Finding Data: Data on Labor
ACCESS TO THESE DATA FILES ARE RESTRICTED TO CURRENTLY ENROLLED/EMPLOYED MEMBERS OF
- Selected Resources for: Labor - Non USA
- 'Brain Drain' Debate in the United Kingdom, c.1950-1970
Qualitative project. Sought to provide an analysis of the 'brain drain' debate of the 1950s and 1960s as a social phenomenon. The term 'brain drain' was adopted in the 1960s in the context of concerns the United Kingdom was losing skilled scientific and engineering personnel to other countries. Although the term is used in a variety of academic, policy and popular discussions about the international mobility of scientists, this project sought to rectify the absence of scholarly literature analyzing the original 'brain drain' debate. Comprised of 19 oral history interviews with scientists and engineers who emigrated to the United States or Canada in the 1950s or 1960s as well as British policymakers involved in any way in the 'brain drain' debate at this time. Also included is the transcript of a 'witness seminar' that brought officials and former emigres together to discuss their recollections. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Adaptation Process of Cuban and Haitian Refugees
Longitudinal study that focuses on 2 samples of refugees living in southern Florida: a group of 514 Cuban refugees who arrived as part of the Mariel boat lift of 1980, and a sample of 500 Haitian refugees who arrived between 1980 and 82. The questionnaire administered at the time of the refugee's arrival combined items on various aspects of adaptation with questions on the respondent's background prior to arrival, their reasons for coming, details of their journey to the United States, and tracing information necessary to conduct the second interview. The 2nd interview focused exclusively on 3 main aspects comprising the immigrant (refugee) adaptation process including: (1) structural adaptation or educational, occupational and economic mobility in the host society; (2) cultural adaptation conceptualized as changes in self-perception, attitudes, language use and other normative patterns; and (3) social adaptation, or shifts in the individual's network of primary and secondary relationships within the ethnic circle.
- After the JD
The After the JD (AJD) project is a longitudinal study designed to track the careers of a nationally representative cohort of lawyers admitted to the bar in the year 2000. The first wave provided a snapshot of the personal lives and careers of this cohort about 3 years after they began practicing law. The second wave seeks to illuminate the progression of lawyers' careers through roughly 7 years in practice. The 7th year marks a crucial period in the careers of young lawyers. At the same time that they are facing important career decisions, these young lawyers are experiencing significant personal decisions about marriage and having children. AJD2 sought to locate and survey the entire original sample that was constructed in AJD1, even if a sample member had not been located or surveyed in AJD1. Only those individuals found to be ineligible for the study because they did not meet the required time period for obtaining their law degree and passing the bar were excluded. As the legal profession has become more diverse in terms of entrants, it is critical to understand how women, men and women of color, individuals from less advantaged economic backgrounds, and other traditionally disadvantaged groups build careers. To examine the experiences of these groups at distinctive stages of their professional lives and to compare their career experiences to those of their peers, investigators were able to collect information about whether respondents' experiences were different from the outset or whether career trajectories diverge over time, what career strategies appear most successful for young lawyers, and whether these strategies vary by gender, race, and class; by legal market; by the selectivity of the law school from which lawyers graduate; or other dimensions. The AJD2 dataset allows for the analysis of a broad range of questions about the careers of lawyers and the social organization of the American legal profession. For example, some of the topics the study examines are: (1) demographic characteristics; (2) job mobility; (3) career satisfaction; (4) convergence/divergence in the career patterns of women and minorities; (5) indications of continuing inequality by gender; (6) family formation and the effects on professional careers; (7) career trajectories. AJD2 aims to provide a solid basis for future efforts to understand the changing character of legal careers. The final phase of the AJD2 data collection ended before the onslaught of the global financial crisis in the fall of 2008. Consequently, the data do not account for the profound effects of these turbulent events. The 3rd wave of the study (AJD3) anticipates investigating these issues and many other similarly important transitions.
Sample Size: http://www.icpsr.umich.edu/icpsrweb/ICPSR/studies/26302
- Age and Generations Study, 2007-2008
Documented employee and employer outcomes related to the experiences of multi-generational teams in 5 industry sectors, and examined how the work relationships of these team members might change over time. The 5 industry sectors included in this collection were retail, pharmaceuticals, finance, health care, and higher education. Various questions focused on the organization and on how the interactions of multi-generational work units affected outcomes for employees in the department/unit, as well as their performance and productivity outcomes. Additionally, the survey requested information on employees' perceptions of their work experience, work that is done by their work groups, opportunities for learning and development, organizational policies, and their assessments of their health and well-being. Demographic variables included gender, birth year, race/ethnicity, education, marital status, number of children, hourly wage, salary, and household income.
- All The Ginis 1950-2008
Combined Gini data from Luxembourg Income Study (suffix LIS), Socio-Economic Database for Latin America (suffix SEDLAC), World Income Distribution (suffix WYD; the full data set is available, World Bank Europe and Central Asia (suffix EE) and WIDER (suffix W) databases; with their key dummies (net/gross, income/expenditure, household/individual). More than 1500 consistent Gini values from 154 countries and covering the period from 1950 to 2008.
- American Time Use Survey (2003+)
Collects information on how people living in the United States spend their time. Estimates show the kinds of activities people do and the time spent doing them by sex, age, educational attainment, labor force status, and other characteristics, as well as by weekday and weekend day. Also see the extract builder for quick cross tabulations (free registration is required). Also found on ICPSR and the activity summary files are also in CPANDA. From 2006-2008, an Eating and Health Module included statistics on time spent in eating and drinking activities, grocery shopping, and meal preparation for the population age 15 and older and for participants in the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program, or SNAP (formerly the Food Stamp Program). Data are also presented on measures of the health status (such as Body Mass Index, or BMI) of the population by time spent in various activities. 2010 included a Well-Being module which contains information related to how people felt during selected activities, as well as general health information.
- Americans' Changing Lives: Waves I-IV (1986, 1989, 1994, and 2002)
Focusing especially on differences between black and white Americans in middle & late life, these data constitute the first 4 waves in a national longitudinal panel survey covering a wide range of sociological, psychological, mental, and physical health items. Among the topics covered are interpersonal relationships (spouse/partner, children, parents, friends), sources and levels of satisfaction, social interactions and leisure activities, traumatic life events (physical assault, serious illness, divorce, death of a loved one, financial or legal problems), perceptions of retirement, health behaviors (smoking, alcohol consumption, overweight, rest), and utilization of health care services (doctor visits, hospitalization, nursing home institutionalization, bed days). Also included are measures of physical health, psychological well-being, and indices referring to cognitive functioning. Background information provided for individuals includes household composition, number of children and grandchildren, employment status, occupation and work history, income, family financial situation, religious beliefs and practices, ethnicity, race, education, sex, and region of residence.
- Annual Survey of Public Pensions: State & Local Data (1993+)
Provides revenues, expenditures, financial assets, and membership information for the defined benefit public pension systems. Data are shown for individual retirement systems as well as at the national, state, and local level. Any year-to-year comparisons should be exercised with caution.
- Artists Training and Career Project
Studied the training and career choices and patterns of craftspeople, painters, and actors through national surveys of a sampling of artists in each discipline. Topics include training and preparation, acceptance in the marketplace, critical evaluation, public response, involvement in professional organizations, and career satisfaction.
- Assisting Unemployment Insurance Claimants: The Long-Term Impact of the Job Search Assistance Demonstration (1993-98)
Examined the impact of job search assistance programs on unemployment insurance claimants in Florida and the District of Columbia.
- Baccalaureate and Beyond Longitudinal Study (B&B)
Provides information concerning education and work experiences after completion of bachelor's degrees. Provides both cross-sectional information 1 year after bachelor's degree completion, comparable to the Recent College Graduate Survey, and longitudinal data concerning entry into and progress through graduate-level education and the workforce. A special emphasis is on those entering teaching. Provides information on entry into, persistence and progress through, and completion of graduate-level education. This information has not been available through follow-ups involving high school cohorts or even college-entry cohorts, both of which are restricted in the number who actually complete the bachelor's degrees and continue their education. B&B:93/97 provided a unique opportunity to gather information concerning delayed entry into graduate education, time to completion of graduate education, and the interaction between work and education beyond obtaining bachelor's degrees. B&B:93/2003 will expand this opportunity and begin to provide information concerning graduate study and long-term employment experiences after degree completion. Also see the NCES Bibliography for literature that has used this data.
- Beginning Postsecondary Students (BPS) Longitudinal Study
Designed specifically to collect data related to persistence in and completion of postsecondary education programs; relationships between work and education efforts; and the effect of postsecondary education on the lives of individuals. Follows students who are enrolled in a postsecondary institution for the first time. Initially, these individuals are surveyed through the National Postsecondary Student Aid Study to find out how they and their families pay for education beyond high school. These same students are surveyed 2- and 5-years later through BPS to find out about their undergraduate experiences, persistence in school, degree completion, and employment following enrollment. Also see the NCES Bibliography for literature that has used this data.
- Benefits and Earnings Public-Use File, 2004
Consists of 2 separate but linkable subfiles - one with benefit information and the other with longitudinal earnings information. Sample beneficiary records drawn from the Old-Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) program can be linked to their corresponding earnings histories.
- Boston Youth Labor (Market) Survey (1980, 1989)
Also referred to as the Young Black Men Employment Study.
