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Finding Data: Data on Israel

ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF PRINCETON UNIVERSITY.

  • "Census Microdata Holdings"
    Table listing microdata from international censuses either available at Princeton University or publicly accesible. Note that many are restricted and require permission from the national government to use.

  • Arms Transfers to Developing Countries, 1945-1968
    Data on the transfer of arms to 52 developing nations. The Arms Transfers data (Part 1) provide information on donor and recipient, date and site of transfer, quantity, system classification (e.g., aircraft, helicopters, missiles, artilleries, small arms, or naval systems), and date production began and ended. The Weapons Systems data (Part 2) contain detailed coded information about each weapons system.

  • Chicago Project on Security and Terrorism (CPOST). Suicide Attack Database.
    Searchable database on all suicide attacks from 1982 through December 2015. Includes information about the location of attacks, the target type, the weapon used, and systematic information on the demographic and general biographical characteristics of suicide attackers.

  • Committee to Protect Journalists
    Provides data on journalists killed, imprisoned, exiled, or missing. Also includes attacks on the press.

  • Comparative Dataset of Legal Systems (2008 Data)
    Includes 37 quantifying variables referring to legal systems of 47 European countries; Mediterranean countries; and all U.S. states. These variables include case loads in the legal system, numbers of judges, lawyers and cases (standardized per 100,000 inhabitants), length of proceedings, and more. For details regarding data sources and variable definitions, please refer to the ancillary document "Definitions for the Comparative Dataset of Legal Systems".

  • Comparative Study of Electoral Systems (CSES)
    Collaborative program of cross-national research among election studies conducted in over fifty states. The CSES is composed of three tightly linked parts: First, a common module of public opinion survey questions is included in each participant country's post-election study. These "micro" level data include vote choice, candidate and party evaluations, current and retrospective economic evaluations, evaluation of the electoral system itself, in addition to standardized sociodemographic measures. Second, district level data are reported for each respondent, including electoral returns, turnout, and the number of candidates. Finally, system or "macro" level data report aggregate electoral returns, electoral rules and formulas, and regime characteristics.

    Covers the United States as well as a number of European democracies, some in Latin America and the Caribbean, and Asia.

  • Comparative Survey of Freedom, 1972-1976
    Contains information gathered in 5 annual surveys that assessed the degree of freedom in 218 nations and dependencies. Was carried out under the auspices of Freedom House, New York City. The number of cases with data varies from year to year, due to annexation, amalgamation, or the addition of further territories to the roster. Data includes assessments of the political and civil rights of the general population (using a seven-point scale, i.e., 1, most freedom, to 7, least freedom), an overall freedom rating for the country (using a three-point scale, i.e, free, partly free, and not free), and the direction in which this rating appeared to be moving. Surveys after 1972 have added variables that indicate whether a change in the evaluation since the previous survey was due to internal events in the country or to new information about existing conditions. Before 1973, only the presence or absence of change is noted. Thereafter, an increase in the number of coding categories enables the direction of the change to be recorded. The 1976 data include 4 additional variables applicable to 142 cases and provide information about the system of government and the economy of most of the nations studied.

  • Constituency-Level Elections Archive (CLEA)
    Repository of detailed results - including votes received by each candidate/party, total votes cast, number of eligible voters, and seat figures where available - at a constituency level for the lower house legislative elections that have been conducted around the world. The dataset and documentation currently include 1,720 elections from 142 countries. Future releases are being planned that will include more countries & additional elections. Data available in SAS, STATA, SPSS, and raw data formats.

  • Correlates of War (1816+)
    Quantitative data useful for studying international relations. Also includes war within political entities.

  • Country Memberships in Selected Intergovernmental Organizations and Accession to Selected Regional and Global Treaty Regimes: Global, Country-Year Format, 1955-2010
    Listing of organizational memberships by country and year.

  • Coups d'Etat 1946-2016
    Event list includes successful, attempted, plotted, and alleged coup events reported in Keesings Record of World Events (Keesings Online) and other sources; successful coups are cross-referenced to the Polity IV data series to distinguish "adverse regime changes" from "autocratic coups"; also listed in the codebook are cases of leadership change that are not considered coups (e.g., assassinations, ouster by foreign forces, victory by rebel forces).

  • Cross-National Indicators of Liberal Democracy (1950-1990)
    Collection of crossnational measures of political democracy containing over 800 variables for most of the world's independent countries. Political, social, and economic measures are available in the data file, and topics include adult suffrage, civil liberties, political rights, the openness, fairness, and competitiveness of the electoral process, executive and legislative selection and effectiveness, political party legitimacy, political participation, limitations on the executive branch of the government, level of democratization, economic openness, constitutional development, government legitimacy, and the outlook for freedom. A series of variables focuses on freedom and barriers to freedom, including freedom of peaceful assembly and association, mail censorship, women's rights, freedom of information and technology, freedom of political opposition, and freedom of the press. Compulsory membership in state organizations and political parties and compulsory religion in schools are addressed as well.

  • Cross-national Nonstandard Work Data
    Country-level dataset with indicators of part-time work and other forms of nonstandard employment based on a sample of 50 countries between 2000 and 2010. The original sources for this dataset include the OECD, Eurostat, International Social Survey Programee, and ESS.

  • Cross-National Statistics on the Causes of Death (1966-1974)
    Demographic statistics for the populations of 125 countries or areas throughout the world. Units of analysis are both country and data year. Includes statistics on approximately 50 types of causes of death for males, females, and total populations.

  • Cross-National Time-Series Data Archive
    Covers economic, social, and political indicators of nations and empires of the world, including countries and empires that no longer exist. Select data goes back to 1815. Not all indicators are available for all countries or in all years (even years in which the country existed). Often referred to as Bank's Cross National Time Series.

  • Data Bank of Assassinations (1948-1967)
    Data on 409 assassination events that occurred in 84 countries. Covers plotted, attempted, or actual assassinations of prominent public figures, such as top government officeholders and military figures, leaders of large trade unions or religious movements, and leaders of minority groups. For each event, information is provided on the country, date, and location of occurrence, the issue involved, the identity of the assassin and of the target, such as the type of group to which the assassin belonged and the political and social position of the target, and the outcome of the event.

  • Determinants of Aid in the Post-Cold War Era
    Estimates the responsiveness of aid to recipient countries' economic and physical needs, civil/political rights, and government effectiveness. Looks exclusively at the post-Cold War era and use fixed effects to control for the political, strategic, and other considerations of donors. Finds that aid and per capita income have been negatively related, while aid has been positively related to infant mortality, rights, and government effectiveness.

