Reducing Toxic Chemical Releases and Transfers: Explaining Outcomes for a Voluntary Program
Relatively little is known about the possibilities and limitations of voluntary public programs. The so-called 33/50 Program for reducing releases of certain toxic chemicals into the environment provides a useful instance for examination. In an investigation of toxic-reduction efforts, with states as units of analysis, economic and policy variables help to explain results. In particular, channels and approaches used in communicating policy intentions are related to outcomes. Voluntary programs can make a difference, but the details of execution, including the extent and nature of field efforts, influence outcomes.
- United States
- Reducing Toxic Chemical Releases and Transfers: Explaining Outcomes for a Voluntary Program