Finding Data: Data on Italy
ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF
- Adult Literacy and Life Skills Survey, 2003
Large-scale co-operative effort undertaken in 2003 by governments, national statistics agencies, research institutions and multi-lateral agencies. The ALL study builds on the International Adult Literacy Survey (IALS), the world's first internationally comparative survey of adult skills undertaken in 3 rounds of data collection between 1994 and 1998.
The foundation skills measured in the ALL survey include prose literacy, document literacy, numeracy and problem solving. Additional skills assessed indirectly include familiarity with and use of information and communication technologies. This dataset is composed of 7 countries or regions that collected data in 2003. They include Bermuda, Canada, Italy,
Norway, Switzerland, the United States and the Mexican State of Nuevo Leon.
- Annuario Statistico Italiano (1998-2013)
Statistical yearbook for Italy. For 1878-1925, see MICROFILM S00984. For 1927+, see HA1361 .A21 (current edition in DSS). Issues for 1970+ can also be found in Current National Statistical Compendiums -- SSRC Microforms. 2002+ also available on the Web.
- Arms Transfers to Developing Countries, 1945-1968
Data on the transfer of arms to 52 developing nations. The Arms Transfers data (Part 1) provide information on donor and recipient, date and site of transfer, quantity, system classification (e.g., aircraft, helicopters, missiles, artilleries, small arms, or naval systems), and date production began and ended. The Weapons Systems data (Part 2) contain detailed coded information about each weapons system.
- Asia Europe Survey (ASES): A Multinational Comparative Study in 18 Countries, 2001
Purpose was to study, in 18 countries of Asia and Europe, how democracy (or quasi-democracy) functions in response to various domestic and international stimuli, with a focus on the rise of civil society and the deepening of globalization. Covers generally five topics: (1) identity, (2) trust, (3) satisfaction, (4) beliefs and actions, and (5) socio-economic attributes.
Sample Size: Adults aged 18-79 living in Japan, South Korea, China, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Indonesia, Thailand, the Philippines, the United Kingdom, Ireland, France, Germany, Sweden, Italy, Spain, Portugal, and Greece.
- Assessing Happiness and Competitiveness of World Major Metropolises, 2006
Aimed to empirically examine happiness and community/city conditions assessed by residents living in 10 major cities of the world: Beijing, Berlin, London, Milan, New York City, Paris, Seoul, Stockholm, Tokyo, and Toronto. Respondents were asked questions about themselves and their city of residence. Questions focused on a range of topics including the economy, culture and education, welfare, safety, environment, living conditions, city administration, community life, health, and happiness. Demographic questions included city of residence, gender, age, education level, income level, occupation, marital status, and religion.
- Censimento della popolazione (1991, 2001) (Italy)
1% Sample for 1991 and 2% Sample for 2001 of Italian census. Documentation for 1991 is at (DSS) HA1364 1991.A12
- Census and property survey of Florentine domains and the city of Verona in the fifteenth century ltaly
- Census Hub (Eurostat)
Summary statistics for EU member countries from the 2011, 2001, and 1990/1991 round of national censuses. 2011 and 2001 contain national and subnational statistics; 1990/1991 national level only.
- Census of Turin, Italy (1705)
Census enumeration of the city of Turin, Italy, in 1705. A house-by-house survey of all inhabitants was conducted to assess how many men were able to bear arms and how many people there were to feed. All of the inhabitants, including both citizens and immigrants streaming into the city from the surrounding countryside to escape the invaders, were listed by name, along with their ages, family relationships, birthplaces, occupations, dwelling places, and any weapons kept in the household. Fifty cantonieri (ward-captains) were assigned to survey the 122 isole (city blocks). The information for 15 of the isole are absent.
- Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES)
Collaborative program of cross-national research among election studies conducted in over fifty states. The CSES is composed of three tightly linked parts: First, a common module of public opinion survey questions is included in each participant country's post-election study. These "micro" level data include vote choice, candidate and party evaluations, current and retrospective economic evaluations, evaluation of the electoral system itself, in addition to standardized sociodemographic measures. Second, district level data are reported for each respondent, including electoral returns, turnout, and the number of candidates. Finally, system or "macro" level data report aggregate electoral returns, electoral rules and formulas, and regime characteristics.
Covers the United States as well as a number of European democracies, some in Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia.
- Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976
Contains information gathered in 5 annual surveys that assessed the degree of freedom in 218 nations and dependencies. Was carried out under the auspices of Freedom House, New York City. The number of cases with data varies from year to year, due to annexation, amalgamation, or the addition of further territories to the roster. Data includes assessments of the political and civil rights of the general population (using a seven-point scale, i.e., 1, most freedom, to 7, least freedom), an overall freedom rating for the country (using a three-point scale, i.e, free, partly free, and not free), and the direction in which this rating appeared to be moving. Surveys after 1972 have added variables that indicate whether a change in the evaluation since the previous survey was due to internal events in the country or to new information about existing conditions. Before 1973, only the presence or absence of change is noted. Thereafter, an increase in the number of coding categories enables the direction of the change to be recorded. The 1976 data include 4 additional variables applicable to 142 cases and provide information about the system of government and the economy of most of the nations studied.
- Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA)
Repository of detailed results - including votes received by each candidate/party, total votes cast, number of eligible voters, and seat figures where available - at a constituency level for the lower house legislative elections that have been conducted around the world. The
dataset and documentation currently include 1,591 elections from 136 countries. Future releases are being planned that will include more countries & additional elections. Data available in SAS, STATA, SPSS, and raw data formats.
- Correlates of War (1816+)
Quantitative data useful for studying international relations. Also includes war within political entities.
- Cross-National Statistics on the Causes of Death (1966-1974)
Demographic statistics for the populations of 125 countries or areas throughout the world. Units of analysis are both country and data year. Includes statistics on approximately 50 types of causes of death for males, females, and total populations.
- Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive
Covers economic, social, and political indicators of nations and empires of the world, including countries and empires that no longer exist. Select data goes back to 1815. Not all indicators are available for all countries or in all years (even years in which the country existed). Often referred to as Bank's Cross National Time Series.
- Data Bank of Assassinations (1948-1967)
Data on 409 assassination events that occurred in 84 countries. Covers plotted, attempted, or actual assassinations of prominent public figures, such as top government officeholders and military figures, leaders of large trade unions or religious movements, and leaders of minority groups. For each event, information is provided on the country, date, and location of occurrence, the issue involved, the identity of the assassin and of the target, such as the type of group to which the assassin belonged and the political and social position of the target, and the outcome of the event.
- Database: women & men in decision making
Monitors the numbers of men and women in key decision-making positions in order to provide reliable statistics that can be used to monitor the current situation and trends through time. Covers positions of power and influence in politics, public administration, the judiciary, and various other key areas of the economy. Figures are available for decision-makers at European, national and regional level (politics only) and currently cover 34 countries -- the 28 EU Member States, 4 candidate countries (Iceland, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Serbia and Turkey) and the remaining EEA countries (Liechtenstein and Norway).
- Education Statistics (World Bank)
Worldwide data on education from national statistical reports, statistical annexes of new publications, and other data sources. Includes public expenditure data.
- Elections in Western Europe since 1815 : electoral results by constituencies
Data and Documentation that accompanies book of same title. (DR) JN94.A95 C372 2000
- EM-DAT : the International Disaster Database
Essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present.
- Eurobarometer Survey Series. 1970+
Large set of surveys measuring public opinion in the countries of the European Union, on a wide variety of topics. Also see the Mannheim Eurobarometer Trend File.
Eurobarometer Question and Variable Search allows one to find if and when a topic was covered on the Eurobarometer surveys. Also includes a topical guide. Also see GESIS-ZACAT which includes a large number of EuroBarometer surveys and others and allows online analysis as well as access to microdatafiles (free registration is required).
- European Company Survey (ECS)
Large-scale representative survey among establishments in the European Union (EU). Carried out every 4 years. Examines a range of issues, such as working time, work-life balance, and the development of social dialogue in companies. Aims to map working time policies and practices at the level of the establishment in the EU, to survey the views of the different actors at establishment level on these policies and practices, and to provide policy makers with a picture of the main issues and developments in the field. The first company survey in the series was known as the Establishment Survey on Working Time and Work-Life Balance, 2004-2005. The 2nd (2009) and 3rd (2013) surveys are entitled the European Company Survey. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- European Fertility Project
The European Fertility Project had two objectives: (1) to create a quantitative record of the European fertility transition - the decline of 50% or more in the number of children the average woman bears. This profound demographic change, and the social changes associated with it, occurred within the past two centuries in almost all of the several hundred provinces of Europe, and (2) to determine the social and economic circumstances that prevailed when the modern decline in fertility began in the hope of elucidating the causal mechanisms of the fertility transition.
- European Quality of Life Survey (2003+)
Representative, questionnaire-based household survey series. Represents an ambitious attempt to explore quality of life in a wide range of European countries. It is a major source of information, highlighting the challenges the EU faces in the light of recent enlargement. Enables an accurate picture of the social situation in the enlarged EU to be drawn, a picture that includes both objective and subjective elements. At the same time, it should be noted that there are some limitations to the data. While the sample sizes of around 1,000 per country provide a general population profile, they are too small to allow for detailed analysis of sub-groups, such as immigrants or single-parent families. Furthermore, although the wide range of topics covered by the survey is on the one hand a clear advantage, it also means that none of the topics could be treated in great depth. Some of the dimensions are measured with a narrower set of indicators than one would use in highly specialised surveys. However, the strength of the survey is that it provides a synthesis of information on the main aspects of quality of life, both objective and subjective. Residents aged 18 and over in 27 EU countries (as of 2011) as well as Croatia (second and third round), Norway (second round), Iceland, Kosovo, Macedonia, Montenegro, Serbia (all third round) and Turkey (all 3 rounds). To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- European School Survey Project on Alcohol and Other Drugs (ESPAD) (1995+)
Study of adolescent substance use in Europe from a comparative and longitudinal perspective. Collects comparable data on the use of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs among students throughout European countries. Reports are in the form of summary statistics. Conduced every 4 years.
- European Sourcebook of Crime and Criminal Justice Statistics
- European Survey of Enterprises on New and Emerging Risks (2009, 2014)
Asks those 'who know best' about safety and health in establishments about the way safety and health risks are managed at their workplace, with a particular focus on psychosocial risks, i.e. work-related stress, violence and harassment. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights Information Portal
Provides access to relevant information and data in the fields of fundamental rights in context of the European Union and its Member States. At the moment the Infoportal holds a sizeable collection of writing on racism, xenophobia, anti-Semitism and related intolerances.
- European Values Survey
Explores the basic human values underlying European social and political institutions. 4 waves have been conducted (1st: 1981-1983; 2nd: 1989-1993; 3rd: 1999-2001; 4th: 2008-2010).
Participants and waves included:
- All: Belgium, Denmark, France, Germany, Great Britain, Iceland, Ireland, Italy. Malta, Netherlands, Northern Ireland, Spain, Sweden
- 1-2: Canada, USA
- 1, 2, 4: Norway
- 2-4: Austria, Bulgaria, Czechoslovakia-Czech Republic, Estonia, Finland, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovak Republic, Slovenia
- 3-4: Belarus, Croatia, Greece, Luxembourg, Russian Federation, Turkey, Ukraine
- 4th: Albania,Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bosnia-Herzegovinia, Cyprus, Georgia, Kosovo. Moldova, Montenegro, Northern Cyprus, Serbia, Switzerland
- European Working Conditions Survey (EWCS) (1991+)
The aim is to provide an overview of the state of working conditions in the European Union, to identify major issues and changes affecting the workplace and to contribute to a better monitoring of the quality of work and employment in Europe.