  • Education Statistics (World Bank)
    Worldwide data on education from national statistical reports, statistical annexes of new publications, and other data sources. Includes public expenditure data.

  • EM-DAT : the International Disaster Database
    Essential core data on the occurrence and effects of over 18,000 mass disasters in the world from 1900 to present.

  • Enterprise Surveys
    Company-level data on 130,000+ firms in 135 countries (emerging markets and developing economies). Data are used to create indicators that benchmark the quality of the business and investment climate across countries. Also known as "Micro-Enterprise Survey", "Financial Crisis Survey", "Investment Survey", "Business Environment and Enterprise Performance Survey", and "Informal Survey". Registration is required.

  • European Social Survey (ESS)
    Biennial multi-country survey covering over 30 nations. The1st round was fielded in 2002/2003, the 7th in 2014.

  • Forcibly Displaced Populations, 1964-2008
    World Refugee Survey series, annual, cross-national, time-series data: numbers of "source" and "host" refugees and internally displaced persons,

  • Foreign Conflict Behavior, 1950-1968
    Contains data on over 13,000 foreign conflict acts of 113 nations in the period 1950-1968. Data are provided for actor and object, either of which may refer to nations, colonies, international organizations, or groups in rebellion against national authority and involved in international relations. Data are also provided for official and unofficial acts, which are categorized into violent and nonviolent acts. Violent acts are further categorized into planned and unplanned acts, as well as unclassified acts. These include warning or defensive acts related to a developing conflict situation, threat, war, clash, or negative behavior such as blockade, embargo, or diplomatic rebuff of one nation by another. Nonviolent acts include boycott and anti-foreign demonstrations.

  • GDELT Project
    GDELT monitors print, broadcast, and web news media in over 100 languages from across every country in the world to keep continually updated on breaking developments anywhere on the planet. Its historical archives stretch back to January 1, 1979 and update daily (soon to be every 15 minutes). Through its ability to leverage the world's collective news media, GDELT moves beyond the focus of the Western media towards a far more global perspective on what's happening and how the world is feeling about it. "The GDELT Project is an initiative to construct a catalog of human societal-scale behavior and beliefs across all countries of the world, connecting every person, organization, location, count, theme, news source, and event across the planet into a single massive network that captures what's happening around the world, what its context is and who's involved, and how the world is feeling about it, every single day."

  • Ghanaian Public Opinion on the Middle East Conflict in Lebanon and the Palestinian Territories, 2006

  • Global Bilateral Migration Database
    Global matrices of bilateral migrant stocks spanning the period 1960-2000, disaggregated by gender and based primarily on the foreign-born concept are presented. Over one thousand census and population register records are combined to construct decennial matrices corresponding to the last 5 completed census rounds.

  • Global Digital Activism Data Set, February 2013
    Features coded cases of online digital activism from 151 countries and dependent territories. Several features from each case of digital activism were documented, including the year and month that online action commenced, the estimated age and country of origin of the initiator(s), the geographic scope of their campaign, and whether the action was online only, or also featured offline activities. Researchers were interested in the number and types of software applications that were used by digital activists. Specifically, information was collected on whether software applications were used to circumvent censorship or evade government surveillance, to transfer money or resources, to aid in co-creation by a collaborative group, or for purposes of networking, mobilization, information sharing, or technical violence (destructive/disruptive hacking). The collection illustrates the overall focus of each case of digital activism by defining the cause advanced or defended by the action, the initiator's diagnosis of the problem and its perceived origin, the identification of the targeted audience that the campaign sought to mobilize, as well as the target whose actions the initiators aimed to influence. Finally, each case of digital activism was evaluated in terms of its success or failure in achieving the initiator's objectives, and whether any other positive outcomes were apparent.

  • Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM) Adult Population Survey Data Set, 1998-2012
    Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries.

  • Global Entrepreneurship Monitor (GEM): Expert Questionnaire Data, 1999-2003
    Designed to capture various aspects of firm creation and entrepreneurship across countries. Seeks to measure the national attributes considered critical for new firm births and small firm growth.

    Sample Size: 4,685 experts from over 38 countries and 3 subnational regions: Hong Kong, Shenzhen (China), and Taiwan.

  • Global Financial Inclusion (Global Findex) Database (2011+)
    Measures how people around the world - including the poor, women, and rural residents - manage their day-to-day finances and plan for the future. Expected to be conducted every 3 years. First round included 140 countries.

  • Global Terrorism Database (1970+)
    Open-source database including information on terrorist events around the world. Unlike many other event databases, includes systematic data on domestic as well as international terrorist incidents that have occurred during this time period and now includes more than 150,000 cases.

  • GlobeScan/BBC World Service Views of Countries' Poll, 2005-2009
    Major survey exploring how people in 33 countries view various countries.

  • Health Behavior in School-aged Children (HBSC) Series (1995-1998, 2001-2002, 2005-2006, 2009-2010)
    Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference. ICPSR has data for the USA. Data for other countries are available by request through the Norwegian Social Science Data Archive. The survey involves 43 countries across North America and Europe.

  • High Casualty Terrorist Bombings, 1989-2017
    Case list of bomb attacks on non-combatant (civilian and political) targets by non-state actors resulting in 15 or more deaths.

  • Impact of the Israeli measures on the well-being of the Palestinian children, women and the Palestinian household survey, 2001 : micro data.
    Main objective is to measure the impact of Israeli measures on Palestinian children, women, and households. Data collection took place during the period 4/11/2001-5/15/2001. A random stratified cluster sample was selected to represent the target population. Sample included enumeration areas close to clashes, settlements, and Israeli checkpoints. Sample also covered areas exposed to direct aggression from the Israeli military (shelling, shooting, uprooting of trees, land drifting, etc.) in addition to other areas. Includes projections of demographic and social characteristics for all household members, housing condition indicators, living level indicators for household, and main and secondary sources of income.

    Sample Size: Random stratified cluster sample

  • International Crisis Behavior Project (1918-2013)
    Consists of 470 crises and 1,036 crisis actors.

  • International Migration Flows to and from Selected Countries
    Time series data on the flows of international migrants in select countries. Earliest data is 1970. Users should be aware of the problems of comparability underlying existing statistics. DSS has stored the 2005, 2008, and 2015 revisions. For the 2011, 2012, and 2013 revision see the UN site.