- Building Strong Families (BSF) Project Data Collection, 2005-2008, United States
Examined the effectiveness of programs designed to improve child well-being and strengthen the relationships of low-income couples through relationship skills education. Surveyed couples 15 months after having applied and having been accepted into a BSF program at one of 8 locations offering services to unwed couples expecting, or having recently had a baby. The 1st major focus of the study was family structure. Question topics included information on recently born children, as well as the parents and their relationship status. If the parents were still together, respondents were asked whether they were currently married or planned to marry in the future. If no longer together, reasons for the relationship ending were explored. The 2nd major focus queried respondents about parental involvement with their child or children. They were then asked to rate their perceived quality as parents, their communication skills, and cooperation between parental responsibilities. Respondents were also questioned regarding the amount of time spent by each parent with their child, including playing games, feeding, and changing diapers. The 3rd major focus asked respondents about their relationships. They were asked to give their opinions of marriage and their level of satisfaction in their current relationship. Respondents were also asked to list the frequency, if applicable, of various occurrences within their relationship. Subjects included communication, enjoyment of each others' company, partner reliability, infidelity, and domestic violence. The 4th major focus queried respondents on their well-being. They were asked whether they attended religious services, how they felt in the past month about being a parent, and their feelings and behavior during the past week. Respondents were further asked if these feelings or problems made it difficult for them to work or communicate with other people. They were also asked about consumption of alcoholic beverages in the past year, and if alcohol use created problems with employment. The 5th major focus questioned respondents about the utilization of various services. They were asked if they participated in any programs such as classes, workshops, or group sessions in order to help their relationship. They were also asked if they had met with someone, such as a social worker or a priest, to help them work on their relationship. Respondents were asked if they participated in programs to improve parenting skills, learn job skills, increase education, or find employment. They were also asked if they participated in any programs to help with anger management or domestic violence. The 6th major focus dealt with paternity and child support. Respondents were asked if they voluntarily signed a birth certificate or document identifying them as the mother or father. They were asked if they were legally required to provide child support, the amount of that support, and if they gave money in addition to child support to help with the cost of raising the child or children. The 7th major focus dealt with family self-sufficiency. Respondents were asked if they or their partner performed any work for pay during the past year, the past month, and their earnings during those times. They were then asked if they received any additional sources of income such as welfare, disability insurance, and unemployment. Respondents were then asked if they and their partner combined some, all, or none of their money. They were asked how the responsibility for bill payment was divided between partners and if, at any point, they had difficulty paying bills. Respondents were also asked if they owned a car, rented or owned a home, and whether they were covered by health insurance. Lastly they were asked about their health and who they could count on in an emergency. The final major focus explored parental well-being. Respondents were asked if they were currently in prison or jail, had ever been arrested, had served a jail or prison sentence in the past and, if so, how long they were incarcerated. Additional information collected included country of origin of the respondent and the respondent's parents, who they spent most of their life with prior to age 18, whether they lived with both of their biological parents at the same time, and if their parents were married. Respondents were also asked about their previous sexual experience. Demographic data includes race, education level, age, income, and marital status.
- California Work and Health Survey (1998-2000) (CWHS)
Telephone based, longitudinal survey of California adults designed by faculty and staff of the Work and Health Program at the University of California, San Francisco. Includes extensive coverage of employment status, recent job loss, working conditions and environment, and of physical and mental health status.
- California Work Pays Demonstration Project: County Welfare Administrative Data, 1992-1998
Documents the dynamics of family poverty and welfare in California. Includes data on the individual, household, welfare and employment characteristics of AFDC recipients and households, during and after their participation in the welfare system.
- CalWORKS Datasets
Statewide evaluation of the California Work Opportunity and Responsibility to Kids (CalWORKs) Program. Inclues the 1998 and 1999 All County Information Surveys.
- Chicago Longitudinal Study, 1986-1989
Investigated the educational and social development of a same-age cohort of 1,539 low-income, minority children (93 percent African American) who grew up in high-poverty neighborhoods in central-city Chicago and attended government-funded kindergarten programs in the Chicago Public Schools in 1985-1986. Children were at risk of poor outcomes because they face social-environmental disadvantages including neighborhood poverty, family low-income status, and other economic and educational hardships. For an overview, see the Resource Guide.
- Child Care and Development Fund (CCDF) Administrative Data (2001+)
The Child Care Bureau, Administration on Children, Youth and Families, Administration for Children and Families, Department of Health and Human Services provides federal Child Care and Development Fund dollars to States, Territories, and Tribes to provide assistance to low-income families receiving or transitioning from temporary public assistance, in obtaining quality child care so they can work, or depending on their state's policy, attend training or receive education. The Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act of 1996 requires states and territories to collect information on all family units receiving assistance through the CCDF and to submit monthly case-level data. States are permitted to report case-level data for the entire population or a sample of the population, under approved sampling guidelines.
- Class Structure and Class Consciousness: Merged Multi-Nation File (1980-1983)
Measures how such social concepts as authority, autonomy, and hierarchy relate to the social, economic, and occupational positions of individuals, thus providing a systematic means for analyzing social class structure. Addressed work-related issues such as supervision, decision-making, autonomy, respondent's formal position in the hierarchy, ownership, credentials, and income. Other work- related data describe the size, industrial sector, and government or corporate linkages of the individual's employer. Further information was gathered on the class origins of the respondent's family and of the families of the respondent's spouse and friends. Data on class-related experiences such as unemployment and union participation were also collected, as well as data on the division of power and labor in the household. In addition, contained a broad range of questions on social and political attitudes and on the respondent's political participation. Universe: USA: 18 & older working, not working but wanting to work, or housewives with working spouses. Sweden: 18-65 in the work force. Norway: 16-66 employed, unemployed, or housewives. Canada: Non-institutionalized & non-disabled 15-65 employed, unemployed or housewives. Finland: 18-65 employed, unemployed or housewives.
- Continuous Longitudinal Manpower Surveys (1975-1981)
Used to measure the effectiveness of programs under the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) and to evaluate the impact of CETA on participant earnings.
- Cornell Retirement and Well Being Study, 1994-1999
The purpose of this longitudinal study was to explore pathways in and out of paid work and unpaid community service, as well as the implications of different trajectories for well-being in later life. Investigated the transition to and life during retirement by following both male and female older workers and retirees over a five-year period.
- Cornell Study of Occupational Retirement, 1952
National, longitudinal study of retirement that began in 1952 and was likely the 1st large-scale study of retirement behavior. Aimed to understand and follow the transition from work to retirement -- a "well-defined" life transition in the 1950s. Followed a cohort of 64-year-old workers into their retirement years. Over the course of the 6-year study, over 50 percent of the respondents retired. Includes a wide range of questions regarding: sociodemographic characteristics, family, daily activities, work (type of work and work satisfaction), economic status (income, homeownership, and household size), pensions, age identity, age stereotypes, retirement plans, health, life satisfaction and adjustment to the retirement transition. Unique features of the study include: (1) Gender. Both men and women were surveyed. Much of our current understanding of retirement behavior mid-century (and even into the 1970s) is based on men's experiences. The Cornell Study includes female workers, both unmarried and married. (2) Longitudinal Design. Most retirement studies at that point in history were small-scale and cross-sectional. (3) Health Information. In addition to self-reported health information from the respondents, medical directors at the sampled companies were interviewed and asked to conduct a standardized physical examination of the employees in the sample -- the medical records on the respondents have been retained. These data are in hard-copy paper format. Thus, it appears that no meaningful analysis of the data has yet been conducted. This study consists of data from the first wave of the project, conducted in 1952. As the baseline for the ongoing longitudinal research, it provides useful information on potential retirees' attitudes and corresponding demographic information.
- Cuban and Mexican Immigrants in the U.S.
The aim of this longitudinal study, based on data on Cuban and Mexican immigrants to the USA collected in 1973-74, was to map the process of immigrant adaptation and incorporation into the labor market.
- Current Population Survey (CPS) (1962+)
Monthly survey of about 50,000 households conducted by the Bureau of the Census for the Bureau of Labor Statistics. A detailed demographic supplement is conducted annually in March, and supplements on other topics, including computer use and school enrollment, are also conducted regularly.
Listings documenting the occurrence of current population survey supplements by topic and month are available. Questionnaires and codebooks are available at the
Census Bureau site. For comparisons of CPS, Survey of Income and Program Participation, and the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, see the
comparison chart. See the Current Population Reports series for summary reports and methodological papers. While geography is at the state, county, or metropolitan statistical area level, one should use with caution for detailed geography due to the sample size.
- Data Archive of Social Research on Aging (DASRA)
Contains various large surveys for the USA: Longitudinal Study of Aging, 1984-1990; Longitudinal Retirement History Study, 1969-1979; Second Longitudinal Study of Aging (LSOA II): Baseline (Second Supplement on Aging (SOA II), 1994-1996) and Wave 2, Survivor and Decedent Files, 1994-1998, and Wave 3 Survivor and Decedent Files, 1999-2000; National Long-Term Care Survey: 1982, 1984, 1989; Hispanic Established Populations for the Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly (Hispanic EPESE), Waves I-IV, 1993-2001; and National Survey of Self-Care and Aging (NSSCA), 1990-1994. Also contains select international studies: National Survey of the Japanese Elderly (NSJE): Wave 1-4, 1987-1996; Study on Global Aging and Adult Health (SAGE) (China, Ghana, India, Mexico, Russian Federation, and South Africa (2002-2004); and the Study on Global Aging and Adult Health (SAGE): Pilot Study, 2005. Part of Sociometrics.