To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
Wide variety of economic and social indicators, nationally and regionally, for the European Union and its member states from the Statistical Office of the European Communities. For older data use the Eurostat Statistics CDs.
- Eurostat International Migration and Asylum Database
- Eurostat statistics CD
Only instructions on how to use. Data is on CD and requires using Virtual Machine to emulate older Windows. Firestone Microforms Services (FilmB) COMPUTER FILE 228. Use the 2003 CD for data older than that found on the Eurostat site.
- Explaining Low Fertility in Italy (ELFI)
The ethnographic fieldwork portion of the project, interviews with women of reproductive age, and when available their partners and mothers, was initiated and completed in 2006. For each of 4 Italian cities (Padua, Bologna, Cagliari, and Naples) studied ethnographically by trained anthropologists, both a working-class and a middle-class neighborhood were identified. These 349 interviews have been transcribed without identifiers. All interviews have been coded and assigned 'attributes' (or nominative variables, such as gender, civil/religious status of marriage, etc.).
- Fertility and Family Surveys (FFS)
Conducted in the 1990s in selected Member States of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE). Also includes Canada and New Zealand. Includes tabular data for member nations. For microdata, must apply directly to the program.
- Five Decades of Terrorism in Europe: The Tweed Dataset
Information on events related to internal terrorism in 18 Western European countries from 1950-2004.
- Foreign Conflict Behavior, 1950-1968
Contains data on over 13,000 foreign conflict acts of 113 nations in the period 1950-1968. Data are provided for actor and object, either of which may refer to nations, colonies, international organizations, or groups in rebellion against national authority and involved in international relations. Data are also provided for official and unofficial acts, which are categorized into violent and nonviolent acts. Violent acts are further categorized into planned and unplanned acts, as well as unclassified acts. These include warning or defensive acts related to a developing conflict situation, threat, war, clash, or negative behavior such as blockade, embargo, or diplomatic rebuff of one nation by another. Nonviolent acts include boycott and anti-foreign demonstrations.
- Generations and Gender Surveys
Panel survey of a nationally representative sample of 18-79 year-old resident population in each participating country with at least 3 panel waves and an interval of 3 years between each wave. Includes a separate contextual database that is organized around central topics closely linked to the program. The variables describe variations of context over time and among regions that are believed to have an impact on the behaviors and relations that constitute the key dependent variables of the survey: fertility, partnership, transition to adulthood, economic activity as well as the intergenerational and gender relations between people expressed e.g. in care relations or the organization of paid and unpaid work. The data include statistical norms, legal norms and regulations, measures of welfare state policies and institutions as well as general economic and cultural indicators. Registration is required.
- Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Adult Population Survey Data Set, 1998-2003
Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries.
- Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM): Expert Questionnaire Data, 1999-2003
Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries. Seeks to measure the national attributes considered critical for new firm births and small firm growth.
Sample Size: 4,685 experts from over 38 countries and 3 subnational regions: Hong Kong, Shenzhen (China), and Taiwan.
- Global Financial Inclusion (Global Findex) Database (2011+)
Measures how people around the world - including the poor, women, and rural residents - manage their day-to-day finances and plan for the future. Expected to be conducted every 3 years. First round included 140 countries.
- Global Terrorism Database (1970+)
Open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world. Unlike many other event databases, includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 150,000 cases.
- GlobeScan/BBC World Service Views of Countries' Poll, 2005-2009
Major survey exploring how people in 33 countries view various countries.
- Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) Series (1995-1998, 2001-2002, 2005-2006, 2009-2010)
Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference. ICPSR has data for the USA. Data for other countries are available by request through the Norwegian Social Science Data Archive. The survey involves 43 countries across North America and Europe.
- Human Mortality Database
Detailed mortality and population data. Earliest data for some countries is 1751. Free registration is required.
- ICTWSS: Database on Institutional Characteristics of Trade Unions, Wage Setting, State Intervention and Social Pacts in 34 countries between 1960 and 2012
Covers 4 key elements of modern political economies in advanced capitalist societies: trade unionism, wage setting, state intervention and social pacts. Contains annual data for Australia; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Canada; Cyprus; the Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Germany; Greece; Finland; France; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; the Netherlands; New Zealand; Malta; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Spain; Slovenia; Slovakia; Sweden; Switzerland; the United Kingdom; the United States.
- Institutional Influences on Turnout in Mixed Member Electoral Systems 1990-2010
What institutional factors influence turnout among mixed member electoral systems? This dataset includes institutional factors within mixed systems as well as co-existing electoral structures for mixed legislative elections from 1990-2010 labeled "Free" or "Partially Free" by Freedom House. In addition, this dataset includes 2 separate measures of turnout: registered and voting age population. Includes: Albania, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Bolivia, Bulgaria, Croatia, Georgia, Germany, Hungary, Italy, Japan, Lesotho, Lithuania, Macedonia, Mexico,
Nepal, New Zealand, Philippines, Russia, Seychelles, South Korea, Taiwan, Thailand, Ukraine, and Venezuela.
- International Adult Literacy Survey 1994-1998, 2012 (IALS)
7-country initiative first conducted in the fall of 1994. Its goal: to create comparable literacy profiles across national, linguistic and cultural boundaries. Also offers the world's only
source of comparative data on participation in adult education and training. Since then, a 2nd and a 3rd round of data collection were conducted in an additional 16 countries in 1996 and in 1998. In total, includes literacy data pertaining to 23 countries or regions around the world. For 2012 data is available for Canada only. Also known as the Programme for the International Assessment of Adult Competencies - PIAAC.