  • International Military Intervention (1946-2005)
    Updates International Military Intervention (IMI), 1946-1988. This newer study documents 447 intervention events from 1989 to 2005. To ensure consistency across the full 1946-2005 time span, the original coding procedures were followed. The data collection thus "documents all cases of military intervention across international boundaries by regular armed forces of independent states" in the international system). "Military interventions are defined operationally in this collection as the movement of regular troops or forces of one country inside another, in the context of some political issue or dispute". As with the original IMI (OIMI) collection, the 1989-2005 dataset includes information on actor and target states, as well as starting and ending dates. It also includes a categorical variable describing the direction of the intervention, i.e., whether it was launched in support of the target government, in opposition to the target government, or against some third party actor within the target state's borders. The intensity of the military intervention is captured in ordinal variables that document the scale of the actor's involvement, "ranging from minor engagement such as evacuation, to patrols, act of intimidation, and actual firing, shelling or bombing". Casualties that are a direct result of the military intervention are coded as well. A novel aspect of IMI is the inclusion of a series of variables designed to ascertain the motivations or issues that prompted the actor to intervene, including to take sides in a domestic dispute in the target state, to affect target state policy, to protect a socio-ethnic or minority group, to attack rebels in sanctuaries in the target state, to protect economic or resource interests, to intervene for strategic purposes, to lend humanitarian aid, to acquire territory or to dispute its ownership, and to protect its own military/diplomatic interests. The variable, civilian casualties, which complements IMI's information on the casualties suffered by actor and target military personnel has been added. OIMI variables on colonial history, previous intervention, alliance partners, alignment of the target, power size of the intervener, and power size of the target have been deleted.

  • International Religious Freedom Data (2001, 2003, 2005, 2008)
    Contains aggregate measures from U.S. State Department's International Religious Freedom Reports. This coding produced data on 196 different countries and territories but excluded the United States. Also includes 3 indexes calculated from these data: Government Regulation of Religion index, Social Regulation of Religion index, Government Favoritism of Religion index. Part of the Association of Religion Data Archives. 2008 is found separately.

  • International Social Survey Program (ISSP) (1985+)
    For the latest see the site's web page. A listing of modules performed as well as plans through 2020 is available (including questionnaires for not-yet-released years). Ongoing program of crossnational collaboration. Develops topical modules dealing with important areas of social science as supplements to regular national surveys. Every survey includes questions about general attitudes toward various social issues such as the legal system, sex, and the economy. Special topics have included the environment, the role of government, social inequality, social support, family and gender issues, work orientation, the impact of religious background, behavior, and beliefs on social and political preferences, and national identity. Participating countries vary for each topical module. Registration is required. 1998-2007 is also available in an easy to use comparative program.

  • IPUMS-International Census Data
    Project dedicated to collecting and distributing census data from around the world. Samples are currently available for Argentina (1970, 1980, 1991, 2001, 2010), Armenia (2001, 2011), Austria (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Bangladesh (1991, 2001, 2011), Belarus (1999, 2009), Bolivia (1976, 1992, 2001), Botswana (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Brazil (1960, 1970, 1980, 1991, 2000, 2010), Burkina Faso (1985, 1996, 2006), Cambodia (1998, 2008), Cameroon (1976, 1987, 2005), Canada (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Chile (1960, 1970, 1982, 1992, 2002), China (1982, 1990, 2000), Colombia (1964, 1973, 1985, 1993, 2005), Costa Rica (1963, 1973, 1984, 2000, 2011), Cuba (2002), Dominican Republic (1960, 1970, 1981, 2002, 2010), Ecuador (1962, 1974, 1982, 1990, 2001, 2010), Egypt (1986, 1996, 2006), El Salvador (1992, 2007), Ethiopia [1984, 1994, 2007], Fiji (1966, 1976, 1986, 1996, 2007), France (1962, 1968, 1975, 1982, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2011), West Germany (1970, 1987), East Germany (1971, 1981) Ghana (1984, 2000, 2010), Greece (1971, 1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Guinea (1983, 1996), Haiti (1971, 1982, 2003), Hungary (1970, 1980, 1990, 2001, 2011, India (1983, 1987, 1993, 1999, 2004, 2009 -- all employment surveys), Indonesia (1971, 1976, 1980, 1985, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), Iran (2006, 2011), Iraq (1997), Ireland (1971, 1979, 1981, 1986, 1991, 1996, 2002, 2006, 2011), Israel (1972, 1983, 1995), Italy (2001), Jamaica (1982, 1991, 2001), Jordan (2004), Kenya (1969, 1979, 1989, 1999, 2009), Kyrgyz Republic (1999, 2009), Liberia (1974, 2008), Malawi (1987, 1998, 2008), Malaysia (1970, 1980, 1991, 2000), Mali (1987, 1998, 2009), Mexico (1960, 1970, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010, 2015), (Mongolia 1989, 2000), Morocco (1982, 1994, 2004), Mozambique [1997, 2007], Nepal (2001), Netherlands (1960, 1971, 2001), Nicaragua (1971, 1995, 2005), Nigeria (2006-2010), Pakistan (1973, 1981, 1998), Palestine (1997, 2007), Panama (1960, 1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2010), Paraguay [1962, 1972, 1982, 1992, 2002], Peru (1993, 2007), Philippines (1990, 1995, 2000), Poland (1978, 1988, 2002, 2011), Portugal (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), Puerto Rico (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2005, 2010), Romania (1977, 1992, 2002, 2011), Rwanda (1991, 2002), Saint Lucia (1980, 1991), Senegal (1988, 2002), Sierra Leone (2004), Slovenia (2002), South Africa (1996, 2001, 2007, 2011), Spain (1981, 1991, 2001, 2011), South Sudan (2008), Sudan (2008), Switzerland (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000), Tanzania (1988, 2002, 2012), Thailand (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000), Trinidad and Tobago (1970, 1980, 1990, 2000, 2011), Turkey (1985, 1990, 2000), Uganda (1991, 2001), Ukraine (2001), United Kingdom (1991, 2001), United States (1850+), Uruguay (1963, 1975, 1985, 1996, 2006, 2011), Venezuela (1971, 1981, 1990, 2001), Vietnam (1989, 1999, 2009), Zambia (1990, 2000, 2010). Registration is required.

  • Israel Social Sciences Data Center

  • Israel Social Surveys (2002+)
    Continuing, annual survey on a sample of persons aged 20 and older, integrating factual data, typically collected in other Central Bureau of Statistics surveys, with attitudes regarding these facts. Measures both objective and subjective well-being across time. Each survey questionnaire consists of 2 parts: a set of 200 core questions repeated annually, covering the respondent's situation in the principal areas of social life (family, health, education, work, etc.) and his or her evaluation of their situation, and a variable module which focuses on a different policy-relevant topic each survey year. Data is restricted and must be requested by the researcher.