- Data-Planet Statistical Datasets
Provides easy access to a wide variety of economic, social, political, and marketing indicators.
- Directory of Faculty Contracts and Bargaining Agents in Institutions of Higher Education (2006)
- Effect of Job Transfer on American Women, 1977-1979
Conducted to investigate the reasons why some employees and their families are willing to move and others are not, to examine what conditions make moving easy or difficult, and to assess the effects of a mobile lifestyle.
- Effect of Welfare Women's Working on Their Families, 1969-1972
Designed to study low-income mothers and their work, particularly how employment affects home and personal life and in what ways, if any, current family structure is a barrier to employment.
- Employment Retention and Advancement Project, 2000-2007 [United States] (ERA)
Designed to fill the gap in knowledge about employment retention and advancement strategies that might be effective. The goal was to identify and rigorously test a diverse set of innovative models designed to promote employment stability and wage or earnings progression among current or former welfare recipients or other low-income groups. As part of ERA, over a dozen different program models have been evaluated over the past 10 years using random assignment research designs. These models embodied states' and localities' choices of program goals, target populations, and program features, and the programs were largely paid for through existing funding streams. The programs were thus "real-world" interventions initiated by practitioners and not programs set up and funded solely for research purposes. The diversity of the models presents an opportunity to explore the effectiveness of a variety of strategies implemented for different populations in order to identify what might work. This collection includes 7 datasets, four classified as Core/Final Report Sites and three from Harder to Employ Sites. Almost all of the ERA programs targeted current or former recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF), the cash welfare program that mainly serves single mothers and their children. The programs differed, however, in terms of when services were first provided and to whom. The Harder to Employ Sites files focus on the 3 ERA models that served harder to employ populations; (1) Tier 2 program in Minnesota: unemployed welfare-to-work participants who were in welfare-to-work services for a year or longer and hadn't been employed in the previous three months were given welfare-to-work services aimed at addressing barriers to employment which took into account their employment limitations. The Tier 2 program focused on assessing barriers to employment and addressing those barriers through referrals to appropriate services and close monitoring and follow-up. (2) New York City PRIDE: welfare recipients who were deemed "employable with limitations" were required to take part in welfare-to-work activities -- which emphasized unpaid work experience, education, and job placement assistance -- however, the program took into account their employment limitations when placing them in activities. The PRIDE program began with an in-depth assessment of participants' work and education history and their medical conditions. (3) New York City Substance Abuse Case Management (SACM): public assistance applicants and recipients who screened positive for signs of substance abuse were given a mandatory appointment to assess the level of substance abuse treatment needed. Depending on the outcome of the assessment, clients were referred to treatment, employment services, or a combination of both. Noncompliance at any stage resulted in sanctions and loss of public assistance benefits. Information was collected on respondents' employment status, job training, pay rate and benefits, occupation sector, health care, childcare, transportation, and a variety of job related topics. Demographic variables included household income, housing arrangements, number of people living in household, and respondent health status.
- Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO), New York City
10-year study that evaluated innovative strategies aimed at improving employment and other outcomes for groups who faced serious barriers to employment. 1st comprehensive attempt to understand the diverse low-income population and to test interventions aimed at the most common barriers that are encountered in this population's employment. Designed to evaluate a variety of innovative ways to boost employment, reduce welfare receipt, and promote well-being in low-income populations. Evaluated the effectiveness of the Center for Employment Opportunities (CEO), which is an employment program for former prisoners based in New York City. The CEO evaluation aimed to determine whether CEO's transitional jobs and other services are more effective than basic job search assistance. Enrollment for this study was conducted between January 2004 and October 2005 and resulted in a sample of 977 former prisoners (568 in the program group and 409 in the control group). Individuals assigned to the program group were eligible for all of CEO's services, including the pre-employment class, the transitional job, job coaching, job development, a fatherhood program, and post-placement services. Individuals assigned to the control group began with a shorter version of the pre-employment class and were given access to a resource room with basic job search equipment such as computers and fax machines. Respondents were asked about their employment history, recidivism history, time spent on parole, parole violations, and arrest history, including prior convictions, types of convictions, and length of incarceration. Information was collected about respondents' work experience with and without the assistance of the CEO; this information included whether respondents participated in group or individual job searches, vocational or educational training, received referrals to job openings, help with their resumes, advice about filing out job applications, job interviews, or how to behave on the job, help with child support issues and whether they participated in father discussion groups or parenting programs. Respondents were also asked about their current living situation, work schedule, hourly wage, job benefits, health coverage, whether they had a mentor, how often they saw their children, and the type of relationship they had with their children. Demographic information includes age, race, marital status, education, employment status, and home ownership status.
- Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ Demonstration and Evaluation Project, Philadelphia, PA
10-year study (taken on by the MDRC) that evaluated innovative strategies aimed at improving employment and other outcomes for groups who face serious barriers to employment. First comprehensive attempt to understand the diverse low-income population and to test interventions aimed at the most common barriers to this population's employment. The HtE demonstration was designed to evaluate a variety of innovative ways to boost employment, reduce welfare receipt, and promote well-being in low-income populations. This study tests two employment strategies. The first employment strategy, administered by the Transitional Work Corporation (TWC), was a paid transitional employment program that combined temporary, subsidized employment with work-related assistance. The second employment strategy, the Success Through Employment Preparation (STEP) program, focused on assessing and treating employment barriers before participants obtained a job. From 2004 to 2006, 1,942 recipients of Temporary Assistance for Needy Families (TANF) who were not currently employed or participating in work activities were randomly assigned to one of the two program groups. Evaluation of the programs had three components: implementation and process analysis, impact analysis, and cost analysis. The implementation and process analysis examined how the programs operated, based primarily on site visits and interviews with program staff and administrators. The impact analysis measured the programs' effects on outcomes including employment, welfare use, and family functioning. The cost analysis compares the financial costs of the interventions. Outcomes for both groups were followed for at least three years, using public administrative records and surveys of study participants. In addition, follow-up surveys were conducted 15 and 36 months after random assignment in most sites. Information was collected on whether respondents participated in employment, vocational or education training activity. Respondents were asked whether they received help for things such as childcare, getting and/or keeping Medicaid and food stamps, paying for transportation, substance abuse treatment, addressing domestic violence, addressing legal issues, financial needs, or handling their household budget. Respondents were also asked if they received paid vacation time or sick days, where their income came from, and whether they earned any type of degree or certificate. Additional topics include health status, the length of time respondents received TANF funds, and employment history. Demographic information includes age, race, marital status, education, employment status, and home ownership status.
- Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ Demonstration and Evaluation Project: Kansas and Missouri, Enhanced Early Head Start
10-year study (taken on by the MDRC) that evaluated innovative strategies aimed at improving employment and other outcomes for groups who faced serious barriers to employment. First comprehensive attempt to understand the diverse low-income population and to test interventions aimed at the most common barriers that are encountered in this population's employment. The the demonstration was designed to evaluate a variety of innovative ways to boost employment, reduce welfare receipt, and promote well-being in low-income populations. This study evaluated the effectiveness of the Enhanced Early Head Start (EHS) program on addressing the developmental needs of young children living in poverty by offering enhanced services aimed at proactively addressing the employment and educational needs of their parents. This program included the addition of on-site self-sufficiency specialists to work with program staff and families on topics such as, formalized employment, self-sufficiency services and community partnerships with local employment-focused and educational agencies. The Early Head Start full research sample consists of 610 individuals randomly assigned between August 2004 and December 2006 (305 members in the program group and 305 in the control group). The research team followed the two groups for over three years, using surveys and administrative data. All 610 sample members completed a baseline survey at random assignment, providing basic demographic information, employment and child care history prior to the study. Two follow-up surveys were collected at the 18-month and 42-month mark. At 42-months, respondents who responded to the 18-month survey were asked about child care activities since their earlier survey interview date, while respondents who responded only to the 42-month survey were asked about child care activities since random assignment. Data were collected on receipt of EHS services and assistance programs, TANF history, type and amount of child care used, child immunization records, parenting, child behavior, child social-emotional skills, as well as child reading and math skills. Demographic information includes age, race, marital status, education, source of income, employment status, and public assistance information.
- Enhanced Services for the Hard-to-Employ Demonstration and Evaluation Project: Rhode Island, Working Toward Wellness
10-year study (taken on by the MDRC) that evaluated strategies aimed at improving employment and other outcomes for groups who face serious barriers to employment. First comprehensive attempt to understand the diverse low-income population and to test interventions aimed at the most common barriers to this population's employment. The HtE demonstration was designed to assess ways to boost employment, reduce welfare receipt, and promote well-being in low-income populations. Analyzed the effectiveness of the Rhode Island "Working toward Wellness" (WTW) program, a one-year program that provided telephonic care management to depressed parents receiving Medicaid in Rhode Island. The Quick Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology Self Report (QIDS-SR) questionnaire was administered to parents in order to identify those with major depression. All consenting parents who were found to have major depression were then assigned to the study. The Working Toward Wellness full research sample consisted of 499 individuals randomly assigned between November 2004 and October 2006 (245 members in the program group and 254 in the control group). The research team followed the two groups for three years using surveys. All 400 sample members completed a baseline survey at random assignment, providing basic demographic information, data on depression, other health outcomes, employment, participation in outreach programs, receipt of behavioral health services, and material hardship prior to enrollment in the study. Three follow up surveys were collected at the sixth month, eighteenth month, and thirty-sixth month marks. The WTW 6, 18, and 36 month reports include data from surveys administered to parents and children; however, only measures used in the adult/parent analysis are included due to restrictions. Care managers recorded information on attempted and completed calls with 230 members in the program group. Data was collected on respondent's general health, depression scores and treatments, substance abuse, work performance and attendance, as well as wages and income. Demographic information includes age, race, marital status, education, employment status, individual and household monthly income, as well as social security and disability status.