- International Crime Victimization Survey (ICVS) Series
Most far-reaching program of standardized sample surveys to look at a householders' experience with crime, policing, crime prevention, and feelings of insecurity in a large number of nations. It also allows for analysis of how risks of crime vary among different groups of populations across social and demographic lines. Also see the International Crime Victimizations Survey (1989-2005) and the ICVS site which also includes the latest round.
- Wave 1 - 1989 - 14 countries
- Wave 2 - 1992 - 12 countries
- Wave 3 - 1996/1997 - 13 countries
- Wave 4 - 2000/2001 - 16 countries
- Wave 5 - 2004/2005 - 30 countries
Sample Size: Generally, 1,000 - 2,000 households from each participating country.
- International Migration Flows to and from Selected Countries
Time series data on the flows of international migrants in select countries. Earliest data is 1970. Users should be aware of the problems of comparability underlying existing statistics. DSS has stored the 2005, 2008, and 2015 revisions. For the 2011, 2012, and 2013 revision see the UN site.
- International Religious Freedom Data (2001, 2003, 2005, 2008)
Contains aggregate measures from U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Reports. This coding produced data on 196 different countries and territories but excluded the United States. Also includes 3 indexes calculated from these data: Government Regulation of Religion index, Social Regulation of Religion index, Government Favoritism of Religion index. Part of the Association of Religion Data Archives. 2008 is found separately.
- International Social Survey Program (ISSP) (1985+)
For the latest see the site's web page. A listing of modules performed through 2016 as well as plans for 2017 2018 is available (including questionnaires for
not-yet-released years). Ongoing program of crossnational collaboration. Develops topical modules dealing with important areas of social science as supplements to regular national surveys. Every survey includes questions about general attitudes toward various social issues such as the legal system, sex, and the economy. Special topics have included the environment, the role of government, social inequality, social support, family and gender issues, work orientation, the impact of religious background, behavior, and beliefs on social and political preferences, and national identity. Participating countries vary for each topical module. Registration is required. 1998-2007 is also available in an easy to use comparative program.
- IntUne Mass Survey Wave 1, 2007
Integrated project on the theme of European citizenship financed by the European Union. In 2007, the 1st wave of the mass survey was conducted in 16 European Union Member States and 2 non-European Union Member States. European Union Member States included Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia Republic, Slovenia, Spain, and the United Kingdom; non-European Union Member States included Serbia and Turkey. IntUne aims to study changes in the scope, nature, and characteristics of citizenship that result from the process of the deepening and enlargement of the European Union. IntUne focuses on how integration and disintegration processes, at both the national and European level, affect three major dimensions of citizenship: identity, representation, and scope of good governance. Respondents were polled on their level of interest and involvement in politics, their assessment of the general economic situation in their country, and whether they are satisfied with the democratic processes in their country. Survey participants were also asked to rate their degree of trust in government at the regional, national and European Union level. Opinions were gathered concerning the advantages of European Union membership, whether citizens currently living in the European Union would benefit from the accession of Serbia and Turkey, and whether Serbia and Turkey would benefit from becoming European Union Member States. Demographic information includes age, sex, country of birth, education level, employment status, marital status, socioeconomic status, religious affiliation and political party affiliation.
- IntUne Mass Survey Wave 2, 2009
Integrated project on the theme of European citizenship financed by the European Union. Conducted in 2009 in 16 European Union Member States; Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, Denmark, Estonia, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Italy, Poland, Portugal, Slovakia Republic, Slovenia, Spain, and the United Kingdom, as well as 1 non-European Union Member State, Serbia. It aims at studying the changes in the scope, nature, and characteristics of citizenship that result from the process of the deepening and enlargement of the European Union. This survey focuses on how integration and disintegration processes, at both the national and European level, affect three major dimensions of citizenship: identity, representation, and scope of good governance. Respondents were polled on their interest in politics, their opinion of the general economic situation, and how satisfied they are with the way democracy works in their respective countries. Societal questions addressed whether or not respondents believe most people can be trusted, and how much influence one person has on politics. Opinions were gathered concerning the benefits of being a member of the European Union, the addition of Serbia to the European Union, and whether or not Serbia would benefit from European Union membership. Demographic variables include age, sex, education, current employment status, marital status, and religious affiliation.