  • Israeli Civil Proceedings Dataset
    Provides descriptive information regarding 2,000 civil proceeding cases in 10 magistrate and district courts (while acting as a court of first instance). 228 variables were coded for each case. These variables cover a wide range of case characteristics and issues, such as sought and granted remedies, temporary injunctions, requested and received court costs, motions, hearings, witnesses and expert witnesses, and more. The cases in the sample constitute approximately 2% of all civil proceeding cases resolved between December 2008 and December 2011 in 10 courts: 4 district courts in Tel Aviv, Central, Jerusalem, and Be'er Sheva as well as 6 magistrate courts: Haifa, Petah Tikva, Herzliya, Tel-Aviv, Jerusalem and Be'er Sheva.

  • Israeli Criminal Proceedings Dataset
    Presents descriptive information regarding indictments filed against 2,012 defendants in criminal proceedings in magistrate and district courts. 236 variables were coded for each indictment, and these include various characteristics of the indictment and of the defendant, representation, the stages of the criminal proceeding, and the outcomes of the proceeding. The data is based on a sample of 1,417 criminal cases from magistrate courts and 244 criminal cases from district courts (acting as a court of first instance), which were resolved between May 2010 and May 2011. These cases constitute about 3% of all "criminal cases" resolved during this period in magistrate courts and about 13% of all "criminal cases" and "severe criminal cases" resolved in district courts during this period.

  • Israeli Election Study Series
    Surveys the political behavior and attitudes of Israeli voters before and after elections to the Knesset, the Israeli parliament, and for the Israeli Prime Minister. The series provides data on Israeli voters' attitudes toward national issues, such as the issues of peace and security, defense, Arab-Israeli relations, Jerusalem, Lebanon, Palestinian terrorism and statehood, democracy in Israel, the economy, minorities, and religion, and the party and politicians best suited to address these issues effectively. 1969+

  • Judicial Workloads in Israel (Case Weights) Dataset
    Provides information regarding the average judicial workloads in 101 "case types" in magistrate courts, district courts, and regional labor courts. A "case type" is defined in accordance with the instance, the proceeding type, and the procedure / categorization under which the case is filed in the courts. Contains over 30 variables for each of the case types, among these, the average amount of judicial time invested in preparation, in court hearings and in writing decisions. Other variables include the average number of hearings and written motions; the probability for the case to be resolved in a certain way (in a judgment on the merits, in a default judgment, in a consent judgment, etc.); and data concerning the number of cases (incoming, resolved and pending).

  • KAPS: Family Planning Studies (Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices studies)
    In the 1960s and 70s, the Knowledge, Attitudes, and Practices studies surveyed women and men across the world about family planning, birth control, pregnancy, and sex. The majority of the samples are of women under the age of 50, married women, and women living in cities and metropolitan areas. The featured countries are Mexico, the United States, Israel, the Philippines, France, Brazil, Ecuador, Guatemala, Costa Rica, Argentina, Colombia, Panama, Venezuela, and Peru. What is the ideal family size? What is the impact of the population growth rate, will it cause societal problems? What methods of birth control are used the most frequently? Is it even acceptable to use birth control at all? What are the reasons people have children? Personal questions about fertility, conception, sterility, abortion, and unwanted pregnancies are also addressed. In addition to family planning, the KAPS studies also feature gender and societal topics. What kind of education would you want for your daughter? What are the appropriate roles for women? How often does your husband help with housework? Should married women work outside the home?

  • LAPOP - Latin American Public Opinion Project
    Surveys analyzing citizen views on system support, political tolerance, citizen participation, local government, corruption, and views on authoritarianism for Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, and Venezuela as well as for Albania, Israel, and Madagascar.

  • Legislative Behavior in the Israeli Knesset, 1974-1975
    Contains data from personal interviews with 86 members of the 8th Israeli Knesset (1973-1977). Data include members' general perceptions of the legislature and the Israeli political world, as well as their specific party and career histories, areas of expertise, positions held in the Knesset, legislative accomplishments and goals, and legislative behavior, e.g., contact with party leaders, civil servants, and constituents. Other survey data focus on members' political socialization, recruitment, and first political awareness, including the impact of World War II (e.g., concentration camps and purges), elections, Zionism, family activists, school, the Palestine-Israeli conflict, anti-Semitism in community, and membership in youth groups. Personal background data are also included, e.g., age, sex, education, religion, country of origin, family circumstances, and wave (Aliyah) of immigration to Israel.

  • Luxembourg Income Studies (LIS)
    Household income surveys involving 43 countries. Also available are the Luxembourg Employment Study, a database containing data on labor force characteristics for 16 countries (ceased in 2000 and incorporated into LIS), and the Luxembourg Wealth Study, a database containing data on household wealth in 12 countries. Users must register to gain access, but registration is free for academic use. For variables in the LIS and LWS over time see their web sites.

  • Major Episodes of Political Violence, 1946-2016
    Annual, cross-national, time-series data on interstate, societal, and communal warfare magnitude scores (independence, interstate, ethnic, and civil; violence and warfare); also, scores for neighboring countries and regional context

  • Manifesto Project Database
    Deals with different aspects of political party performance as well as the structure and development of party systems. Based on quantitative content analyses of parties' election programs from more than 50 countries covering all free, democratic elections since 1945.

  • Manpower Employment Outlook Survey (1st Quarter 2007+)
    Indicator of hiring activity for the next quarter. The forecast includes responses from over 65,000 employers in 42 countries and covers the world's major labor markets.

  • Measurement of Cross-cutting Cleavages and Other Multidimensional Cleavage Structures
    Contains 69 new indices for race, ethnicity, language, religion, income, and geography.

  • Measuring Brain Drain by Gender 1990-2000
    Emigration stocks and rates are provided by level of schooling and gender for 195 source countries in 1990 and 2000.

  • Middle East Event/Interaction Data, 1949-1969
    Contains data on approximately 10,000 events in the Arab-Israeli conflict that occurred between Israel and each of the bordering Arab nations, Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Lebanon, and Iraq, in the period 1949-1969. Interactions are structured into events, and events are coded for actor, target, the 22 action categories of the World Event/Interaction Survey, arena, and reliability. Third parties acting as mediators are also included as targets.

  • Middle East Military Event Data, 1949-1969
    Provides detailed documentation of approximately 3,800 events: physical conflict interactions between Israel and each of the bordering Arab nations, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Lebanon, and Iraq, in the period 1949-1969. Data are provided for dates, participants, types of event, number of incidents reported, casualties, and the source of information. Data are aggregated to 10-day summaries for each Israel-bordering Arab nation dyad.