- Evaluation of Short-Time Compensation Programs (1991-1994)
Examines the impact of short- time compensation (STC) on firm behavior in California, Florida, Kansas, New York, and Washington. State unemployment insurance data and employer survey data are used to analyze the STC option within the unemployment insurance system, which provides employers with an alternative to layoffs.
- Expenditure and Employment Data for the Criminal Justice System (1971+)
Public expenditure & employment data pertaining to criminal justice activities in the United States. Information on employment, payroll, and expenditures is provided for police, courts, prosecutors' offices, and corrections agencies. Specific variables include identification of each government, number of full- and part-time employees, level of full- and part-time payroll, current expenditures, capital outlay, and intergovernmental expenditures.
- Experimental Poverty Measures Public - Use Research Files (1997+)
Since the development of the current official poverty measure in the 1960's there have been a series of studies and reviews of the conceptual and technical elements that make up the measure. These studies produced a large number of technical working papers and reports, including a National Academy of Sciences (NAS) 1995 report Measuring Poverty, that address the important measurement issues that are still being discussed by researchers and policy makers today. For many years, the Census Bureau has estimated a number of experimental poverty measures based on recommendations of the 1995 NAS report (NAS-based measures). An Interagency Technical Working Group on Developing a Supplemental Poverty Measure was formed in 2009 and charged with developing a set of initial starting points to permit the U.S. Census Bureau, in cooperation with the Bureau of Labor Statistics, to produce a Supplemental Poverty Measure. The Supplemental Poverty Measure will not replace the official poverty measure and will not be used to determine eligibility for government programs. Instead, the Supplemental Poverty Measure is designed as an experimental poverty measure that defines income thresholds and resources in a manner different from the official poverty measure.
- Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study
Follows a cohort of nearly 5,000 children born in large U.S. cities between 1998 and 2000 (roughly 3/4 of whom were born to unmarried parents). Refers to unmarried parents and their children as fragile families to underscore that they are families and that they are at greater risk of breaking up and living in poverty than more traditional families. Designed to primarily address 4 questions: (1) What are the conditions and capabilities of unmarried parents, especially fathers?; (2) What is the nature of the relationships between unmarried parents?; (3) How do children born into these families fare?; and (4) How do policies and environmental conditions affect families and children?
- Globalisation of the Executive Search Industry in Europe, 1980-2007
Aimed to develop knowledge and understanding of the contemporary globalization of the headhunting industry in Europe and the United States and its implications for new forms and geographies of executive search and selection. To obtain a free account please register with the UKDA.
- Health and Retirement Study. 1992+
Paints an emerging portrait of an aging America's physical and mental health, insurance coverage, financial status, family support systems, labor market status, and retirement planning. Registration is required. For an overview, see Chatterjee and Huston.
Sample Size: Over 22,000 Americans over the age of 50 every 2 years.
- Houston Area Survey (1982+)
Longitudinal study that began in May 1982 after Houston recovered from recession of the mid-1980s. Measures the public responses to the new economic, educational, and environmental challenges. Measured perspectives on the local and national economy, on poverty programs, inter-ethnic relationships. Also captured were respondents' beliefs about discrimination and affirmative action, education, crime, health care, taxation, and community service, as well as their assessments of downtown development, mobility and transit, land-use controls, and environmental concerns, and their attitudes toward abortion, homosexuality, and other aspects of the social agenda. Also recorded were religious and political orientations, as well as an array of demographic and immigration characteristics, socioeconomic indicators, and family structures. May be more up to date on ARDA.
- ICTWSS: Database on Institutional Characteristics of Trade Unions, Wage Setting, State Intervention and Social Pacts in 34 countries between 1960 and 2007
Covers 4 key elements of modern political economies in advanced capitalist societies: trade unionism, wage setting, state intervention and social pacts. Contains annual data for Australia; Austria; Belgium; Bulgaria; Canada; Cyprus; the Czech Republic; Denmark; Estonia; Germany; Greece; Finland; France; Hungary; Ireland; Italy; Japan; Latvia; Lithuania; Luxembourg; the Netherlands; New Zealand; Malta; Norway; Poland; Portugal; Romania; Spain; Slovenia; Slovakia; Sweden; Switzerland; the United Kingdom; the United States.
- Impact of Childhood Behavior Problems on Child Care and Employment Decision-Making: A Nationally Representative Panel Study
Nationally representative panel study of parents and children. Designed to determine the type of employment problems that parents directly attribute to difficulties in securing child care by using a household approach and to identify whether having a child with behavior problems or chronic illness is independently associated with child care-related employment problems in the United States.
- Individual Tax Model Files 1960, 1962, 1966-2007 (Public Use Tax File)
Public use samples of US Federal Individual Income Tax returns, with individual identifiers removed and the remaining data sufficiently rounded and blurred to prevent the identification of individual taxpayers. Documentation for 1960-1991 at (DSS) HJ4652.I584. Later years documentation is online.
- Information on Artists (1989-2011)
Studied American artists' work-related human and social service needs in 1989, 1997, and 2004, 2007, and 2011. The initial study included artists from 10 cities: Boston, Cape Cod, Chicago, Dallas, Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York, Philadelphia, San Francisco and western Massachusetts. The 1997 wave was conducted in 4 of the original cities: Los Angeles, Minneapolis/St. Paul, New York, & San Francisco. The 2004 wave consisted only of artists in the San Francisco Bay area and included a longitudinal component. The 2007 provides the first needs assessment of aging artists in the New York Metro Area. The 2011 studies focus on professional actors, dancers, choreographers, musicians and singers 62 years or older in Los Angeles and New York City. They try to understand how artists are supported and integrated within their communities, and how their network structures change over time and to understand how performing artists mature into old age artistically,
emotionally, financially and chronologically. The surveys asked questions about artists' work-related, human and social service needs, including health coverage and insurance, life insurance, retirement plans, credit, live/work space, legal and financial service needs.
- Integrated Fertility Survey Series (IFSS)
Combines information into harmonized variables from 10 individual national studies of fertility encompassing the Growth of American Families (GAF), National Fertility Surveys (NFS), and National Surveys of Family Growth (NSFG) as well as a single dataset composed of harmonized variables across all ten surveys. Includes over 71,000 respondents spanning 1955 to 2002. Includes union history, cohabitation and husband/partner sociodemographics. Includes the Contraceptive Calendar file -- a respondent-level data set that provides information on contraceptive use in each month for up to 4 years prior to the survey month. Contraceptive Calendar variables are available for the 1973, 1976, 1982, 1988, 1995 and 2002 NSFG surveys. This data set can be merged with previously released respondent-level data to provide an in-depth look at contraceptive behavior over time.
- Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System (IPEDS) (1986+)
System of surveys designed to collect data from all primary providers of postsecondary education. Study components include earned degrees/completions, Fall enrollment, Fall staff, finance statistics, institutional characteristics, and salaries, tenure, and fringe benefits of full-time instructional faculty. See the help guide for instructions on how to use. Preceded by HEGIS which covered 1965-1986. For comparisons between the Integrated Postsecondary Education Data System, Common Core of Data, Schools and Staffing Survey, and the Private School Universe Survey see the comparison chart. The Delta Cost Project contains longitudinal database derived from IPEDS finance, enrollment, staffing, completions and student aid data for academic years 1986-87 through 2009-10. This is partially contained in an easy to use format in Trends in College Spending (TCS) Online.
- International Social Justice Project, 1991 and 1996
The International Social Justice Project is a collaborative effort among 12 countries to conduct a comparative study of popular perceptions of economic and social justice in advanced industrialized nations. The countries participating in the study include Bulgaria, Czec Republic (Czechoslovakia for 1991), Germany (West Germany, and East Germany during its transition toward a democracy), Estonia, Great Britain, Hungary, Japan, the Netherlands, Poland, Russia, Slovenia, and the United States. Focused on normative social justice concepts such as entitlement, equality of economic opportunity, and reward distribution. Provides analysis of normative justice at a micro level, involving respondents' evaluation of justice or rewards received by individuals and small groups, and at a macro level, through the evaluation of fairness of reward distribution at the aggregate or societal level. Variables in the dataset include demographic characteristics of the respondent, such as age, sex, marital status, education, and occupation, actual and desired income, what factors respondents believe determine level of pay and their fairness, dependence on pension or social welfare programs, satisfaction with the sociopolitical system, perceived and/or preferred role of the government in job allocation, and standard of living.
- JTPA Standardized Program Information Report (1993-1999)
The JTPA provided job training services and vocational education programs for the economically disadvantaged, dislocated workers, and other individuals likely to face employment barriers. The data for each terminating individual include date of birth, gender, race/ethnicity, disability status, program participation, welfare receipt, education status, reading and math skills, labor force status, type and extent of training received, receipt of supportive services, attainment of skills, employment outcomes, and follow-up information.
- Key Indicators of the Labour Market (8th edition)
7th edition does not require installation. 8th edition exists in multiple formats and requires intallation.
- Labor Center Black Worker Project (University of California Berkeley)
Reports on African-American employment and unemployment.
- Latin American Migration Project (LAMP)
Born as an extension of the Mexican Migration Project (MMP), which was created in 1982 by an interdisciplinary team of researchers to advance our understanding of the complex processes of international migration and immigration to the United States.