- IPUMS-International Census Data
Project dedicated to collecting and distributing census data from around the world. Samples are currently available for Argentina (1970, 1980, 1991, 2001, 2010), Armenia (2001, 2011), Austria (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Bangladesh (1991, 2001, 2011), Belarus (1999), Bolivia (1976, 1992, 2001), Brazil (1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010), Burkina Faso (1985, 1996, 2006), Cambodia (1998, 2008), Cameroon (1976, 1987, 2005), Canada (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001), Chile (1960, 1970, 1982, 1992, 2002), China (1982, 1990), Colombia (1964, 1973, 1985, 1993, 2005), Costa Rica (1963, 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011), Cuba (2002), Dominican Republic (1960, 1970, 1981, 2002, 2010), Ecuador (1962, 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001, 2010), Egypt (1996, 2006), El Salvador (1992, 2007), Ethiopia [1984, 1994, 2007],
Fiji (1966, 1976, 1986, 1996, 2007), France (1962, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2011), West Germany (1970, 1987), East Germany (1971, 1981) Ghana (1984, 2000, 2010), Greece (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001), Guinea (1983, 1996), Haiti (1971, 1982, 2003), Hungary (1970, 1980, 1990, 2001, India (1983, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2004 -- all employment surveys), Indonesia (1971, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), Iran (2006), Iraq (1997), Ireland (1971, 1979, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2002, 2006, 2011), Israel (1972, 1983, 1995), Italy (2001), Jamaica (1982, 1991, 2001), Jordan (2004), Kenya (1969, 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009), Kyrgyz Republic (1999, 2009), Liberia (1974, 2008), Malawi (1987, 1998, 2008), Malaysia (1970, 1980, 1991, 2000), Mali (1987, 1998, 2009), Mexico (1960, 1970, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010), (Mongolia 1989, 2000), Morocco (1982, 1994, 2004), Mozambique [1997, 2007], Nepal (2001), Netherlands (1960, 1971, 2001), Nicaragua (1971, 1995, 2005), Nigeria (2006-2010), Pakistan (1973, 1981, 1998), Palestine (1997, 2007), Panama (1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010), Paraguay [1962, 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002], Peru (1993, 2007), Philippines (1990, 1995, 2000), Portugal (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Puerto Rico (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), Romania (1977, 1992, 2002), Rwanda (1991, 2002), Saint Lucia (1980, 1991), Senegal (1988, 2002), Sierra Leone (2004), Slovenia (2002), South Africa (1996, 2001, 2007, 2011), Spain (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), South Sudan (2008), Sudan (2008), Switzerland (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000), Tanzania (1988, 2002), Thailand (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000), Turkey (1985, 1990, 2000), Uganda (1991, 2001), Ukraine (2001), United Kingdom (1991, 2001), United States (1850+), Uruguay (1963, 1975, 1985, 1996, 2006, 2011), Venezuela (1971, 1981, 1990, 2001), Vietnam (1989, 1999, 2009), Zambia (1990, 2000, 2010). Registration is required.
- Italian Prejudice Survey 1994
The 1994 Survey on Regional and Ethnic Prejudice in Italy was designed to assess the attitudes of Italians toward recent immigrants from Africa and Eastern Europe, and to measure the current state of relations between Northern and Southern Italians. It also included many items on politics and society. The target population for the survey was defined as all Italian adults aged 18-69, residing in households with telephones. The percentage of households in Italy that have a telephone was estimated to be about 90 percent at that time. (N=2001)
- Italian Regional Public Accounts
Measures public financial flows at the regional level providing information on central and local government revenues and expenditures by sector in Italy.
- Law, Finance and Development Indices, 1970-2005
Examined the links between legal systems and economic development, focusing on the relationship between law and finance. New datasets were created, charting legal change over time in the areas of shareholder protection, creditor protection and labour regulation. Indices with up to 60 indicators were used to code for the law of five significant countries (France, Germany, India, the United Kingdom and the United States of America) for 36 years (1970-2005), and reduced-form indices of 10-12 indicators to code for a wider sample (25 countries) for the period 1995-2005. Main topics covered include: law and finance, corporate governance, economic development, legal origin, comparative law, varieties of capitalism, shareholder protection, creditor protection, labour regulation, stock market development and labour market flexibility. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Lijphart Elections Archive
Static research collection of district level election results for approximately 350 national legislative elections in 26 countries that was maintained through 2003.
- Luxembourg Income Studies (LIS)
Household income surveys involving 43 countries. Also available are the Luxembourg Employment Study, a database containing data on labor force characteristics for 16 countries (ceased in 2000 and incorporated into LIS), and the Luxembourg Wealth Study, a database containing data on household wealth in 12 countries. Users must register to gain access, but registration is free for academic use. For variables in the LIS and LWS over time see their web sites.
- Manifesto Project Database
Deals with different aspects of political party performance as well as the structure and development of party systems. Based on quantitative content analyses of parties' election programs from more than 50 countries covering all free, democratic elections since 1945.
- Manpower Employment Outlook Survey (1st Quarter 2007+)
Indicator of hiring activity for the next quarter. The forecast includes responses from over 65,000 employers in 42 countries and covers the world's major labor markets.
- Measurement of Cross-cutting Cleavages and Other Multidimensional Cleavage Structures
Contains 69 new indices for race, ethnicity, language, religion, income, and geography.
- MORI/GMF Poll: 2002 European World Views Survey
This study of 6 European countries is the European counterpart to the Chicago Council on Foreign Relations American Public Opinion and US Foreign Policy, 2002 survey. Includes the US role in the world, looking at foreign policy goals, economic aid, spending, vital interests, the use of US troops, attitudes toward specific countries, NATO, foreign aid, trade, economic sanctions, globalization, and terrorism.
- Occupational Wages around the World (OWW) Database
Contains occupational wage data for 161 occupations in 171 countries from 1983 to 2008.