  • Middle East Political Events Data, 1979-1995
    Collection of machine-coded events using the coding scheme employed in Correlates of War to create a continuous time series of data on interstate interaction covering the Levant area (countries bordering on the eastern Mediterranean sea). Produced by a computer program, developed at the University of Kansas, which reads in Reuters News Service reports and parses the first sentence (the lead) into the three main components (subject, verb, and object). The Kansas Events Data System (KEDS) program then recodes these components according to the COW coding scheme. Each yearly dataset contains 4 variables: date, source (subject), target (object), and action (verb). Dictionary files that match the actual person, group, or event to the coded value are provided. In addition, the principal investigator has provided information on linking the datasets for longitudinal analysis.

  • Middle East Time Series Data, 1948-1969
    Contains mainly economic data and some select sociopolitical data for Middle East nations, Israel, Egypt, Iraq, Jordan, Kuwait, Lebanon, Saudi Arabia, Syria, and United Arab Emirates, in the period 1948-1969. Data are provided on economic aid, energy consumption for public use, oil production, national income, total exports and imports, development budget, defense spending, cost of arms race, cost of living index, consumer price index, and monetary exchange ratio. Additional variables provide sociopolitical information on population, the strength of democratic institutions in the nations, the number of illegitimate changes of government, the ruling party, the strength of traditional elites, military and bureaucracy elites, and religious and landed elites, political centralization, encounters between government forces and guerilla forces, attacks on civilians, attacks on bases and strategic installations, and political mobilizations.

  • Migration and Remittances Factbook

  • Minorities at Risk (MAR) Project (1945+)
    Tracks 282 politically-active ethnic groups throughout the world -- identifying where they are, what they do, and what happens to them. Focuses specifically on ethnopolitical groups, non-state communal groups that have "political significance" in the contemporary world because of their status and political actions. Political significance is determined by: (1) The group collectively suffers, or benefits from, systematic discriminatory treatment compared to other groups in a society and (2) The group is the basis for political mobilization and collective action in defense or promotion of its self-defined interests.

  • Negev Bedouin Statistical data book, No. 3, 2010- Tables

  • Negev Bedouin Statistical data book, No. 3, 2010- Text

  • Occupational Wages around the World (OWW) Database
    Contains occupational wage data for 161 occupations in 171 countries from 1983 to 2008.

  • OECD Health Data
    Examines national health systems from 1960 forward for OECD member countries and select non-OECD countries in a general, demographic, economic, and social context.

  • Offshoring and Outsourcing Innovation? The New Challenge for Multinationals, 2007-2010
    Western multinationals are now increasingly locating their research and development (R&D) activities in the emerging economies of China and India. This offshoring of innovation raises the following questions for policy makers and multinational firms: 1) What is the extent and nature of outsourcing and offshoring innovation, especially to emerging economies like India and China? 2) What are the main drivers of the globalisation of innovation? Answering these questions involved collecting secondary data on the R&D locations of the world's largest multinationals. The sample covers a wide range of industries, including pharmaceuticals, chemicals, electronics, engineering, and equipment manufacturing. Data were collected in 4 steps. First, an in-depth search of corporate and subsidiary websites across individual countries was used to objectively identify the location and number of R&D facilities across nations. Second, these data were cross-checked and complemented with searches of the Factiva and Corporate Affiliations databases. Factiva provides news reports from global media, and includes reports of R&D activities. Corporate Affiliations is a repository of information of corporations' affiliates, subsidiaries, and divisions worldwide. Third, a subset of these data were further cross-checked by matching the locations of R&D centres with the addresses of inventors of patents assigned in the last 3 years to these firms; the Delphion database and the US Patent and Trade Office website were used for these searches. Fourth, managers of individual firms were contacted to clarify contradictions. Includes Fortune 500 companies listed in 2008 (excluding financial services firms) in Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Japan, Netherlands, Poland, Singapore, South Africa, South Korea, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan, UK & USA.These data are under embargo at the request of the depositor until 1 January 2012. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.

  • Party Variation in Religiosity and Women's Leadership: A Cross-National Perspective, 2008-2010
    Compiled with the goal of looking beyond the national domestic level into individual party-level explanations for women's political leadership. Consists of 2 parts which analyze the party level for women's ascendancy to political leadership. Part 1 focuses on an aggregate of 25 non-randomly selected countries, Part 2 focuses on Lebanon. The study records the level of religiosity of political parties, where it refers to religious components in the party's political platforms or the extent to which religion penetrates a party's political agendas. Both datasets examine party variation in religiosity, party structure, respondents' station within a parties' decision-making inner structures, and other party-level characteristics that may impact women's leadership in various political parties. Additional variables include identifiers for Muslim, Arab, and European states, level of secularism, election design, party design, and age of party.

  • Pattern of Human Concerns Data, 1957-1963
    Of the 14 nations included in the original study, these data cover the following 10: Brazil, Cuba, Dominican Republic, India, Israel, Nigeria, Panama, United States, West Germany, and Yugoslavia. (The data for Egypt, Japan, the Philippines, and Poland are not available through ICPSR.) In India and Israel the interviews were conducted in 2 waves, with different samples. Besides ascertaining the usual personal information, the study employed a "Self-Anchoring Striving Scale," an open-ended scale asking the respondent to define hopes and fears for self and the nation, to determine the two extremes of a self-defined spectrum on each of several variables. After these subjective ratings were obtained, the respondents indicated their perceptions of where they and their nations stood on a hypothetical ladder at three different points in time. Demographic variables include the respondents' age, gender, marital status, and level of education.

  • Pechter Middle East Polls
    Political, economic and social surveys in the Middle East and Muslim portions of South Asia and Africa. Select data is free online.

  • Pew Global Attitudes Project
    Worldwide public opinion surveys that encompasses a broad array of subjects ranging from people's assessments of their own lives to their views about the current state of the world and important issues of the day. Topics have included views of Asian nations of each other, Muslims in Europe, images of the United States, the Iraq War, and foreign policy. Surveys include different nations and topics by year.

  • Political Events Project, 1948-1965
    Contains data on 6,754 political instability events in 84 selected nations in the period 1948-1965. These data, which permit measurement of political instability and the correlates of internal conflict behavior, are concerned with conflict directed by groups and individuals in the prevailing political system against other groups or persons, and with uncovering the determinants of stability within all national political systems. The variables in the dataset are divided into four basic types: variables that identify events, classify events, describe events, and evaluate events. The study provides a conflict intensity rating for each event. Political instability events are classified from low to high and include institutionally prescribed elections, the fall of cabinets, martial laws, assassinations of significant group leaders, mass arrests, coup d'etats, and civil wars.

  • Polity IV: Political Regime Characteristics and Transitions, 1800-2016
    Contains information on and access to the most recent update of the well-known and highly respected Polity data series, originally designed by Ted Robert Gurr. Polity IV contains coded annual information on regime and authority characteristics for all independent states (with greater than 500,000 total population) in the global state system.