- Lifelong Learning Demonstration (1990-1998)
Tested strategies for promoting continuing education and training among mature incumbent workers (individuals age 25 and over with recent work experience). Included designing and testing a targeted public information campaign promoting lifelong learning to mature incumbent workers in the Greater Baltimore area.
- Little Village Survey
Little Village, a neighborhood on the south side of Chicago, is the largest Mexican community in the Midwestern United States. The Little Village Survey consists of business and household surveys. The business surveys reveal how ethnicity influences the creation and development of businesses through multiple social and economic domains.
Sample Size: Business - 244 enterprises; Household - 325 respondents.
- Longitudinal Study of American Youth: Writing the history and monitoring the future of Generation X (LSAY)
Designed to examine the development of: (1) student attitudes toward and achievement in science, (2) student attitudes toward and achievement in mathematics, and (3) student interest in and plans for a career in science, mathematics, or engineering, during middle school, high school, and the first 4 years post-high school, and to estimate the relative influence of parents, home, teachers, school, peers, media, and selected informal learning experiences on these developmental patterns. The older LSAY cohort, Cohort One, consisted of a national sample of 2,829 tenth-grade students in public high schools throughout the United States. These students were followed for an initial period of 7 years, ending 4 years after high school in 1994. Cohort Two, consisted of a national sample of 3,116 seventh-grade students in public schools that served as feeder schools to the same high schools in which the older cohort was enrolled. These students were followed for an initial period of 7 years, concluding with a telephone interview approximately one year after the end of high school in 1994. Beginning in the fall of 1987, the LSAY collected a wide array of information from each student, including: (1) a science achievement test and a mathematics achievement test each fall, (2) an attitudinal and experience questionnaire at the beginning and end of each school year, (3) reports about education and experience from all science and math teachers in each school, (4) reports on classroom practice by each science and math teacher serving an LSAY student, (5) an annual 25-minute telephone interview with one parent of each student, and (6) extensive school-level information from the principal of each study school. In 2006, the NSF funded a proposal to re-contact the original LSAY students (now in their mid-30's) to resume data collection to determine their educational and occupational outcomes. Through an extensive tracking activity, more than 95 % of the original sample of 5,945 LSAY students were located or accounted for. A new eligible sample of approximately 5,000 students was defined and these young adults were asked to complete a survey in 2007. For more information, also see the LSAY website.
- Longitudinal Study of the Life Patterns of College-Educated Women, 1960-1979
This is a longitudinal study of the class of 1964 from a prestigious women's college in the eastern United States. A major purpose of the study was to determine the effects of personality and situation on the life outcomes of college-educated women. This study built upon a larger 1960 study in which Thematic Apperception Tests (TATs) were administered to 244 first-year women.
- Los Angeles Family and Neighborhood Survey (LAFANS)
Longitudinal study of families in Los Angeles County, California, and of the neighborhoods in which they live. Designed to answer key research and policy questions in 3 areas:
Also available through ICPSR.
- Neighborhood, family, and peer effects on children's development
- Effects of welfare reform at the neighborhood level
- Residential mobility and neighborhood change
Sample Size: Includes 65 neighborhoods with approximately 40-50 households in each neighborhood. Wave 1 includes approximately 3200 children and teens ages 0 to 17.
- Luxembourg Income Studies (LIS)
Household income surveys involving 45 countries. Also available are the Luxembourg Employment Study, a database containing data on labor force characteristics for 16 countries (ceased in 2000 and incorporated into LIS), and the Luxembourg Wealth Study, a database containing data on household wealth in 12 countries. Users must register to gain access, but registration is free for academic use. For variables in the LIS and LWS over time see their web sites.
- Manpower Employment Outlook Survey (1st Quarter 2007+)
Indicator of hiring activity for the next quarter. The forecast includes responses from over 65,000 employers in 42 countries and covers the world's major labor markets.
- Marital Instability Over the Life Course/Work and Family Life Study Series (1980+)
The intent of the data collection was to identify the causes of marital instability throughout the life course. Six waves of data were collected between 1980 and 2000 from married individuals between the ages of 18 and 55. In 1980 Wave I data focused primarily on female labor force participation in an effort to determine whether there was a relationship between wives' working outside of the home and marital dissolution or the likelihood of divorce. Wave II (1983) and Wave III (1988) employed a wider life-course perspective and studied the effects of factors such as economic resources, wives' employment, presence of children, marital satisfaction, life goals, health, and changes in any of these factors on actions intended to dissolve a marriage - including divorce and permanent separation and on marital relationships in general. Wave IV (1992, 1994) continued as the previous waves and provided additional data from adult offspring who were living in the household in 1980 and had reached age 19 by 1992. These additional respondents provided parallel measures with their parents regarding the quality of parent-child relationships, attitudes, and support along with exploring the impact of childhood experiences on the transition to adult life. Wave V (1997) examined the relationship between marital quality and stability and how it relates to changes in marital quality later in life. Additionally, Wave V includes a second adult offspring sample, along with a second interview of the adult offspring sample from Wave IV. Wave VI data were collected in 2000 and included the adult panel, a panel obtained from the offspring who participated in 1992 or 1997, a replication of the original cross-section study completed in 1980, and a comparison sample made up of persons who were married in 1980 and were between 39 and 75 years old. The investigators examined whether there were changes in marital quality between 1980 and 2000, identified factors that might have accounted for these changes, and sought to determine their impact on the health and longevity of older persons. In addition to Wave VI of the Marital Instability Over the Life Course Study (MIOLC), the Work and Family Life Study (WFLS) was conducted in 2000 and its primary aim is to assess changes in marital quality between 1980 and 2000. The WFLS also considers the effects of family-of-origin characteristics and marital history on the physical and psychological health of respondents. Included in the WFLS is a new cross-section sample using the same sampling procedures and interview questions that were used in the 1980 wave of the MIOLC. The Comparison Sample of the WFLS provides data to evaluate sample attrition, factors which lead to attrition, and attrition bias. (It should be noted that this comparison file is a special purpose sample and does not generalize to a normally defined population of ever married persons)
- MDRC (formerly known as Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation)
Includes public use data on welfare programs ( Urban Change Client Survey Data from Four Counties; Urban Change Cleveland Client Survey Data; Vermont's Welfare Restructuring Project Analysis Data; Connecticut's Jobs First Program Analysis Data; Minnesota Family Investment Program (MFIP) Analysis Data; Florida's Family Transition Program (FTP) Analysis Data; California's GAIN Program: Three-Year Impacts Data from Six Counties; Four Welfare Employment Studies from the 1980s) and youth programs (Youth Programs Ohio's Learning, Earning, and Parenting (LEAP) Analysis Data; New Chance Analysis Data). Each dataset must be requested from MDRC.
- Mexican Origin People in the United States: the 1979 Chicano Survey
Household survey of persons of Mexican descent living in California, Arizona, New Mexico, Colorado, Texas, and Chicago, Illinois. The purpose was to compile a statistically representative and comprehensive body of empirical information about the social, economic, and psychological status of Chicanos. Major topics covered were mental and physical health and use of health services, family background and composition, customary practices and values, language use and attitudes, employment history, social identity, group consciousness, and political opinions and participation.
Sample Size: Of over 11,000 people screened, 1,400 met the Mexican ancestry criterion. Of this total, 991 interviews were collected.
- Model-based Small Area Health Insurance Estimates (SAHIE) for Counties and States (2000+)
Estimates of health insurance coverage for states and all counties.
- National Agricultural Workers Survey (NAWS) 1989+
Employment-based, random survey of the demographic, employment, and health characteristics of the U.S. crop labor force. Information is obtained directly from farm workers through face-to-face interviews. Since 1988, when the survey began, nearly 50,000 workers have been interviewed. Samples crop workers in 3 cycles each year to reflect the seasonality of agricultural production and employment. Workers are located at their farm job sites. During the initial contact, arrangements are made to interview the respondent at home or at another location convenient to the respondent.
Sample Size: 1,500 to 4,000 workers are interviewed each year.
- National Compensation Survey
Comprehensive measures of occupational wages; employment cost trends, and benefit incidence and detailed plan provisions. Detailed occupational earnings are available for metropolitan and non-metropolitan areas, broad geographic regions, and on a national basis.
- National Education Longitudinal Study (NELS) 1988
Sample of 8th-graders surveyed in 1988 on a range of topics. Survey topics beyond schoolwork include smoking, drug use, and extracurricular activities. A sample were resurveyed through four follow-ups in 1990, 1992, 1994, and 2000. The study has four types of data files - student, teacher, parent, and school - although note each type is available for each survey year. The data are also available on CD; ask for ED1.334/2:ED 8/988-2000/CD. Also see the NCES Bibliography for literature that has used this data.
Sample Size: In 1988, the cohort size was almost 25,000 students from over 1,000 public and private schools.
- National Evaluation of Prison Industry Enhancement Certification Program (PIECP), 1996-2003 [United States]
National empirical assessment of post-release employment and recidivism effects based on legislative intent for inmates participating in Prison Industries Enhancement Certification Program (PIECP) as compared to participants in traditional industries (TI) and those involved in other than work (OTW) activities. The inmates were matched using 6 criteria. Exact matches were made on race, gender, crime type, and category matches on age, time served, and number of disciplinary reports. A cluster sampling strategy was used for site selection. This strategy resulted in a selection of five states which were not identified in the study. The researchers then collected data on 6,464 individuals by completing record reviews of outcomes for the 3 matched samples, each of approximately 2,200 inmates released from 46 prisons across 5 PIECP states between January 1, 1996, and June 30, 2001. Variables include demographic information, time incarcerated, number of disciplinary reports, crime type, number of major disciplinary reports reviewed, group type, number of quarters from release to employment, censored variables, number of quarters from employed to job loss, time from release variables, number of possible follow-up quarters, proportion of follow-up time worked, wage variables, number of quarters worked variables, no work ever, and cluster number of case.