- Offshoring and Outsourcing Innovation? The New Challenge for Multinationals, 2007-2010
Western multinationals are now increasingly locating their research and development (R&D) activities in the emerging economies of China and India. This offshoring of innovation raises the following questions for policy makers and multinational firms: 1) What is the extent and nature of outsourcing and offshoring innovation, especially to emerging economies like India and China? 2) What are the main drivers of the globalisation of innovation? Answering these questions involved collecting secondary data on the R&D locations of the world's largest multinationals. The sample covers a wide range of industries, including pharmaceuticals, chemicals, electronics, engineering, and equipment manufacturing. Data were collected in 4 steps. First, an in-depth search of corporate and subsidiary websites across individual countries was used to objectively identify the location and number of R&D facilities across nations. Second, these data were cross-checked and complemented with searches of the Factiva and Corporate Affiliations databases. Factiva provides news reports from global media, and includes reports of R&D activities. Corporate Affiliations is a repository of information of corporations' affiliates, subsidiaries, and divisions worldwide. Third, a subset of these data were further cross-checked by matching the locations of R&D centres with the addresses of inventors of patents assigned in the last 3 years to these firms; the Delphion database and the US Patent and Trade Office website were used for these searches. Fourth, managers of individual firms were contacted to clarify contradictions. Includes Fortune 500 companies listed in 2008 (excluding financial services firms) in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, UK & USA.These data are under embargo at the request of the depositor until 1 January 2012. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Oral History of Cultural Consumption in Italy, 1936-1954
Qualitative data collection, comprising 120 oral history interviews conducted in various parts of Italy during 1991-1992 as part of the ESRC-funded project "Cultural industries, governments and the public in Italy, 1938-1954". Overall aims were to examine relations between cultural production, consumption and political power in 1938-54, collect a substantial body of new information about mass culture and Italian society in those years and use oral history to elicit evidence about cultural consumption. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Party Variation in Religiosity and Women's Leadership: A Cross-National Perspective, 2008-2010
Compiled with the goal of looking beyond the national domestic level into individual party-level explanations for women's political leadership. Consists of 2 parts which analyze the party level for women's ascendancy to political leadership. Part 1 focuses on an aggregate of 25 non-randomly selected countries, Part 2 focuses on Lebanon. The study records the level of religiosity of political parties, where it refers to religious components in the party's political platforms or the extent to which religion penetrates a party's political agendas. Both datasets examine party variation in religiosity, party structure, respondents' station within a parties' decision-making inner structures, and other party-level characteristics that may impact women's leadership in various political parties. Additional variables include identifiers for Muslim, Arab, and European states, level of secularism, election design, party design, and age of party.
- Pew Global Attitudes Project
Worldwide public opinion surveys that encompasses a broad array of subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. Topics have included views of Asian nations of each other, Muslims in Europe, images of the United States, the Iraq War, and foreign policy. Surveys include different nations and topics by year.
- Political Events Project, 1948-1965
Contains data on 6,754 political instability events in 84 selected nations in the period 1948-1965. These data, which permit measurement of political instability and the correlates of internal conflict behavior, are concerned with conflict directed by groups and individuals in the prevailing political system against other groups or persons, and with uncovering the determinants of stability within all national political systems. The variables in the dataset are divided into four basic types: variables that identify events, classify events, describe events, and evaluate events. The study provides a conflict intensity rating for each event. Political instability events are classified from low to high and include institutionally prescribed elections, the fall of cabinets, martial laws, assassinations of significant group leaders, mass arrests, coup d'etats, and civil wars.
- Polling the Nations
Compilation of public opinion surveys conducted in the United States and more than 100 other countries. Each record includes the question asked and the responses given, the polling organization responsible for the work, the date the information was released, the sample size, and the groups or areas included in the interview.
- Population Exposure Estimates in Proximity to Nuclear Power Plants, Locations
Provides a global data set of point locations and attributes describing nuclear power plants and reactors.
- Prime Ministerial Power in 22 Countries, 1980-2000
Offers a measure of prime ministerial power to set government policy in 22 countries with established parliamentary democracies. Comprises variables relating to the power of prime ministers including an index of prime ministerial power, which consists of a quantitative score of the power of individually named prime ministers in their different terms based on an expert survey conducted in 2001-2003. The expert survey included questions in regard to the prime minister's degree of freedom in selecting cabinet ministers, moving or removing the cabinet ministers, and calling an election when desired. In addition, respondents were queried about the prime minister's ability to influence the cabinet agenda and the policy output of the current government, and the degree of government control over the parliament agenda. Additional variables in the data examined the political and institutional resources available to the prime ministers, of which the following topics were explored: the composition of the cabinet and prime minister's party, rate of government survival, strength of prime minister's party in the parliament, impact of the opposition party on policy, score of leadership influence, policy diversity in government, and government's ideological complexion.
- Roll Call Votes in the European Parliament (1979-2009)
Record of how each member of the European Parliament voted.
- SHARE - Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe
Multidisciplinary and cross-national panel database of micro data on health, socio-economic status and social and family networks of more than 45,000 individuals aged 50 or over.
- Statistical Abstracts of the World (ProQuest)
For a select list of countries, contains recent yearbooks. Tables are available in Excel format and have been converted to English.
- Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC)
Assesses the proficiency of adults from age 16 onwards in literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology rich environments. The data collection took place from August 1, 2011 to March, 31 2012 in most participating countries. Around 166 000 adults, representing 724 million adults aged 16 to 65, were surveyed in 24 countries and sub-national regions in the official language/s of the countries.
- Survey on Household Income and Wealth (Bank of Italy) (1977+)
- Survey on Regional and Ethnic Prejudice in Italy (1994)
Designed to assess the attitudes of Italians toward recent immigrants from Africa and Eastern Europe, and to measure the current state of relations between Northern and Southern Italians. It also included many items on politics and society. The survey was a nationwide telephone survey. The target population for the survey was defined as all Italian adults aged 18-69, residing in households with telephones.
- Surveys of Members of the European Parliament, 2000 and 2006
The most significant change in the institutional structure of European governance over the past 2 decades has been the increased power of the European Parliament (EP). Given the Parliament's growing influence and the dramatic EU enlargement in 2004, it has become increasingly important to monitor the attitudes and behavior of Members of the European Parliament (MEPs) from different member states. The European Parliament Research Group (EPRG) conducted two surveys of MEPs in 2000 and 2006. The 2000 survey was conducted in October-December 2000 and surveyed MEPs of the 5th European Parliament (1999-2004). The 2006 survey was conducted in March-June 2006 and surveyed MEPs of the 6th European Parliament (2004-09). Includes the following categories of questions: personal details (member state, date first elected to EP, previous political experience), electoral systems and candidate selection, campaigning aims and activities
attitudes/behavior relating to representation, behavior in committees and voting in the Parliament, general political attitudes, attitudes towards specific EU policies, and attitudes towards EU institutional reform. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Third International Mathematics and Science Study: International Curriculum Analysis, 1992-1995 (TIMSS)
Provided curricular and textbook information from each country participating. Comparative study of education in mathematics and the sciences conducted in over 40 countries on 5 continents. The goal was to measure student achievement in mathematics and science in participating countries and to assess some of the curricular and classroom factors that are related to student learning in these subjects.