  • Polling the Nations
    Compilation of public opinion surveys conducted in the United States and more than 100 other countries. Each record includes the question asked and the responses given, the polling organization responsible for the work, the date the information was released, the sample size, and the groups or areas included in the interview.

  • Prime Ministerial Power in 22 Countries, 1980-2000
    Offers a measure of prime ministerial power to set government policy in 22 countries with established parliamentary democracies. Comprises variables relating to the power of prime ministers including an index of prime ministerial power, which consists of a quantitative score of the power of individually named prime ministers in their different terms based on an expert survey conducted in 2001-2003. The expert survey included questions in regard to the prime minister's degree of freedom in selecting cabinet ministers, moving or removing the cabinet ministers, and calling an election when desired. In addition, respondents were queried about the prime minister's ability to influence the cabinet agenda and the policy output of the current government, and the degree of government control over the parliament agenda. Additional variables in the data examined the political and institutional resources available to the prime ministers, of which the following topics were explored: the composition of the cabinet and prime minister's party, rate of government survival, strength of prime minister's party in the parliament, impact of the opposition party on policy, score of leadership influence, policy diversity in government, and government's ideological complexion.

  • RAND Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents
    Records terrorist incidents that occurred from 1968-2009. Free registration is required.

  • Religion and State Constitutions, 1990-2002
    Set of measures that systematically gauge the intersection between government and religion. Examines constitutional clauses that address religion for 169 states on a yearly basis between 1990 and 2002. This constitutes all countries with populations of 250,000 or more, as well as a sampling of smaller states.

  • Seki-Williams Government and Ministers Data
    Government composition data from 1945 to 2014.

  • SHARE - Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe
    Multidisciplinary and cross-national panel database of micro data on health, socio-economic status and social and family networks of more than 45,000 individuals aged 50 or over.

  • SIPRI's databases (Stockholm International Peace Research Institute)
    Includes databases including statistics on securty trends, multilateral peace operations, military expenditures, arms transfers, arms embargoes, and arms exports.

  • State Fragility Index and Matrix, Time-Series Data, 1995-2016
    Provides annual state fragility, effectiveness, and legitimacy indices and the 8 component indicators for the world's 167 countries with populations greater than 500,000 in 2016.

  • Statistical Abstract of Israel (1996+)
    Paper holdings date back to 1953. Firestone HA1931 .A25. Stokes Library also has 1949/50 under the same call number.

  • Statistical Abstracts of the World (ProQuest)
    For a select list of countries, contains recent yearbooks. Tables are available in Excel format and have been converted to English.

  • Statistical Yearbook of the Negev Bedouin (1999)

  • Statistical Yearbook of the Negev Bedouin (2004)

  • Survey of Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe (SHARE) -- Israel, 2005-2006

    Sample Size: Final sample of eligible households was 2,586 with 1,771 households being interviewed.

  • Survey Study of 43 Supreme Court Common Law Judges on the Use of Foreign Law in Constitutional Rights Cases
    Survey study of 43 judges from the British House of Lords, the Caribbean Court of Justice, the High Court of Australia, and the Supreme Courts of Ireland, India, Israel, South Africa, Canada, New Zealand, and the United States on the use of foreign law in constitutional rights cases. As the focus of attempts to both explain and justify the use of foreign law in constitutional discourse, the attitudes of apex judges are clearly at issue. Aims to shed light on how common law judges view foreign law as a source of argument in constitutional rights matters, and how they "see" transnational sources.

  • Terra Populus: Integrated Data on Population and Environment
    Integrates the world's population and environmental data, including population censuses and surveys; land cover information from remote sensing; climate records from weather stations; and land use records from statistical agencies. Currently includes over 80 countries.

  • Third International Mathematics and Science Study: International Curriculum Analysis, 1992-1995 (TIMSS)
    Provided curricular and textbook information from each country participating. Comparative study of education in mathematics and the sciences conducted in over 40 countries on 5 continents. The goal was to measure student achievement in mathematics and science in participating countries and to assess some of the curricular and classroom factors that are related to student learning in these subjects.

  • Transnational Social Movement Organization Dataset, 1953-2003
    Brings new data to the investigation of relationships between globalization, social movements, and political change. Aims to enhance understanding of the organizational foundations for transnational activism, namely the population of transnational social movement organizations. Contains 301 variables. The variables were either taken directly from the Yearbook of International Organizations, or created from information in the Yearbook.

  • Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) (1995+)
    Provides reliable and timely data on the mathematics and science achievement of U.S. 4th- and 8th-grade students compared to that of students in other countries. Collected in 1995, 1999, 2003, 2007, and 2011. Next round of collection will be in 2015. Also see the NCES Bibliography for literature that has used this data.

  • United Nations Surveys of Crime Trends and Operations of Criminal Justice Systems
    Collects data on the incidence of reported crime and the operations of criminal justice systems with a view to improving the analysis and dissemination of that information globally. Results provide an overview of trends and interrelationships between various parts of the criminal justice system to promote informed decision-making in administration, nationally and internationally. The surveys were started in 1977, covering 5-year intervals from 1970-1994. Starting in 1995 surveys cover 2 or 3 year intervals. Data may also be accessed through ICPSR.

  • University of Rochester/Zogby International global religion survey
    Zogby International conducted interviews of 600 people each in India (Hindu, Muslim), Peru (Roman Catholic), Russia (Russian Orthodox), Saudi Arabia (Muslim), and South Korea (Buddhist, Christian); 593 in Israel (Jewish, Muslim, Druze); and 795 in the United States (Catholic, Protestant).

  • Voice of the People Series (2005+)
    Annual survey to solicit public opinion on social and political issues. Every year the survey will be conducted in approximately 50 countries, with a minimal sample size of 500 per country. Wherever possible, within each country a nationally representative sample n=500 adults, male and female, aged 18 and older will be used. In some emergent countries, where such research conditions are not possible, there may be stated variations to this (e.g. urban areas only). Similarly, in the developed world interviews will be conducted by telephone, while in emergent and under-developed countries face to face interviews will be conducted. Demographic variables include sex, age, household income, education level, employment status, and religious preference.

  • What Arabs think
    Interview questions and raw data from a study which polled 3,800 Arab adults in Egypt, Jordan, Lebanon, Kuwait, Morocco, UAE, Saudi Arabia and Israel about their beliefs, values and concerns.

  • WHO Mortality Database
    World Health Organization compilation of mortality data by age, sex and cause of death, as reported annually by member states from their civil registration systems.

