object). The Kansas Events Data System (KEDS) program then recodes these components according to the COW coding scheme. Each yearly dataset contains 4 variables: date, source (subject), target (object), and action (verb). Dictionary files that match the actual person, group, or event to the coded value are provided. In addition, the principal investigator has provided information on linking the datasets for longitudinal analysis.
- Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (1945+)
Tracks 282 politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world -- identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them. Focuses specifically on ethnopolitical groups, non-state communal groups that have "political significance" in the contemporary world because of their status and political actions. Political significance is determined by: (1) The group collectively suffers, or benefits from, systematic discriminatory treatment compared to other groups in a society and (2) The group is the basis for political mobilization and collective action in defense or promotion of its self-defined interests.
- Multi-Choice Policing Resources for Post-Conflict Situations: Rwanda and Liberia, 2006-2007
Examines all forms of policing in post-conflict Rwanda and Liberia, to establish the scale and nature of the various forms of policing and the manner in which they were adapting to the post-conflict environment. (Free registration is required through the UK Data Archive)
- Political Events Project, 1948-1965
Contains data on 6,754 political instability events in 84 selected nations in the period 1948-1965. These data, which permit measurement of political instability and the correlates of internal conflict behavior, are concerned with conflict directed by groups and individuals in the prevailing political system against other groups or persons, and with uncovering the determinants of stability within all national political systems. The variables in the dataset are divided into four basic types: variables that identify events, classify events, describe events, and evaluate events. The study provides a conflict intensity rating for each event. Political instability events are classified from low to high and include institutionally prescribed elections, the fall of cabinets, martial laws, assassinations of significant group leaders, mass arrests, coup d'etats, and civil wars.
- Political Instability Task Force (PITF) State Failure Problem Set 1955-2016
Annual data on cases of ethnic war, revolutionary war, adverse regime change, and genocide/politicide (also, consolidated cases of political instability), includes annual indicators of numbers of rebels, area affected, and numbers of deaths.
- Political Regimes and Regime Transitions in Africa, 1910-1994
Focuses on political regimes and regime transitions in 47 countries in sub-Saharan Africa. The first part contains information on the characteristics of post-colonial political regimes from independence to December 31, 1989. Economic variables include GNP per capita, inflation, structural adjustment programs, overseas development assistance, and external debt, while social indicators concern ethnic & religious fragmentation. Political variables provide a listing of every national election in Africa from independence to 1989, for totals of presidential and parliamentary contests, the number of political parties, association groups, and media outlets in each country in 1975 and 1989, and type of political regime, including the duration of each regime in years and the total number and mode of previous regime transitions up to 1989. The second part covers the political dynamics of regime transitions from 1990-1994. Includes political protests, liberalization reforms, elections, and changes of government in each country. In addition, there is a complete set of standard election results for every multiparty contest in Africa from 1990-1994, along with information on whether observers ruled the vote as free and fair, whether incumbents were ousted, and whether losers accepted the results.
- Polity IV: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800-2016
Contains information on and access to the most recent update of the well-known and highly respected Polity data series, originally designed by Ted Robert Gurr. Polity IV contains coded annual information on regime and authority characteristics for all independent states (with greater than 500,000 total population) in the global state system.
- RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents
Records terrorist incidents that occurred from 1968-2009. Free registration is required.
- Reconciliation: 2011 - 2015 [Sierra Leone]
Civil wars divide nations along social, economic, and political cleavages, often pitting one neighbor against another. To restore social cohesion, many countries undertake truth and reconciliation efforts. Examined the consequences of one such effort in Sierra Leone, designed and implemented by a Sierra Leonean nongovernmental organization called Fambul Tok. As a part of this effort, community-level forums are set up in which victims detail war atrocities, and perpetrators confess to war crimes. Used random assignment to study its impact across 200 villages, drawing on data from 2383 individuals.For a subset of villages, measured outcomes both 9 months and 31 months after the intervention.
- SIPRI's databases (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)
Includes databases including statistics on securty trends, multilateral peace operations, military expenditures, arms transfers, arms embargoes, and arms exports.