- National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS)
The Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) undertook a study of the effectiveness of welfare-to-work programs: the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS) is a study of the effectiveness of eleven mandatory welfare-to-work programs in seven locales: Atlanta, Georgia; Columbus, Ohio; Detroit and Grand Rapids, Michigan; Oklahoma City, Oklahoma; Portland, Oregon; and Riverside, California. Program impacts were evaluated by comparing outcomes for a randomly assigned experimental group subject to program requirements with outcomes for control groups. As part of NEWWS, the effects of two approaches to preparing welfare recipients for employment were compared in three sites (Atlanta, Grand Rapids, and Riverside). In one approach, the human capital development approach, individuals were directed to avail themselves of education services and, to a lesser extent, occupational training before they sought work, under the theory that they would then be able to get better jobs and keep them longer. In the other approach, the labor force attachment approach, individuals were encouraged to gain quick entry into the labor market, even at low wages, under the theory that their work habits and skills would improve on the job and they would thereby be able to advance themselves. Data from all eleven sites is available.
National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS) (Electronic File)
Producer: The Department of Health and Human Services
Distributor: Department of Health and Human Services (HHS)
- National Job Corps Study (1994-1995)
Job Corps is the nation's largest & most comprehensive residential education and job training program for at-risk youth, ages 16 through 24. Combines classroom, practical, and work-based learning experiences to prepare youths to become more responsible, employable and productive citizens. Contains information on education, employment and earnings, marital status and household composition, fertility, welfare receipt and other income, health, drug use and drug treatment, arrest behavior and criminal incidents conducted against or by the respondent. In addition, the 30-month follow-up interview contains data on literacy skills.
- National JTPA Study
Evaluated the effectiveness of employment and training programs funded under Title II-A of the Job Training Partnership Act of 1982, which targeted economically disadvantaged adults and youths. Compared the subsequent earnings and employment outcomes.
Sample Size: Over 20,000 adults and out-of school youths who applied for JTPA in 16 local areas across the country between 1987 and 1989.
- National Longitudinal Study of the High School Class of 1972
Participants in the study were selected when they were seniors in high school in the spring of 1972, and in a supplementary sample drawn in 1973. The records include the "Base Year" survey; follow-up surveys in 1973, 1974, 1976, 1979, and 1986; high school records; and postsecondary transcripts (collected in 1984).
- National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and 1997
Designed to document the transition from school to work and into adulthood. Collects extensive information about youths' labor market behavior and educational experiences over time. Also included is a survey of the biological children of women in the NLSY79. Documentation is available at the NLS site. See the NLS Investigator guide. For comparisons of National Longitudinal Surveys, Survey of Income and Program Participation, and Panel Study of Income Dynamics, see the
comparison chart. Also see Finke and Huston. A separate file "Recidivism in the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1997 - Standalone Data (Rounds 1 to 13)" contains recidivism data.
Sample Size: The 1979 survey began with over 12,000 participants, while the 1997 survey began with approx. 9,000.
National Longitudinal Survey of Youth 1979 and 1997 (Electronic File)
Principal investigator: Ohio State University. Center for Human Resource Research.
Producer: Ohio State University, Center for Human Resource Research and U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Distributor: Ohio State University. Center for Human Resource Research.
- National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Men and Older Men
Set of surveys designed to gather information on labor market activities and other significant life events.The Young Men's survey, which was discontinued in 1981, includes men who were ages 14-24 when first interviewed in 1966. The Older Men's survey, which was discontinued in 1990, includes men who were ages 45-59 when first interviewed in 1966. Documentation is available at the NLS site. See the NLS Investigator guide. For comparisons of National Longitudinal Surveys, Survey of Income and Program Participation, and Panel Study of Income Dynamics, see the
comparison chart. Also see Finke and Huston.
Sample Size: Each group began with more than 5,000 participants.
National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Men and Older Men (Electronic File)
Principal investigator: Ohio State University. Center for Human Resource Research.
Producer: Ohio State University, Center for Human Resource Research and U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Distributor: Ohio State University. Center for Human Resource Research.
- National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Mature Women (NLSW)
Set of surveys designed to gather information on labor market activities and other significant life events. The Young Women's survey includes women who were ages 14-24 when first interviewed in 1968. The Mature Women's survey includes women who were ages 30-44 when first interviewed in 1967. Social and financial research may be performed as stage of life data was collected. These surveys were last conducted in 2003; no future collection of data is planned. Documentation is available at the NLS site. See the NLS Investigator guide. For comparisons of National Longitudinal Surveys, Survey of Income and Program Participation, and Panel Study of Income Dynamics, see the
comparison chart. Also see Finke and Huston.
Sample Size: Each group began with more than 5,000 participants.
National Longitudinal Surveys of Young Women and Mature Women (NLSW) (Electronic File)
Principal investigator: Ohio State University. Center for Human Resource Research.
Producer: Ohio State University, Center for Human Resource Research and U.S. Dept. of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics.
Distributor: Ohio State University. Center for Human Resource Research.
- National Sample Survey of Registered Nurses
Conducted approximately every 4 years since 1977.
- National Study of Business Strategy and Workforce Development, 2006
Gathered information on the adoption and implementation of flexible work options for older workers from United States enterprises with 50 or more employees. Respondents were asked to provide information on various aspects of their business establishment, such as their policies for retirement, racial/ethnic composition, gender ratios, the percentage of older workers, recent developments within the organization, employee benefits, employee requirements, percentage of managers, consultants, and temporary workers as well as similar subjects. Next, interviewees provided their opinions on various business-related topics, such as the prime opportunities for the company, areas in need of development, optimal corporate strategies for their companies, age ranges for various position levels, level of diversity in recruitment, and other related topics.
- National Study of the Changing Workforce (1992, 1997, 2002)
Addresses issues related to both work and personal life. For more on the project, see the Families and Work Insititute website.
Sample Size: 2002 total sample = 3,504 (2,810 wage and salaried workers); 1997 total sample = 3,552 (2,877 wage and salaried workers); 1992 total sample = 3,718 (2,958 wage and salaried workers)
- National Study of Youth and Religion (2003, 2005, 2007-2008)
Nationally representative telephone survey of 3,290 English & Spanish-speaking teenagers between the ages of 13-17, and their parents. Also includes 80 oversampled Jewish households, not nationally representative, bringing the total number of completed cases to 3,370. Purpose is to research the shape & influence of religion & spirituality in the lives of American youth; to identify effective practices in the religious, moral, and social formation of the lives of youth; to describe the extent & perceived effectiveness of the programs & opportunities that religious communities are offering to their youth; and to foster an informed national discussion about the influence of religion in youth's lives, in order to encourage sustained reflection about and rethinking of our cultural and institutional practices with regard to youth & religion. The 2nd wave was designed to be a re-interview of all Wave 1 youth survey respondents. Parents of the youth respondents were not re-interviewed. At the time of the 2nd survey, respondents were between the ages of 16-21. Conducted from June 9-November 24, 2005. 2nd wave interviews were conducted only in English. Four youth respondents did not participate in the Wave 2 interview due to not being able to understand or speak English. Wave 2 covers many of the same topics as Wave 1. Many of the questions are identical. However, Wave 2 was re-designed to take into account changes in the lives of the respondents as they began to enter young adulthood. Wave 2 included new questions pertaining to behaviors occurring during the transition to adulthood, such as non-marital cohabitation, educational and career aspirations, pregnancy and marriage. In Wave 3 every attempt was made to re-interview all English-speaking Wave 1 youth survey respondents. At the time of the 3rd survey, respondents were between the ages of 18-24. Conducted from September 24, 2007-April 21, 2008. Wave 3 replicated many of the questions asked in Waves 1 & 2 with some changes made to better capture the respondents' lives as they grew older. For example, there were fewer questions on parental monitoring and more on post-high school educational aspirations.
- National Survey of Black Americans 1979-1980, 1987-1988, 1988-1989, 1992
Developed with input from social scientists, students, and a national advisory panel of Black scholars, the survey investigates neighborhood-community integration, services, crime and community contact, the role of religion and the church, physical and mental health, self-esteem, life satisfaction, employment, the effects of chronic unemployment, the effects of race on the job, interaction with family and friends, racial attitudes, race identity, group stereotypes, and race ideology. Demographic variables include education, marital status, income, employment status, occupation, and political behavior and affiliation.