  • Women in Development Series (1979-1980, 1983)
    Series of studies on women in development in 1970 with data drawn primarily from national censuses, surveys, statistical abstracts, and international statistical compendia. References are also made in some cases to evaluative studies conducted by individual researchers, research teams, and the staff of the International Demographic Data Center of the Bureau. These data constitute the most recently available information at the time of collection. The aim of this data series was to provide a reliable, up-to-date, accessible database on women in development which can illuminate the discrepancies in the roles and status of women against those of men throughout the world in order to serve as a basis for the promotion of both intranational and international parity between the sexes. The studies that comprise the Women in Development series consist of national-level data concerning female/male differentials over a range of demographic and socio-economic variables. Wherever possible, the data are broken down by age and urban/rural residence to facilitate further analysis. The series is cumulative and the data are presented in basic tabular format. Initially, the data tables were compiled for 69 developing nations from Asia, Latin America, Africa, and the Near East that were recipients of the United States Agency for International Development aid. The first collection, Women in Development, 1979-1980 (ICPSR 8053), included all the aid-recipient nations regardless of population size. Subsequently, data were compiled for all remaining nations of the world with a population of five million or more, and statistics for the original nations were updated to reflect more recent information. The second collection in the series, Women in Development IV, 1983 (ICPSR 8155), covered approximately 120 nations from Asia, the Pacific, Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Near East, North America, Europe, and the Soviet Union.

  • Women in National Parliaments (1997+)
    World and regional averages of the percentage of women in national parliaments.

  • Women in Parliament, 1945-2003: Cross-National Dataset
    Information on women's inclusion in parliamentary bodies in over 150 countries from 1945 to 2003. Allows for extensive, large-scale, cross-national investigation of the factors that explain women's attainment of political power over time and provides educators with comprehensive international and historical information on women in a variety of political positions. Information is provided on female suffrage, the first female member of parliament, yearly percentages of women in parliaments, when women reached important representational milestones, such as 10 %, 20 %, and 30 % of a legislature, and when women achieved highly-visible political positions, such as prime minister, president, or head of parliament.

  • Workplace Ethnography (WE) Project, 1944-2002
    Provided deep descriptions on a wide range of topics, such as worker behavior, management behavior, coworker relations, labor process, conflict and resistance, citizenship behavior, emotional labor, and sexual harassment. Coding of these characteristics yielded variables based on descriptions of worklife in specific organizational settings. The study data was collected in mainly two periods: the early 1990s and the early 2000s. The study generated 204 ethnographic cases. These cases were derived from 156 separate books since the observations reported in some books allowed the coding of multiple cases. The general scope of questions included organizational factors such as occupation, workplace organization, pay scheme, employment size, the situation of the company, the nature of company ownership, staff turnover, layoff frequency, how well the organization operated in terms of communications, recruitment and retention of personnel, and maintenance of equipment, as well as substantive facts concerning labor market opportunity, and labor force composition. On the topic of management, questions addressed leadership, organization of production, sexual harassment, and control strategies. Community factors were assessed through questions regarding unemployment and if the area was rural or urban. A series of questions addressed job satisfaction, pay, benefit package, job security, effort bargain, conflict with management/supervisors, training, worker strategies, conditions of consent/compliance, and nature of consent/compliance. The nature of work was queried through questions regarding autonomy, creativity, meaningful work, freedom of movement, comfort of work, injuries, employment status, and frequency of conflict with customers. Additional questions included size and nature of the focal group, group dynamics, conflict between the focal group and management, basis of alternative social groups at work, and if work friendships carried over to the outside. Questions about methodology covered ethnographer's theoretical orientation, focus of ethnography, ethnographer's gender, data collection method, supplemental data used, main type of supplemental data used, and position of key informant. Additional items gathered basic information about book title, author's last name, modal occupation, industry, country/region, and observer's role.

  • World Bank Microdata Library
    Portal for all surveys and datasets held in catalogs maintained by the World Bank and a number of contributing external catalogs.

  • World Contraceptive Use (2010, 2012, 2016)
    Includes trends on contraceptive prevalence and unmet needs for family planning. 2012 and 2016 can also be found on the UN Site..

  • World Database of Happiness: States of Nations
    Includes summary information from social surveys indicating levels of happiness in about 95 countries around the world, along with data on possible causal factors. Includes state level measures for the USA.

  • World Development Indicators
    Development indicators from the World Bank. Covers population, education, health, aid, poverty and environmental indicators for 217 countries.

  • World Fertility Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
    Presents data on age-specific fertility rates, total fertility and mean age at childbearing for 201 countries or areas of the world. Covers the time period from 1950 to the present. Data for the time period before 1950 have been included as well, if readily available, but no systematic attempt was made to collect data prior to 1950 for all countries. 2015 is also found on the UN site.

  • World Handbook of Aging and Social Security Indicators (1950-1980)
    Contains 184 variables prepared by the authors in connection with their comparative study of government support of the aged. The data is focused on indicators relevant to social security (social welfare) programs and to the health and welfare of the aged. Some variables have data on up to 131 nations, although most variables have data on fewer nations, as only a limited number of nations have social security data available.

  • World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. Data.
    Collection of databases for Europe and Israel containing indicators on health, mortality, hospital morbidity, infectious diseases, alcohol control, nutrition policy, prison health, and tobacco control.

  • World Health Survey (WHS) (2002-2004)
    Monitors critical health outcomes and health systems through the fielding of a valid, reliable, and comparable household survey instrument. The WHS was implemented between 2002 and 2004 in countries selected to represent all regions of the world. Study samples were nationally representative and probabilistically selected. Sampling weights were generated and adjusted for the population distribution with final post-stratification corrections for non-response. The total sample size, using nationally representative samples, includes over 300,000 individuals aged 18+ years. For China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russia and South Africa, WHS also serves as SAGE Wave 0. Household data includes a household roster, health insurance coverage, health expenditures, and indicators of permanent income or wealth. Individual level data include sociodemographic information, health state descriptions, health state valuation, risk factors, chronic conditions, mortality, health care utilization, health systems responsiveness and social capital. Registration is required. Each nation was surveyed once during this period. ICPSR has Waves 0 and 1 only. Countries covered: Argentina, Australia, Austria, Bahrain. Bangladesh, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Bulgaria, Burkina Faso, Canada, Chad, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo Republic, Costa Rica, Cote d'Ivoire, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Dominican Republic, Ecuador, Egypt, Estonia, Ethiopia, Finland, France, Georgia, Germany, Ghana, Greece, Guatemala, Hungary, Iceland, India, Indonesia, Iran, Ireland, Israel, Italy, Jordan, Kazakhstan, Kenya, Kyrgyz Republic. Lao PDR, Latvia, Lebanon, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malawi, Malaysia, Mali, Malta, Mauritania, Mauritius, Mexico, Morocco, Myanmar, Namibia, Nepal, Netherlands, New Zealand, Nigeria, Norway, Oman, Pakistan, Paraguay, Philippines, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russian Federation, Senegal, Singapore, Slovak Republic, Slovenia, South Africa, South Korea, Spain, Sri Lanka, Swaziland, Sweden, Switzerland, Syria, Thailand, Trinidad & Tobago, Tunisia, Turkey, Uganda, Ukraine, United Arab Emirates, United Kingdom, United States, Uruguay, Venezuela, Vietnam, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

  • World Income Inequality Database
    The UNU/WIDER World Income Inequality Database (WIID) collects and stores information on income inequality for developed, developing, and transition countries.