- Trade unions in Western Europe since 1945
Click on index.htm to get started. Supplement to the handbook in (DSS). HD6659 .E335 2000. Provides data & documentation on the developoment of trade unions in major West European countries and at the European Level. 3 main aspects are covered: organizational history, membership and density. Tabular data are provided in MS-EXCEL. In addition, much more comprehensive databases are available in MS-ACCESS. For updates, see Trade Union Member and Union Density in OECD Countries.
- Transatlantic Trends Survey Series (2003+)
Aim is to identify the attitudes of the public in the United States and in 12 European countries towards foreign policy issues and transatlantic issues. Each year, participants have been asked their views on each other and on global threats, foreign policy objectives, world leadership, and multilateral institutions. This study is a follow-on to Worldviews 2002: American and European Public Opinion on Foreign Policy. Periodically asks about views on immigration.
- Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) (1995+)
Provides reliable and timely data on the mathematics and science achievement of U.S. 4th- and 8th-grade students compared to that of students in other countries. Collected in 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, and 2011. Next round of collection will be in 2015. Also see the NCES Bibliography for literature that has used this data.
- Union Centralization among Advanced Industrial Societies: An Empirical Study
Data Repository for the Golden-Wallerstein-Lange Project on Unions, Employers, Collective Bargaining and Industrial Relations for 16 OECD Countries, 1950-2000.
- Voice of the People Series (2005+)
Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference.
- WHIP - Work Histories Italian Panel
- WHO Mortality Database
World Health Organization compilation of mortality data by age, sex and cause of death, as reported annually by member states from their civil registration systems.
- Women in Development Series (1979-1980, 1983)
Series of studies on women in development in 1970 with data drawn primarily from national censuses, surveys, statistical abstracts, and international statistical compendia. References are also made in some cases to evaluative studies conducted by individual researchers, research teams, and the staff of the International Demographic Data Center of the Bureau. These data constitute the most recently available information at the time of collection. The aim of this data series was to provide a reliable, up-to-date, accessible database on women in development which can illuminate the discrepancies in the roles and status of women against those of men throughout the world in order to serve as a basis for the promotion of both intranational and international parity between the sexes. The studies that comprise the Women in Development series consist of national-level data concerning female/male differentials over a range of demographic and socio-economic variables. Wherever possible, the data are broken down by age and urban/rural residence to facilitate further analysis. The series is cumulative and the data are presented in basic tabular format. Initially, the data tables were compiled for 69 developing nations from Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the Near East that were recipients of the United States Agency for International Development aid. The first collection, Women in Development, 1979-1980 (ICPSR 8053), included all the aid-recipient nations regardless of population size. Subsequently, data were compiled for all remaining nations of the world with a population of five million or more, and statistics for the original nations were updated to reflect more recent information. The second collection in the series, Women in Development IV, 1983 (ICPSR 8155), covered approximately 120 nations from Asia, the Pacific, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Near East, North America, Europe, and the Soviet Union.
- Women in National Parliaments (1997+)
World and regional averages of the percentage of women in national parliaments.
- Women in Parliament, 1945-2003: Cross-National Dataset
Information on women's inclusion in parliamentary bodies in over 150 countries from 1945 to 2003. Allows for extensive, large-scale, cross-national investigation of the factors that explain women's attainment of political power over time and provides educators with comprehensive international and historical information on women in a variety of political positions. Information is provided on female suffrage, the first female member of parliament, yearly percentages of women in parliaments, when women reached important representational milestones, such as 10 %, 20 %, and 30 % of a legislature, and when women achieved highly-visible political positions, such as prime minister, president, or head of parliament.
- Women's Movements and Women's Policy Offices in Western Postindustrial Democracies, 1970-2001
Contains 130 policy debates/observations from 13 countries coded on 28 concepts and over 110 variables. Provides information on women's movements, women's policy offices, policy making processes, and policy debates.
- World Bank Microdata Library
Portal for all surveys and datasets held in catalogs maintained by the World Bank and a number of contributing external catalogs.
- World Contraceptive Use (2010)
Includes trends on contraceptive prevalence and unmet needs for family planning. 2012 is found on the UN Site.
- World Database of Happiness: States of Nations
Includes summary information from social surveys indicating levels of happiness in about 95 countries around the world, along with data on possible causal factors. Includes state level measures for the USA.
- World Development Indicators
Development indicators from the World Bank. Covers population, education, health, aid, poverty and environmental indicators for 208 countries.
- World Fertility Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
Presents data on age-specific fertility rates, total fertility and mean age at childbearing for 201 countries or areas of the world. Covers the time period from 1950 to the present. Data for the time period before 1950 have been included as well, if readily available, but no systematic attempt was made to collect data prior to 1950 for all countries. 2015 is also found on the UN site.
- World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. Data.
Collection of databases for Europe and Israel containing indicators on health, mortality, hospital morbidity, infectious diseases, alcohol control, nutrition policy, prison health, and tobacco control.
- World Health Survey (WHS) (2002-2004)
Monitors critical health outcomes and health systems through the fielding of a valid, reliable, and comparable household survey instrument. The WHS was implemented between 2002 and 2004 in countries selected to represent all regions of the world. Study samples were nationally representative and probabilistically selected. Sampling weights were generated and adjusted for the population distribution with final post-stratification corrections for non-response. The total sample size, using nationally representative samples, includes over 300,000 individuals aged 18+ years. For China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa, WHS also serves as SAGE Wave 0. Household data includes a household roster, health insurance coverage, health expenditures, and indicators of permanent income or wealth. Individual level data include sociodemographic information, health state descriptions, health state valuation, risk factors, chronic conditions, mortality, health care utilization, health systems responsiveness and social capital. Registration is required. Each nation was surveyed once during this period. ICPSR has Waves 0 and 1 only. Countries covered: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain. Bangladesh, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil,
Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo Republic, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic,
Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyz Republic. Lao PDR, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg,
Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia,
Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines,
Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Singapore, Slovak Republic,
Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland,
Syria, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates,
United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.