- New Beneficiary Data System (NBDS)
Contains extensive information on the changing circumstances of aged and disabled beneficiaries. Based initially on a national cross-sectional survey of new beneficiaries in 1982, the original data base has been expanded with information from administrative records and a second round of interviews in 1991. Variables measured in the original New Beneficiary Survey (NBS) include demographic characteristics; employment, marital, and childbearing histories; household composition; health; income and assets; program knowledge; and information about the spouses of married respondents. The 1991 New Beneficiary Follow-up (NBF) updates marital status, household composition, and the economic profile and contains additional sections on family contacts, postretirement employment, effects of widowhood and divorce, major reasons for changes in economic status, a more extensive section on health, and information on household moves and reasons for moving. Disabled-worker beneficiaries were also asked about their efforts to return to work, experiences with rehabilitation services, and knowledge of SSA work incentive provisions. The NBDS contains unique measurements that make it valuable not only for studies about Social Security but also for studies of health, economic, labor, gerontological, and welfare issues. It contains objective measures from administrative files of yearly covered earnings from 1951 to 1992, Medicare expenditures from 1984 to 1999, whether an SSI application has ever been made and payment status at 5 points in time, and dates of death as of spring 2001. For studies of health, the Medicare expenditure variables include inpatient hospital costs, outpatient hospital costs, home health care costs, and physicians' charges. The survey data cover functional capacity including ADLs and IADLs. For studies of work in retirement, the survey includes yearly information on extent of work, characteristics of the current or last job, and reasons for working or not working. No other data set has such detailed baseline survey data of a population immediately after their retirement or disability enhanced with subsequent measures over an extended period of time.
- New York City Housing and Vacancy Survey, 1991+
Conducted approximately every 3 years to comply with New York state and New York City's rent regulation laws. The Census Bureau has conducted the survey for the city since 1965.
The rental vacancy rate is the primary focus of the survey, because that value is crucial to the current rent control and rent stabilization laws. Other important survey data include rent regulation status, number of stories, number of units in building, number of rooms in unit, type of heating fuel, monthly rent, estimated value and building condition. Also includes information concerning housing and neighborhood quality. Although the main purpose of the survey is to collect housing data, information on the demographic status of the population and households of the city is also collected. Information collected includes age, sex, race, ethnicity, household composition, labor force status, income, employment, and education level. 1991, 1993, and 1996 are available at the DSS site. For 1999, 2002, 2005, 2008, and 2011 see the Census Bureau.
Sample Size: Approximately 18,000 housing units representing the 5 boroughs of the city.
- No Shame in My Game: The Working Poor in the Inner City, 1993-2002
Explored the lives of the working poor in the inner city. 300 male and female participants were drawn from central and west Harlem, New York City; 200 worked at one of four fast food restaurants in Harlem, and 100 had applied to one of those restaurants but were not hired. Participants were African American, Dominican and Puerto Rican of varied ages, most between 15 and 40 years of age. Educational status also varied, with the majority of participants' highest level of education being a high school degree.
- Occupational Employment Statistics
Produces employment and wage estimates for over 800 occupations. Estimates of the number of people employed in certain occupations, and estimates of the wages paid to them. Self-employed persons are not included in the estimates. These estimates are available for the nation as a whole, for individual States, and for metropolitan areas; national occupational estimates for specific industries are also available.
- Occupational Wages around the World (OWW) Database
Contains occupational wage data for 161 occupations in 171 countries from 1983 to 2008.
- Old Age, Survivors, and Disability Insurance (OASDI) Public-Use Microdata File, 2001 Data
- Panel Study of Income Dynamics (PSID) Series. 1968+
Designed to fill the need for a better understanding of the determinants of family income and its changes. Longitudinal survey of US individuals and the families in which they reside. Can be used for cross-sectional, longitudinal, and intergenerational analysis and for studying both individuals and families. For comparisons of Current Population Survey, Survey of Income and Program Participation, and PSID, see the
comparison chart. For comparisons of National Longitudinal Surveys, Survey of Income and Program Participation, and PSID, see the
comparison chart. Includes section on education, food, health, housing, psychological state, and religion. Includes various supplemental surveys including: (1) Disability and Use of Time (DUST): collected information from roughly 400 older couples about disability, time use, and well-being during telephone interviews conducted shortly after the 2009 Main Interview.; (2) Child Development Supplement (CDS): In 1997 information on PSID children ages 0-12 was obtained through extensive interviews with the child, their primary caregiver, secondary caregiver, absent parent, teacher, and school administrator. Information was collected again in 2002/2003 and 2007/2008 for children in this cohort who remained under 18. Information includes a broad array of developmental outcomes including physical health, emotional well-being, intellectual and academic achievement, cognitive ability, social relationships with family and peers, time diaries, and much more and 3) Housing, Mortgage Stress, and Wealth Data (2009, 2001, 2013) as well as Wealth files for 1984, 1989, 1994, 1999, 2001, 2003, 2005 and 2007. For an overview, see its Resource Guide. (3) Transition into Adulthood: When children in the CDS cohort are older than 18 and have left high school, information is obtained about their circumstances. This study has been implemented in 2005, and biennially thereafter. Information includes measures of time use, psychological functioning, marriage, family, responsibilities, employment and income, education and career goals, health, social environment, religiosity, and outlook on life. Geography is down to the state level.
- Princeton Affect and Time Survey (May-August 2006)
- Project Talent, Base Year Data
Nationally representative longitudinal study of men and women who were in high school in 1960. Began as a major national effort to assess the aspirations and abilities of America's young men and women and to assess the critical period of adjustment to adult life beginning in high school and continuing past age 30, when participants are well-launched into their chosen careers. In 1960, roughly 5% of American high school students participated in the Project Talent study. Approximately 440,000 students from 1,353 schools in the United States were selected to represent all 9th through 12th graders throughout the country. Project Talent participants were administered an extensive battery of tests and questions that examined students' competencies in subjects such as mathematics, science, and reading comprehension. In addition, students were asked to complete 3 separate questionnaires that asked about family background, personal and educational experiences, aspirations for future education and vocation, and interests in various occupations and activities.
- Recent College Graduates (RCG)
Occupational outcomes and educational experiences of bachelor's and master's degree recipients who graduated from colleges and universities in the continental United States. The survey was taken during the 1985-86 academic year and again during the 1989-90 academic year.
- Representation and Development in Brazil, 1972-1973
Designed to measure 2 sets of respondents' preferences regarding salient policy issues, their evaluations of political life and government performance, and their conceptions of relationships between themselves and their representatives in labor unions and in the political arena at large.
- Retirement History Longitudinal Survey (1969-1979)
10 year longitudinal study that investigated the changes in the economic and social characteristics of men and unmarried women in the United States, aged 58-63, as they approached and entered the retirement phase of their lives. The main purpose of the study was to assess the Social Security Program's provisions for retired workers, not only for recording the socioeconomic situation of Social Security beneficiaries, but also to aid policymakers in planning program changes. Covers (1) labor force history, (2) retirement and retirement plans, (3) health, (4) household, family, and social activities, and (5) income, assets, and debts.
- Role Outlook Study, 1964-1975
Followed the career plans and development of female college students. Focused on students' yearly impressions of college, the development of their aspirations for after college, and influences that encouraged or inhibited career plans.
- Scientists and Engineers Statistical Data System (1993-1999, 2003, 2006)
In addition to SESTAT, a comprehensive and integrated system of information about the employment, educational, and demographic characteristics of scientists and engineers, this site also makes available several surveys of recipients of higher education. They include:
- National Survey of Recent College Graduates (2001, 2003, w006)
- Survey of Doctorate Recipients (2001, 2003, 2006 )
- National Survey of College Graduates (1993, 2003)
- Seattle Income Maintenance Experiment/Denver Income Maintenance Experiment/Gary Income Maintenance Experiment/Cross Site Income Maintenance Experiment
Landmark income studies conducted during the late 1960s to mid 1970s. For more information see the University of Wisconsin site.
- Socioeconomic Survey of Twins
These data were collected by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania with the assistance of a registry of all twins born in Minnesota between 1936-55. A questionnaire was mailed out to twins in the registry starting in May 1994. Questions cover education, family status, health, and jobs held.
Sample Size: 3682
Socioeconomic Survey of Twins (Electronic File)
Principal investigator: Jere R. Behrman, Mark R. Rosenzweig, and Paul Taubman
- State & Local Government Employee Retirement Systems (1993+)
Provides revenues, expenditures, financial assets, and membership information for public employee retirement systems. Data are shown for individual retirement systems as well as at the national, state, and local level.
- State-to-State migration (1989-2008) and County-to-County migration (1991-2008)
Based on the year-to-year changes in the addresses shown on the population of returns from the IRS Master File system. 2009 is available on the IRS website. The data present migration patterns by state and county for the entire United States and each individual state and county, including inflows and outflows. Includes the following:
Number of returns (which approximates the number of households)
- Number of personal exemptions (which approximates the population)
- Total "adjusted gross income" (starting with Filing Year 1996)
- Total money income (fstarting with Filing Year 1993)
- States as Employers-of-Choice Survey, 2008-2009
Designed to examine the shifting age demographics of the workforces in state governments and help state agencies respond to the changing multigenerational workforce, with data collected from 222 state agencies in 27 states. Two surveys were conducted at 2 time periods: (1) before the resources and technical assistance were offered to the administrators of state agencies in 2008 (Time 1), and (2) after the completion of the technical assistance program in 2009 (Time 2). The surveys queried respondents about descriptive information on their workplace, the current workforce of the agency, factors outside of the agency that might affect workforce strategy, the perceived culture of the agency, and policies and benefits programs available to employees. Information was gathered from Human Resources managers in public sector state agencies to gauge their understanding of the following: (a) changes in the age demographics of their workforces, (b) steps they have taken to assess how these changes might impact their agencies, and (c) employer-sponsored resources (policies, programs, and benefits) that might help them to recruit, engage, and retain a multi-generational workforce, including older workers. As part of the Time 2 survey, questions on agency response to the economic downturn and assessments of the intervention were included. Demographic information includes the agency's budget, number of employees, average salary, percent of full and part-time workers. The respondent's background information includes their current position in the agency and the number of years with the agency.