  • World Marriage Data (2006, 2008, 2012, 2015)
    Provides comparable data on the marital status of the population by age and sex for 231 countries or areas of the world. Contains data on marital status of men and women, currently married men and women, ever married men and women and singulate mean age at marriage (SMAM). Data are presented from around 1970 to the most recent data available. 2015 is also found on the UN site.

  • World Military Expenditures and Arms Transfers [Trade] Series (1961-1993)
    Worldwide and regional annual totals of military spending.

  • World Mortality Report (2011)
    Includes death rates, infant mortality, under age 5 mortality, life expectancy, and probability of dying between ages 15 and 60. Some data goes back to 1950 with projections to 2015.

  • World Population Prospects
    Comprehensive set of demographic indicators for 1950-2100. Includes measures of fertility, life expectancy, migration, and measures of the impact of HIV/AIDS. Older versions are on the DSS server.

  • World Public Opinion.org
    Program on International Policy Attitudes site providing public opinion from around the world.

  • World Telecommunication/ICT Indicators Database (2016 ed.)
    Contains time series data for 1960, 1965, 1970 and annually from 1975-2015 for around 180 different telecommunication and ICT statistics covering the telecommunication network and ICT uptake, mobile services, quality of service, traffic, staff, tariffs, revenue and investment. Data for over 200 economies are available. For select series more recent data may be available on the ITU website. Also see ITU Historical Statistics with select data from 1849-1967.

  • World Values Survey (WVS)
    Designed to enable a crossnational comparison of values and norms on a wide variety of topics and to monitor changes in values and attitudes across the globe. A variety of questions on religion and morality were included. Coverage includes: Albania - 1998, 2002; Algeria - 2002, 2014; Andorra - 2005; Argentina - 1991, 1995, 1999, 2006, 2013; Armenia - 1997, 2011; Australia - 1995, 2005, 2012; Austria - 1990, 1999; Azerbaijan - 1997, 2011-2012; Bahrain (2014); Bangladesh - 1996, 2002; Belarus - 1996, 2000, 2011; Belgium - 1981, 1990, 1999; Bosnia and Herzegovinia - 1998, 2001; Brazil - 1990, 1997, 2006, 2014; Bulgaria - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2006; Burkina Faso - 2007; Canada - 1982, 1990, 2000, 2006; Chile - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2006; China - 1990, 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Colombia - 1998, 2005, 2012; Croatia - 1996, 1999; Cyprus - 2006, 2011; Czech Republic - 1991, 1998, 1999; Denmark - 1981, 1990, 1999; Dominican Republic - 1998; Ecuador - 2013; Egypt - 2000, 2008, 2012; El Salvador - 1999; Estonia - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2011; Ethiopia - 2007; Finland - 1990, 1996, 2000, 2005; France - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006; Georgia - 1996, 2008, 2014; Germany - 2006, 2013; Germany East - 1990, 1997; Germany West - 1981, 1990, 1997; Ghana - 2007, 2011; Great Britain - 1981, 1990, 1998, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Greece - 1999; Hong Kong - 2005, 2013; Hungary - 1991, 1998, 1999; Iceland - 1984, 1990, 1999; India - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2014; Indonesia - 2001, 2006; Iran - 2003, 2005; Iraq - 2006, 2013; Ireland - 1981, 1990, 1999; Israel - 2001; Italy - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2005; Japan - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2005, 2010; Jordan - 2007, 2014; Kazakhstan - 2011; Kuwait - 2013; Kyrgyzstan - 2003, 2011; Lativa - 1990, 1996, 1999; Lebanon - 2013; Libya - 2013; Lithuania - 1990, 1997, 1999; Luxembourg - 1999; Macedonia - 1998, 2001; Malaysia - 2006, 2011; Mali - 2007; Malta - 1983, 1991, 1999; Mexico - 1995, 1996, 2000, 2005, 2012; Moldova - 1996, 2006; Montenegro - 1996, 2001; Morocco - 2001, 2007, 2011; Netherlands - 1981, 1990, 1999, 2006, 2012; New Zealand - 1998, 2004, 2011; Nigeria - 1990, 1995, 2000, 2011; Northern Ireland - 1981, 1999 (also see United Kingdom); Norway - 1990, 1996, 2007; Pakistan - 1997, 2001, 2012; Palestine - 2013; Peru - 1995, 2001, 2006, 2012; Philippines - 1996, 2001, 2012; Poland - 1990, 1997, 1999, 2005, 2012; Portugal - 1990, 1999; Puerto Rico - 1995, 2001; Qatar- 2010; Romania - 1993, 1998, 1999, 2005, 2012; Russia - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Rwanda - 2007, 2012; Saudi Arabia - 2003; Serbia - 1996, 2001, 2006; Singapore - 2002, 2012; Slovakia - 1991, 1998, 1999; Slovenia - 1992, 1995, 1999, 2005, 2011; South Africa - 1990, 1996, 2001, 2006, 2013; South Korea - 1980, 1990, 1996, 2001, 2005, 2010; Spain - 1981, 1990, 1995, 1999, 2000, 2007, 2011; Sweden - 1990, 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; Switzerland - 1989, 1996, 2007; Taiwan - 1995, 2006, 2012; Tanzania - 2001; Thailand - 2007, 2013; Trinidad and Tobago - 2006, 2010; Turkey - 1990, 1997, 2001, 2007, 2011; Uganda - 2001; Ukraine - 1996, 1999, 2006, 2011; United Kingdom - 2006 (also see Great Britain and Northern Ireland); United States - 1982, 1990, 1995, 2000, 2006, 2011; Uruguay - 1996, 2006, 2011; Uzbekistan - 2011; Venezuela - 1996, 2000; Vietnam - 2001, 2006; Yemen - 2013; Zambia - 2007; and Zimbabwe - 2001, 2011.

This page last updated: October 21, 2009