- Social Conflict Analysis Database (SCAD)
Includes protests, riots, strikes, inter-communal conflict, government violence against civilians, and other forms of social conflict not systematically tracked in other conflict datasets. SCAD currently includes information on social conflicts from 1990-2014, covering all of Africa and now also Mexico, Central America, and the Caribbean.
- Southern African Subsystem Events Data, 1973-1976
Event/interaction data characterizing over 13,000 events related to affairs in Southern Africa. An event/interaction is defined as an activity undertaken by an international or transnational actor wherein it may be inferred that the actor has undertaken the activity in order to affect the behavior of the target of the event. The actor or target is defined as one of nine core states (Angola, Botswana, Mozambique, Rhodesia, Malawi, South Africa, Namibia, Lesotho, and Swaziland), 17 liberation movements within those states (e.g., the ANC, MPLA, and FNLA), seven Bantu homelands (Bophutha Tswana, Ciskei, Ganzankulu, Kwazulu, Lebowa, Transkei, and Vhavenda), five peripheral African powers (Zaire, Tanzania, Zambia, Malagasy Republic, and Mauritius), 11 non-African powers "intrusive" in the region (United States, Brazil, United Kingdom, Netherlands, France, Portugal, West Germany, Soviet Union, China, Japan, and Cuba), and eight international organizations (e.g., NATO, EEC, and OAU). Two versions of the data were created: Part 1, which contains numeric data only, and Part 2, which includes text that briefly describes each event/interaction. Contents of the files include types of action (including both conflictual and cooperative verbal evaluation or perceptions, verbal desire, verbal intent, and physical deeds), issue areas over which the actors interact (coded in five main values categories: security, territory, status, human resources, and nonhuman resources), dyad descriptions, change-continue scale, multilateral-unilateral scale, isolationist-internationalist scale, event source, and year, month, day, and page of source.
- Terrorism and Preparedness Data Resource Center
Includes data collected by government agencies, non-governmental organizations, and researchers about the nature of domestic and international terrorism incidents, organizations, perpetrators, and victims; governmental and nongovernmental responses to terror, including primary, secondary, and tertiary interventions; and citizens' attitudes towards terrorism, terror incidents, and the response to terror. It also organizes and streamlines access to extant research and administrative data from across the world that are relevant to the study of terrorism and the response to terrorism for descriptive and scientific analysis by academics and researchers.
- Transnational Social Movement Organization Dataset, 1953-2003
Brings new data to the investigation of relationships between globalization, social movements, and political change. Aims to enhance understanding of the organizational foundations for transnational activism, namely the population of transnational social movement organizations. Contains 301 variables. The variables were either taken directly from the Yearbook of International Organizations, or created from information in the Yearbook.
- World Event/Interaction Survey (WEIS) Project, 1966-1978
Record of the flow of action and response between countries (as well as non-governmental actors, e.g., NATO) reflected in public events reported daily in the New York Times from January 1966 through December 1978. The unit of analysis in the dataset is the event/interaction, referring to words and deeds communicated between nations, such as threats of military force. Each event/interaction is a daily report of an international event. Coded for each event are the actor, target, date, action category, and arena. Also provided are brief textual descriptions for each event.
Sample Size: 98,043 events
- World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series (1961-1993)
Worldwide and regional annual totals of military spending.
- Youth, Emotional Energy, and Political Violence: The Cases of Egypt and Saudi Arabia Survey, 2005
Purpose was to explore and understand the values, the general opinions, and the sociopolitical and cultural attitudes of youths in Egypt & Saudi Arabia. The researchers conducted face-to-face interviews of youths in 6 selected cities, 3 in Egypt and 3 in Saudi Arabia. The researchers explained to the youths what they were studying and followed by asking them a variety of different social issue questions dealing with religion, marriage, political systems, employment, freedom, and economic development. Also gathered demographic data such as age, education, race, religion, and socio-economic status from those interviewed. Contains a total of 224 variables pertaining to the general opinion of youths in regards to a variety of social issues. Also included are demographic variables.
This page last updated: October 21, 2009