- World Income Inequality Database
The UNU/WIDER World Income Inequality Database (WIID) collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries.
- World Marriage Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
Provides comparable data on the marital status of the population by age and sex for 231 countries or areas of the world. Contains data on marital status of men and women, currently married men and women, ever married men and women and singulate mean age at marriage (SMAM). Data are presented from around 1970 to the most recent data available. 2015 is also found on the UN site.
- World Mortality Report (2011)
Includes death rates, infant mortality, under age 5 mortality, life expectancy, and probability of dying between ages 15 and 60. Some data goes back to 1950 with projections to 2015.
- World Population Prospects
Comprehensive set of demographic indicators for 1950-2100. Includes measures of fertility, life expectancy, migration, and measures of the impact of HIV/AIDS. Older versions are on the DSS server.
- World Public Opinion.org
Program on International Policy Attitudes site providing public opinion from around the world.
- World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database (2015 ed.)
Contains time series data for 1960, 1965, 1970 and annually from 1975-2014 for around 180 different telecommunication and ICT statistics covering the telecommunication network and ICT uptake, mobile services, quality of service, traffic, staff, tariffs, revenue and investment. Data for over 200 economies are available. For select series more recent data may be available on the ITU website. Also see ITU Historical Statistics with select data from 1849-1967.
- World Top Incomes Database
Provides distribution of top incomes for many nations.
- World Values Survey (WVS)
Designed to enable a crossnational comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe. A variety of questions on religion and morality were included. Coverage includes: Albania - 1998, 2002; Algeria - 2002, 2014; Andorra - 2005;
Argentina - 1991, 1995, 1999, 2006, 2013; Armenia - 1997, 2011; Australia - 1995, 2005, 2012; Austria - 1990, 1999; Azerbaijan - 1997, 2011-2012; Bahrain (2014); Bangladesh - 1996, 2002; Belarus - 1996, 2000, 2011; Belgium - 1981, 1990, 1999; Bosnia and Herzegovinia - 1998, 2001; Brazil - 1990, 1997, 2006, 2014; Bulgaria - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2006; Burkina Faso - 2007; Canada - 1982, 1990, 2000, 2006; Chile - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2006; China - 1990, 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Colombia - 1998, 2005, 2012; Croatia - 1996, 1999; Cyprus - 2006, 2011; Czech Republic - 1991, 1998, 1999; Denmark - 1981, 1990, 1999; Dominican Republic - 1998; Ecuador - 2013; Egypt - 2000, 2008, 2012; El Salvador - 1999; Estonia - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2011; Ethiopia - 2007; Finland - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2005; France - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006; Georgia - 1996, 2008, 2014; Germany - 2006, 2013; Germany East - 1990, 1997; Germany West - 1981, 1990, 1997; Ghana - 2007, 2011; Great Britain - 1981, 1990, 1998, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Greece - 1999; Hong Kong - 2005, 2013; Hungary - 1991, 1998, 1999; Iceland - 1984, 1990, 1999; India - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2014; Indonesia - 2001, 2006; Iran - 2003, 2005; Iraq - 2006, 2013; Ireland - 1981, 1990, 1999; Israel - 2001; Italy - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2005; Japan - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010; Jordan - 2007, 2014; Kazakhstan - 2011; Kuwait - 2013; Kyrgyzstan - 2003, 2011; Lativa - 1990, 1996, 1999; Lebanon - 2013; Libya - 2013; Lithuania - 1990, 1997, 1999; Luxembourg - 1999; Macedonia - 1998, 2001; Malaysia - 2006, 2011; Mali - 2007; Malta - 1983, 1991, 1999; Mexico - 1995, 1996, 2000, 2005, 2012; Moldova - 1996, 2006; Montenegro - 1996, 2001; Morocco - 2001, 2007, 2011; Netherlands - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2012; New Zealand - 1998, 2004, 2011; Nigeria - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2011; Northern Ireland - 1981, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Norway - 1990, 1996, 2007; Pakistan - 1997, 2001, 2012; Palestine - 2013; Peru - 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Philippines - 1996, 2001, 2012; Poland - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2012; Portugal - 1990, 1999; Puerto Rico - 1995, 2001; Qatar- 2010; Romania - 1993, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2012; Russia - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Rwanda - 2007, 2012; Saudi Arabia - 2003; Serbia - 1996, 2001, 2006;
Singapore - 2002, 2012; Slovakia - 1991, 1998, 1999; Slovenia - 1992, 1995, 1999, 2005, 2011; South Africa - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2013; South Korea - 1980, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2010; Spain - 1981, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2011; Sweden - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Switzerland - 1989, 1996, 2007; Taiwan - 1995, 2006, 2012; Tanzania - 2001; Thailand - 2007, 2013; Trinidad and Tobago - 2006, 2010; Turkey - 1990, 1997, 2001, 2007, 2011; Uganda - 2001; Ukraine - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; United Kingdom - 2006 (also see Great Britain and Northern Ireland); United States - 1982, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2006, 2011; Uruguay - 1996, 2006, 2011; Uzbekistan - 2011; Venezuela - 1996, 2000; Vietnam - 2001, 2006; Yemen - 2013; Zambia - 2007; and Zimbabwe - 2001, 2011.
This page last updated: October 21, 2009