- Statistics of Income: zip code area data for the entire U.S. (1998, 2001-2002, 2004-2008)
Selected income and tax items by state, zip code, and size of adjusted gross income from individual income tax returns. 1998, 2001, and 2008 are also available for free from the IRS webpage.
- Statistics of Trade Union Membership (1980-2009)
Includes data for 49 countries. Dates vary by country but range from 1980-2009.
Statistics of Trade Union Membership (1980-2009) (Electronic File)
Producer: International Labor Office
- Supplemental Poverty Measure Public Use Research Files
- Supplemental Security Income (SSI) Public-Use Microdata File, 2001 Data
- Survey of Adult Skills (PIAAC)
Assesses the proficiency of adults from age 16 onwards in literacy, numeracy and problem solving in technology rich environments. The data collection took place from August 1, 2011 to March, 31 2012 in most participating countries. Around 166 000 adults, representing 724 million adults aged 16 to 65, were surveyed in 24 countries and sub-national regions in the official language/s of the countries.
- Survey of Consumer Finances. 1947-1971, 1977, 1983+
Since 1983, conducted every 3 years. Collects information on the assets, liabilities and other financial characteristics of households. Only U.S. survey that contains an oversample of wealthy households. For data prior to 1983, see ICPSR. For an overview, see Hanna, Lindamood, and Huston.
Sample Size: About 4,500 families are interviewed in the main study.
- Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering
Provides data on the number and characteristics of students in graduate science and engineering and health-related fields enrolled in U.S. institutions. Assesses trends in financial support patterns and shifts in graduate enrollment and postdoctoral appointments.
- Survey of Income and Program Participation. (SIPP) 1984+
Longitudinal U. S. government survey of the financial status of American
households conducted since 1983 (data starts with 1984). Covers government transfer and service programs, pension coverage, housing affordability, home ownership data, housing cost data (primarily mortgages), financial assistance for education,
among other topics. Data may also be accessed via ICPSR. The National Bureau of
Economic Research (NBER) makes the SIPP data and documentation
available along with Stata, SPSS, and SAS programs for reading the data.
Users may find the NBER site the most convenient source, but the most
recent data may not be available there. A new sample (panel) is introduced at the beginning of each calendar year, and the duration of each panel ranges from 2 1/2 years to 4 years. Panels also contain topical modules. Data is at the state level. For comparisons of the Current Population Survey, SIPP, and the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, see the
comparison chart. See the Household Economic Studies (P70) series for summary reports.
Sample Size: Ranges from approx. 14,000 to 37,000 households. Interviews are conducted with those 15 and over.
- Survey of Mexican Migrants
The Pew Hispanic Center conducted an unprecedented survey of Mexican migrants in the United States, including thousands who say they have no U.S.-issued identity documents. Provides detailed information on the demographic characteristics, living arrangements, work experiences and attitudes toward immigration of 4,836 Mexican adults who completed a 12-page questionnaire as they were applying for a matricula consular, an identity document issued by Mexican diplomatic missions. Fieldwork was conducted in Los Angeles, New York, Chicago, Atlanta, Dallas, Raleigh, NC, and Fresno, CA, from July 12, 2004, to Jan. 28, 2005.
- Survey of Program Dynamics (SPD) Series. 1992+
Developed by the U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census in response to the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act of 1996 that directed the Census Bureau to collect data necessary to evaluate the impact of the law from households previously interviewed in the 1992 and 1993 Survey of Income and Program Participation (SIPP) panels. Goal is to provide a survey to assess the effects of the recent welfare reforms, how these reforms interact with each other, and with employment, income, and family circumstances, and the long-term effects of welfare reforms on the well-being of recipients, their families, and their children.
- Taking Note: A Study of Composers and New Music Activity in the U.S.
Includes insights into composers' work, business practices, income, affiliations, collaborations, diversity and education along with extensive discussion on the opportunities and challenges facing the field of new music.
- Talent Management Study: U.S. Workplaces In Today's Business Environment, 2009
Collection of information from nearly 700 United States workplaces which sought to explain variation in (1) organizational adaptation to significant socioeconomic change and the aging of the United States workforce, and (2) employer adoption of policies and programs that can support the quality of employment at the workplace. Questions ranged from opinions on whether various social issues had an economic impact on the businesses' economy, to polls of various programs or policies for recruitment, engagement, and career progression for specified employee groups. Organizational composition variables include number of employees, type of workplace, main industrial focus of organization, total number of work sites, approximate sales revenue, family-owned or acquired by merge.
- Time, Love, and Cash in Couples With Children Study (TLC3) [United States], 2000-2005
Consists of complete transcriptions of 4 waves of individual and couple interviews with parents who experienced a birth in 2000, with over-sampling for nonmarital births. Both mothers and fathers participated in semi-structured, in-depth interviews both individually and as a couple in each of the four waves.
Sample Size: 756 interviews. Sample is embedded in the Fragile Families and Child Wellbeing Study. Participants were chosen based on a stratified, random sampling scheme from Chicago, New York, and Milwaukee. Nonmarital births were oversampled.
- U.S. Regional Business Cycles and the Natural Rate of Unemployment
- Union Centralization among Advanced Industrial Societies: An Empirical Study
Data Repository for the Golden-Wallerstein-Lange Project on Unions, Employers, Collective Bargaining and Industrial Relations for 16 OECD Countries, 1950-2000.
- University of Texas Inequality Project
Project concerned with measuring and explaining movements of inequality in wages and earnings and patterns of industrial change around the world. National and regional inequality data for Argentina, Brazil, China, Cuba, Europe, India, Russia, and the United States. National and industrial inequality data for Taiwan.
- Virginia College Navigator
Includes data on post completion wages of graduates of Virginia colleges and universities.
- Welfare Rules Database
Longitudinal database tracking state AFDC/TANF policies. Provides a comprehensive resource for comparing cash assistance programs between states, researching changes in cash assistance rules within a single state, or simply looking for the most up-to-date information on the rules governing cash assistance in one state.
- Welfare, Children, and Families: A Three-City Study (1999+)
Intensive study in Boston, Chicago, and San Antonio to assess the well-being of low-income children and families in the post-welfare reform era. Investigates the strategies families have used to respond to reform, in terms of employment, schooling or other forms of training, residential mobility, and fertility. Central to this project is a focus on how these strategies affect children's lives, with an emphasis on their health and development as well as their need for, and use of, social services.
- Wisconsin Longitudinal Study (WLS) (1957+)
Provides an opportunity to study the life course, intergenerational transfers and relationships, family functioning, physical and mental health and well-being, and morbidity and mortality from late adolescence through middle age. WLS data also cover social background, youthful aspirations, schooling, military service, labor market experiences, family characteristics and events, social participation, psychological characteristics, and retirement. Survey data were collected from the original respondents or their parents in 1957, 1964, 1975, 1992, and 2004; from a selected sibling in 1977, 1994, and 2005; from the spouse of the original respondent in 2004; from the spouse of the selected sibling in 2006; and from widow(er)s of the graduates and siblings in 2006. Data are currently available from all collection rounds except the widows. These will be available in the future.
Sample Size: Random sample of 10,317 men and women who graduated from Wisconsin high schools in 1957.
- Workplace Ethnography (WE) Project, 1944-2002
Provided deep descriptions on a wide range of topics, such as worker behavior, management behavior, coworker relations, labor process, conflict and resistance, citizenship behavior, emotional labor, and sexual harassment. Coding of these characteristics yielded variables based on descriptions of worklife in specific organizational settings. The study data was collected in mainly two periods: the early 1990s and the early 2000s. The study generated 204 ethnographic cases. These cases were derived from 156 separate books since the observations reported in some books allowed the coding of multiple cases. The general scope of questions included organizational factors such as occupation, workplace organization, pay scheme, employment size, the situation of the company, the nature of company ownership, staff turnover, layoff frequency, how well the organization operated in terms of communications, recruitment and retention of personnel, and maintenance of equipment, as well as substantive facts concerning labor market opportunity, and labor force composition. On the topic of management, questions addressed leadership, organization of production, sexual harassment, and control strategies. Community factors were assessed through questions regarding unemployment and if the area was rural or urban. A series of questions addressed job satisfaction, pay, benefit package, job security, effort bargain, conflict with management/supervisors, training, worker strategies, conditions of consent/compliance, and nature of consent/compliance. The nature of work was queried through questions regarding autonomy, creativity, meaningful work, freedom of movement, comfort of work, injuries, employment status, and frequency of conflict with customers. Additional questions included size and nature of the focal group, group dynamics, conflict between the focal group and management, basis of alternative social groups at work, and if work friendships carried over to the outside. Questions about methodology covered ethnographer's theoretical orientation, focus of ethnography, ethnographer's gender, data collection method, supplemental data used, main type of supplemental data used, and position of key informant. Additional items gathered basic information about book title, author's last name, modal occupation, industry, country/region, and observer's role.
- World Handbook of Aging and Social Security Indicators (1950-1980)
Contains 184 variables prepared by the authors in connection with their comparative study of government support of the aged. The data is focused on indicators relevant to social security (social welfare) programs and to the health and welfare of the aged. Some variables have data on up to 131 nations, although most variables have data on fewer nations, as only a limited number of nations have social security data available.
- World Top Incomes Database
Provides distribution of top incomes for many nations.
This page last updated: October 21, 2009